Do you know anything about the fast feed cycle? The well-fed state begins immediately after finishing a meal. The digestion process starts in the mouth, where saliva starts to break the food down. The broken-down parts give nutrients to the blood. When fasting, blood sugar is low, and there won’t be much energy to use because carbohydrates fuel your brain. This quiz will give you more insight into the fast feed cycle.
Questions and Answers
After a typical high carbohydrate meal, the pancreas is stimulated to release ____.
The ____ is the first tissue to have the opportunity to use dietary glucose.
____ ________, which catalyzes the first step in gluconeogenesis is inactive due to low levels of acetyl CoA.
Long-term effects: insulin induces the synthesis of _____ and pyruvate kinase.
The ____ cycle is interrupted in the well-fed state.
Acetyl CoA is used for fatty acid synthesis and ____ synthesis. Both synthetic pathways are activated by insulin.
The high ______ ratio increases the concentration of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate to ____ glycolysis in the well-fed state.
Elevated insulin levels lead to _____ and therefore ______ of hormone-sensitive lipase.
Phosphorylation / activation
Phosphorylation / inactivation
Dephosphorylation / activation
Dephosphorylation / inactivation
In the well-fed state, ___ is the primary source of energy for muscle.
Except in conditions of starvation, ____ is the only fuel for the brain.
Red blood cells can use only glucose as fuel because they lack _________
During fasting, the liver converts fatty acids into ___ ____ which are released into the blood.
Stored fuels suffice for caloric needs for 3 months, but _____ reserves are gone in one day.
____ plays an essential role in maintaining blood glucose levels during overnight and prolonged fasting.
In the fasting state, the liver gets energy by oxidizing ___ ___ released from adipose tissue.
In the fasting state, uptake of fatty acids is
In starvation periods longer than two to three weeks, plasma ___ ___ may supply as much as 2/3 of the energy requirements of the brain.
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Questions: 13 | Attempts: 17708 | Last updated: Mar 22, 2022
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