Chapters 27-29 Test

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 535

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Did Roosevelt more often "speak softly" or use the "big stick"? Provide examples to support your answer.
  • 2. 
    * —"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjugated the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation. . ..  And so, by these Providences of God--and the phrase is the government's, not mine--we are a World Power." The statement above was most probably made in reference to United States policy in the
    • A. 

      Opening of Japan

    • B. 

      Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands

    • C. 

      Occupation of the Philippines

    • D. 

      Acquisition of Puerto Rico and Cuba

    • E. 

      Confrontation with the Soviet Union over Cuba

  • 3. 
    * —" ... the policy of the government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese empire." This quotation is part of
    • A. 

      Burlingame Treaty

    • B. 

      Open Door Policy

    • C. 

      Boxer Protocol

    • D. 

      Kellog-Brian Pact

    • E. 

      Stimson Doctrine

  • 4. 
    * Which of the following has NOT been offered by historians as an explanation for the United States entry into the war with Spain in 1898?
    • A. 

      President McKinley was too weak to withstand the multitude of pressures forcing him toward a decision for war.

    • B. 

      Yellow journals created an irresistible war fever by publicizing atrocities allegedly being committed by the Spanish in Cuba.

    • C. 

      American businessmen wanted to protect their investments in Cuba and assure a Cuban market for their products.

    • D. 

      By the late 1890's the United States had assumed a world role that made it seem necessary to dominate the Caribbean.

    • E. 

      Spain was blatantly interfering with United States maritime rights as a nonbelligerent power.

  • 5. 
    * The United States policy toward China at the turn of the century was expressed in the
    • A. 

      Open Door Policy

    • B. 

      Gentlemen's Agreement

    • C. 

      Lend-Lease Act

    • D. 

      Marshall Plan

    • E. 

      Good Neighbor Policy

  • 6. 
    * Which of the following has NOT been suggested by historians as an explanation for the development of American imperialism in the 1890's?
    • A. 

      The search for markets and raw materials by business.

    • B. 

      Pressure for military action by a growing officer corps in the army.

    • C. 

      The example of European colonial powers in Asia and Africa.

    • D. 

      Support for the idea of the "White Man's Burden."

    • E. 

      Competition for newspaper readership by the "yellow press."

  • 7. 
    * As a result of the treaty ending the Spanish-American War, the United States acquired
    • A. 

      Puerto Rico and Guam

    • B. 

      Panama and Hawaii

    • C. 

      The Virgin Islands and Cuba

    • D. 

      Guam and Hawaii

  • 8. 
    —* "Will you affirm by your vote that you are an infidel to American power and practical sense? Or will you say that ours is the blood of government; ours the heart of dominion; ours the brain and genius of administration? Will you remember that we do but what our fathers did -- we but pitch the tents of liberty farther westward, farther south- ward -- we only continue the march of the flag." Which individual would have been MOST LIKELY to have uttered the above quotation?  
    • A. 

      Interventionist

    • B. 

      Imperialist

    • C. 

      Isolationist

    • D. 

      Anti-Imperialist

    • E. 

      Pragmatist

  • 9. 
    * U.S. naval captain Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that
    • A. 

      Free trade was essential to a nation's economic health.

    • B. 

      Control of the sea was the key to the United States' world dominance.

    • C. 

      The United states should continue its policy of isolationism.

    • D. 

      An isthmian canal between the Atlantic and the Pacific was impossible.

    • E. 

      The U.S. should construct a fleet of battleships.

  • 10. 
    * To Justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the
    • A. 

      Platt Amendment.

    • B. 

      Open Door policy.

    • C. 

      Monroe Doctrine.

    • D. 

      Foraker Act.

    • E. 

      Gentlemen's Agreement.

  • 11. 
    * As a result of the settlement of the Venezuelan boundary dispute,
    • A. 

      The Monroe Doctrine was weakened.

    • B. 

      Venezuela gained the bulk of the disputed territory.

    • C. 

      British and American relations steadily worsened until World War I.

    • D. 

      Latin American nations were pleased by the determination of the United States to protect them.

    • E. 

      The United States developed respect for Latin American autonomy.

