APUSH Quarterly Ch 8-11 (2nd Quarter)

50 Questions

Settings
APUSH Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      A) The martial strength of western expansion

    • B. 

      B) A romantic, transcendental view of the nation

    • C. 

      C) A criticism of the alienation in urban America

    • D. 

      D) The lack of democracy in the Antebellum south

    • E. 

      E) A realistic view of frontier farming life

  • 2. 
    The growth of the market economy between 1815 and 1850, caused farmers to
    • A. 

      A)Gear their production to family needs and local markets

    • B. 

      B) Depend on government regulation of railroads

    • C. 

      C) Barter for goods they could not produce themselves

    • D. 

      D) Specialize in only one or two crops to sell

    • E. 

      E) Purchase fewer manufactured goods

  • 3. 
    Which issue aroused the strongest sectional feeling during the presidency of Andrew Jackson?
    • A. 

      A) the tariff

    • B. 

      B) the spoils system

    • C. 

      C) the new nomination process

    • D. 

      D) relocation of the Cherokee

    • E. 

      E) "Eaton malaria"

  • 4. 
    During the first half of the 19th century, the central and western areas of New York were known as the "burned-over district" because
    • A. 

      A) of intense religious zeal created during the Second Great Awakening

    • B. 

      B) terrible fires that followed the clear-cut logging by pioneers in that part of the state

    • C. 

      C) the area had not recovered from the devastation of the War of 1812

    • D. 

      D) American Indian settlements had been completely destroyed as settlersmoved in and took over teh land

    • E. 

      E) The region's economy had never revived after the hardships that followed the Whiskey Rebellion

  • 5. 
    Though he was a self-professed follower of Thomas Jefferson, the development of government under Andrew Jackson represented a trend away from the Jeffersonian ideal in its
    • A. 

      A) attitude toward the bank

    • B. 

      B) feelings about the worth of the common man

    • C. 

      C) an emphasis on the supremacy of the federal government

    • D. 

      D) sympathy for agrarian problems

    • E. 

      E) dislike of aristocratic custom

  • 6. 
    The Kentucky and Virginia resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were similar in that all involved a defense of
    • A. 

      A) freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      B) freedom of speech

    • C. 

      C) institution of slavery

    • D. 

      D) states' rights

    • E. 

      E) Presidential power in foreign affairs

  • 7. 
    A distinguishable feature of American society in the early 19th century was the
    • A. 

      A) increasing readership of newspapers

    • B. 

      B) lack of enthusiasm for religious reform

    • C. 

      C) embrace of an aristocratic hierarchy

    • D. 

      D) creation of original forms of art and architecture

    • E. 

      E) dislike of voluntary associations

  • 8. 
    "The infant industries of this country must be protected from foreign competition by a protective tariff, and must be further strengthened by a bold program of internal improvements such as the construction of canals and roads." These words were spoken by
    • A. 

      A) William LLoyd Garrison

    • B. 

      B) Henry Clay

    • C. 

      C) John C Calhoun

    • D. 

      D) Stephen A. Douglas

  • 9. 
    "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists" is a quotation from
    • A. 

      A) The Federalist Papers

    • B. 

      B) George Washington's Farewell Address

    • C. 

      C) Thomas Jefferson's First Inaugural Address

    • D. 

      D) John Adam's Inaugural Address

    • E. 

      E) George Washington's First Inaugural Address

  • 10. 
    The American Colonization Society was established in the early 19th century with the goal of
    • A. 

      A) encouraging immigration from Ireland to Germany

    • B. 

      B) encouraging Chinese contract laborers to emigrate to the United States

    • C. 

      C) Settling white Americans on western lands

    • D. 

      D) settling American indians on reservations

    • E. 

      E) transporting African Americans to Africa

  • 11. 
    Which of the following resulted from the policies of the Andrew Jackson administration?
    • A. 

      A) A central bank was established

    • B. 

      B) The value of paper currency issued by individual banks became uniform

    • C. 

      C) the number of banks, each issuing its own paper currency, increased

    • D. 

      D) A nationwide banking system was begun

    • E. 

      E) Federal fiscal activities became linked to a system of federal banks.

  • 12. 
    As chief justice of the Supreme Court, John Marshall issued significant opinions on all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A) judicial review

    • B. 

      B) federal versus state power

    • C. 

      C) the sanctity of contracts

    • D. 

      D) the rights of slaves as persons

    • E. 

      E) congressional control of interstate commerce

  • 13. 
    Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana had its origins in his desire to
    • A. 

      A) remove the French from forts along the Mississippi valley

    • B. 

      B) Acquire a port to provide an outlet for western crops

    • C. 

      C) acquire territory for the expansion of slavery

    • D. 

      D) oppose New England Federalism

    • E. 

      E) demonstrate friendship for the French in the Napoleonic Wars

  • 14. 
    The Supreme Court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland
    • A. 

      A) supported the rights of states to control all economic activites within their borders

    • B. 

      B) upheld the right of states to create monopolies that served the public interest

    • C. 

      C) Endorsed Alexander Hamilton's ideas of implied powers in the Constitution

    • D. 

      D) required the federal government to cease its support of financial institutions in Maryland

    • E. 

      E) Broadened the power of states to tax federal property

  • 15. 
    In pre- CIvil War era, the railroad's most important impact on the economy was
    • A. 

      A) Creation of a huge new market for railway equipment

    • B. 

      B) Creation of the basis for greater cooperation between Southern planters and Northern textile manufacturers

    • C. 

      C) generation of new employment oppurtunities for unskilled urban workers

    • D. 

      D) participation of the federal government in the financing of a nationwide transportation network

    • E. 

      E) Accessibility to Eastern urban markets provided to Midwestern farmers

  • 16. 
    "In 1800 schoolchildren (ages 5-19) spent an average of only 14 days in school each year. BY 1850 this figure had nearly doubled, going to 26 days, and by 1860 it had risen to 40 days per year, almost  triple the figure for 1800. By 1860 the literacy rate at age 20 had attained modern levels, exceeding 90% among Whites."   This passage describes results brough about chiefly through
    • A. 

      A) state and local efforts in behalf of public schools

    • B. 

      B) the work of private philanthropists

    • C. 

      C)the extension of federally supported schools systems

    • D. 

      D) The increasing ability of families to afford tutors

    • E. 

      E) The establishment of church-supported schools

  • 17. 
    The American Transcendentalists may best be characterized as which of the following?
    • A. 

      A) a group of northern intellectuals who shared a belief in the value of human intuition

    • B. 

      B) a religious sect that believed in the concept of sin and the necessity for forgiveness from God and from fellow worshippers

    • C. 

      C) A number of loosely organized communitarians who engaged in sexual experiments outside the confines of marraige

    • D. 

      D) A sect of former Unitarian ministers who expected christ to descend to earth within their lifetimes

    • E. 

      E) A persecuted band who had to lee to the West because of their unpopular ideas about polygamy nad other unconventional practices

  • 18. 
    Of the following which was the principal issue on which the United States sought settlement with Great Britain at the outset of the War of 1812?
    • A. 

      A) A guarantee of New England fishing rights off Newfoundland

    • B. 

      B) Free navigation of the Mississippi River

    • C. 

      C) Cancellation of pre-Revolutionary debts

    • D. 

      D) Access to trade with the British West Indies

    • E. 

      E) An end to impressment

  • 19. 
    Which of the following actions did Congress take shortly after the Chesapeak-Leopard affair?
    • A. 

      A) It passed the Embargo Act.

    • B. 

      B) It authorized privateers to attack British shipping

    • C. 

      C) It sought an alliance with Spain

    • D. 

      D) It enacted Macon's Bill No. 2

    • E. 

      E) It declared war on England

  • 20. 
    Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?
    • A. 

      A) Turnpikes and canals

    • B. 

      B) Railroads and steamships

    • C. 

