DNA: The Molecule Of Heredity Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By RiseAsOne
R
RiseAsOne
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 2,971
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 379

SettingsSettingsSettings
DNA: The Molecule Of Heredity Quiz - Quiz

Taking you back to Biology and learning about DNA, enzymes, chromosomes and knowing about radiations. Find out about these and more by taking this molecule of heredity test below. All the best and enjoy the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What did Wilkins and Franklin discover?

    • A.

      DNA is a helix with repeating subunits.

    • B.

      The sequence of bases in DNA is different for each individual.

    • C.

      DNA is a double helix with bases paired to each other.

    • D.

      The sequence of nucleotide bases, read in sets of three, codes for the sequence of a protein.

    • E.

      The amount of A is equal to the amount of T and the amount of C is equal to the amount of G.

    Correct Answer
    A. DNA is a helix with repeating subunits.
    Explanation
    Wilkins and Franklin discovered that DNA is a helix with repeating subunits.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    How can we best summarize the role of Watson and Crick in discovering the structure of DNA?

    • A.

      They made a key observation in the lab while determining the structure of DNA.

    • B.

      They performed key experiments in determining the structure of DNA.

    • C.

      They created a key hypothesis for the structure of DNA.

    • D.

      They provided the final proof of the structure of DNA.

    Correct Answer
    C. They created a key hypothesis for the structure of DNA.
    Explanation
    Watson and Crick's role in discovering the structure of DNA can be best summarized by stating that they created a key hypothesis for the structure of DNA. This implies that they proposed a theoretical model or explanation for the structure of DNA based on their observations and understanding. While it is true that they made key observations in the lab and performed experiments, these activities were part of the process of developing their hypothesis. The statement that they provided the final proof of the structure of DNA is not accurate, as their hypothesis required further validation and confirmation by subsequent research and experiments.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What forms the backbone of a DNA molecule?

    • A.

      Nitrogenous bases and sugar rings

    • B.

      Sugar rings

    • C.

      Phosphates

    • D.

      Nitrogenous bases

    • E.

      Nitrogenous bases and phosphates

    • F.

      Sugar rings and phosphates

    Correct Answer
    F. Sugar rings and phosphates
    Explanation
    The backbone of a DNA molecule is formed by sugar rings and phosphates. These two components alternate to create a strong and stable structure. The sugar rings provide the framework for the DNA molecule, while the phosphates link the sugar rings together. This backbone is essential for the stability and integrity of the DNA molecule, allowing it to store and transmit genetic information accurately. Nitrogenous bases, on the other hand, are attached to the sugar rings and play a crucial role in encoding the genetic information within the DNA molecule.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Look at the structures of adenine and cytosine. Why can't adenine bind to cytosine like it binds to thymine?

    • A.

      Cytosine has the wrong sugar ring, so it cannot be linked to adenine.

    • B.

      The partial charges are not opposites, so no hydrogen bonds can form.

    • C.

      The size of cytosine is different from the size of thymine, so the double helix would be kinked.

    • D.

      Cytosine is facing the opposite direction from thymine, so adenine cannot bind it.

    • E.

      Cytosine cannot form hydrogen bonds, but thymine can.

    Correct Answer
    B. The partial charges are not opposites, so no hydrogen bonds can form.
    Explanation
    The partial charges in adenine and cytosine are not opposite to each other, meaning they do not have the necessary polarity to form hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen bonds are formed between a hydrogen atom with a partial positive charge and an atom with a partial negative charge. Since the partial charges in adenine and cytosine do not align in a way that allows hydrogen bonding, adenine cannot bind to cytosine in the same way it binds to thymine.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What is the complementary strand to the following sequence? ATTGCC

    • A.

      ATTGCC

    • B.

      CCGTTA

    • C.

      TAACGG

    • D.

      GCCATT

    Correct Answer
    C. TAACGG
    Explanation
    The complementary strand to the given sequence "ATTGCC" is "TAACGG". In DNA, the base pairs are A-T and G-C. So, for each base in the original sequence, we need to find its complementary base. In this case, A pairs with T, T pairs with A, G pairs with C, and C pairs with G. Therefore, the complementary strand is "TAACGG".

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    When sequencing DNA, scientists usually only determine the sequence of one of the two strands. Why is this?

    • A.

      The first strand only contains AG. The other strand contains the complementary TC, so you don't need the sequence.

    • B.

      Only one strand is involved in creating proteins, so you don't need the sequence of the other strand.

    • C.

      Only one strand will be passed on to each daughter cell during cell division, so you don't need the sequence of the other strand.

    • D.

      Sequencing one strand gives you the complementary sequence to the other strand.

    • E.

      Sequencing the other strand is impossible because it is facing in the opposite direction relative to 5' and 3'.

    Correct Answer
    D. Sequencing one strand gives you the complementary sequence to the other strand.
    Explanation
    When sequencing DNA, scientists usually only determine the sequence of one of the two strands because sequencing one strand gives them the complementary sequence to the other strand. Since DNA strands are complementary to each other, knowing the sequence of one strand allows scientists to determine the sequence of the other strand without directly sequencing it. This saves time and resources in the sequencing process.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    How is it that the entire diversity of life can be spelled out using only four different bases?

    • A.

      The diversity is based on the unique shape each base pair forms.

    • B.

      The diversity is based on amount of each base being different in each DNA molecule.

    • C.

      The diversity is based on the total number of bases used in each molecule of DNA.

    • D.

      The diversity is based on the proteins wrapping the bases in each DNA molecule.

