Civil Rights Movement Review Quiz

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| By Michelle BYRD
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Civil Rights Movement Quizzes & Trivia

What have you learned so far about Civil Rights Movement?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an example of segregation?

    • A.

      Refusing to ride on city bus

    • B.

      Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites

    • C.

      Taking lands from Native Americans

    • D.

      Leading a rally for African American voters

    Correct Answer
    B. Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites
    Explanation
    Forcing African Americans to attend different schools other than whites is an example of segregation. Segregation refers to the enforced separation of different racial or ethnic groups, often resulting in unequal treatment and opportunities. In this case, African Americans are being discriminated against and denied access to the same educational resources and opportunities as white individuals, which is a clear example of segregation.

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  • 2. 

    Rosa Parks protested the law that...

    • A.

      Prevented African Americans from riding the same buses

    • B.

      Prevented African Americans from riding city buses

    • C.

      Refused African Americans the right to attend school with white students

    • D.

      Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses

    Correct Answer
    D. Required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses
    Explanation
    Rosa Parks protested the law that required African Americans and whites to sit in separate sections of city buses. This law enforced racial segregation and discrimination, treating African Americans as second-class citizens. Rosa Parks' act of defiance, refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger, sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and became a significant moment in the Civil Rights Movement. Her protest ultimately led to the desegregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama.

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  • 3. 

    What was the main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Fergsuon in 1896?

    • A.

      Separate but equal

    • B.

      Equality for all

    • C.

      Equality in education

    • D.

      Freedom for all

    Correct Answer
    A. Separate but equal
    Explanation
    The main concept of the ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 was the "separate but equal" doctrine. This ruling upheld racial segregation, allowing for separate facilities for different races as long as they were deemed equal in quality. This decision had a significant impact on the civil rights movement and perpetuated racial discrimination and inequality for decades.

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  • 4. 

    Poll taxes and literacy tests...

    • A.

      Kept many African Americans from voting

    • B.

      Encouraged civil rights leaders

    • C.

      Helped women to get the right to vote

    • D.

      Were approved by the Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    A. Kept many African Americans from voting
    Explanation
    Poll taxes and literacy tests were used as discriminatory tactics to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote. These measures were implemented in many Southern states during the Jim Crow era as a way to suppress the African American vote. By imposing financial barriers and imposing literacy requirements, many African Americans, who were often economically disadvantaged and denied access to quality education, were effectively disenfranchised. These discriminatory practices were eventually deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the 1960s and 1970s.

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  • 5. 

    Martin Luther King Jr. gained national attention during what key event?

    • A.

      March on Washington

    • B.

      Montgomery Bus Boycott

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case

    • D.

      Greensboro Sit in

    Correct Answer
    B. Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Explanation
    During the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Martin Luther King Jr. emerged as a prominent leader in the civil rights movement. The boycott was a pivotal event in the fight against racial segregation, as African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, refused to use the city's bus system to protest the unfair treatment they faced. King played a crucial role in organizing the boycott and delivering powerful speeches that galvanized the movement. His leadership and eloquence during this event propelled him to national prominence and set the stage for his future role as a key figure in the struggle for civil rights.

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  • 6. 

    Freedom Summer was an effort to...

    • A.

      Invite women into the workforce and find jobs

    • B.

      Help Native Americans find work and better careers

    • C.

      Help African American voters in Southern states such as Mississippi

    • D.

      Minorities in NC

    Correct Answer
    C. Help African American voters in Southern states such as Mississippi
    Explanation
    Freedom Summer was an initiative aimed at assisting African American voters in Southern states, particularly Mississippi. It sought to combat racial discrimination and voter suppression by organizing voter registration drives and education programs. The project also aimed to increase political participation and empower African Americans to exercise their right to vote, ultimately striving for greater equality and civil rights for the African American community in the South.

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  • 7. 

    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are examples of...

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Massive resistance

    • C.

      Nonviolent forms of protest

    • D.

      Freedom events

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonviolent forms of protest
    Explanation
    Marches, sit-ins, and boycotts are all examples of nonviolent forms of protest. These actions involve peaceful demonstrations and acts of resistance aimed at bringing attention to social or political issues and advocating for change. By using nonviolent methods, individuals and groups can raise awareness, challenge unjust systems, and demand equality and justice without resorting to violence or aggression. These forms of protest have been instrumental in various civil rights movements throughout history, allowing marginalized communities to voice their concerns and fight for their rights in a peaceful and effective manner.

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  • 8. 

    After WWII, the Holocaust had drawn world wide attention to what horrors?

