Human Body Systems Quiz With Answers

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Human Body Systems Quiz With Answers - Quiz


What do you know about the anatomy of the human body? Take this human body systems and organ systems quiz today in order to see how much you really know! Anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body and all of its parts. The study of human anatomy helps us understand the different body structures and how they work. It also determines everyone’s unique physiology. Take this quiz, test your knowledge and learn about the anatomy of the human body, and there are no bones about it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The tonsils belong to which system?

    • A.

      Lymphatic

    • B.

      Integumentary

    • C.

      Digestive

    Correct Answer
    A. Lymphatic
    Explanation
    The tonsils belong to the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is responsible for maintaining fluid balance, filtering out harmful substances, and producing immune cells. The tonsils are a part of the lymphatic system and play a role in trapping and removing bacteria and other pathogens that enter the body through the mouth and nose. They help in defending the body against infections and are considered as a part of the body's immune response.

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  • 2. 

    Hairs in the skin belong to which body system?

    • A.

      Nervous

    • B.

      Integumentary

    • C.

      Muscular

    Correct Answer
    B. Integumentary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is integumentary. The integumentary system is responsible for protecting the body from external factors and maintaining homeostasis. It includes the skin, hair, nails, and glands. Hairs, which are present in the skin, are part of the integumentary system and help to regulate body temperature and provide protection.

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  • 3. 

    Which system collects “trash” from the body and also helps with fighting invading pathogens?

    • A.

      Lymphatic

    • B.

      Digestive

    • C.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    A. Lymphatic
    Explanation
    The lymphatic system collects waste materials, toxins, and excess fluid from the body tissues and transports them to the lymph nodes where they are filtered and eliminated. Additionally, the lymphatic system plays a crucial role in the immune response by producing and transporting white blood cells, which help fight against invading pathogens and infections. Therefore, the lymphatic system is responsible for both collecting "trash" from the body and assisting in the defense against pathogens.

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  • 4. 

    The eyes belong to which system?

    • A.

      Nervous

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Integumentary

    Correct Answer
    A. Nervous
    Explanation
    The eyes belong to the nervous system because they are responsible for receiving visual information and transmitting it to the brain for processing. The nervous system is responsible for coordinating and controlling the body's activities, including sensory perception. The eyes contain specialized cells called photoreceptors that detect light and convert it into electrical signals, which are then transmitted through the optic nerve to the brain. This allows us to see and interpret our surroundings.

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  • 5. 

    Which organ does not fit with the rest?

    • A.

      Brain

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Nerves

    • D.

      Spinal cord

    Correct Answer
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    The brain, nerves, and spinal cord are all part of the central nervous system, while the skin is not. The brain is responsible for processing information and controlling body functions, the nerves transmit signals between the brain and the rest of the body, and the spinal cord serves as a pathway for these signals. On the other hand, the skin is the largest organ of the body and its main function is to protect the body from external factors. Therefore, the skin does not fit with the rest of the organs in terms of its function and location within the body.

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  • 6. 

    The pancreas belongs to the ___ system.

    • A.

      Digestive

    • B.

      Integumentary

    • C.

      Cardiac

    • D.

      Respiratory

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive
    Explanation
    The pancreas belongs to the digestive system because it plays a crucial role in the digestion of food. It produces enzymes that help break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the small intestine. Additionally, the pancreas produces insulin and glucagon, hormones that regulate blood sugar levels. These functions are essential for proper digestion and nutrient absorption in the body.

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  • 7. 

    The skin is part of which system?

    • A.

      Integumentary

    • B.

      Endocrine

    • C.

      Skeletal

    • D.

      Muscular

    Correct Answer
    A. Integumentary
    Explanation
    The skin is part of the integumentary system. This system includes the skin, hair, nails, and various glands. The integumentary system serves as a protective barrier for the body, regulating body temperature, and preventing water loss. It also plays a role in sensory perception, as it contains receptors for touch, pressure, pain, and temperature. The skin is the largest organ of the body and is essential for overall health and well-being.

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  • 8. 

    Which term does not belong with the others?

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Joints

    • C.

      Cartilage

    • D.

      Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Skin
    Explanation
    The term "skin" does not belong with the others because it is the only term that is not a part of the skeletal system. Joints, cartilage, and bone are all components of the skeletal system, whereas skin is part of the integumentary system.

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  • 9. 

    The liver belongs to which system?

    • A.

      Digestive

    • B.

      Lymphatic

    • C.

      Respiratory

    • D.

      Cardiovascular

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive
    Explanation
    The liver belongs to the digestive system because it plays a crucial role in the process of digestion. It produces bile, which helps in the breakdown and absorption of fats. The liver also detoxifies harmful substances and stores nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. Additionally, it produces proteins that are essential for blood clotting and immune function. Therefore, the liver's functions are closely associated with the digestive system.

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  • 10. 

    The spleen belongs to the ____ system.

    • A.

      Lymphatic

    • B.

      Digestive

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Endocrine

    Correct Answer
    A. Lymphatic
    Explanation
    The spleen belongs to the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of vessels, organs, and tissues that help to remove toxins, waste, and other unwanted materials from the body. The spleen plays a crucial role in the lymphatic system by filtering the blood, removing old or damaged red blood cells, and producing white blood cells. It also helps to store and release immune cells, such as lymphocytes, which are important for fighting infections and diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is lymphatic.

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  • 11. 

    The glands of the body are under control of which system?

    • A.

      Endocrine

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Lymphatic

    Correct Answer
    A. Endocrine
    Explanation
    The glands of the body are under the control of the endocrine system. This system is responsible for producing and secreting hormones that regulate various bodily functions. Glands such as the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands are all part of the endocrine system and play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and coordinating the activities of different organs and tissues in the body. The endocrine system works in conjunction with the nervous system to ensure proper communication and control throughout the body.

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  • 12. 

    Which body system filters the blood and eliminates wastes in liquid form?

    • A.

      Digestive system

    • B.

      Lymphatic system

    • C.

      Endocrine system

    • D.

      Urinary system

    Correct Answer
    D. Urinary system
    Explanation
    The urinary system is responsible for filtering the blood and eliminating wastes in liquid form. It consists of the kidneys, which filter the blood and produce urine, the ureters, which transport the urine to the bladder, the bladder, which stores the urine, and the urethra, which eliminates the urine from the body. This system plays a crucial role in maintaining the body's fluid balance, regulating blood pressure, and removing metabolic waste products from the bloodstream.

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  • 13. 

    The gall bladder belongs to the ____ system.

    • A.

      Digestive

    • B.

      Endocrine

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Lymphatic

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive
    Explanation
    The gall bladder is an organ that is a part of the digestive system. It plays a role in the digestion and absorption of fats by storing and releasing bile, which helps break down fats in the small intestine. Therefore, the correct answer is digestive.

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  • 14. 

    The cartilage that connects bones together belongs to which system?

    • A.

      Reproductive

    • B.

      Muscular

    • C.

      Integumentary

    • D.

      Skeletal

    Correct Answer
    D. Skeletal
    Explanation
    The cartilage that connects bones together belongs to the skeletal system. Cartilage is a type of connective tissue that provides support and flexibility to the skeletal system. It acts as a cushion between bones, allowing for smooth movement and reducing friction. The skeletal system is responsible for providing structure, support, and protection to the body, and cartilage plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity of this system.

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  • 15. 

    Which term does not fit with the others?

    • A.

      Ureters

    • B.

      Thymus

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Pituitary gland

    Correct Answer
    A. Ureters
    Explanation
    The term "ureters" does not fit with the others because it is the only term related to the urinary system, while the other terms are related to the endocrine system. The thymus, pancreas, and pituitary gland are all glands that produce hormones, while the ureters are tubes that transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

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  • 16. 

    Blood vessels are muscular tubes that carry blood, sugar, and oxygen to the parts of the body. Nervous impulses cause these tubes to expand or contract. Which system do the vessels belong to?

    • A.

      Cardiovascular

    • B.

      Nervous

    • C.

      Muscular

    • D.

      Digestive

    Correct Answer
    A. Cardiovascular
    Explanation
    The blood vessels are responsible for carrying blood, sugar, and oxygen to different parts of the body. This indicates their role in the transportation of essential substances, which is a function of the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, working together to circulate blood throughout the body. Therefore, the blood vessels belong to the cardiovascular system.

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  • 17. 

    Which organ does not fit the rest?

    • A.

      Hair

    • B.

      Eyes

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Nails

    Correct Answer
    B. Eyes
    Explanation
    The eyes do not fit the rest because they are not considered an organ in the same way that hair, skin, and nails are. While hair, skin, and nails are all made up of cells and tissues, the eyes are sensory organs that allow us to see. They contain various structures such as the cornea, iris, and retina, which work together to process visual information. Therefore, the eyes stand out as a distinct category compared to the other options provided.

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  • 18. 

    The stomach is a large muscular sack that breaks down food particles.  Which system is the stomach a part of?

    • A.

      Digestive

    • B.

      Urinary

    • C.

      Muscular

    • D.

      Nervous

    Correct Answer
    A. Digestive
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the stomach is responsible for breaking down food particles, which is a key function of the digestive system. The digestive system is a collection of organs that work together to process and absorb nutrients from food, and the stomach plays a crucial role in this process by using its muscles to mechanically and chemically break down food. Therefore, the stomach is a part of the digestive system.

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  • 19. 

    Which body system is responsible for generating electrical impulses that run the muscular system?

    • A.

      Muscular system

    • B.

      Nervous system

    • C.

      Cardiovascular system

    • D.

      Endocrine

    Correct Answer
    B. Nervous system
    Explanation
    The nervous system is responsible for generating electrical impulses that run the muscular system. It consists of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, which send signals to the muscles to contract and relax. These electrical impulses, called action potentials, allow for coordinated movement and control of the muscles throughout the body. The nervous system also plays a role in regulating muscle tone and reflexes.

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  • 20. 

    Which term does not fit with the others?

    • A.

      Kidneys

    • B.

      Esophagus

    • C.

      Anus

    • D.

      Mouth

    Correct Answer
    A. Kidneys
    Explanation
    The term "kidneys" does not fit with the others because it is the only organ mentioned in the list. The other terms, "esophagus," "anus," and "mouth," are all parts of the digestive system, while the kidneys are part of the urinary system.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Russcrick
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