Anatomy Second Exam Simulation

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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,933
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Anatomy Second Exam Simulation - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not matched?

    • A.

      1= brachial artery

    • B.

      2= radial artery

    • C.

      3= left common iliac artery

    • D.

      4= anterior tibial artery

    Correct Answer
    A. 1= brachial artery
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the option that is not matched. The options are arteries, and the correct answer is 1= brachial artery. This means that the brachial artery does not match with any other option listed.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not matched?

    • A.

      1= Superior vena cava

    • B.

      4= left marginal vein

    • C.

      5= middle cardiac vein

    • D.

      8= coronary sinus

    Correct Answer
    B. 4= left marginal vein
    Explanation
    The left marginal vein is not matched because it is not a major vein in the cardiovascular system. The superior vena cava is a large vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper body to the heart. The middle cardiac vein is a vein that runs alongside the middle of the heart and helps drain deoxygenated blood. The coronary sinus is a large vein that collects deoxygenated blood from the heart muscle and returns it to the right atrium of the heart. However, the left marginal vein is not a major vein in the cardiovascular system.

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  • 3. 

    ? Which of the following is not matched

    • A.

      16= left common iliac

    • B.

      5= Inferior Vena Cava

    • C.

      10= Subclavian vein

    • D.

      4= axillary vein

    Correct Answer
    D. 4= axillary vein
    Explanation
    The given answer is 4= axillary vein. This is because the other options are correctly matched with their corresponding anatomical structures. The left common iliac is matched with 16, the inferior vena cava is matched with 5, and the subclavian vein is matched with 10. However, the axillary vein is not matched with any number in the given options.

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  • 4. 

    The part number 6 represents :

    • A.

      Frontal air sinus

    • B.

      Occipital bone

    • C.

      Lambdoid suture

    • D.

      Lateral ventricle

    Correct Answer
    C. Lambdoid suture
    Explanation
    The part number 6 represents the lambdoid suture. The lambdoid suture is a dense, fibrous connective tissue joint that connects the parietal bones of the skull to the occipital bone at the back of the head. It is named after its shape, which resembles the Greek letter lambda (Λ). The lambdoid suture helps to provide stability and strength to the skull, as well as allowing for some flexibility during childbirth.

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  • 5. 

    What number represents the odontoid process of axis ?

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      13

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 12
    Explanation
    The odontoid process of axis is represented by the number 12. The odontoid process is a bony projection that extends upward from the body of the axis vertebrae, also known as the second cervical vertebrae. It serves as a pivot point for the rotation of the atlas (first cervical vertebrae) and allows for the movement of the head.

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  • 6. 

    The part number 3 represents:

    • A.

      Arch of the aorta

    • B.

      Superior vena cava .

    • C.

      Spinal cord

    • D.

      Tracheal shadow

    Correct Answer
    D. Tracheal shadow
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tracheal shadow. In the given options, the part number 3 represents the tracheal shadow. The trachea is a tube-like structure that carries air to and from the lungs. It appears as a dark shadow on imaging studies such as X-rays. Therefore, option 3 is the correct representation of part number 3.

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  • 7. 

    The part number 6 represents: 

    • A.

      Descending thoracic aorta

    • B.

      Ascending thoracic aorta

    • C.

      Pulmonary artery

    • D.

      Arch of the aorta

    Correct Answer
    A. Descending thoracic aorta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is descending thoracic aorta. This is because the descending thoracic aorta refers to the part of the aorta that extends downward from the arch of the aorta, through the thoracic cavity, and into the abdominal cavity. It carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the lower parts of the body. The other options, ascending thoracic aorta, pulmonary artery, and arch of the aorta, do not accurately represent part number 6.

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  • 8. 

    Number 4 indicates :

    • A.

      Soft plate

    • B.

      Palatine tonsils

    • C.

      Uvula

    • D.

      Epiglottis

    Correct Answer
    C. Uvula
    Explanation
    The uvula is a small, fleshy, cone-shaped structure that hangs down from the soft palate in the back of the throat. It is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the nasal cavity during swallowing. The other options, such as the soft plate, palatine tonsils, and epiglottis, have different functions and locations in the throat.

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  • 9. 

    Esophagus is indicated by number :

    • A.

      14

    • B.

      17

    • C.

      18

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    B. 17
    Explanation
    The esophagus is a muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. It is responsible for transporting food from the mouth to the stomach for digestion. In the given options, number 17 indicates the esophagus.

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  • 10. 

    Number 10 indicates:

    • A.

      Fund us of stomach

    • B.

      Body

    • C.

      Pyloric sphincter

    • D.

