Anatomy & Physiology: Bones & Blood Vessels

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Questions: 33 | Attempts: 436

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Anatomy & Physiology: Bones & Blood Vessels - Quiz

Anatomical Direction, Bones & Blood vessels


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The femur is an example of this type of bone

    • A.

      Long Bone

    • B.

      Short Bone

    • C.

      Irregular Bone

    • D.

      Flat Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Long Bone
    Explanation
    The femur is the longest and largest bone in the human body, making it a prime example of a long bone. Long bones are characterized by their elongated shape and consist of a shaft (diaphysis) and two expanded ends (epiphyses). They provide support, facilitate movement, and serve as a site for muscle attachment. Examples of other long bones include the humerus, radius, ulna, tibia, and fibula.

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  • 2. 

    Which part of the body you can find your occipital bone?

    • A.

      Head

    • B.

      Feet

    • C.

      Hands

    Correct Answer
    A. Head
    Explanation
    The occipital bone is located at the back of the head. It forms the lower part of the skull and helps protect the brain.

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  • 3. 

    Which bone can be found in both the hand and the foot?

    • A.

      Tarsals

    • B.

      Carpals

    • C.

      Phalanges

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    C. Phalanges
    Explanation
    The bone that can be found in both the hand and the foot is the phalanges. The phalanges are the bones that make up the fingers and toes. Each finger and toe has three phalanges, except for the thumb and big toe which only have two. Therefore, the phalanges are present in both the hand and the foot.

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  • 4. 

    A place where two bones meet.

    • A.

      Hinge joint

    • B.

      Tendons

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    D. Joint
    Explanation
    A joint is a place where two bones meet. It allows for movement and provides stability to the body. Joints are formed by a combination of bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles working together. They come in different types, such as hinge joints, ball-and-socket joints, and pivot joints, each allowing for specific types of movement.

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  • 5. 

    What is the function of the skeletal system?

    • A.

      Support the body

    • B.

      Give the body shape

    • C.

      Work with muscles to move the body

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The skeletal system has multiple functions. It provides support to the body, giving it shape and structure. Additionally, it works in conjunction with the muscles to facilitate movement in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as all the mentioned functions are performed by the skeletal system.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these bones are in the hand? (from wrist to fingers)

    • A.

      Phalanges

    • B.

      Ulna

    • C.

      Carpals and metacarpals

    • D.

      Mandible

    • E.

      Tarsals and metatarsals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Phalanges
    C. Carpals and metacarpals
    Explanation
    Phalanges, carpals and metacarpals are all bones in your hands. The ulna is in your arm and the mandible is your chin. Tarsals and metatarsals are in your feet!

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  • 7. 

    10._______________

    Correct Answer(s)
    occipital
  • 8. 

    What are the five sections of the vertebrae?

    • A.

      Cervical, Thorasic, Zumba, Sacrum, Coccyx

    • B.

      Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar; Sacrum, Coccyx

    • C.

      Cervical, Toes, Limbo, Strawberries, Cream

    Correct Answer
    B. Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar; Sacrum, Coccyx
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar; Sacrum, Coccyx. These are the five sections of the vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae are located in the neck region, the thoracic vertebrae are in the upper back region, and the lumbar vertebrae are in the lower back region. The sacrum is a triangular bone at the base of the spine, formed by fused vertebrae, and the coccyx is commonly known as the tailbone, consisting of fused small vertebrae at the bottom of the spine.

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  • 9. 

    What is this bone?

    • A.

      Carpals

    • B.

      Tarsals

    • C.

      Metatarsals

    Correct Answer
    B. Tarsals
    Explanation
    The bone referred to in the question is the tarsals. The carpals are bones found in the wrist, while the metatarsals are bones found in the foot. Therefore, the correct answer is tarsals, which are the bones located in the ankle region of the foot.

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  • 10. 

    Which anatomical term best describes the front of the body?

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Proximal

    • C.

      Anterior

    • D.

