Child Psychology Trivia Quiz! Hardest Test

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Child Psychology Trivia Quiz! Hardest Test - Quiz

Children, unlike adults, have a hard time getting over a bad experience or expressing their feelings and views on a given subject, and therefore some of them have to see a therapist to help them heal. The quiz below is prepared for an aspiring child psychiatrist, and it covers some of the things they should know. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In what psychosocial stage of development would you find a two-year-old?

    • A.

      Autonomy v shame and doubt

    • B.

      Industry v. inferiority

    • C.

      Trust v. mistrust

    • D.

      Initiative v. guilt

    Correct Answer
    A. Autonomy v shame and doubt
    Explanation
    The psychosocial stage of development in which a two-year-old would be found is the autonomy vs shame and doubt stage. At this stage, children are exploring their independence and developing a sense of self-control. They are learning to do things on their own and make choices, which can lead to feelings of autonomy when successful or shame and doubt when they face difficulties or limitations. This stage is crucial for the development of self-esteem and a sense of competence.

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  • 2. 

    In the second stage of friendship, what is the main criterion for friendship?

    • A.

      Fun

    • B.

      Shared activities

    • C.

      Mutual trust

    • D.

      Intimacy

    Correct Answer
    C. Mutual trust
    Explanation
    In the second stage of friendship, the main criterion for friendship is mutual trust. This means that both individuals in the friendship have confidence in each other's reliability, honesty, and loyalty. Mutual trust is essential for building a strong and lasting friendship as it creates a sense of security and allows for open communication and vulnerability. It is through trust that individuals feel comfortable sharing personal thoughts, feelings, and experiences with each other, deepening their bond and fostering a sense of closeness.

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  • 3. 

    The psychosocial stage during which teenagers seek to determine what is unique and distinctive about themselves is called:

    • A.

      Intimacy v. isolation

    • B.

      Generativity v. stagnation

    • C.

      Initiative v. guilt

    • D.

      Identity v. identity confusion

    Correct Answer
    D. Identity v. identity confusion
    Explanation
    During adolescence, individuals go through the psychosocial stage of identity versus identity confusion. This stage is characterized by teenagers seeking to establish their own unique and distinctive identity. They explore different roles, values, and beliefs in order to form a sense of self. This stage is crucial for individuals to develop a clear understanding of who they are and what they stand for. It is a time of self-discovery and self-definition, where teenagers may experience confusion and uncertainty as they navigate through various identities before settling on one that feels authentic to them.

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  • 4. 

    Memory of particular excerpts from one's own life is called:

    • A.

      Reconstructive memory

    • B.

      Schematic memory

    • C.

      Autobiographical memory

    • D.

      Flash bulb memory

    Correct Answer
    C. Autobiographical memory
    Explanation
    Autobiographical memory refers to the ability to remember specific events and experiences from one's own life. It involves the recollection of personal memories, such as birthdays, vacations, or significant life events. This type of memory is unique to each individual and is often associated with emotions and personal significance. Autobiographical memory plays a crucial role in shaping one's identity and self-awareness, as it provides a sense of continuity and coherence to one's life narrative.

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  • 5. 

    Heather has gone through a crisis, and a result now pursues personally chosen goals.  Heather has reached the status of:

    • A.

      Achievement

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Foreclosure

    • D.

      Moratorium

    Correct Answer
    A. Achievement
    Explanation
    Heather has gone through a crisis and has now chosen her own goals, indicating that she has successfully resolved the crisis and is actively working towards achieving her personal aspirations. This suggests that she has reached the status of achievement.

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  • 6. 

    What is the effect of making downward social comparisons?

    • A.

      Provides a realistic view of one's capabilities

    • B.

      It attributes success or failure as an external cause

    • C.

      It attributes success or failure as an internal cause

    • D.