      Pylorus

    Correct Answer
    C. Pyloric sphincter
    Explanation
    Number 10 indicates the pyloric sphincter. The pyloric sphincter is a muscular valve located between the stomach and the small intestine. It regulates the flow of partially digested food from the stomach into the small intestine for further digestion and absorption.

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  • 11. 

    What is the correct name of this muscle?

    • A.

      Teres minor

    • B.

      Rhomboid minor

    • C.

      Subscapularis

    • D.

      Infraspinatous

    Correct Answer
    A. Teres minor
    Explanation
    The correct name of this muscle is Teres minor.

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  • 12. 

    What is the correct name of this muscle?

    • A.

      Rectus abdominis

    • B.

      External oblique

    • C.

      Internal oblique

    • D.

      Pectoralis minor

    Correct Answer
    C. Internal oblique
    Explanation
    The correct name of this muscle is the internal oblique. The internal oblique is one of the muscles of the abdominal wall and is located beneath the external oblique muscle. It is responsible for various movements of the trunk, including rotation and lateral flexion. The rectus abdominis is a different muscle that runs vertically along the front of the abdomen, while the pectoralis minor is a muscle located in the chest.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is the Subscapularis ?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
  • 14. 

    Which number indicates the mid brain?

    • A.

      7

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      13

    • D.

      11

    Correct Answer
    B. 12
  • 15. 

    The label number 11 is pointing to:

    • A.

      Frontal lobe

    • B.

      Temporal lobe

    • C.

      Occipital lobe

    • D.

      Parietal lobe

    Correct Answer
    B. Temporal lobe
    Explanation
    The label number 11 is pointing to the temporal lobe. The temporal lobe is responsible for processing auditory information, including language comprehension and sound recognition. It also plays a role in memory formation and emotional responses.

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  • 16. 

    Considering the image below, which part is thyroid cartilage and which part is cricoid cartilage, respectively?

    • A.

      8,5

    • B.

      6,8

    • C.

      6,3

    • D.

      5,8

    Correct Answer
    D. 5,8
  • 17. 

    Considering the image below, which part is the orifice of auditory tube?

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      D

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. A
    Explanation
    The orifice of the auditory tube is represented by option A in the given image.

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  • 18. 

    Which part is responsible for transfer the blood from right ventricle to the lungs , and the part is responsible for return deoxygenated blood from the systemic circulation to superior vena cava , respectively?

    • A.

      23 pulmonary artery , 15 brachiocephalic veins

    • B.

      24 pulmonary vein , 15 brachiocephalic veins

    • C.

      24 pulmonary vein ,16 internal jugular vein

    • D.

      23 pulmonary veins , 15 brachiocephalic veins

    Correct Answer
    A. 23 pulmonary artery , 15 brachiocephalic veins
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 23 pulmonary artery, 15 brachiocephalic veins. The pulmonary artery is responsible for transferring blood from the right ventricle to the lungs for oxygenation. The brachiocephalic veins are responsible for returning deoxygenated blood from the systemic circulation to the superior vena cava.

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  • 19. 

    In the picture ,where is the MITRAL:

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      D

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      C

    Correct Answer
    B. D
  • 20. 

    The cardiac artery number B is:

    • A.

      Circumflex artery

    • B.

      Right marginal artery

    • C.

      Left marginal artery

    • D.

      Right coronary artery

    Correct Answer
    B. Right marginal artery
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Right marginal artery. The right marginal artery is a branch of the right coronary artery that runs along the right border of the heart. It supplies blood to the right ventricle and the bottom part of the right atrium.

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  • 21. 

    The cardiac vein number 1 is :

    • A.

      Great cardiac vein

    • B.

      Middle cardiac vein

    • C.

      Small cardiac vein

    • D.

      Coronary sinus

    Correct Answer
    D. Coronary sinus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Coronary sinus. The coronary sinus is a large vein located in the posterior part of the heart. It collects deoxygenated blood from the cardiac veins and returns it to the right atrium of the heart. The other options mentioned, such as the great cardiac vein, middle cardiac vein, and small cardiac vein, are all cardiac veins, but they do not specifically refer to cardiac vein number 1. Therefore, the correct answer is the coronary sinus.

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  • 22. 

     ?  The coloured structure shows

    • A.

      Zygomaticus major

    • B.

      Zygomaticus minor

    • C.

      Buccinators

    • D.

      Omohyoid

    Correct Answer
    C. Buccinators
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Buccinators. The question is asking for the name of the coloured structure shown in the image. The options provided are Zygomaticus major, Zygomaticus minor, Buccinators, and Omohyoid. Based on the options given, the correct answer is Buccinators.

