Surgical Tech (Appleton & Lange) Part 2

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 462

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Surgical Technology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions from the Appleton and Lange workbook study guide part 2 questions 101-200.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The descending aorta terminates at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra, dividing into
    • A. 

      Two saphenous arteries

    • B. 

      Two femoral arteries

    • C. 

      Internal and external iliac arteries

    • D. 

      Two common iliac arteries

  • 2. 
    The contractions of the heart are synchronized and regulated by the pacemaker of the heart, called the
    • A. 

      Sinoatrial node

    • B. 

      Atrioventricular node

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular bundle

    • D. 

      Purkinje fibers

  • 3. 
    Tiny blood essels that permeate and nourish tissue are called
    • A. 

      Veins

    • B. 

      Venules

    • C. 

      Arterioles

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 4. 
    The wall or partition dividing the heart into right and left sides is called the
    • A. 

      Semilunar valve

    • B. 

      Mitral valve

    • C. 

      Chordae tendineae

    • D. 

      Septum

  • 5. 
    The heart valve that closes at the time the right ventricle begins pumping, preventing blood from returning to the right atrium, is the
    • A. 

      Aortic semilunar

    • B. 

      Pulmonary semilunar

    • C. 

      Bicuspid

    • D. 

      Tricuspid

  • 6. 
    The inner lining of the heart, composed of smooth, delicate membrane, is called the
    • A. 

      Pericardium

    • B. 

      Endocardium

    • C. 

      Epicardium

    • D. 

      Myocardium

  • 7. 
    The spleen is located
    • A. 

      In the left hypochondriac region

    • B. 

      Behind the liver

    • C. 

      Behind the left kidney

    • D. 

      Behind the right kidney

  • 8. 
    All of the following are parts of the lymphatic system EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Tonsils

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Thymus

  • 9. 
    The s-shaped bend in the lower colon is called the
    • A. 

      Hepatic flexure

    • B. 

      Splenic flexure

    • C. 

      Rectum

    • D. 

      Sigmoid

  • 10. 
    The reabsorption of water and electrolytes is the main function of the
    • A. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Liver

  • 11. 
    The terminal portion of the large intestine is the
    • A. 

      Sigmoid

    • B. 

      Rectum

    • C. 

      Anus

    • D. 

      Anal canal

  • 12. 
    Which structure lies retroperitoneally?
    • A. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • B. 

      Spleen

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 13. 
    The first portion of the large intestine is the
    • A. 

      Sigmoid

    • B. 

      Cecum

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Ileum

  • 14. 
    The appendix is attached to the
    • A. 

      Ascending colon

    • B. 

      Transverse colon

    • C. 

      Cecum

    • D. 

      Descending colon

  • 15. 
    The primary function of the gallbladder is
    • A. 

      Storage of bile

    • B. 

      Production of bile

    • C. 

      Digestion of fats

    • D. 

      Drainage of the liver

  • 16. 
    When the gallbladder contracts, bile is ejected into the
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Duodenum

  • 17. 
    The area in the duodenum where the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty is called
    • A. 

      The duct of Santorini

    • B. 

      The ampulla of Vater

    • C. 

      Wirsung's duct

    • D. 

      The islet of Langerhans

  • 18. 
    Which structure is also known as the "fatty apron"?
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Lesser omentum

    • C. 

      Mesentery

    • D. 

      Falciform ligament

  • 19. 
    The common bile duct is the union of the
    • A. 

      Cystic duct and cystic artery

    • B. 

      Cystic duct and hepatic duct

    • C. 

      Cystic artery and hepatic duct

    • D. 

      Hepatic vein and cystic duct

  • 20. 
    The yellow tinge in the skin symptomatic of obstructivejaundice is caused by the accumulation of what substance in the blood and tissue?
    • A. 

      Cholesterol

    • B. 

      Bile salts

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Bilirubin

  • 21. 
    The head of the pancreas is located
    • A. 

      In the curve of the duodenum

    • B. 

      By the spleen

    • C. 

      On the undersurface of the liver

    • D. 

      In the curve of the descending colon

  • 22. 
    The sphincter at the junction of the small and large intestines is the
    • A. 

      Sphincter of Oddi

    • B. 

      Ileocecal sphincter

    • C. 

      Phloric sphincter

    • D. 

      Duodenal sphincter

  • 23. 
    The portion of small intestine that receives secretions from the pancreas and the liver is the
    • A. 

      Ileum

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Pylorus

  • 24. 
    The region of the stomach that connects to the duodenum is the
    • A. 

      Fundus

    • B. 

      Body

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Cardia

  • 25. 
    The mesentery is
    • A. 

      A double-layered peritoneal structure shaped like a fan

    • B. 

      A word synonymous with "fatty apron"

    • C. 

      The membrane covering the surface of most abdominal organs

    • D. 

      A structure that supports the sigmoid colon