      It protects one's self image

    Correct Answer
    D. It protects one's self image
    Explanation
    Making downward social comparisons refers to comparing oneself to others who are perceived to be worse off or less successful. This can have the effect of protecting one's self-image because it allows individuals to feel better about themselves by highlighting their own strengths or accomplishments in comparison to others. By focusing on those who are less successful, individuals can maintain a positive perception of themselves and their abilities.

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  • 7. 

    Semsa sees herself as someone who does well playing the violin and does well in school.  This relates to the concept of:

    • A.

      Self recognition

    • B.

      Self reliance

    • C.

      Self esteem

    • D.

      Self awareness

    Correct Answer
    C. Self esteem
    Explanation
    The concept of self-esteem refers to an individual's evaluation of their own worth and abilities. In this scenario, Semsa sees herself as someone who excels in playing the violin and performs well in school. This indicates that she has a positive perception of her own abilities and achievements, which aligns with the concept of self-esteem.

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  • 8. 

    The process in which one state is changed into another is called:

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Transformation

    • C.

      Seriation

    • D.

      Centration

    Correct Answer
    B. Transformation
    Explanation
    Transformation refers to the process of changing one state or form into another. It involves a significant alteration or conversion from one condition or state to another. This term is commonly used in various fields, such as science, mathematics, and psychology, to describe the process of change or conversion. In the context of the given question, transformation is the most appropriate term as it accurately describes the process of changing one state into another.

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  • 9. 

    Capabilities involving large body movement are called:

    • A.

      Fine motor skills

    • B.

      Adaptive motor skills

    • C.

      Gross motor skills

    • D.

      Functional motor skills

    Correct Answer
    C. Gross motor skills
    Explanation
    Gross motor skills refer to the abilities that involve using the large muscles of the body to perform tasks like walking, running, jumping, and throwing. These skills require coordination, balance, and strength. Fine motor skills, on the other hand, involve the use of smaller muscles, like those in the hands and fingers, for tasks that require precision and dexterity. Adaptive motor skills are not specifically related to large body movements, and functional motor skills is not a commonly used term in this context. Therefore, the correct answer is gross motor skills.

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  • 10. 

    The identity statuses identified by James Marcia depend on what two characteristics:

    • A.

      Crisis & resolution

    • B.

      Goals & means

    • C.

      Crisis and commitment

    • D.

      Character and commitment

    Correct Answer
    C. Crisis and commitment
    Explanation
    James Marcia's identity statuses are based on the two characteristics of crisis and commitment. Crisis refers to the period of exploration and questioning that individuals go through when trying to establish their identity. Commitment, on the other hand, refers to the personal decisions and choices made based on the outcome of the crisis. These two characteristics are essential in understanding the different identity statuses, such as identity achievement, foreclosure, moratorium, and diffusion.

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  • 11. 

    The level at which a child can almost, but not fully, perform a task on her own defines her:

    • A.

      Developmental level

    • B.

      Intelligence quotient

    • C.

      Zone of cognitive development

    • D.

      Zone of proximal development

    Correct Answer
    D. Zone of proximal development
    Explanation
    The zone of proximal development refers to the level at which a child can perform a task with the assistance of a more knowledgeable person. It represents the gap between what a child can do independently and what they can achieve with guidance. This concept was introduced by psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who believed that learning and development occur through social interactions and collaboration. The zone of proximal development is important for educators and caregivers as it helps them determine appropriate instructional strategies and support to facilitate a child's learning and growth.

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  • 12. 

    According to the cycle-of-violence hypothesis, the abuse and neglect that Joe suffered predisposes him as an adult to:

    • A.

      Abuse himself

    • B.

      Continue to be abused

    • C.

      Suffer from antisocial personality disorder

    • D.

      Abuse and neglect his own children

    Correct Answer
    D. Abuse and neglect his own children
    Explanation
    According to the cycle-of-violence hypothesis, individuals who have experienced abuse and neglect during their childhood are more likely to perpetuate the same patterns of abuse and neglect in their own relationships and towards their own children. This hypothesis suggests that Joe, who has suffered abuse and neglect, is at a higher risk of abusing and neglecting his own children in the future.

