Pharmacology - Pituitary, Adrenal Treatment

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 95

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Pharmacology - Pituitary, Adrenal Treatment - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What medication is used in the treatment of Growth Hormone deficiency?
    • A. 

      Somatropin

    • B. 

      Somatostatin analogs

    • C. 

      Dopamine agonists

    • D. 

      Glucocorticoids

  • 2. 
    What medication is used in the treatment of Growth hormone excess?
    • A. 

      Dopamine agonists

    • B. 

      Somatropin

    • C. 

      Somatostatin analogs

    • D. 

      Mineralocorticoids

  • 3. 
    What medication is used in the treatment of Hyperprolactinemia?
    • A. 

      Somatostatin analogs (Octreotide and lanreotide)

    • B. 

      Dopamine agonists (Bromocriptine (Parlodel)

    • C. 

      Somatropin

  • 4. 
    Hyperprolactinemia inhibits GnRH secretion causes what clinical features and symptoms in women?
    • A. 

      Amenorrhea

    • B. 

      Infertility

    • C. 

      Galactorrhea

    • D. 

      Low libido

  • 5. 
    True or False: The most common etiologies of Hyperprolactinemia are prolactin-secreting adenomas and medications like SSRIs, haloperidol, metoclopramide, dopamine antagonists.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    _______________ regulate sodium and potassium reabsorption in the collecting tubules of the kidney
  • 7. 
    Select all: What are the clinical Uses of Corticosteroids?
    • A. 

      Diagnosis and treatment of adrenal dysfunction

    • B. 

      Replacement in adrenal insufficiency (acute and/or chronic)

    • C. 

      Numerous uses- r/t ability to suppress inflammatory & immune responses

    • D. 

      Stimulation of lung maturation in the fetus

  • 8. 
    Which test is used for diagnosis of Addison’s disease
    • A. 

      Dexamethasone suppression test

    • B. 

      Short cosyntropin-stimulation test

  • 9. 
    Which test is used in the Diagnosis of Cushing syndrome? 
    • A. 

      Dexamethasone suppression test

    • B. 

      Short cosyntropin-stimulation test

  • 10. 
    Select all that apply: Signs and Symptoms of Adrenal Insufficiency
    • A. 

      Fatigue

    • B. 

      Anorexia

    • C. 

      Weight gain

    • D. 

      Nausea

    • E. 

      Constipation

    • F. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • G. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • H. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • I. 

      Salt cravings

    • J. 

      Salt cravings

  • 11. 
    Select all that apply: What medications are used in the treatment of Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison Disease)?
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Corticosteroids

    • C. 

      Mineralocorticoid

  • 12. 
    In Addison's disease, a person will retain too much?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 13. 
    Select the side effects of Hydrocortisone treatment 
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      hypertension

    • C. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • D. 

      Sodium retention

  • 14. 
    Hypercortisolism (Cushing syndrome) is clinical condition resulting from chronic exposure to excessive circulating levels of glucocorticoids
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Select one: ALL are used in the treatment of Cushing Syndrome but which is the most desired?
    • A. 

      Surgical removal of ACTH producing tumor

    • B. 

      Irradiation of pituitary tumor

    • C. 

      Steroidogenesis inhibitors

    • D. 

      Adrenolytic agents

    • E. 

      Neuromodulators of ACTH release

    • F. 

      Glucocorticoid receptor antagonist

  • 16. 
    ____________________ promotes reabsorption of sodium from renal tubules. 
  • 17. 
    Select all: Hyperaldosteronism- Excessive levels of aldosterone (produced by tumors or overdosage with synthetic mineralocorticoids) leads to...
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia,

    • B. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

    • C. 

      Increased plasma volume

    • D. 

      Hypertension

  • 18. 
    ____________________ is a potent steroid w/ glucocorticoid & mineralocorticoid activity
  • 19. 
    Fludrocortisone is the most widely used agent in the treatment of adrenocortical insufficiency associated w/ mineralocorticoid deficiency
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Treatment of adrenal insufficiency
    • A. 

      Hydrocortisone

    • B. 

      Fludrocortisone

  • 21. 
    Fludrocortisone is also used for orthostatic hypotension
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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