Human Growth & Development I (By The Smarty's)

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 45

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Human Growth & Development I (By The Smarty

This test was designed by The Early Childhood Studies Class 2010 as a study aid.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When a child can reach for and grasp a toy, how old is he/she?
    • A. 

      12 months old

    • B. 

      2 months old

    • C. 

      3 months old

    • D. 

      4 months old

  • 2. 
    Cephalocaudal is defined as:
    • A. 

      A continuous process with spurts of growth.

    • B. 

      A total process: physical, social, mental, etc...

    • C. 

      Growth and development that begins at the head of the individual and progresses downward towards the feet.

    • D. 

      Highly individualized.

  • 3. 
    Psychosexual development is:
    • A. 

      Growth and development that progresses from the center of the body toward the outer extremities.

    • B. 

      The process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of stages.

    • C. 

      The stage during which sexual urges remain repressed.

    • D. 

      Based on our pleasure principle.

  • 4. 
    The superego is:
    • A. 

      A sense of identity and environment.

    • B. 

      Developing between birth and 2 weeks of age.

    • C. 

      Beliefs of right and wrong.

    • D. 

      Selfishness.

  • 5. 
    Children grow in the following 2 ways:
    • A. 

      Mentally and socially.

    • B. 

      Cephalocaudally and proximodistally.

    • C. 

      By resolving the Oedipus and Electra complexes.

    • D. 

      By resolving the latency and phallic stages.

  • 6. 
    When you act in a way that is not typical for your age, you are exhibiting:
    • A. 

      Repression

    • B. 

      Regression

    • C. 

      Displacement

    • D. 

      Rationalization

  • 7. 
    Which of the following does Sigmund Freud use to describe personality?
    • A. 

      The id (based on our pleasure principle).

    • B. 

      The ego (based on the reality principle).

    • C. 

      The superego (the moral part of us).

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 8. 
    According to Freud's early child development theory, how would an adult exhibit an oral fixation?
    • A. 

      Overeating

    • B. 

      Messiness

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      Both a and c

  • 9. 
    At what age does a child start to wave bye-bye and clap their hands?
    • A. 

      6 months of age.

    • B. 

      8 months of age.

    • C. 

      10 months of age.

    • D. 

      12 months of age.

  • 10. 
    In what stage of psychosexual development do you deal with the Oedipus and Electra complexes?
    • A. 

      The oral stage.

    • B. 

      The anal stage.

    • C. 

      The phallic stage.

    • D. 

      The genital stage.

  • 11. 
    At what age does a child begin to understand empathy, trust, loyalty, and respect?
    • A. 

      8 years of age.

    • B. 

      7 years of age.

    • C. 

      5 years of age.

    • D. 

      2 years of age.

  • 12. 
    The 5 main characteristics of growth and development are:
    • A. 

      Oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency stage, and genital stage.

    • B. 

      Individualized, orderly pattern, continuous processes, different for specific structures, a total process.

    • C. 

      The id, the ego, the superego, conscious, unconscious.

    • D. 

      Oedipus complex, electra complex, unconscious, preconscious, conscious.

  • 13. 
    Describe the 3 personality substructures:1.  the ID: based on the pleasure principle. It is only concerned with what it wants and what feels good. It is unconscious.2.  the EGO: based on the reality principle. It's function is to create a plan that will satisfy the wants of the ID and follow the rules of the SUPEREGO. It is conscious.3.  the SUPEREGO: based on your morality and beliefs of right and wrong. It is your conscience. It is preconscious.
  • 14. 
    What is a child able to do at 18 months of age?1.  show affection by hugging people or pets.2.  they are able to point to objects if you name them.3.  they are stubborn.4.  they begin to utter 2 syllable sounds (baba, mama, dada).
  • 15. 
    Name 5 of the developmental milestones that a child reaches from 0 - 12 years of age.1.  at birth they recognize and prefer mom's voice and face.2.  at 4 years they can recognize and name at least 3 colors.3.  at 6 years that know right and left.4.  at 9 years they can play complex games.5.  at 12 years girls may begin to menstruate.
  • 16. 
    Name 3 of the developmental milestones for an 18 month old child.1.  shows affection by hugging.2.  can say his/her name.3.  asserts independence.
  • 17. 
    What are the 5 stages of psychosexual development?1.  the oral stage.2.  the anal stage.3.  the phallic stage.4.  the latency stage.5.  the genital stage.
  • 18. 
    The phallic stage is when sexual urges remain repressed and children interact and play mostly with same sex peers.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 19. 
    In the structural model, the ID wants whatever feels good at the time.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 20. 
    Noticing strangers is a normal developmental milestone for a 5 month old child.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 21. 
    Repression is when you act in a way that is not typical for your age.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 22. 
    Personality develops through a combination of heredity, environment, and culture.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE