A. reaches a conclusion.
B. passes judgment on an issue under consideration.
C. develops a plan for reducing or eliminating the harmful effects of a problem.
D. chooses among alternatives.
E. analyzes the history, causes, and effects of a problem.
A. Groups usually take less time to make a decision than an individual working alone.
B. A group generates more ideas than an individual working alone.
C. Groups generally produce better decisions than individuals.
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
A. a group is not pressed for time.
B. an issue is highly controversial.
C. a group is small enough to make vote counting easy.
D. there is no other way to break a deadlock.
E. the group usually uses voting to make decisions.
A. Get everyone involved in the discussion.
B. Welcome differences of opinion.
C. Listen carefully to other members.
D. Use techniques such as trading one decision for another.
E. Don't be stubborn and argue only for your own position.
A. Every group member agrees to support a decision or action.
B. In order to avoid disagreement and conflict, group members agree on a common decision.
C. In order to achieve consensus, all group members take part in shaping a decision.
D. A decision is made that avoids a win/loss vote.
E. Consensus presents a united front to outsiders.
A. authority rule
C. majority vote
D. minority rule
E. 2/3 vote
A. increased time and effort.
B. balanced participation.
C. conflict resolution.
E. group empowerment.
A. the Standard Agenda
B. the Single Question Format
C. Nominal Group Technique
E. Functional Theory
A. task clarification
B. establishment of procedure
C. problem identification
D. fact finding
E. solution suggestions
A. problem identification, fact finding, solution evaluation and selection.
B. problem identification, task clarification, solution implementation.
C. task clarification, problem identification, fact finding.
D. fact finding, problem identification, task clarification.
E. fact finding, solution criteria, solution selection.
D. analysis paralysis.
E. fact finding.
A. Competent performance of each function is more important than performing the function in an exact order.
B. Functional Theory recognizes that group goals and unspoken assumptions can affect the choice of solutions.
C. Functional Theory emphasizes the group's ability to recognize and understand both the pros and cons when considering a solution.
D. Communication is the instrument used, with varying degrees of success, to reach decisions and generate solutions.
E. all of the above
A. giving group members a chance to hear and understand the opinions and needs of others.
B. planning and coordinating the many steps needed to carry out a solution or agreed-upon action.
C. allowing ideas to be generated by individuals working alone rather than emerging from group interaction.
D. generating as many ideas as possible in a short period of time.
E. preparation, competence, and communication.
A. analyze the issues, identify the problem, identify possible solutions.
B. identify the problem, create a collaborative setting, analyze the issues.
C. create a collaborative setting, analyze the issues, identify the problem.
D. analyze the issues, identify possible solutions, answer the single questions.
E. task clarification, fact finding, solution selection.
A. It focuses on decision making and creativity.
B. It focuses on the competent performance of each problem-solving phase.
C. It focuses on task clarification solution implementation.
D. It focuses on goal clarity and cultivating a supportive communication climate.
E. It focuses on seeking consensus and avoiding false consensus.