Civil Rights Movement- Pretest

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| By Michelle BYRD
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Michelle BYRD
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Politics Quizzes & Trivia

What do you know about this time period in US History?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an example of segregation?

    • A.

      Refusing to ride on city bus

    • B.

      Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites

    • C.

      Taking lands from Native Americans

    • D.

      Leading a rally for African American voters

    Correct Answer
    B. Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites
    Explanation
    Forcing African Americans to attend different schools than whites is an example of segregation. Segregation refers to the enforced separation of different racial or ethnic groups, often resulting in unequal treatment and opportunities. In this case, the practice of segregating schools based on race perpetuates discrimination and denies African American students equal access to quality education.

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  • 2. 

    Rosa Parks protested the law that...

    • A.

      Prevented African Americans from riding the same buses

    • B.

      Prevented African Americans from riding city buses

    • C.

      Refused African Americans the right to attend school with white students

    • D.

      Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses

    Correct Answer
    D. Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks protested the law that required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses. This law enforced racial segregation and discrimination, treating African Americans as inferior and denying them the same rights and privileges as white individuals. Parks' act of defiance and refusal to give up her seat to a white passenger sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a pivotal event in the Civil Rights Movement that ultimately led to the desegregation of public transportation in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    What was the main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Fergsuon in 1896?

    • A.

      Separate but equal

    • B.

      Equality for all

    • C.

      Equality in education

    • D.

      Freedom for all

    Correct Answer
    A. Separate but equal
    Explanation
    The main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 was the idea of "separate but equal." This ruling established the legal precedent for racial segregation in the United States, allowing for separate facilities and services for different races as long as they were deemed equal in quality. This concept justified the segregation of public facilities and institutions based on race, leading to the establishment of "Jim Crow" laws and the perpetuation of racial discrimination and inequality for many years.

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  • 4. 

    Poll taxes and literacy tests...

    • A.

      Kept many African Americans from voting

    • B.

      Encouraged civil rights leaders

    • C.

      Helped women to get the right to vote

    • D.

      Were approved by the Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. Kept many African Americans from voting
    Explanation
    Poll taxes and literacy tests were discriminatory practices that were used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote. These measures were implemented in many states during the Jim Crow era and were specifically designed to target and disenfranchise African American voters. By imposing financial and educational barriers, these policies effectively kept many African Americans from voting and perpetuated racial inequality in the electoral process.

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  • 5. 

    Martin Luther King Jr. gained national attention during what key event?

    • A.

      March on Washington

    • B.

      Montgomery Bus Boycott

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case

    • D.

      Greensboro Sit in

    Correct Answer
    B. Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King Jr. gained national attention during the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This event took place in 1955-1956 in Montgomery, Alabama, when African Americans refused to ride the segregated buses in protest against racial segregation. King emerged as a prominent leader during this boycott, organizing peaceful protests and delivering powerful speeches advocating for civil rights and equality. The success of the boycott brought national attention to the civil rights movement and propelled King to become a central figure in the fight against racial discrimination in America.

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  • 6. 

    Freedom Summer was an effort to...

    • A.

      Invite women into the workforce and find jobs

    • B.

      Help Native Americans find work and better careers

    • C.

      Help African American voters in Southern states

    • D.

      Minorities in NC

    Correct Answer
    C. Help African American voters in Southern states
    Explanation
    Freedom Summer was a historic campaign in 1964 aimed at helping African American voters in Southern states. It was a civil rights initiative that focused on increasing voter registration and political participation among African Americans who faced significant barriers to voting, such as literacy tests and poll taxes. The campaign also aimed to educate African Americans about their voting rights and empower them to exercise their democratic rights. By organizing voter registration drives and establishing Freedom Schools, Freedom Summer played a crucial role in the Civil Rights Movement and contributed to the eventual passing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

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  • 7. 

    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are examples of...

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Massive resistance

    • C.

      Nonviolent forms of protest

    • D.

      Freedom events

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonviolent forms of protest
    Explanation
    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are all examples of nonviolent forms of protest. These actions involve peaceful demonstrations, acts of civil disobedience, and economic resistance to bring attention to and challenge social injustices. These methods have been widely used in various civil rights movements throughout history, such as the American Civil Rights Movement and the Indian Independence Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. Nonviolent forms of protest aim to create change through peaceful means, emphasizing the power of collective action and moral persuasion rather than resorting to violence or aggression.

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  • 8. 

    After WWII, the Holocaust had drawn world wide attention to what horrors?

    • A.

      Racism

    • B.

      Segregation

    • C.

      Massive resistance

    • D.