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  • 13. 

    The stage at which people develop the ability to think abstractly is the:

    • A.

      Preoperations period

    • B.

      Formal operations period

    • C.

      Concrete operations period

    • D.

      Sensorimotor period

    Correct Answer
    B. Formal operations period
    Explanation
    During the formal operations period, individuals develop the ability to think abstractly. This stage is characterized by the ability to think logically, reason deductively, and consider hypothetical situations. It is during this stage that individuals can think beyond concrete objects and experiences and engage in hypothetical and abstract thinking. They can understand concepts such as justice, love, and freedom, and can think about possibilities and consequences. This stage typically occurs during adolescence and continues into adulthood.

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  • 14. 

    When discussing the importance of gender identity in class, the instructor suggested Megan should:

    • A.

      Talk her son and daughter about what a boy is and what a girl is.

    • B.

      Put a dress on her son and take him to a family function.

    • C.

      Have her son shadow husband at work and have her daughter shadow her at work

    • D.

      Have her father-in-law talk to her son and explain to him what a real man is.

    Correct Answer
    B. Put a dress on her son and take him to a family function.
    Explanation
    The instructor suggests that Megan should put a dress on her son and take him to a family function. This suggestion promotes the importance of embracing and exploring gender identity. By allowing her son to wear a dress and attend a family function, Megan is encouraging him to express himself authentically and challenging traditional gender norms. This action promotes acceptance and understanding of diverse gender identities.

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  • 15. 

    The developmental stage that lies between childhood and adulthood is:

    • A.

      Puberty

    • B.

      Latency

    • C.

      Young adulthood

    • D.

      Adolescence

    Correct Answer
    D. Adolescence
    Explanation
    Adolescence is the correct answer because it refers to the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood. It is characterized by physical, cognitive, and emotional changes, including the onset of puberty. During this stage, individuals experience significant growth and development, both physically and psychologically, as they transition from childhood to adulthood.

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  • 16. 

    The way in which an individual combines words and phrases to form sentences is called:

    • A.

      Phonology

    • B.

      Syntax

    • C.

      Pragmatics

    • D.

      Semantics

    Correct Answer
    B. Syntax
    Explanation
    Syntax refers to the rules and principles that govern the structure of sentences in a language. It involves the arrangement of words and phrases to create meaningful and grammatically correct sentences. Phonology, on the other hand, is the study of the sounds used in a language. Pragmatics focuses on the use of language in context, while semantics deals with the meaning of words and sentences. Therefore, syntax is the most appropriate answer as it specifically relates to the combination of words and phrases to form sentences.

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  • 17. 

    Acceleration and enrichment are two approaches used to educate:

    • A.

      Metalinguistic awareness

    • B.

      Gifted and talented students

    • C.

      Mildly retarded students

    • D.

      Bilingual students

    Correct Answer
    B. Gifted and talented students
    Explanation
    Acceleration and enrichment are two approaches used to educate gifted and talented students. Acceleration involves providing these students with a faster-paced curriculum, allowing them to progress through the material at a quicker rate. Enrichment, on the other hand, involves providing these students with additional and more challenging material to further enhance their learning. These approaches are used to ensure that gifted and talented students are appropriately challenged and engaged in their education, allowing them to reach their full potential.

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  • 18. 

    Scott's friend lives next door and is a good playmate who goes to the same school and has fun toys that they play with together. This illustrates what stage of friendship?

    • A.

      Third

    • B.

      Fourth

    • C.

      Second

    • D.

      First

    Correct Answer
    D. First
    Explanation
    The given scenario illustrates the first stage of friendship. In this stage, children typically form friendships based on proximity and shared activities. Scott's friend lives next door and they attend the same school, indicating that their friendship is primarily based on their physical proximity and the opportunity to engage in fun activities together.

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  • 19. 

    The name of the movie we saw in class was called:

    • A.

      ADHD and the invisible fathers

    • B.