      C) Turnpikes and railroads

    • D. 

      D) Clipper ships and turnpikes

    • E. 

      E) Canals and railroads

  • 21. 
    President Jackson's Native American (Indian) Policy resulted in which of the following?
    • A. 

      A) Jackson's loss of popularity in the country

    • B. 

      B) The first efforts to grant citizenship to Native Americans

    • C. 

      C) The division of tribal lands into small units and their allotment to heads of families in each tribe

    • D. 

      D) Widespread uprisings among the Sioux in the Dakota Territory

    • E. 

      E) The removal of the Cherokee from the Southeast to settlements across the Mississippi

  • 22. 
    All of the following were contributing factors to the decline of the Federalist Party after the War of 1812 EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A) the Party's association with the Hartford Convention

    • B. 

      B) the rulings of the Supreme Court under John Marshall

    • C. 

      C) The Party's unpatriotic behavior during the war

    • D. 

      D) Monroe's good-will tour of New England

    • E. 

      E) The Republican party's adoptions of many Federalist policies

  • 23. 
    In the nullification dispute from 188 to 1833, John C. Calhoun supported which of the following ideas?
    • A. 

      A) the federal government was superior to the state government and should preserve the Union at all cost.

    • B. 

      B) The tariff was unconsitutional because it taxed those people who were least able to pay

    • C. 

      C) The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of the 1790s did not apply to the crisis of the 1830s

    • D. 

      D) Although the federal government had a right to enforce the tariff, it was morally wrong to do so

    • E. 

      E) The states were the final arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws

  • 24. 
    A central theme of Alexander de Tocqueville's Democracy in America is
    • A. 

      A) American equality is a product of the nation's social mobility and geographic restlessness

    • B. 

      B) American democracy cannot be maintained because the masses are turbulent and unreliable

    • C. 

      C) Americans are not ambitious enough to make the capitalist system work

    • D. 

      D) Americans measure social class by inherited wealth and family background

    • E. 

      E)American society is superior to all European cultures

  • 25. 
    Which of the followign is true of the presidency of Andrew Jackson?
    • A. 

      A) Jackson was the first president to have impeachment charges brough against him.

    • B. 

      B) Jackson limited the use of the veto just as his predecessors had done.

    • C. 

      C) Jackson joined with the Whigs to reform the government.

    • D. 

      D) Jackson increased the power of the executive branch of government

    • E. 

      E) Jackson was the first president to support the abolition of slavery

  • 26. 
    The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson's attack on the Second Bank of the U.S in 1834 was
    • A. 

      A) the creation of the "independent treasury"

    • B. 

      B) an expansion of credit and speculation

    • C. 

      C) the failure of state banks

    • D. 

      D) the establishment of modern banking regulations

    • E. 

      E)) the creation of a federal deficit

  • 27. 
    President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine i his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to
    • A. 

      A) respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions

    • B. 

      B) Rule out United States involvment in South America

    • C. 

      C) provide a rationale for United States interventio in the Isthmus of Panama

    • D. 

      D) warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere

    • E. 

      E) encourage Britain to help the fledgling Latin American states

  • 28. 
    The goal of the American Colonization Society was to
    • A. 

      A)return freed slaves to Africa

    • B. 

      B) recruit immigrant labor for American factories

    • C. 

      C) assimilate recent immigrants into American society

    • D. 

      D) extend United States influence to overseas colonies

    • E. 

      E) promote westen expanision by funding internal improvements

  • 29. 
    The Hartford Convention was a manifesttion of
    • A. 

      A) New England Federalist opposition to the War of 1812

    • B. 

      B) New England's desire to end U.S trade with Great Britain

    • C. 

      C) northern gratitude to General Jackson for his victory at New orleans

    • D. 

      D) the War Hawks' impatience with president madison's conduct of foreign policy

    • E. 

      E) western resentment against british-backed American Indian attacks

  • 30. 
    The Jefferson administraton advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring Republican ideals
    • A. 

      A) ABolishing the Bank of the US

    • B. 