      Violent protests

    Correct Answer
    A. Racism
    Explanation
    After WWII, the Holocaust had drawn worldwide attention to racism. The Holocaust was a systematic genocide carried out by the Nazis, targeting and exterminating millions of Jews based on their race. This horrific event exposed the extreme consequences of racist ideologies and highlighted the urgent need for combating racism and promoting equality. The atrocities committed during the Holocaust brought global awareness to the horrors of racism and the importance of fostering tolerance and inclusivity.

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  • 9. 

    Most civil rights protests occurred in what location?

    • A.

      Washington DC

    • B.

      The Southern States

    • C.

      Voting polls

    • D.

      Supreme Court hearings

    Correct Answer
    B. The Southern States
    Explanation
    Most civil rights protests occurred in the Southern States because this region of the United States was the epicenter of racial segregation and discrimination during the civil rights movement. African Americans and their allies organized numerous protests, marches, and demonstrations in the Southern States to demand equal rights and an end to racial injustice. These protests were instrumental in bringing attention to the systemic racism and ultimately led to significant legislative and social changes in the country.

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  • 10. 

    Four students went to a Greensboro lunch counter and demanded to be served at a white only lunch counter. What type of protest did they carry out?

    • A.

      Massive resistance

    • B.

      Boycott

    • C.

      Sit in

    • D.

      Freedom Ride

    Correct Answer
    C. Sit in
    Explanation
    The four students carried out a sit-in protest. This form of protest involves occupying a space, in this case a white-only lunch counter, and refusing to leave until their demands are met. By peacefully sitting at the counter and demanding to be served, they were challenging the racial segregation policies and advocating for equal rights and treatment.

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  • 11. 

    The 24th Amendment did which of the following?

    • A.

      Gave women the right to vote

    • B.

      Ordered the federal government to return all land back to Native Americans

    • C.

      Helped African Americans gain voting rights by outlawing poll taxes

    • D.

      Ordered schools to provide bilingual education

    Correct Answer
    C. Helped African Americans gain voting rights by outlawing poll taxes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the 24th Amendment helped African Americans gain voting rights by outlawing poll taxes. The 24th Amendment, ratified in 1964, prohibited the use of poll taxes in federal elections. This was significant because poll taxes were used as a discriminatory practice to prevent African Americans and other minority groups from voting. By eliminating poll taxes, the 24th Amendment played a crucial role in ensuring equal voting rights for African Americans.

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  • 12. 

    The event known as the "Little Rock Nine" - African American students were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas after...

    • A.

      The nine students held a sit in at the high school

    • B.

      Parents protested and took case to the local school board

    • C.

      President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school

    • D.

      MLK protested the actions of the school

    Correct Answer
    C. President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school
    Explanation
    President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school. This was done to ensure the safety and protection of the African American students who were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas. The presence of the National Guard troops was necessary due to the opposition and hostility faced by the students from some members of the community. By sending in the troops, President Eisenhower aimed to enforce the desegregation order and prevent any potential harm or violence towards the students.

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  • 13. 

    What was the main purpose of the March on Washington?

    • A.

      Protest for better jobs and rights

    • B.

      Protest for better education for all

    • C.

      Meeting of all the leaders of the movement and he gave a speech there

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Protest for better jobs and rights
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the March on Washington was to protest for better jobs and rights. This historic event, which took place on August 28, 1963, was organized by civil rights leaders to advocate for economic and social equality for African Americans. The march culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.'s iconic "I Have a Dream" speech, which called for an end to racial discrimination and injustice. The march was a pivotal moment in the civil rights movement and helped to bring attention to the urgent need for equal rights and opportunities for all.

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  • 14. 

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964...

    • A.

      Organized voter drives to bring out the African American vote

    • B.

      Made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment

    • C.

      Created a form of nonviolent resistance for the Greensboro sit in

    • D.

      Organized the Freedom Riders

    Correct Answer
    B. Made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in the US and forbid unequal treatment. This landmark legislation was a major step towards ending racial discrimination and ensuring equal rights for all Americans. It prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in public places, schools, and employment. The act also established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce these provisions. By outlawing segregation and unequal treatment, the Civil Rights Act aimed to create a more just and inclusive society.

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  • 15. 

    What did some Americans conclude about race relations after the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965?

    • A.

      They were horrified at the violence that was being broadcast on national tv and realized that something needed to be done

    • B.

      They were aware of the violence and were still undecided what to do about civil rights

    • C.

      The protest had been a peaceful protest--- the attack on the protest group as they marched was violent and most were shocked by this event

    • D.

      Both and A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both and A and C
    Explanation
    After witnessing the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965, some Americans concluded that they were horrified at the violence being broadcast on national TV and realized that something needed to be done. Additionally, they were aware that the protest had been peaceful, and the attack on the protest group as they marched was violent, which shocked most people. Therefore, the correct answer is that some Americans concluded both A and C.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 05, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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