      Medial

    Correct Answer
    C. Anterior
    Explanation
    The anatomical term "anterior" refers to the front of the body. It is used to describe structures that are located towards the front or in front of other structures. In contrast, "superior" refers to a higher position, "proximal" refers to a position closer to the center of the body, and "medial" refers to a position closer to the midline of the body. Therefore, "anterior" is the most appropriate term to describe the front of the body.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following bones make up the axial skeleton

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Humerus

    • C.

      Patella

    • D.

      Cervical Vertebrae

    • E.

      Clavicle

    • F.

      Ulna

    • G.

      Sacrum

    • H.

      Ischium

    • I.

      Coccyx

    • J.

      Sternum

    • K.

      Scapula

    • L.

      Mandible

    • M.

      Ribs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Skull
    D. Cervical Vertebrae
    G. Sacrum
    I. Coccyx
    J. Sternum
    L. Mandible
    M. Ribs
    Explanation
    The axial skeleton is composed of bones that form the central axis of the body. These bones include the skull, cervical vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, sternum, mandible, and ribs. The humerus, patella, clavicle, ulna, scapula, and ischium are not part of the axial skeleton.

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  • 12. 

    Name the bone:

    Correct Answer(s)
    Scapula
    scapula
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Scapula, scapula." The bone being referred to in this question is the scapula, which is also known as the shoulder blade. The use of both uppercase and lowercase letters in the answer suggests that the question is asking for the bone's name in both its capitalized and lowercase forms.

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  • 13. 

    Name the bone

    Correct Answer(s)
    Patella
    patella
    Explanation
    The bone being referred to in this question is the patella. The word "patella" is repeated twice in the options, indicating that it is the correct answer. The patella is commonly known as the kneecap and is a small, flat, triangular bone located in front of the knee joint. Its main function is to protect the knee joint and assist in the movement of the leg.

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  • 14. 

    Name the bone portion

    Correct Answer(s)
    Femur Proximal
    femur proximal
    proximal femur
    Proximal Femur
    Proximal femur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Proximal femur." This refers to the upper part of the femur bone, which is the thigh bone. "Proximal" means closer to the center of the body, so the proximal femur is the part of the bone that is closer to the hip joint.

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  • 15. 

    What is the name of the bone labelled D?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Calcaneous
    calcaneous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Calcaneous.

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  • 16. 

    You have 24 ribs including your floating ribs

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the human body typically has 24 ribs, 12 on each side. The first 7 pairs are known as "true ribs" as they are directly connected to the sternum, while the next 3 pairs are called "false ribs" as they are indirectly connected to the sternum through cartilage. The last 2 pairs, known as "floating ribs," are not connected to the sternum at all and are free-floating. Therefore, when considering all the ribs, including the floating ribs, the total count is 24.

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  • 17. 

    The spine (backbone) is made up of 28 separate bones.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The spine, also known as the backbone, is not made up of 28 separate bones. In fact, it is made up of 33 individual bones called vertebrae. These vertebrae are stacked on top of each other and are connected by ligaments and muscles to provide support and flexibility to the body. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 18. 

    1.____________ _

    Correct Answer
    frontal
    Frontal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "frontal, Frontal." The word "frontal" refers to something related to the front, typically used to describe the frontal lobe in the brain. In this case, "frontal" is written in lowercase, while "Frontal" is written with an uppercase first letter. It is possible that this is a formatting error or a typo, and both variations are considered correct.

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  • 19. 

    3.__________

    Correct Answer
    Nasal
    nasal
    Explanation
    The question is asking for a word that is repeated twice. The word "nasal" is written in both uppercase and lowercase letters, which makes it the correct answer.

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  • 20. 

    8._______________

    Correct Answer
    zygomatic
    Zygomatic
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "zygomatic, Zygomatic." This answer is correct because "zygomatic" and "Zygomatic" are alternative spellings of the same word. The word "zygomatic" refers to the zygomatic bone, which is a facial bone that forms the prominence of the cheek. It is spelled with a lowercase "z" in the first option and with an uppercase "Z" in the second option, but both spellings refer to the same anatomical term.