    • A.

      Racism

    • B.

      Segregation

    • C.

      Massive resistance

    • D.

      Violent protests

    Correct Answer
    A. Racism
    Explanation
    After World War II, the Holocaust brought global attention to the horrors of racism. The systematic genocide of millions of Jews by the Nazi regime exposed the extreme consequences of racial discrimination and hatred. The Holocaust served as a stark reminder of the dangers of racism and the need for tolerance, understanding, and acceptance among all people.

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  • 9. 

    Most civil rights protests occurred in what location?

    • A.

      Washington DC

    • B.

      The Southern States

    • C.

      Voting polls

    • D.

      Supreme Court hearings

    Correct Answer
    B. The Southern States
    Explanation
    During the civil rights movement in the United States, the majority of protests and demonstrations took place in the Southern States. This region was known for its deeply entrenched racial segregation and discriminatory practices, which prompted activists to advocate for equal rights and an end to racial injustice. The Southern States, such as Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia, became the epicenter of the movement, with significant events like the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Selma to Montgomery marches taking place there. These protests played a crucial role in bringing attention to the civil rights cause and ultimately led to significant legislative changes.

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  • 10. 

    Four students went to a Greensboro lunch counter and demanded to be served at a white only lunch counter. What type of protest did they carry out?

    • A.

      Massive resistance

    • B.

      Boycott

    • C.

      Sit in

    • D.

      Freedom Ride

    Correct Answer
    C. Sit in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sit in". In this scenario, the four students carried out a sit-in protest by going to a white-only lunch counter and demanding to be served. A sit-in protest involves individuals occupying a space, often a segregated area, to challenge discriminatory practices and demand equal rights.

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  • 11. 

    The event known as the "Little Rock Nine" - African American students were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas after...

    • A.

      The nine students held a sit in at the high school

    • B.

      Parents protested and took case to the local school board

    • C.

      President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school

    • D.

      MLK protested the actions of the school

    Correct Answer
    C. President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school
    Explanation
    President Eisenhower sent in National Guard troops in order to provide safe passage for students into the school. This action was taken in response to the resistance and hostility faced by the African American students, known as the "Little Rock Nine", when they were admitted to Central High School in Arkansas. The presence of the National Guard was meant to ensure the safety and protection of the students as they entered the school, allowing them to exercise their right to an education without fear of harm or discrimination.

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  • 12. 

    What was the main purpose of the March on Washington?

    • A.

      Protest for better jobs and rights

    • B.

      Protest for better education for all

    • C.

      Meeting of all the leaders of the movement and he gave a speech there

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Protest for better jobs and rights
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the March on Washington was to protest for better jobs and rights. This historic event, which took place on August 28, 1963, was organized by civil rights leaders to demand economic and political equality for African Americans. It culminated with Martin Luther King Jr.'s iconic "I Have a Dream" speech, in which he called for an end to racial discrimination and injustice. The march served as a powerful demonstration of unity and solidarity in the fight for civil rights and remains a significant moment in American history.

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  • 13. 

    What did some Americans conclude about race relations after the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965?

    • A.

      They were horrified at the violence that was being broadcast on national tv and realized that something needed to be done

    • B.

      They were aware of the violence and were still undecided what to do about civil rights

    • C.

      The protest had been a peaceful protest--- the attack on the protest group as they marched was violent and most were shocked by this event

    • D.

      Both and A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both and A and C
    Explanation
    After witnessing the violence in Selma Alabama in 1965, some Americans concluded that they were horrified by the violence being broadcast on national TV and realized that something needed to be done. Additionally, they were aware that the protest had been peaceful, and the attack on the protest group as they marched was violent, which shocked most people. Therefore, the correct answer is that some Americans concluded both A (they were horrified at the violence and realized that something needed to be done) and C (the protest had been peaceful, and the attack on the protest group was violent, shocking most).

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  • 14. 

    From whom did Martin Luther King Jr. get the idea of non violent resistance?

    • A.

      Rosa Parks

    • B.

      Winston Churchill

    • C.

      President Kennedy

    • D.

      Gandhi

    Correct Answer
    D. Gandhi
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King Jr. got the idea of nonviolent resistance from Gandhi. Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence, known as Satyagraha, inspired King to adopt peaceful methods in the civil rights movement. King studied Gandhi's teachings and was deeply influenced by his strategies of passive resistance and civil disobedience. Both leaders believed in the power of love, truth, and justice to bring about social change. King admired Gandhi's successful campaigns against British rule in India and saw them as a model for achieving racial equality and justice in the United States.