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  • 23. 

    ?What is the name of labeled structure

    • A.

      Omohyoid

    • B.

      Sternohyoid

    • C.

      Thyrohyoid

    • D.

      Sternothyroid

    Correct Answer
    A. Omohyoid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Omohyoid. Omohyoid is the name of a labeled structure.

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  • 24. 

    ?What is the name of labeled structure

    • A.

      Serratus anterior

    • B.

      Pectoralis minor

    • C.

      Lattisimus dorsi

    • D.

      Pectpralis major

    Correct Answer
    C. Lattisimus dorsi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Lattisimus dorsi." The question is asking for the name of a labeled structure, and out of the given options, "Lattisimus dorsi" is the only one that matches. Serratus anterior, Pectoralis major, and Pectoralis minor are all different muscles in the body, but they are not the labeled structure being referred to in the question.

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  • 25. 

    The part of ulna which has number 6 is called:

    • A.

      Coronoid process

    • B.

      Trochlear notch

    • C.

      Olecranon

    • D.

      Radial notch

    Correct Answer
    D. Radial notch
    Explanation
    The ulna is one of the bones in the forearm, and it has a part called the radial notch. The radial notch is located on the ulna and articulates with the head of the radius bone, allowing for the rotation of the forearm. The coronoid process is a projection on the ulna that serves as an attachment point for muscles, while the trochlear notch is a depression on the ulna that articulates with the trochlea of the humerus bone. The olecranon is a prominent bony projection at the proximal end of the ulna, forming the point of the elbow.

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  • 26. 

    Name the following structure of femur:

    • A.

      Shaft

    • B.

      Fovea capitis

    • C.

      Linea aspera

    • D.

      Medial epicondyle

    Correct Answer
    C. Linea aspera
    Explanation
    The given options are all structures of the femur bone. The shaft refers to the long, cylindrical portion of the bone. The fovea capitis is a small depression on the head of the femur. The medial epicondyle is a bony prominence on the inner side of the distal end of the femur. The correct answer, linea aspera, is a ridge-like structure on the posterior surface of the femur that serves as an attachment site for muscles and ligaments.

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  • 27. 

    Name the following structure:

    • A.

      Sacrum

    • B.

      Ischium

    • C.

      Ilium

    • D.

      Pubis

    Correct Answer
    B. Ischium
    Explanation
    The given structures, Sacrum, Ischium, Ilium, and Pubis, are the bones that make up the pelvis. The Ischium is one of the three bones that fuse together to form the hip bone or coxal bone. It is located at the lower and posterior part of the pelvis, forming the lower and back part of the hip bone.

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  • 28. 

    What is the name of this structure ?

    • A.

      Coronal suture

    • B.

      Squamous part of temporal bone

    • C.

      Mastoid process of temporal bone

    • D.

      Zygomatic arch

    Correct Answer
    C. Mastoid process of temporal bone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mastoid process of temporal bone. The mastoid process is a prominent bony projection located on the temporal bone of the skull. It is located behind the ear and serves as an attachment site for various muscles. Its unique shape and position make it easily identifiable, distinguishing it from the other structures listed.

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  • 29. 

    Which letter indicates the styloid process ? 

    • A.

      B

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. B
    Explanation
    The letter B indicates the styloid process.

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  • 30. 

    Where we can find the Anterior nasal spine ?

    • A.

      C

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      A

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. The anterior nasal spine can be found in the nasal cavity, specifically at the junction of the maxilla and the nasal bone. It is a small projection that helps to support the nasal cartilage and provides stability to the nasal septum.

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  • 31. 

    identify the following structure:

    • A.

      Cingulate gyrus

    • B.

      Thalamus

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Fornix

    Correct Answer
    A. Cingulate gyrus
    Explanation
    The structure being identified is the cingulate gyrus. The cingulate gyrus is a part of the cerebral cortex and is located above the corpus callosum. It plays a role in various functions such as emotion regulation, decision-making, and attention. It is involved in the limbic system, which is responsible for emotions and memory.

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  • 32. 

    Identify the septum pellucidum : 

    • A.

      D

    • B.

      A

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      B

    Correct Answer
    B. A
    Explanation
    The septum pellucidum is a thin membrane located in the midline of the brain, separating the lateral ventricles. In this question, the correct answer is A, indicating that the septum pellucidum can be identified in that location.

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  • 33. 

    identify the following structure:

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Pulmonary vein

    • C.

      Pulmonary trunk

    • D.

      Superior vena ceva

    Correct Answer
    A. Aorta
    Explanation
    The given structure that is being identified is the aorta. The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It originates from the left ventricle of the heart and branches out to supply blood to various organs and tissues.