      B) Reducing the scope of acitivies of the federal government

    • C. 

      C) DIscontinueing the funding of state debts

  • 31. 
    A proposal for the uncompensated emancipation of American slaves was advanced by
    • A. 

      A) Thomas Jefferson in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    • B. 

      B) James Madison in The Federalist in 1788

    • C. 

      C) The American Colonization society in 1817

    • D. 

      D) William LLoyd Garrison in The Liberator in 1831

    • E. 

      E) the Republican party platform of 1860

  • 32. 
    Which of the following was an element of the Missouri Compromise of 1820
    • A. 

      A) The future of slavery in Missouri would be determined by the residents living there.

    • B. 

      B) Slavery would be allowed in illinois, but not in Missouri

    • C. 

      C) the northern section of Louisiana would be open to slavery

    • D. 

      D) Maine would be admitted to the Union as a free state

    • E. 

      E) The southern section of Louisiana was open to slavery for 20 years

  • 33. 
    Which of the following statements about the "American System" is correct?
    • A. 

      A) It was set up by the Treaty of Ghent at the end of the War of 1812.

    • B. 

      B) It was strongly promoted by Andrew Jackson

    • C. 

      C) It permitted immigrants to be naturalized after living in the United States for 5 years.

    • D. 

      D) It was designed to meet the nation's need for economic progress and self-sufficiency

    • E. 

      E) It called for an end to the European presence in South America

  • 34. 
    The most significant result of the American victory at the Battle of New Orleans is that it
    • A. 

      A) forced the british to yield concessions to the United States in the Treaty of Ghent

    • B. 

      B) led directly to the Louisiana purchase

    • C. 

      C) led to the celebration of Andrew Jackson and his soldiers in American legend and folklore

    • D. 

      D) made Andrew Jackson a contender for the presidency in the next election

    • E. 

      E) forced the British to recognize American dominance in North America

  • 35. 
    "The day that France takes possession of New Orleans, fixes the sentence which is to restrain her forever within her low-water makr. It seals the union of two nations, who, in conjunction, can maintain exclusive possession of the oceasn. From that moment, we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and nation." This quotation is from the writings of
    • A. 

      A) John Quincy Adams

    • B. 

      B) John Adams

    • C. 

      C) George Washington

    • D. 

      D) thomas jefferson

    • E. 

      E) alexander hamilton

  • 36. 
    The Independent Treasury system established under Martin van Buren's presidency
    • A. 

      A)placed all federal funds in "pet" banks controlled by Democrats

    • B. 

      B) placed all federal funds in private banks

    • C. 

      C) placed all federal funds in a revised version of the Banke of the US

    • D. 

      D) was instituted to soften the impact of the Panic of 1837

    • E. 

      E) established government subtreasuries for the deposit of federal funds

  • 37. 
    The Embargo Act of 1807 had which of the following effects on the United States
    • A. 

      A) It severely damaged American manufacturing

    • B. 

      B) It enriched many cotton plantation owners

    • C. 

      C) It disrupted American shipping

    • D. 

      D) It was ruinous to subsistence farmers

    • E. 

      E) It had little economic impact

  • 38. 
    The charge of a "corrupt bargain" in the presidential election of 1824 refers to an alleged deal between
    • A. 

      A) John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay

    • B. 

      B) Andrew Jackson and John Calhoun

    • C. 

      C) John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson

    • D. 

      D) John Calhoun and John Quincy Adams

    • E. 

      E) Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay

  • 39. 
    The map above shows the United States immediately following the
    • A. 

      A) passage of the Northwest ordinance

    • B. 

      B) negotiation of the Adams-Onis Treaty

    • C. 

      C) Passage of the Missouri Compromise

    • D. 

      D) Settlement of the Mexican war

    • E. 

      E) Passage of the Compromise of 1850

  • 40. 
    The Second Great Awakening
    • A. 

      A) an evangelical religious revival in the US during the first third of the 19th century

    • B. 

