The Human Body In Health And Disease

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 378
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 378

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Health And Disease Quizzes & Trivia

This test is to help you study for you chapter test within this booklet.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Is a term derived from two Greek words meaning "cutting up."

    Explanation
    Anatomy is the correct answer because it is the study of the structure and organization of living things. The term "anatomy" is derived from the Greek words "ana," meaning "up," and "tome," meaning "cutting." This suggests that anatomy involves the detailed examination and dissection of organisms to understand their internal structures.

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  • 2. 

    Means the study of the function of living organisims and their parts.

    Explanation
    Physiology is the study of the function of living organisms and their parts. It focuses on understanding how different organs and systems in the body work together to maintain homeostasis and carry out various biological processes. This field of study involves investigating the physical and chemical processes that occur within living organisms, such as digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. By studying physiology, scientists can gain insights into the normal functioning of the human body and better understand the mechanisms underlying diseases and disorders.

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  • 3. 

    Is the scientific study of disease.

    Explanation
    Pathology is the scientific study of disease. It involves the examination and analysis of bodily tissues and fluids to diagnose and understand the nature and causes of diseases. Pathologists study the changes that occur in cells, tissues, and organs in order to identify and classify diseases. They play a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions.

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  • 4. 

    Are the five levels of organization in a living thing.

    Explanation
    The given answer lists the five levels of organization in a living thing correctly. These levels start with the chemical level, which involves atoms and molecules, followed by the cellular level, where cells are the basic unit of life. The next level is tissue, which is formed by a group of cells working together. Organs are the next level, composed of different tissues working together to perform specific functions. Finally, the highest level is the organism, which is a complete living thing made up of various organ systems working together.

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  • 5. 

    Are terms used to describe the body position when it is not in anatomical position.

    Explanation
    Supine and prone are terms used to describe body positions that are not in anatomical position. The supine position refers to lying flat on the back, facing upward, while the prone position refers to lying flat on the stomach, facing downward. These positions are commonly used in medical settings to describe patient positioning during examinations or procedures.

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  • 6. 

    Section cuts the body or any of its parts into upper and lower portions

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Transverse" because a transverse section is a cut that divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower portions. This type of section is perpendicular to the long axis of the body or organ being cut, resulting in two halves - one above and one below the cut.

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  • 7. 

    Section cuts the body or any of its parts into front and back portions

    Explanation
    The frontal section is a type of body section that divides the body or any of its parts into front and back portions. This section is commonly used in anatomy to study the structures and organs in the anterior (front) and posterior (back) regions of the body. It helps in visualizing and understanding the relationships between different structures and their positions in relation to one another.

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  • 8. 

    Sections cuts the body or any of its parts into left and right portions.

    Explanation
    The term "sagittal" refers to a plane or section that divides the body or any of its parts into left and right portions. This means that if a sagittal section is made through the body, it would divide it into two equal halves, with one side being the left portion and the other side being the right portion. Therefore, the answer "sagittal" correctly describes the type of section that divides the body or its parts into left and right portions.

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  • 9. 

    If the body is cut into equal right and left sides, the cut is called a _________ section or plane.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mid Sagital. When the body is cut into equal right and left sides, the cut is called a Mid Sagital section or plane. This plane divides the body into symmetrical halves along the midline, creating a mirror image on each side. The term "sagittal" refers to a vertical plane that runs from front to back, and the term "mid" indicates that the cut is made in the middle. Therefore, a Mid Sagital section is the correct term for this type of cut.

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  • 10. 

    The body portion that consists of the head, neck, and torso is called the  _____ portion.

    Explanation
    The body portion that consists of the head, neck, and torso is called the axial portion. This term is used in anatomy to describe the central part of the body that includes the major structures such as the skull, vertebral column, ribcage, and pelvis. The axial portion is essential for supporting and protecting vital organs and providing structural stability to the body.

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  • 11. 

    The body portion that consists of the upper and lower extremities is called the_ portion.

    Explanation
    The body portion that consists of the upper and lower extremities is called the appendicular portion. The term "appendicular" refers to the appendages or limbs of the body, which include the arms, legs, hands, and feet. This portion is distinct from the axial portion, which includes the head, neck, and trunk. The appendicular portion plays a crucial role in movement and mobility, allowing individuals to perform various tasks and activities.

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  • 12. 

    The thin layer of cartilage on the ends of bones where they form joints is called the.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Articular Cartilage. Articular cartilage refers to the thin layer of cartilage that covers the ends of bones in a joint. It acts as a cushion and reduces friction between the bones during movement. This type of cartilage is smooth and slippery, allowing the bones to glide smoothly against each other. Articular cartilage also helps in distributing the load and absorbing shock, providing stability and flexibility to the joint.

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  • 13. 

    The hollow area in the shaft of a long bone where marrow is stored is called the.

    Explanation
    The hollow area in the shaft of a long bone where marrow is stored is called the medullary cavity. This cavity is lined with a thin layer of connective tissue called the endosteum and contains red bone marrow, which produces blood cells, and yellow bone marrow, which stores fat. The medullary cavity is essential for the production and storage of blood cells, as well as providing structural support to the bone.

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  • 14. 

    The needlelike threads of spongy bone are called.

    Explanation
    Trabeculae are the needlelike threads found in spongy bone. They form a network of interconnected structures that provide support and strength to the bone. Trabeculae also help in the distribution of forces and nutrients within the bone. These threads create a lattice-like structure, giving spongy bone its characteristic appearance.

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  • 15. 

    The structural units of compact bone are called either osteons or.

    Explanation
    The structural units of compact bone are called either osteons or Haversian systems. Osteons are cylindrical structures made up of concentric layers of bone tissue called lamellae, which surround a central canal called the Haversian canal. The Haversian canal contains blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. The lamellae are arranged in a circular pattern around the Haversian canal and are connected by small channels called canaliculi, which allow for the exchange of nutrients and waste products between the osteocytes (bone cells) within the lamellae. Therefore, the correct answer is Haversian system.

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  • 16. 

    Osteoscytes and chondrocytes live in small spaces in the matrix called.

  • 17. 

    Bone-resorbing cells are called

    Explanation
    Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells that are responsible for breaking down and removing old or damaged bone tissue. They play a crucial role in the process of bone remodeling, which involves the continuous removal of old bone by osteoclasts and the subsequent formation of new bone by osteoblasts. Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells that secrete enzymes and acids to dissolve the mineralized matrix of bone, allowing for the release of calcium and other minerals. This process is essential for maintaining bone health and integrity.

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  • 18. 

    Bone-forming cells are called.

  • 19. 

    The process of forming bone from cartilage is called.

    Explanation
    Endochondral ossification is the process of bone formation that occurs by replacing hyaline cartilage with bone tissue. During this process, cartilage gradually calcifies and is then replaced by bone cells, leading to the formation of a mature bone. This process is essential for the growth and development of long bones in the body, as well as for the repair and remodeling of bones.

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  • 20. 

    If an  __ remains between the epiphysis and diaphysis, bone growth can continue to grow.

    Explanation
    The epiphyseal plate is a cartilaginous structure located between the epiphysis and diaphysis of long bones in growing individuals. It is responsible for longitudinal bone growth by allowing the deposition of new bone tissue. As long as the epiphyseal plate remains intact, bone growth can continue to occur. Once the epiphyseal plate ossifies and becomes the epiphyseal line, bone growth stops as the bone reaches its full length.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 28, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Peachnick
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