      Hyper-lives: ADHD Stories

    • C.

      ADHD: What is it?

    • D.

      Life Span Psychology and the students who love the course.

    • E.

      I don't know

    Correct Answer
    B. Hyper-lives: ADHD Stories
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hyper-lives: ADHD Stories." This is the name of the movie that was watched in class.

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  • 20. 

    The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects is referred to as:

    • A.

      Reversibility

    • B.

      Decentering

    • C.

      Conservation

    • D.

      Transformation

    Correct Answer
    C. Conservation
    Explanation
    Conservation refers to the understanding that even if the physical appearance or arrangement of objects changes, the quantity or amount remains the same. This concept is important in cognitive development as it demonstrates the ability to understand that certain properties of objects, such as volume or number, can remain constant despite changes in their appearance. It signifies a child's ability to mentally reverse actions and think logically about conservation.

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  • 21. 

    What is Jean Piaget's second stage of intellectual development?

    • A.

      Preoperational period

    • B.

      Formal operational period

    • C.

      Sensorimotor period

    • D.

      Concrete operational period

    Correct Answer
    A. Preoperational period
    Explanation
    Jean Piaget's second stage of intellectual development is the preoperational period. This stage typically occurs between the ages of 2 and 7, and is characterized by the development of symbolic thinking, egocentrism, and the use of language and imagination. During this stage, children begin to think symbolically, but their thinking is still limited by their inability to understand concrete logic or perform mental operations. They also struggle with understanding the perspectives of others and tend to be egocentric in their thinking.

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  • 22. 

    The development of pubic hair is an example of:

    • A.

      Secondary sex characteristics

    • B.

      Menarche

    • C.

      Primary sex characteristics

    • D.

      A sexual trait

    Correct Answer
    A. Secondary sex characteristics
    Explanation
    The development of pubic hair is considered an example of secondary sex characteristics. Secondary sex characteristics are physical features that develop during puberty and are not directly involved in reproduction. These characteristics, such as pubic hair growth, breast development, and voice changes, differ between males and females and are influenced by hormones. In contrast, primary sex characteristics refer to the reproductive organs and structures involved in reproduction, while menarche specifically refers to the onset of menstruation in females. "A sexual trait" is a vague term and does not specifically describe the development of pubic hair.

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  • 23. 

    Who proposed the zone proximal development?

    • A.

      Lev Vygotsky

    • B.

      Ashlin Ponte

    • C.

      Heidi Meisner

    • D.

      James Raske

    Correct Answer
    A. Lev Vygotsky
    Explanation
    Lev Vygotsky proposed the zone of proximal development. This theory suggests that learning occurs when individuals are guided by a more knowledgeable person within their zone of proximal development, which is the gap between what they can do independently and what they can achieve with assistance. Vygotsky believed that social interaction and collaboration are crucial for cognitive development, and that learning is a social process.

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  • 24. 

    Children who let themselves into their homes after school and wait alone until their caretakers return home from work are known as:

    • A.

      Drop-off children

    • B.

      Self-care children

    • C.

      Empty nest children

    • D.

      Workforce children

    Correct Answer
    B. Self-care children
    Explanation
    Self-care children refers to children who are able to take care of themselves and manage their own activities without adult supervision. These children are responsible for letting themselves into their homes after school and waiting alone until their caretakers return home from work. This term emphasizes the independence and self-sufficiency of these children in managing their own daily routines and responsibilities.

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  • 25. 

    In class, the instructor believes there are three types of people. These types are:

    • A.

      Active, non-active, and a combination of both

    • B.

      Friendly, abusive, and emotionally sick

    • C.

      Talkers, Listeners, and combination of both

    • D.

      Those that are not afraid of commitment, those that are not afraid of intimacy, and men

    Correct Answer
    C. Talkers, Listeners, and combination of both
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Talkers, Listeners, and combination of both". The instructor believes that there are three types of people based on their communication style. Some people are talkers, who are more inclined to express their thoughts and ideas verbally. Others are listeners, who prefer to listen and understand others. Lastly, there are those who are a combination of both, meaning they can switch between talking and listening depending on the situation. This categorization helps to understand different communication preferences and styles among individuals.

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  • 26. 

    Concentrating on one limited aspect of a stimulus and ignoring other aspects is called:

    • A.

      Irreversibility

    • B.

      Transformation

    • C.

      Symbolic function

    • D.

      Centration

    Correct Answer
    D. Centration
    Explanation
    Centration refers to the cognitive tendency of focusing on one limited aspect of a stimulus while ignoring other aspects. It involves the inability to consider multiple dimensions or perspectives simultaneously. This concept is closely associated with the preoperational stage of cognitive development in children, according to Piaget's theory. During this stage, children are unable to mentally reverse actions or understand conservation, leading to the tendency to concentrate on only one aspect of a situation.

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  • 27. 

    Play that involves doing something for the sake of being active, rather than with the aim of creating some end product, is called:

    • A.

      Functional

    • B.

      Parallel

    • C.

      Associative

    • D.

      Constructive

    Correct Answer
    A. Functional
    Explanation
    Functional play involves doing something for the sake of being active, rather than with the aim of creating some end product. This type of play focuses on the process rather than the outcome, allowing individuals to engage in activities purely for the enjoyment and physical movement they provide. It helps develop gross motor skills, coordination, and physical fitness, while also promoting creativity and imagination. Functional play can include activities such as running, jumping, dancing, and playing with toys or objects without a specific goal in mind.

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  • 28. 

    A remarried couple that has at least one stepchild living with them defines a:

    • A.

      Blended family

    • B.

      Ambiguous family

    • C.

      Neutral family

    • D.

      Mixed family

    Correct Answer
    A. Blended family
    Explanation
    A remarried couple that has at least one stepchild living with them defines a blended family. This term refers to a family unit that consists of a couple and their children from previous relationships. In a blended family, the parents may have children from their previous marriages or relationships, and they may also have children together. This type of family structure often involves combining different backgrounds, experiences, and dynamics, as the members of the family navigate the challenges and joys of coming together and forming new relationships.

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  • 29. 

    The preschool years correspond with what stage of cognitive development?

    • A.

      Formal operational stage

    • B.

      Sensorimotor stage

    • C.

      Concrete operational stage

    • D.

      Preoperational stage

    Correct Answer
    D. Preoperational stage
    Explanation
    During the preschool years, children are typically between the ages of 3 and 5. At this stage, their cognitive development is characterized by the preoperational stage. During this stage, children develop the ability to use symbols and language to represent objects and events. They also engage in pretend play and show egocentric thinking, where they struggle to understand other people's perspectives. This stage is important for the development of imagination, symbolic thinking, and language skills. It lays the foundation for more complex cognitive abilities that develop in later stages.

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  • 30. 

    4-year-old Lindsey views everything in relation to herself. Her self-centered view is called:

    • A.

      Centration

    • B.

      Irreversibility

    • C.

      Animism

    • D.

      Egocentrism

    Correct Answer
    D. Egocentrism
    Explanation
    Egocentrism refers to the tendency of young children, like Lindsey, to view the world from their own perspective and have difficulty understanding the viewpoints of others. This self-centered view is a normal part of cognitive development in early childhood. Children at this stage often struggle to consider different perspectives or understand that others may have different thoughts, feelings, or beliefs. They primarily focus on their own thoughts, needs, and desires, leading to egocentric behavior and interactions. This stage gradually diminishes as children develop more advanced cognitive abilities and social skills.

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  • 31. 

    Children who are independent, self-assertive, and socially competent have parents who have most likely adopted what parenting style?

    • A.

      Authoritative

    • B.

      Authoritarian

    • C.

      Uninvolved

    • D.