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  • 15. 

    What event began the Civil Rights Movement?

    • A.

      Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education ruling by Supreme Court which began integration of US schools

    • C.

      Jim Crow laws passed in the South

    • D.

      Freedom Summer

    Correct Answer
    B. Brown v. Board of Education ruling by Supreme Court which began integration of US schools
    Explanation
    The Brown v. Board of Education ruling by the Supreme Court in 1954 declared that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. This landmark decision marked the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement by challenging the Jim Crow laws that enforced racial segregation. The ruling laid the foundation for the integration of schools and set a precedent for future civil rights cases. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, Jim Crow laws, and Freedom Summer were all significant events in the Civil Rights Movement, but they were subsequent to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling.

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  • 16. 

    What was the main purpose of the Jim Crow Laws in the South?

    • A.

      Segregation of public places

    • B.

      Integration of public places

    • C.

      Punishment of the South for Civil War

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Segregation of public places
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the Jim Crow Laws in the South was to enforce segregation of public places. These laws were implemented to establish a system of racial segregation and discrimination, primarily targeting African Americans. The laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and control over social, economic, and political aspects of society by enforcing separate facilities, services, and accommodations for different races. This segregation was intended to perpetuate racial inequality and deny African Americans their rights and opportunities.

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  • 17. 

    What form of protest was used by the crowd in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957 - "Little Rock Nine"

    • A.

      Massive Resistance

    • B.

      Sit in

    • C.

      Boycott

    • D.

      March to freedom of schools

    Correct Answer
    A. Massive Resistance
    Explanation
    Massive Resistance is the correct answer because in 1957, when nine African American students known as the "Little Rock Nine" were attempting to integrate into Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas, there was a strong opposition from white segregationist groups and politicians. These groups organized various forms of protest, including blocking the entrance to the school, verbally and physically harassing the students, and even resorting to violence. This collective opposition and resistance against the integration of schools by the white community in Little Rock is referred to as "Massive Resistance."

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  • 18. 

    How did the Greensboro 4 impact the Civil Rights Movement?

    • A.

      Sit ins were eventually staged throughout the South helping to break up the Jim Crow Laws

    • B.

      Brought national attention to discrimination in the South

    • C.

      After discrimination was broken up, the African Americans had the ability to have equal purchasing power in the state/national econmoy

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The Greensboro 4 impacted the Civil Rights Movement in multiple ways. Firstly, their sit-ins inspired similar protests throughout the South, which played a significant role in breaking up the Jim Crow Laws. Secondly, their actions brought national attention to the discrimination faced by African Americans in the South, increasing public awareness and support for the Civil Rights Movement. Lastly, by challenging and eventually breaking down discriminatory practices, African Americans gained the ability to participate equally in the state and national economy, giving them greater purchasing power. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations of how the Greensboro 4 impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

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  • 19. 

    The main goal of the Freedom Riders was to...?

    • A.

      Organize protests in the Southern states after Rosa rode the bus

    • B.

      They rode buses from Washington to meet King and other leaders of the Civil Rights Movement to set up a huge protest movement for the next school year

    • C.

      Break up the violence in the South

    • D.

      groups that rode buses into the Southern states to "test" the federal order to desegregate the bus systems in the South

    Correct Answer
    D. groups that rode buses into the Southern states to "test" the federal order to desegregate the bus systems in the South
    Explanation
    The main goal of the Freedom Riders was to challenge and test the federal order to desegregate the bus systems in the Southern states. They accomplished this by organizing groups that rode buses into the South, intentionally violating segregation laws and customs. Their actions aimed to bring attention to the ongoing racial discrimination and violence in the region, and to push for further progress in the Civil Rights Movement.

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  • 20. 

    Why was Ruby Bridges important to the Civil Rights Movement?

    • A.

      She led a protest for free schools

    • B.

      She established a precedent in LA that schools should become integrated, by attending a former all white elementary school-- the first year all alone with no one else in her class, showing her bravery and dedication

    • C.

      She was friends with Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr.

    • D.

      Her parents and other key leaders used her as a "model" for improvement in schools because her grades were excellent to help motivate other students to do well in school

    Correct Answer
    B. She established a precedent in LA that schools should become integrated, by attending a former all white elementary school-- the first year all alone with no one else in her class, showing her bravery and dedication
    Explanation
    Ruby Bridges was important to the Civil Rights Movement because she established a precedent in LA that schools should become integrated. By attending a former all white elementary school alone, she showed immense bravery and dedication. Her actions paved the way for the integration of schools and inspired others to fight for equality in education.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 21, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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