Soca 105 Final #1

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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Soca 105 Final #1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is NOT a reason that archaeology, of all the sub fields of anthropology, is the most distinct?
    • A. 

      It is the oldest formal specialty

    • B. 

      It is essentially the popular activity of art collecting

    • C. 

      It involves a specialized set of skills and techniques

    • D. 

      It involves special problems of collection and analysis

  • 2. 
    Historical arcchaeology refers to the study of?
    • A. 

      The science of history

    • B. 

      Societies with no written records

    • C. 

      Begins with the beginning of written history in the region under investigation

    • D. 

      Very recent studies

  • 3. 
    Prehistoric archaeology is concerned with archaeological investigations of societies that existed prior to the beginning of written history . As a result:
    • A. 

      Prehistoric archaeology depends exclusively on the interpretation of excavated objects and their uses to develop theories about how ancient people lived

    • B. 

      Artifacts uncovered during an excavation and the corresponding data collected are nonrenewable cultural resources

    • C. 

      Excavation must be undertaken with great care, making sure as much data as possible is recorded about the site and recorded accurately. If data is recorded incorrectly or incompletely it is of little historical value

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    When we interpret some archaeological data by observing similar artifacts in use among living cultures, we call it:
    • A. 

      The ethnographic present

    • B. 

      Cultural relativity

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • D. 

      Ethnographic analogy

  • 5. 
    Which best describes the overall goal of archaeology?
    • A. 

      To reconstruct ancient events like the battle at Maiden Castle

    • B. 

      To collect and display ancient artifacts and art objects

    • C. 

      The reconstruction of past cultural systems

    • D. 

      To study prehistoric rocks and fossils

  • 6. 
    Test pits are used to:
    • A. 

      Locate graves

    • B. 

      Determine if a potential site is a site and to decide exactly where to dig

    • C. 

      Recover the artifacts from a site

    • D. 

      Spread out the excavators so they do the least damage

  • 7. 
    In terms of anthropological value, the single most important aspect of an archaeological dig is:
    • A. 

      Making sure to recover all the artifacts

    • B. 

      Complete and accurate record-keeping

    • C. 

      Establishing an accurate grid system

    • D. 

      Cleaning and preserving the artifacts

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is used to establish horizontal control at a site?
    • A. 

      A grid system

    • B. 

      Natural stratigraphy for the soil

    • C. 

      Techniques of statistical sampling

    • D. 

      Digging down in layers of only a few centimeters at a time

  • 9. 
    Non-removable artifacts, such as, hearts, pits, & walls are referred to by archaeologists as?
    • A. 

      Fossils

    • B. 

      Middens

    • C. 

      Strata

    • D. 

      Features

  • 10. 
    An artifact is defined as?
    • A. 

      A fossil

    • B. 

      An object made or modified by humans

    • C. 

      Anything found at an archaeological site

    • D. 

      Any object that provides ecofacts

  • 11. 
    Modern archaeologist's most fundamental desires are to?
    • A. 

      Find objects for archaeological museums

    • B. 

      Fund research by selling ancient treasures

    • C. 

      Understand the human past

    • D. 

      Continue the tradition of romance and adventure in exotic places

  • 12. 
    Historical archaeologists in America focus on?
    • A. 

      Immigrants who arrived in the last 500 years

    • B. 

      Historical records of indigenous societies

    • C. 

      Migration of the first humans on the continent

    • D. 

      Physical characteristics of American Indian tribes

  • 13. 
    The first steps taken in most archaeological excavation is to:
    • A. 

      Establish a datum & grid pattern system

    • B. 

      Using heavy machinery to strip off modern vegetation and expose the archaeological deposit

    • C. 

      Reassembling the archaeological site from the field notes and photographs

    • D. 

      Dating artifacts and features

  • 14. 
    Midden are an archaeological term for:
    • A. 

      Professional gatherings to exchange research results

    • B. 

      Special instruments used to excavate small bones

    • C. 

      Ancient trash piles

    • D. 

      Fossilized artifacts

  • 15. 
    Most of the artifacts that make up the archaeological record are
    • A. 

      Bones of animals that people have eaten

    • B. 

      Garbage

    • C. 

      The hardened remains of a skeletal structure

    • D. 

      Hearths

  • 16. 
    Which refers to a kind of artifact, but is differentiated because they cannot be easily removed from an archaeological site
    • A. 

      Features

    • B. 

      Hearths

    • C. 

      Garbage

    • D. 

      Ecofact

  • 17. 
    Pits are by far the most common
    • A. 

      Features

    • B. 

      Hearths

    • C. 

      Sites

    • D. 

      Ecofact

  • 18. 
    What do archaeological and anthropologists usually restrict their search to?
    • A. 

      Features

    • B. 

      Hearths

    • C. 

      Sites

    • D. 

      Artifacts

  • 19. 
    What is created when the remnants of human activity are covered or buried by some natural process?
    • A. 

      Features

    • B. 

      Sites

    • C. 

      Fossils

    • D. 

      Culture history

  • 20. 
    What allows archaeologists to recover a full range of artifacts and other materials while only excavating a small portion of a site?
    • A. 

      Excavation

    • B. 

      Sampling

    • C. 

      Remote sensing

    • D. 

      Conservation

  • 21. 
    The "reading" of the archaeological record is called
    • A. 

      Reconstruction

    • B. 

      Taphonomy

    • C. 

      Analysis

    • D. 

      Conservation

  • 22. 
    What refers to the relationship between and among artifacts and other materials?
    • A. 

      Context

    • B. 

      Formal analysis

    • C. 

      Culture history

    • D. 

      Typology

  • 23. 
    In anthropology, the term "culture' refers to
    • A. 

      The care of plant and animal resources

    • B. 

      The artistic heritage of any society, including painting and sculpture,music and the performing arts

    • C. 

      The long-standing traditions of a particular society

    • D. 

      All the learned behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, values, and ideals that are characteristics of a particular society of population

  • 24. 
    The anthropological attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be described objectively and understood in the context of that society's problems and opportunities is called
    • A. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • B. 

      Cultural relativism

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Empathetic

  • 25. 
    The opinion that one's own way of life is natural of correct and the only true way of being fully human is _____________.
    • A. 

      Reflexivity

    • B. 

      Hermeneutics

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • D. 

      Egocentrism

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