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  • 21. 

    4._______________

    Correct Answer
    maxilla
    Maxilla
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "maxilla" or "Maxilla". The term "maxilla" refers to the upper jawbone in vertebrates, including humans. It is a paired bone that forms the central part of the face and contains the upper teeth. The capitalization of the term does not affect its meaning, as both "maxilla" and "Maxilla" refer to the same anatomical structure.

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  • 22. 

    5._______________

    Correct Answer
    mandible
    Mandible
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is "mandible" or "Mandible". The repetition of the word suggests that both spellings are accepted as correct answers. The mandible is the lower jawbone in vertebrates.

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  • 23. 

    9._______________

    Correct Answer
    parietal
    Parietal
    Explanation
    The question is asking for a word that fits in the blank. The word "parietal" can be used as an adjective to describe the parietal bone, which is a bone in the skull. "Parietal" can also be used as a noun to refer to the parietal lobe, which is a region of the brain. Therefore, both "parietal" and "Parietal" are correct answers as they are the same word with different capitalization.

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  • 24. 

    12._______________

    Correct Answer
    temporal
    Temporal
    Explanation
    The word "temporal" is repeated twice in the question. It is likely that the question is asking for a word that is spelled the same but has a different meaning when capitalized. In this case, "temporal" refers to something related to time, while "Temporal" could refer to the bones in the skull. However, without further context, it is difficult to determine the exact meaning being asked for.

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  • 25. 

    11._______________

    Correct Answer
    sphenoid
    Sphenoid
  • 26. 

    1.________________

    Correct Answer
    coronal suture
    Coronal
    coronal
    Coronal suture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "coronal suture." The term "coronal suture" refers to the immovable joint that connects the frontal bone to the parietal bones in the skull. It is one of the major sutures in the skull and plays a crucial role in the structural integrity of the cranium. The other options, "Coronal," "coronal," and "Coronal suture," are likely variations or repetitions of the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    2._____________

    Correct Answer
    squamosal suture
    Squamosal
    squamosal
    Squamosal suture
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "squamosal suture". In anatomy, the squamosal suture refers to the junction between the squamous part of the temporal bone and the parietal bone. It is a type of fibrous joint that allows for slight movement between these two bones. The term "squamosal" refers to the squamous part of the temporal bone, which is thin and scale-like in shape. The repetition of the term "squamosal" in different formats (lowercase and uppercase) is likely included to test the knowledge and understanding of the terminology related to this anatomical structure.

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  • 28. 

    3._________

    Correct Answer
    lambdoid
    Lambdoid
    lambdoid suture
    Lambdoid suture
    Explanation
    The answer is lambdoid, Lambdoid, lambdoid suture, and Lambdoid suture. The term "lambdoid" refers to the shape of the Greek letter lambda (Λ), which resembles the inverted "V" shape of the suture located at the back of the skull. The lambdoid suture is one of the cranial sutures that connects the occipital bone with the parietal bones. The answer includes both the lowercase and uppercase versions of "lambdoid" and "Lambdoid" to account for possible variations in capitalization.

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  • 29. 

    8.______________________

    Correct Answer
    sagittal suture
    Sagittal suture
    Sagittal
    sagittal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sagittal suture". The sagittal suture is a dense, fibrous joint between the two parietal bones of the skull. It runs along the midline of the skull, dividing it into left and right halves. This suture is important for maintaining the structural integrity of the skull and allowing for slight movement during childbirth.

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  • 30. 

    Which vessel is highlighted?

    • A.

      Hepatic vein

    • B.

      Juglar vein

    • C.

      Renal vein

    • D.

      Brachial vein

    Correct Answer
    B. Juglar vein
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Juglar vein.

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  • 31. 

    Which vessel is highlighted?

    • A.

      Iliac vein

    • B.

      Femoral vein

    • C.

      Radial vein

    • D.

      Vena cava

    Correct Answer
    B. Femoral vein
    Explanation
    The correct answer is femoral vein. The femoral vein is highlighted in the question.

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