  • 12. 
    * Hawaii’s Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power because
    • A. 

      She did not allow Christian missionaries in her country.

    • B. 

      Many Hawaiians found her rule corrupt.

    • C. 

      Hawaiian agriculture had failed under her leadership.

    • D. 

      President Grover Cleveland believed that U.S. national honor required control of the Hawaiian government.

    • E. 

      She insisted that native Hawaiians should control Hawaii.

  • 13. 
    * Of the following, the individual who had the least enthusiasm for U.S. imperialistic adventures as the nineteenth century ended was
    • A. 

      Theodore Roosevelt.

    • B. 

      William Randolph Hearst.

    • C. 

      Alfred Thayer Mahan.

    • D. 

      William McKinley.

    • E. 

      Grover Cleveland.

  • 14. 
    * The question of the annexation of ____ touched off the first major imperialistic debate in American history.
    • A. 

      Hawaii

    • B. 

      Cuba

    • C. 

      The Philippines

    • D. 

      Puerto Rico

    • E. 

      The Virgin Islands

  • 15. 
    * President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because the
    • A. 

      Business community favored the conflict.

    • B. 

      Justice of obtaining Cuban independence was clear.

    • C. 

      Teller Amendment had been passed.

    • D. 

      American people demanded it

  • 16. 
    * The Teller Amendment
    • A. 

      Guaranteed the independence of Cuba.

    • B. 

      Made Cuba an American possession.

    • C. 

      Directed President McKinley to order American troops into Cuba.

    • D. 

      Appropriated funds to combat yellow fever in Cuba.

    • E. 

      Granted the U.S. a base at Guantanamo Bay.

  • 17. 
    * American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed
    • A. 

      Their strategic advantage for American naval operations.

    • B. 

      Their economic potential for American trading profits.

    • C. 

      The opportunity that they presented for Christian missionary work.

    • D. 

      The Filipinos’ preference that their archipelago become an American protectorate.

    • E. 

      Their potential as a base for intervention in China.

  • 18. 
    * The United States gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the
    • A. 

      Insular Cases.

    • B. 

      Platt Amendment.

    • C. 

      Teller Amendment.

    • D. 

      Foraker Act.

    • E. 

      Guantanamo Bay Treaty.

  • 19. 
    * Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) American  declaration of war on Spain (B) Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine (C) Passage of the Teller Amendment (D) Passage of the Platt Amendment.
    • A. 

      A, B, D, C

    • B. 

      D, C, B, A

    • C. 

      B, A, D, C

    • D. 

      B, A, C, D

    • E. 

      C, D, A, B

  • 20. 
    * The real heart of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to
    • A. 

      Use the government as an agency of human welfare.

    • B. 

      Overthrow capitalism.

  • 21. 
    * The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the
    • A. 

      Greenback Labor Party

    • B. 

      Populists

    • C. 

      Whigs

    • D. 

      Anarchists

  • 22. 
    All of the following were expanionists EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Josiah Strong

    • B. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Alfred Thayer Mahan

    • D. 

      William Jennings Bryan

  • 23. 
    The expansionist foreign policy of the 1890s derived significant inspiration from all of the following beliefs except
    • A. 

      Populism

    • B. 

      American exceptionalism

    • C. 

      Anglo-Saxon superiority

    • D. 

      Social Darwinism

  • 24. 
    All of the following were causes of the Spanish-American War except
    • A. 

      The De Lôme Letter

    • B. 

      The striking of the U.S.S. Maine

    • C. 

      Sympathy for the Cubans

    • D. 

      Aguinaldo's rebel attacks

  • 25. 
    Which of the following statements about Hawaii is not correct?
    • A. 

      It had been under American influence and dominance for decades before its annexation.

    • B. 

      Sugar planters overthrew Hawaii Queen Lilioukalani and applied for U.S. annexation after a new tariff canceled their access to the U.S. market.

    • C. 

      U.S. military planners desperately wanted to annex Hawaii to gain access to Pearl Harbor.

    • D. 

      President Grover Cleveland rejected the annexation treaty because he argued it would violate America's "unbroken tradition" against acquiring territory overseas.

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