MCQ Snacks - (Free Trial) - Physiology

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mcq Snacks
M
Mcq Snacks
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,314
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 181

SettingsSettingsSettings
MCQ Snacks - (Free Trial) - Physiology - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      ln isometric exercise all are increased except :

    • A.

      Heart rate

    • B.

      Cardiac output

    • C.

      Mean arterial pressure

    • D.

      Systemic vascular resistance

    Correct Answer
    D. Systemic vascular resistance
    Explanation
    In isometric exercise, the muscles contract without any change in length, which leads to an increase in blood pressure. As a result, mean arterial pressure, cardiac output, and heart rate all increase. However, systemic vascular resistance refers to the resistance to blood flow in the blood vessels, and in isometric exercise, it remains unchanged or may even decrease due to vasodilation. Therefore, all the options except systemic vascular resistance increase during isometric exercise.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

      Aldosterone receptors are present in all except

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Colon

    • C.

      Hippocampus

    • D.

      Distal nephron

    Correct Answer
    A. Liver
  • 3. 

      Pulmonary circulation differs from systemic circulation

    • A.

      Pulmonary vasodilation in hypoxia

    • B.

      Pulmonary vasoconstriction in hypoxia

    • C.

      Decreased blood volume during systole

    • D.

      Increased basal vasoconstrictor tone

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulmonary vasoconstriction in hypoxia
    Explanation
    In hypoxia, the body's response is to constrict the blood vessels in the lungs, known as pulmonary vasoconstriction. This helps to redirect blood flow to areas of the lungs that are better oxygenated, improving the efficiency of gas exchange. This is in contrast to systemic circulation, where vasodilation occurs in response to hypoxia to increase blood flow to tissues and organs.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

      Increase in threshold level of a nerve on application of a slowly rising sub-threshold stimulus is known as:

    • A.

      Adaptation

    • B.

      Accomodation

    • C.

      Refractoriness

    • D.

      Electrotonus

    Correct Answer
    B. Accomodation
    Explanation
    Accommodation refers to the increase in threshold level of a nerve when a slowly rising sub-threshold stimulus is applied. This phenomenon allows the nerve to adapt to the gradually increasing stimulus and eventually reach its threshold level, resulting in an action potential. This process is important for the nerve to properly respond to varying levels of stimuli and maintain its sensitivity.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following is true about fourth heart sound ‘S4‘ :

    • A.

      Can be heard by the unaided ear

    • B.

      Frequency is greater than 20 Hz

    • C.

      Heard during ventricular filling phase

    • D.

      Heard during ventricular ejection phase

    Correct Answer
    C. Heard during ventricular filling phase
    Explanation
    S4 is heard during the last rapid filling phase of cardiac cycle.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Broca’s area is concerned with:

    • A.

      Word formation

    • B.

      Comprehension

    • C.

      Repetition

    • D.

      Reading

    Correct Answer
    A. Word formation
    Explanation
    Broca's area is the motor speech area concerned with word formation.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    All of the following statements are true for ‘Intestinal Motility’ except:

    • A.

      Does not depend on Gastric motility

    • B.

      Increased by Distension

    • C.

      Increased by Acetylcholine

    • D.

      Increased by cholecystokinin

    Correct Answer
    A. Does not depend on Gastric motility
    Explanation
    Intestinal motility is influenced by gastric motility. eg: Migratory motor complex, gastroileal reflex

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following hormone is not secreted by the kidney:

    • A.

      Renin

    • B.

      Angiotensin I

    • C.

      Erythropoietin

    • D.

      1, 25 Dihydroxycholecalciferol

    Correct Answer
    B. Angiotensin I
    Explanation
    Angiotensin I is formed by action of Renin (secreted by kidney) on Angiotensinogen (secreted by liver).

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    When a muscle cell is relaxed and intracellular ATP levels are normal, a crossbridge will remain in which of the following states?

    • A.

      Bound to actin and in the low-energy form

    • B.

      Bound to actin and in the high-energy form

    • C.

      In the high-energy form, with ADP and Pi bound to it

    • D.

      In the high-energy form, with ATP bound to it

    Correct Answer
    C. In the high-energy form, with ADP and Pi bound to it
    Explanation
    When a muscle cell is relaxed and intracellular ATP levels are normal, a crossbridge will remain in the high-energy form with ADP and Pi (inorganic phosphate) bound to it. This is because during muscle contraction, ATP is hydrolyzed into ADP and Pi, releasing energy that is used to power the movement of the crossbridge. In the relaxed state, the crossbridge is still bound to actin but is in the high-energy form, ready to undergo the power stroke and generate force when the muscle is stimulated to contract.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following is true for the excitation-contraction coupling of all muscle types (skeletal, cardiac, and smooth)?

    • A.

      An action potential causes calcium levels in the cytosol to increase

    • B.

      Calcium binds to troponin

    • C.

      Thick and thin filaments slide past each other

    • D.

      A & c

    Correct Answer
    D. A & c
    Explanation
    During excitation-contraction coupling in all muscle types, an action potential is generated, which causes calcium levels in the cytosol to increase. This increase in calcium levels then leads to the binding of calcium to troponin, resulting in the exposure of binding sites on actin. Subsequently, the thick and thin filaments slide past each other, leading to muscle contraction. Therefore, both options "a" (an action potential causes calcium levels in the cytosol to increase) and "c" (thick and thin filaments slide past each other) are true for the excitation-contraction coupling of all muscle types.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 06, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 02, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    Mcq Snacks
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.