      Permissive

    Correct Answer
    A. Authoritative
    Explanation
    Children who are independent, self-assertive, and socially competent most likely have parents who have adopted an authoritative parenting style. This style is characterized by setting clear expectations and rules while also being responsive to the child's needs and emotions. Authoritative parents provide guidance and support, encourage independence, and foster open communication. This balanced approach allows children to develop autonomy and self-confidence while also understanding the importance of boundaries and respect for others.

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  • 32. 

    The period during which the sexual organs mature is called:

    • A.

      Puberty

    • B.

      Growth spurt

    • C.

      Menstruation

    • D.

      Menopause

    Correct Answer
    A. Puberty
    Explanation
    Puberty is the correct answer because it refers to the period in an individual's life when their sexual organs and secondary sexual characteristics develop and reach maturity. It is a stage of physical and psychological changes that typically occurs during adolescence. Growth spurt refers to a rapid increase in height and weight during puberty, menstruation refers to the monthly shedding of the uterine lining in females, and menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation and fertility in women, typically occurring in middle age.

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  • 33. 

    In what type of play do children genuinely play with one another?

    • A.

      Cooperative play

    • B.

      Functional play

    • C.

      Parallel play

    • D.

      Associative play

    Correct Answer
    A. Cooperative play
    Explanation
    Cooperative play refers to a type of play where children actively engage and interact with one another, working together towards a common goal or activity. Unlike parallel play, where children play alongside each other but do not directly interact, cooperative play involves collaboration, sharing, and communication among children. In this type of play, children genuinely play with one another, forming relationships, developing social skills, and learning to work as a team.

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  • 34. 

    In class your instructor read a letter from Dear Abbey. What was the name of the letter?

    • A.

      Welcome to Holland

    • B.

      Distress Mother

    • C.

      Why me

    • D.

      Problems in New Jersey

    Correct Answer
    A. Welcome to Holland
  • 35. 

    A state in which gender roles encompass characteristics thought typical of both sexes is called:

    • A.

      Gender role orientation

    • B.

      Androgynous

    • C.

      Gender role adaptation

    • D.

      Gender schema reversal

    Correct Answer
    B. Androgynous
    Explanation
    Androgynous refers to a state in which gender roles encompass characteristics thought typical of both sexes. This means that individuals who are androgynous exhibit a combination of traditionally masculine and feminine traits, behaviors, and attitudes. They may possess qualities such as assertiveness, sensitivity, and nurturing, which are typically associated with both males and females. Androgyny challenges traditional gender stereotypes and allows individuals to express themselves in a way that is not limited by societal expectations of masculinity or femininity.

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  • 36. 

    Parents who provide lax and inconsistent feedback are called:

    • A.

      Disoriented

    • B.

      Permissive

    • C.

      Authoritative

    • D.

      Authoritarian

    Correct Answer
    B. Permissive
    Explanation
    Parents who provide lax and inconsistent feedback are called permissive. Permissive parents have a relaxed and lenient approach towards parenting, often allowing their children to do as they please without setting clear boundaries or expectations. They may avoid disciplining their children or enforcing rules, leading to a lack of structure and consistency in their parenting style. This can result in children who have difficulty with self-control and may struggle with authority figures.

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  • 37. 

    Cutting with scissors is an example of a(n):

    • A.

      Adaptive motor skills

    • B.

      Fine motor skills

    • C.

      Functional motor skills

    • D.

      Gross motor skills

    Correct Answer
    B. Fine motor skills
    Explanation
    Cutting with scissors requires precise control and coordination of small muscles in the hands and fingers. This activity involves precise movements and dexterity, which are characteristic of fine motor skills. Fine motor skills involve the use of small muscle groups to perform delicate and intricate tasks, such as writing, drawing, or manipulating small objects.

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  • 38. 

    The visible signs of sexual maturity that do not involve the sex organs directly are called:

    • A.

      A puberty

    • B.

      Sexual traits

    • C.

      Primary sex characteristics

    • D.

