Civil Rights Movement Exam

53 Questions | Total Attempts: 2265

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Civil Rights Movement Quizzes & Trivia

Civil Rights Movement - African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Women, Native Americans


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following affirmed the legality of racial segregation and prompted the passage of the Jim Crow laws?
    • A. 

      The Fourteenth Amendment

    • B. 

      The Civil Rights Act of 1875

    • C. 

      The decision in Plessy v. Ferguson

    • D. 

      The decision in Morgan v. Virginia

  • 2. 
    Which doctrine relating to public education was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education?
    • A. 

      Due process of law.

    • B. 

      "separate but equal".

    • C. 

      "all deliberate speed".

    • D. 

      Equal protection of the law.

  • 3. 
    According to the Kerner Commission, what was the main cause of urban violence?
    • A. 

      White racism.

    • B. 

      School segregation.

    • C. 

      Black nationalism.

    • D. 

      De jure segregation.

  • 4. 
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Housing.

    • B. 

      Churches.

    • C. 

      Private universities.

    • D. 

      Public accommodations.

  • 5. 
    The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned discrimination in which activity?
    • A. 

      Hiring an employee

    • B. 

      Selling or renting a home.

    • C. 

      Awarding a construction contract.

    • D. 

      Admitting students to state universities.

  • 6. 
    What was the main type of pressure exerted by the Montgomery Improvement Association in response to segregation on buses?
    • A. 

      Social

    • B. 

      Econmic

    • C. 

      Political

    • D. 

      Physical force

  • 7. 
    Which of the following was not advocated by the Black Panthers?
    • A. 

      Nonviolence

    • B. 

      Black Power

    • C. 

      Black nationalism

    • D. 

      Community development

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an example of de facto segregation?
    • A. 

      Poll taxes.

    • B. 

      Jim Crow Laws.

    • C. 

      A concentration of urban African Americans in slum areas.

    • D. 

      A voter literacy test given to African Americans in the South.

  • 9. 
    To achieve victory in the struggle for civil rights, Martin L. King, Jr., and other members of SCLC encouraged a policy of
    • A. 

      Armed confrontation.

    • B. 

      Lawsuits.

    • C. 

      Nonviolent protest.

    • D. 

      National strikes.

  • 10. 
    Martin Luther King, Jr., was a founder and the first president of the ___.
    • A. 

      Nation of Islam.

    • B. 

      Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

    • C. 

      Southern Christian Leadership Committee.

    • D. 

      Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

  • 11. 
    One accomplishment of the ____ was bringing about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
    • A. 

      Little Rock Nine.

    • B. 

      Freedom riders.

    • C. 

      Black Panthers.

    • D. 

      Freedom summer.

  • 12. 
    De jure segregation is segregation that results from ___.
    • A. 

      Laws.

    • B. 

      Random choice.

    • C. 

      Habit and custom.

    • D. 

      Inequalities in education.

  • 13. 
    Appealing to many African Americans' anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power, ___ preached a militant approach to civil rights.
    • A. 

      Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • B. 

      Malcolm X

    • C. 

      Medgar Evars.

    • D. 

      Fannie Lou Hamer.

  • 14. 
    The black power movement taught that African Americans should
    • A. 

      Separate from white society and lead their own communities.

    • B. 

      Strive to end segregation with boycotts and strikes.

    • C. 

      Emigrate back to Africa, similar to Marcus Garvey.

    • D. 

      Use nonviolent protest to bring about change.

  • 15. 
    Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments (businesses) to serve African Americans.
    • A. 

      Freedom rides.

    • B. 

      Boycotts.

    • C. 

      Sit-ins.

    • D. 

      The March on Washington.

  • 16. 
    The Congress of Racial Equality pursued its goals through
    • A. 

      Women's church groups.

    • B. 

      Bold newspaper advertisements.

    • C. 

      Congressional committees.

    • D. 

      Peaceful confrontation.

  • 17. 
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was organized by
    • A. 

      Young African Americans.

    • B. 

      African American clergyman.

    • C. 

      Pacifists

    • D. 

      White and African American businessmen.

  • 18. 
    After Freedom Riders were violently attacked in Alabama, they
    • A. 

      Moved the protest to Chicago.

    • B. 

      Armed themselves for protection.

    • C. 

      Abandonded the protest.

    • D. 

      Received federal protection.

  • 19. 
    Unlike the early civil rights leaders, Malcolm X believed strongly that
    • A. 

      The races should be separated.

    • B. 

      African Americans should copy whites.

    • C. 

      School should be fully integrated.

    • D. 

      African Americans should move to Mecca.

  • 20. 
    All of the following resulted from the civil rights movement EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Making segregation illegal.

    • B. 

      Opening the political process to more African Americans.

    • C. 

      Eliminating poverty for African Americans in the U.S.

    • D. 

      Giving African Americans a new sense of ethnic pride.

  • 21. 
    The greatest achievement of the NAACP during the Civil Rights movement was winning the Brown v. Board of Education decision which
    • A. 

      Ordered public schools to desegregate.

    • B. 

      Allowed black-white marriages.

    • C. 

      Ended segregation of transportation.

    • D. 

      Protected blacks rights to vote.

  • 22. 
    This organization goals were equal rights through gradual change using nonviolent protest based on Gandhi's philosophy of non-violent civil disobedience.
    • A. 

      SCLC

    • B. 

      SNCC

    • C. 

      NAACP

    • D. 

      CORE

  • 23. 
    This ogranization focused on recruiting young activist and pushing for immediate change
    • A. 

      SCLC

    • B. 

      SNCC

    • C. 

      NAACP

    • D. 

      CORE

  • 24. 
    The sit-ins protested segregation in
    • A. 

      Lunch counters.

    • B. 

      Busses.

    • C. 

      Trains.

    • D. 

      All of these.

  • 25. 
    Sit-ins were primarily conducted by
    • A. 

      Church groups.

    • B. 

      Students.

    • C. 

      Black WWII veterans.

    • D. 

      The NAACP.

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