Macromolecules In Human Anatomy

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 154

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Macromolecules In Human Anatomy

Welcome to the human anatomy and physiology electronic frontier classroom of the 21st century. This test "macromolecules" can be used to review the various organic compounds our bodies are composed. To best understand the characteristics of life, we must have a good grip on how the basic principles of chemistry apply to the life processes. As "fill-in" questions appear in this test please enter your answer(s) using in all lower case letters. Unless question sites have specific directions printed for you to follow. I wish you GOOD LUCK and a HIGH SCORE on this test!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What macromolecule is found in the composition of plasma membrane of cells?
    • A. 

      Lipoproteins

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Proteoglycans

    • E. 

      Phospholipids

  • 2. 
    What macromolecule is a basic component of  of nerve cell membranes?
  • 3. 
    Th RNA molecule helps to decode hereditary information using messenger, ribosomal, and transfer RNA molecules.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    What macromolecule transfers energy from fuel molecules to working molecules?
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      AMP

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      DTP

  • 5. 
    These large proteins with small carbohydrate groups attached is similar to functional proteins found in some hormones and antibodies are termed structural proteins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Name this carbohydrate that stores energy and has six carbons atom known as a hexose.
    • A. 

      Lipoproteins

    • B. 

      Structural Proteins

    • C. 

      Proteoglycans

    • D. 

      Triglycerides

    • E. 

      Glucose

  • 7. 
    Prostaglandins are used to regulate hormone action; enhance your immune system and affect inflammatory response.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Cholesterol is what type of macromolecule?
  • 9. 
    Name this carbohydrate that functions as an important in expression of hereditary information.
  • 10. 
    Ligaments, muscle filaments, and tendons are composed of this macromolecule?
    • A. 

      ATP

    • B. 

      Functional Proteins

    • C. 

      Glycoproteins

    • D. 

      Structural Proteins

    • E. 

      Lipids

  • 11. 
    What macromolecule has a function for lubrication and increases the thickness of fluids within the human body?
    • A. 

      Nucleic Acids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Glycolipids

    • D. 

      Steroids

    • E. 

      Proteoglycans

  • 12. 
    What class of macromolecules is used to regulate chemical reactions and produces antibodies, enzymes, and hemoglobin?
    • A. 

      Lipds: Steroids

    • B. 

      Proteins: Functional

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates: Glycogen

    • D. 

      Lipoproteins

    • E. 

      Proteins: Structural

  • 13. 
    Identify this type of carbohydrate that stores energy in the form of liver glycogen?
  • 14. 
    What type of macromolecule helps code hereditary information in the form of chromosomes?
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      AMP

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      DNA

    • E. 

      RNA

  • 15. 
    What macromolecule aids in the transport of lipids in the blood and contains LDL (see image to the right) and HDL.
  • 16. 
    Glycolipids are lipid molecules with carbohydrate group attached to the structure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Which of the following macromolecules is NOT a member of the combined or altered forms?
    • A. 

      Adenosine Triphosphate

    • B. 

      Deooxyribonucleic Acid

    • C. 

      Glycoproteins

    • D. 

      Lipoproteins

    • E. 

      Proteoglycans

  • 18. 
    A(n) _____ has large proteins with small carbohydrate groups attached.
  • 19. 
    What macromolecule  stores energy in the form of fat and is observed in the image below?
    • A. 

      Ribose

    • B. 

      Lipoprotein

    • C. 

      Glycolipids

    • D. 

      Triglycerides

    • E. 

      Adenosine Triphosphate

  • 20. 
    What is the name of this macromolecule?
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      Proteoglycans

  • 21. 
    What is the name of this macromolecule?
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      Proteoglycans

  • 22. 
    What is the name of this macromolecule?
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      Proteoglycans

    • E. 

      Phospholipids

  • 23. 
    What is the name of this macromolecule?
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      ATP

    • D. 

      Proteoglycans

    • E. 

      Phospholipids

  • 24. 
    Ribose has a simple sugar called pentose.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    ATP is present in every cell of the human body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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