    • E.

      The diversity is based on the unique sequence the bases are in.

    Correct Answer
    E. The diversity is based on the unique sequence the bases are in.
    Explanation
    The diversity of life is based on the unique sequence of bases in DNA. Each DNA molecule consists of a specific sequence of four different bases: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G). The arrangement of these bases in the DNA molecule determines the genetic code and the instructions for building and functioning of organisms. The unique sequence of bases allows for the vast diversity of life, as different sequences result in different genes and traits. Therefore, the diversity of life can be spelled out using only four different bases because the unique sequence of these bases is responsible for the diversity.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    On the molecular level, what exactly is a mutation?

    • A.

      A change in the length of a chromosome

    • B.

      A change in the nucleus of the cell

    • C.

      A change in the sequence of the protein

    • D.

      A change in the sequence of DNA bases

    • E.

      A change in the phosphate backbone of a chromosome

    • F.

      A change in the number of chromosomes

    Correct Answer
    D. A change in the sequence of DNA bases
    Explanation
    A mutation refers to a change in the sequence of DNA bases. This means that there is an alteration in the order of the building blocks (adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine) that make up the DNA molecule. This change can occur due to various factors such as errors during DNA replication or exposure to certain chemicals or radiation. Mutations can have different effects, ranging from no impact to causing genetic disorders or contributing to the development of diseases like cancer.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Scientists can perform a process called polymerase chain reaction in the lab in order to copy DNA inside a test tube. This method is part of creating a DNA fingerprint of a suspected criminal. Cells from the suspect's cheek are placed into a tube. They are popped open and all the proteins and lipids are removed from the solution. The strands of DNA are separated by heating and polymerase is added to copy the DNA. What necessary component of DNA replication has been left out of this description?

    • A.

      Enzymes to copy the DNA

    • B.

      Parent DNA

    • C.

      Enzymes to read the DNA

    • D.

      Free nucleotides

    • E.

      Helicases

    Correct Answer
    D. Free nucleotides
    Explanation
    The necessary component of DNA replication that has been left out of this description is free nucleotides. During DNA replication, free nucleotides are used to build the complementary strands of DNA by pairing with the existing nucleotides on the template strand. These free nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA and are essential for the replication process to occur accurately. Without the addition of free nucleotides, the DNA cannot be copied successfully.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What is the final result of DNA replication of one chromosome?

    • A.

      Two new strands, bound to each other

    • B.

      Four new strands, bound in pairs

    • C.

      Four new strands, each bound to a parent strand

    • D.

      Two new strands bound to each other and two parent strands bound to each other

    • E.

      One new strand bound to one parent strand

    • F.

      Two new strands, each bound to a parent strand

    Correct Answer
    F. Two new strands, each bound to a parent strand
    Explanation
    During DNA replication, the double-stranded DNA molecule unwinds and separates into two individual strands. Each of these strands serves as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand. As a result, two new strands are formed, with each new strand being bound to its respective parent strand. This process ensures that the genetic information is accurately replicated and passed on to the daughter cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    You wish to prove that DNA replication is semi-conservative. You choose to work with bacteria because they only have a single chromosome. You have a very special device that can measure radiation in individual cells. Which radioactive element or compound should you add to the cells prior to division and what do you expect to see?

    • A.

      Add radioactive phosphate and expect only one cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    • B.

      Add radioactive potassium and expect each cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    • C.

      Add radioactive sulfur and expect only one cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    • D.

      Add radioactive phosphate and expect each cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    • E.

      Add radioactive potassium and expect neither cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    • F.

      Add radioactive sulfur and expect neither cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.

    Correct Answer
    D. Add radioactive phosphate and expect each cell to contain a radioactive chromosome.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to add radioactive phosphate and expect each cell to contain a radioactive chromosome. This is because DNA replication involves the synthesis of new DNA strands using nucleotides, which contain phosphate groups. By adding radioactive phosphate, it will be incorporated into the newly synthesized DNA strands during replication. Since each cell undergoes DNA replication and receives a copy of the chromosome, each cell will contain a radioactive chromosome. This supports the idea of semi-conservative DNA replication, where each newly formed DNA molecule consists of one original strand and one newly synthesized strand.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    How do cigarettes and radiation cause cancer?

    • A.

      By destroying DNA

    • B.

      By destroying healthy cells

    • C.

      By activating DNA mismatch repair enzymes

    • D.

      By repressing the cell cycle

    • E.

      By forcing mistakes during replication

    Correct Answer
    E. By forcing mistakes during replication
    Explanation
    Cigarettes and radiation cause cancer by forcing mistakes during replication. When DNA replicates, errors can occur naturally, but cigarettes and radiation increase the likelihood of these errors happening. The chemicals in cigarettes and the radiation can damage the DNA structure, leading to replication errors. These mistakes can result in mutations that can disrupt normal cell function and potentially lead to the development of cancer.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Where in the cell cycle would a checkpoint activate if a mistake were made during replication?

    • A.

      Prophase

    • B.

      G0 phase

    • C.

      G1 phase

    • D.

      S phase

    • E.

      G2 phase

    Correct Answer
    E. G2 phase
    Explanation
    During the G2 phase of the cell cycle, a checkpoint would activate if a mistake were made during replication. This is because the G2 phase is the last phase before the cell enters into the mitotic phase (M phase), where the cell divides. The checkpoint in the G2 phase ensures that the DNA has been accurately replicated and any errors are corrected before proceeding to the next phase.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.