Civil Rights Movement Exam 2

65 Questions | Total Attempts: 214

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Civil Rights Movement Exam 2

Civil Rights Movement - African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Women, Native Americans


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following affirmed the legality of racial segregation and prompted the passage of the Jim Crow laws?
    • A. 

      The Fourteenth Amendment

    • B. 

      The Civil Rights Act of 1875

    • C. 

      The decision in Plessy v. Ferguson

    • D. 

      The decision in Morgan v. Virginia

  • 2. 
    Which doctrine relating to public education was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education?
    • A. 

      Due process of law.

    • B. 

      "separate but equal".

    • C. 

      "all deliberate speed".

    • D. 

      Equal protection of the law.

  • 3. 
    Which action ended Slavery in the United States?
    • A. 

      13th Amendment

    • B. 

      14th Amendment

    • C. 

      15th Amendment

    • D. 

      Emancipation Proclamation

  • 4. 
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made segregation illegal in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Housing.

    • B. 

      Churches.

    • C. 

      Private universities.

    • D. 

      Public accommodations.

  • 5. 
    The Civil Rights Act of 1968 banned discrimination in which activity?
    • A. 

      Hiring an employee

    • B. 

      Selling or renting a home.

    • C. 

      Awarding a construction contract.

    • D. 

      Admitting students to state universities.

  • 6. 
    What was the main type of pressure exerted by the Montgomery Improvement Association in response to segregation on buses?
    • A. 

      Social

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Political

    • D. 

      Physical force

  • 7. 
    Which of the following was not advocated by the Black Panthers?
    • A. 

      Nonviolence

    • B. 

      Black Power

    • C. 

      Black nationalism

    • D. 

      Community development

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an example of de facto segregation?
    • A. 

      Poll taxes.

    • B. 

      Jim Crow Laws.

    • C. 

      A concentration of urban African Americans in slum areas.

    • D. 

      A voter literacy test given to African Americans in the South.

  • 9. 
    To achieve victory in the struggle for civil rights, Martin L. King, Jr., and other members of SCLC encouraged a policy of
    • A. 

      Armed confrontation.

    • B. 

      Lawsuits.

    • C. 

      Nonviolent protest.

    • D. 

      National strikes.

  • 10. 
    Martin Luther King, Jr., was a founder and the first president of the ___.
    • A. 

      Nation of Islam.

    • B. 

      Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

    • C. 

      Southern Christian Leadership Committee.

    • D. 

      Students Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.

  • 11. 
    One accomplishment of the ____ was bringing about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
    • A. 

      Little Rock Nine.

    • B. 

      Freedom riders.

    • C. 

      Black Panthers.

    • D. 

      Freedom summer.

  • 12. 
    De jure segregation is segregation that results from ___.
    • A. 

      Laws.

    • B. 

      Random choice.

    • C. 

      Habit and custom.

    • D. 

      Inequalities in education.

  • 13. 
    Appealing to many African Americans' anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power, ___ preached a militant approach to civil rights.
    • A. 

      Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • B. 

      Malcolm X

    • C. 

      Medgar Evars.

    • D. 

      Fannie Lou Hamer.

  • 14. 
    A major turning point in the civil rights movement was marked by ____.
    • A. 

      World War I

    • B. 

      Failing of the Equal Rights Amendment

    • C. 

      The assasination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • D. 

      The assassination of Robert Kennedy.

  • 15. 
    One legacy of the civil rights movement that has been challenged in recent years is ____.
    • A. 

      Equal opportunity in housing.

    • B. 

      Affirmative action programs.

    • C. 

      Black participation in politics.

    • D. 

      Separate but equal facilities.

  • 16. 
    In whatt way were CORE and SCLC alike?
    • A. 

      Both relied on militant tactics.

    • B. 

      Both were founded by church leaders.

    • C. 

      Both promoted nonviolent protest.

    • D. 

      Neither was interracial.

  • 17. 
    The black power movement taught that African Americans should
    • A. 

      Separate from white society and lead their own communities.

    • B. 

      Strive to end segregation with boycotts and strikes.

    • C. 

      Emigrate back to Africa, similar to Marcus Garvey.

    • D. 

      Use nonviolent protest to bring about change.

  • 18. 
    This early Civil Right Leader founded the Tuskegee Institute and appeared to support segregation at one time?.
    • A. 

      Barack Obama

    • B. 

      Booker T. Washington

    • C. 

      W.E.B. DeBois

    • D. 

      MLK Jr.

  • 19. 
    Stokley Carmichael called on African Americans to support
    • A. 

      The Nation of Islam.

    • B. 

      Black power.

    • C. 

      Sit-ins.

    • D. 

      None of these.

  • 20. 
    Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments (businesses) to serve African Americans.
    • A. 

      Freedom rides.

    • B. 

      Boycotts.

    • C. 

      Sit-ins.

    • D. 

      The March on Washington.

  • 21. 
    In the 1920s and 1930s, the NAACP had success in challenging
    • A. 

      Segregation laws.

    • B. 

      Labor unions.

    • C. 

      Economic inequality.

    • D. 

      Bus companies.

  • 22. 
    The Congress of Racial Equality pursued its goals through
    • A. 

      Women's church groups.

    • B. 

      Bold newspaper advertisements.

    • C. 

      Congressional committees.

    • D. 

      Peaceful confrontation.

  • 23. 
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) was organized by
    • A. 

      Young African Americans.

    • B. 

      African American clergyman.

    • C. 

      Pacifists

    • D. 

      White and African American businessmen.

  • 24. 
    Martin Luther King, Jr., influenced by Gandhi, believed in
    • A. 

      "an eye for an eye".

    • B. 

      Violent revolution.

    • C. 

      Fighting back only if struck first.

    • D. 

      Nonviolent protest.

  • 25. 
    The Freedom Rides were organized to test
    • A. 

      A Supreme Court decision.

    • B. 

      The safety of buses.

    • C. 

      A congressional decree.

    • D. 

      The character of local police officers.

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