      Secondary sex characteristics

    Correct Answer
    D. Secondary sex characteristics
    Explanation
    Secondary sex characteristics are the visible signs of sexual maturity that do not involve the sex organs directly. These characteristics develop during puberty and differ between males and females. In males, secondary sex characteristics include the deepening of the voice, growth of facial and body hair, and increased muscle mass. In females, secondary sex characteristics include the development of breasts, widening of hips, and the onset of menstruation. These characteristics are a result of hormonal changes during puberty and are important in distinguishing between the sexes and attracting potential mates.

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  • 39. 

    What is the identity status of those adolescents who have made commitments without going through a crisis?

    • A.

      Moratorium

    • B.

      Achievement

    • C.

      Foreclosure

    • D.

      Diffusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Foreclosure
    Explanation
    Foreclosure refers to the identity status of those adolescents who have made commitments without going through a crisis. This means that they have made decisions about their identity without exploring different options or experiencing a period of questioning and exploration. Foreclosure can occur when individuals adopt the beliefs and values of others, such as their parents or societal expectations, without critically examining them. This can lead to a rigid and fixed sense of identity, limiting personal growth and self-discovery.

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  • 40. 

    The evaluation of a role or person by other relevant members of a group called:

    • A.

      Social comparison

    • B.

      Status

    • C.

      Self-fulfilling prophecy

    • D.

      Expectancy effect

    Correct Answer
    B. Status
    Explanation
    Status refers to the evaluation of a role or person by other relevant members of a group. It is a measure of social standing or prestige within a particular social group. Status can be influenced by various factors such as wealth, occupation, education, or social connections. It plays a significant role in determining an individual's power, influence, and level of respect within a group or society.

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  • 41. 

    A child sings to himself about what he is doing. This is an example of:

    • A.

      Schizophrenia

    • B.

      American Idol want a be

    • C.

      Social speech

    • D.

      Private speech

    Correct Answer
    D. Private speech
    Explanation
    Private speech refers to the behavior of talking to oneself, usually in a soft voice, to guide and regulate one's actions. It is commonly observed in young children as they engage in activities and use self-directed speech to plan, problem-solve, and organize their thoughts. In this scenario, the child singing to himself about what he is doing is an example of private speech, as he is using verbalization to help himself with his actions and thoughts.

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  • 42. 

    A parenting style in which parents are not interested in their role as parents or in their children is called:

    • A.

      Permissive

    • B.

      Authoritative

    • C.

      Uninvolved

    • D.

      Authoritarian

    Correct Answer
    C. Uninvolved
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "uninvolved." This parenting style refers to parents who are not interested in their role as parents or in their children. They tend to be neglectful, provide little guidance or support, and are emotionally distant from their children. This can have negative effects on the child's development and well-being, as they may feel unloved or ignored.

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  • 43. 

    Angela is terribly anxious about weighing too much but has an uncontrollable need to eat, especially sweets.  She consumes huge quantities of food in an hour, and then feels despondent and out of control. To compensate for overeating, she vomits. What is her disorder?

    • A.

      Pica

    • B.

      Binge-eating

    • C.

      Anorexia nervosa

    • D.

      Bulimia

    Correct Answer
    D. Bulimia
    Explanation
    Angela's behavior of consuming large quantities of food in a short period of time and then compensating by vomiting is characteristic of bulimia. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or the misuse of laxatives. Individuals with bulimia often have a fear of gaining weight and may feel a lack of control over their eating behaviors.

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  • 44. 

    In Class, your instructor read a sad story at the end of class about a girl talking to her mother. What was the story about?

    • A.

      Teenage depression

    • B.

      Drunk Driving

    • C.

      Abusive Relationships

    • D.

      Marriage at a young age

    Correct Answer
    B. Drunk Driving
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Drunk Driving. The sad story that the instructor read at the end of class was about a girl talking to her mother, which implies that the story revolved around a tragic incident caused by drunk driving.

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  • 45. 

    On the average, girls experience the growth spurt about:

    • A.