      B) an evangelical religious revival in the colonies during the 1740s

    • C. 

      C) a revival of intereest in the ideas of the Enlightenment in America during the 19th century

    • D. 

      D) A Puritan reform movement of the early 1800s

  • 41. 
    The central point in John Marshall's decision in the case of Marbury v. Madison concerned the power of
    • A. 

      A) the federal government to regulate interstate commerce

    • B. 

      B) the Supreme Court to declare federal laws unconsitutional

    • C. 

      C) the states to tax the bank of the US

    • D. 

      D) the states to change private contracts

    • E. 

      E) Congress to charter the Bank of the United States

  • 42. 
    The Gag Rule was adopted by
    • A. 

      A) southern states to ban abolitionist petitions from the federal postal service in the south

    • B. 

      B)northern legislatures to limit debate on abolitionist petitions

    • C. 

      C) congress to limit protests against the mexican war

    • D. 

      D) congress to automatically table antislavery petitions without a reason

    • E. 

      E) abolitionist societies to ban women from public speaking

  • 43. 
    The period between 1816 and 1825 is notable in the political history of the United States because
    • A. 

      A) there were no closely contested political elections

    • B. 

      B) there was an "era of good feelings" throughout the period

    • C. 

      C) there was an absence of hotly contested issues at the national level

    • D. 

      D) there was no well organized two party system in the nation

    • E. 

      E) statesmen generally agreed to subordinate the power of the federal government to states rights

  • 44. 
    Which of the following social reform crusafes was most closely related to the women's rights movement of the late 1840s and 1850s
    • A. 

      A) temperance

    • B. 

      B) female education

    • C. 

      C) moral purity

    • D. 

      D) reformation of prisons

    • E. 

      E) abolitionism

  • 45. 
    In the Adams-Onis treaty the United States obtained
    • A. 

      A) a boundary settlement with Great Britain on the oregon territory

    • B. 

      B) California, New Mexico, and Utah from Mexico

    • C. 

      C) the Floridas and set the boundary of the Louisiana Purchase with Spain

    • D. 

      D) the Floridas and set the boundary of the Louisiana Purchas with France

    • E. 

      E) the trans- Appalachian west from Great Britain

  • 46. 
    All of the following factors contributed to South carolina's support for nullification in 1832 except
    • A. 

      A) opposition to the tariff of 1828

    • B. 

      B) Andrew jackson's refusal to support lowering of tariff rates

    • C. 

      C) economic distress over falling cotton prices

    • D. 

      D) a very high ratio of blacks to whites

    • E. 

      E) anxiety over the future of slavery

  • 47. 
    Which of the following was precipitated by President Jackson's issuing of the Specie Circular
    • A. 

      A) a reduction in the tariff rate

    • B. 

      B) the chartering of the Second bank of the US

    • C. 

      C) a renewed interestin the spoils system

    • D. 

      D) the eviction of the cherokee from Georgia

    • E. 

      E) the panic of 1837

  • 48. 
    President Jackson resisted the admission of TX into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
    • A. 

      A) acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican gov'ts claim to TX

    • B. 

      B) feared that debate over the admission of TX would ignite controversy about slavery

    • C. 

      C) was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion

    • D. 

      D) could find no support within his own party for admitting TX

    • E. 

      E) believed that admitting TX would violate international law

  • 49. 
    Which of the following provided sources of revenue for the federal government in the period from 1800 to 1860 1) Income tax 11) Sales tax 111) customs duties 1V) Land sales V) Real estate taxes
    • A. 

      A) 1 and 11 only

    • B. 

      B) 1 and 111 only

    • C. 

      C) 11 and V only

    • D. 

      D) 111 and 1V only.

  • 50. 
    Which group did not include supporters of the new Whig Party in the 1830's
    • A. 

      A) National republicans

    • B. 

      B) advocates of nullification

    • C. 

      C) northern industrialists

    • D. 

      D) people with a personal dislike of Andrew jackson

    • E. 

      E) advocates of a system of state banks