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  • 34. 

    What is the muscle M ?  

    • A.

      Flexor hallucis longus

    • B.

      Flexor hallucis brevis

    • C.

      Flexor digitorum longus

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Flexor hallucis longus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Flexor hallucis longus. This muscle is responsible for flexing the big toe and helps in maintaining balance while walking. It originates from the fibula and inserts into the base of the distal phalanx of the big toe. It is innervated by the tibial nerve and plays a crucial role in the movement and stability of the foot. Flexor hallucis brevis and flexor digitorum longus are different muscles with different functions.

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  • 35. 

    What is the muscle that is medial to this muscle : 

    • A.

      Flexor digitorum

    • B.

      Palmoris longus

    • C.

      Extensor digitorum

    • D.

      Flexor carpi ulnaris

    Correct Answer
    D. Flexor carpi ulnaris
    Explanation
    The muscle that is medial to the flexor digitorum is the flexor carpi ulnaris. This means that the flexor carpi ulnaris is located closer to the midline of the body compared to the flexor digitorum.

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  • 36. 

    What are the muscle A,B respectively : 

    • A.

      A : adductor longus , B: gastrocenemius

    • B.

      A: adductor brevis , B: sartorius

    • C.

      A: adductor longus , B: sartorius

    • D.

      Oh come on it is one of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. A: adductor longus , B: sartorius
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A: adductor longus, B: sartorius. This is because the adductor longus is a muscle located in the inner thigh that helps bring the leg towards the midline of the body, while the sartorius is a long, thin muscle that runs diagonally across the front of the thigh and helps with flexing, abducting, and rotating the hip and knee.

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  • 37. 

    The name of the following muscle is : 

    • A.

      Semitendinosus

    • B.

      Biceps femoris

    • C.

      Semimembranosus

    • D.

      Vastus lateralis

    Correct Answer
    C. Semimembranosus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is semimembranosus. This muscle is located in the back of the thigh and is one of the three muscles that make up the hamstring group. It helps in extending the hip joint and flexing the knee joint. The other options, such as semitendinosus and biceps femoris, are also part of the hamstring group, but semimembranosus is the correct answer based on the given options. Vastus lateralis, on the other hand, is a muscle located in the front of the thigh and is part of the quadriceps group, which is not mentioned in the options.

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  • 38. 

    Muscles A,B respectively are :  

    • A.

      Teres minor , teres major

    • B.

      Subscapularis , teres minor

    • C.

      Teres major , Triceps Brachii

    • D.

      Teres major , coracobrachialis

    Correct Answer
    A. Teres minor , teres major
    Explanation
    The correct answer is teres minor, teres major. Teres minor and teres major are both muscles located in the shoulder. Teres minor is a small muscle that helps to rotate the arm outward, while teres major is a larger muscle that helps to extend, adduct, and medially rotate the arm. These muscles work together to provide stability and movement to the shoulder joint.

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  • 39. 

    The following muscle is :  

    • A.

      Fibularis longus

    • B.

      Peroneus  brevis

    • C.

      Fibularis posterior

    • D.

      Flexor hallucis

    Correct Answer
    B. Peroneus  brevis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is peroneus brevis. Peroneus brevis is a muscle located in the lower leg. It is one of the muscles responsible for foot and ankle movement. It helps to stabilize the foot and assists in eversion, which is the movement of turning the sole of the foot outward.

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  • 40. 

    This part of humerus is called:

    • A.

      Medial epicondyle

    • B.

      Medial supracondylar ridge

    • C.

      Lateral supracondylar ridge

    • D.

      Lateral epicondyle

    Correct Answer
    C. Lateral supracondylar ridge
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the lateral supracondylar ridge. The humerus is a bone in the upper arm, and it has various bony landmarks. The lateral supracondylar ridge is a prominent ridge located on the lateral aspect of the humerus, just above the condyles. It serves as an attachment site for muscles and ligaments, providing stability and support to the elbow joint.

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  • 41. 

    The Number that indicates(Costochondral junction) is/are : 

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      3 only

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 only. This means that only the second number indicates the Costochondral junction. The first number does not indicate the Costochondral junction.

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  • 42. 

    Number 2 refers to:

    • A.

      Facet for articular part of tubercle of rib

    • B.

      Spinous process

    • C.

      Superior articular facet

    • D.

      Non of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Facet for articular part of tubercle of rib
    Explanation
    Number 2 refers to the facet for the articular part of the tubercle of the rib. This means that it is a specific feature or surface on a bone that is involved in the articulation or joint formation with the tubercle of a rib.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 12, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Yousef
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