      Two years before boys do

    • B.

      Two years after boys do

    • C.

      The same time as boys do

    • D.

      One year before boys do

    Correct Answer
    A. Two years before boys do
    Explanation
    During puberty, both boys and girls experience a growth spurt. However, girls typically enter puberty earlier than boys. This means that girls will experience their growth spurt, which is a rapid increase in height, approximately two years before boys do. This is due to the differences in hormonal changes and development between the two genders during adolescence.

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  • 46. 

    A severe eating disorder in which individuals refuse to eat while denying that their behavior and  appearance, which may become skeleton-like, are out of the ordinary is called:

    • A.

      Pica

    • B.

      Anorexia nervosa

    • C.

      Obesity

    • D.

      Bulimia

    Correct Answer
    B. Anorexia nervosa
    Explanation
    Anorexia nervosa is a severe eating disorder characterized by a refusal to eat and a distorted body image. Individuals with anorexia nervosa often deny that their behavior and appearance, which can become extremely thin and skeletal, are abnormal. This disorder is different from pica, which is characterized by the consumption of non-nutritive substances, and from obesity, which is excessive body weight. Bulimia, on the other hand, involves recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as vomiting or excessive exercise, which is also different from anorexia nervosa.

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  • 47. 

    What parenting style has been found to produce the best-adjusted children?

    • A.

      Authoritative

    • B.

      Permissive

    • C.

      Authoritarian

    • D.

      Indifferent

    Correct Answer
    A. Authoritative
    Explanation
    The authoritative parenting style has been found to produce the best-adjusted children. This style involves setting clear expectations and boundaries while also being responsive and supportive to the child's needs. It promotes a healthy balance between discipline and warmth, allowing children to develop self-control, independence, and social competence. This parenting style encourages open communication, mutual respect, and encourages children to express their opinions and make decisions within reasonable limits. It fosters a positive parent-child relationship and promotes the child's overall well-being and development.

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  • 48. 

    Adolescents' assumption that others are focusing a great deal of critical attention on them is called the:

    • A.

      Personal fable

    • B.

      Imaginary audience

    • C.

      Adolescent myth

    • D.

      Foundling fantasy

    Correct Answer
    B. Imaginary audience
    Explanation
    The correct answer is imaginary audience. This term refers to the belief held by adolescents that others are constantly watching and judging their every move. This belief often leads to self-consciousness and a heightened sense of self-importance. Adolescents may feel like they are constantly under scrutiny and that their actions are the center of attention, even when this is not the case. This belief is a normal part of adolescent development and is influenced by their heightened self-awareness and desire for social acceptance.

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  • 49. 

    A period during which adolescents take time off from the  upcoming responsibilities of adulthood and explore various roles and possibilities is called the:

    • A.

      Identity formation period

    • B.

      Walkabout

    • C.

      Discovery period

    • D.

      Psychological moratorium

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychological moratorium
    Explanation
    The term "psychological moratorium" refers to a period in adolescence where individuals take a break from the upcoming responsibilities of adulthood and explore different roles and possibilities. This period allows them to experiment with different identities and experiences, helping them to develop a sense of self and make important life decisions. It is a crucial phase in identity formation and personal growth.

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  • 50. 

    5-year-old Mario imitates his father's gestures and walk, and attempts to model all of the things his father does. According to Freud, this process of incorporating his father's attitudes into his own is called:

    • A.

      Abstract modeling

    • B.

      Androgyny

    • C.

      Identification

    • D.

      Dissonance

    • E.

      Making a bad choice

    Correct Answer
    C. Identification
    Explanation
    Identification is the process by which a child imitates and models the behaviors, attitudes, and values of their same-sex parent or other significant individuals. This process is believed to be influenced by the child's desire to gain approval and acceptance from the identified individual and to develop their own sense of identity. In this scenario, Mario imitates his father's gestures and walk, indicating that he is incorporating his father's attitudes into his own through identification.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 13, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Raskel69
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