Advanced Placement United States History Exam Review!

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Advanced Placement United States History Exam Review! - Quiz

This test will determine whether you have learned the essential's of APUSH's chapters 3 through 4.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During the Salem witchcraft trials, most of those accused as witches were

    • A.

      From the ranks of poor families

    • B.

      Property-owning women

    • C.

      From subsistence farming families

    • D.

      Women in their late teen years

    • E.

      Primarily un-Christian

    Correct Answer
    B. Property-owning women
    Explanation
    During the Salem witchcraft trials, the majority of those accused as witches were property-owning women. This is because owning property was seen as a sign of wealth and power, which made these women a target for jealousy and suspicion. Additionally, property-owning women who were widowed or unmarried were more vulnerable to accusations, as they deviated from the traditional gender roles of the time.

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  • 2. 

    In colonial America, education was most zealously promoted

    • A.

      In those areas controlled by Spain

    • B.

      On the frontier

    • C.

      In New England

    • D.

      In the middle colonies

    • E.

      In the South

    Correct Answer
    C. In New England
    Explanation
    Education was most zealously promoted in New England during colonial America. This region had a strong emphasis on education, with the establishment of schools and universities such as Harvard and Yale. The Puritan settlers believed in the importance of education for religious and moral purposes, and they made efforts to ensure that children were educated. The New England colonies also had a higher literacy rate compared to other regions, indicating the success of their educational endeavors.

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  • 3. 

    The major manufacturing enterprise in colonial America in the eighteenth century was

    • A.

      Lumbering

    • B.

      Making clothes

    • C.

      Iron making

    • D.

      Rum distilling

    • E.

      Arms and munitions production

    Correct Answer
    A. Lumbering
    Explanation
    In colonial America in the eighteenth century, the major manufacturing enterprise was lumbering. This involved the cutting and processing of timber for various purposes such as construction, shipbuilding, and fuel. Lumbering was a vital industry that provided materials for the growing colonies and played a significant role in their economic development. It was a labor-intensive process that required skilled workers and access to forests, making it a prominent manufacturing activity during that time.

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  • 4. 

    The "headright" system, which made some people very wealthy, consisted of

    • A.

      Discouraging the importation of indentured servants to America

    • B.

      Giving father's wealth to the oldest son

    • C.

      Giving land to indentured servants to get them to come to the New World

    • D.

      Using Indians as forced labor

    • E.

      Giving the right to acquire fifty acres of land to the person paying the passage of a laborer to America

    Correct Answer
    E. Giving the right to acquire fifty acres of land to the person paying the passage of a laborer to America
    Explanation
    The "headright" system was a method used to incentivize the migration of laborers to America. It granted the right to acquire fifty acres of land to the person who paid for the passage of a laborer to America. This system aimed to address the labor shortage in the colonies by providing an economic incentive for individuals to bring in indentured servants. By offering land as a reward, the system attracted people to invest in the transportation of laborers, which in turn helped to increase the population and cultivate more land in the New World.

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  • 5. 

    As a result of Bacon's Rebellion,

    • A.

      Planters began to look for less troublesome laborers

    • B.

      Nathaniel Bacon was named to head the Virginia militia

    • C.

      Governor Berkely was dismissed from office

    • D.

      Better relations developed with local Indians

    • E.

      African slavery was reduced

    Correct Answer
    A. Planters began to look for less troublesome laborers
    Explanation
    As a result of Bacon's Rebellion, planters began to look for less troublesome laborers. This rebellion, led by Nathaniel Bacon, was a revolt against the colonial government in Virginia. The rebellion was primarily fueled by grievances against Governor Berkely's policies, including his refusal to provide protection against Native American attacks on the frontier. The rebellion resulted in the burning of Jamestown and the disruption of the tobacco trade, which greatly affected the planters. In order to avoid future uprisings and ensure a more stable workforce, planters started seeking laborers who were less likely to rebel or cause trouble.

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  • 6. 

    The jury's decision in the case of John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, was significant because

    • A.

      It allowed the press to print irresponsible criticisms of powerful people

    • B.

      The ruling prohibited criticism of political officials

    • C.

      He was found guilty

    • D.

      It pointed the way to open public discussion

    • E.

      It supported English law

    Correct Answer
    D. It pointed the way to open public discussion
    Explanation
    The jury's decision in the case of John Peter Zenger was significant because it pointed the way to open public discussion. This decision established the principle of freedom of the press, allowing newspapers to print criticisms of powerful people without fear of legal repercussions. It set a precedent for the protection of free speech and the importance of open dialogue in a democratic society.

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  • 7. 

    The Scots-Irish can best be described as

    • A.

      People who did not like to move

    • B.

      Strong supporters of the Catholic Church

    • C.

      Loyal to the British king

    • D.

      Builders of sturdy homes and well-kept farms

    • E.

      Fiercely independent

    Correct Answer
    E. Fiercely independent
    Explanation
    The term "Scots-Irish" refers to a group of people who were descended from Scottish and Irish immigrants to the American colonies. They were known for their strong sense of independence and self-reliance. They often settled in frontier areas and were known for their resilience and ability to survive in harsh conditions. This independence was a defining characteristic of the Scots-Irish, making them fiercely independent.

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  • 8. 

    The slave culture that developed in America

    • A.

      Was uniquely New World creation

    • B.

      Was Muslim in its religious teachings

    • C.

      Contained many Western elements that remained thoroughly European

    • D.

      Was derived exclusively from African roots

    • E.

      Rejected Christianity

    Correct Answer
    A. Was uniquely New World creation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was uniquely New World creation." This means that the slave culture that developed in America was distinct and specific to the New World, meaning it was not found in other parts of the world. This suggests that the conditions and circumstances in America led to the development of a unique slave culture that differed from other forms of slavery seen elsewhere.

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  • 9. 

    One political principle principle that colonial Americans came to cherish above most others was

    • A.

      The property qualification for voting

    • B.

      Restricting the right to vote to men only

    • C.

      The separation of powers

    • D.

      Self-taxation through representation

    • E.

      One man, one vote

    Correct Answer
    D. Self-taxation through representation
    Explanation
    The principle of self-taxation through representation refers to the idea that individuals should only be taxed by a government in which they have a voice and representation. This principle was cherished by colonial Americans because they believed that they should have a say in how their taxes were levied and spent. It was a key argument against British taxation policies that did not provide colonists with representation in Parliament. By advocating for self-taxation through representation, colonial Americans sought to ensure that their rights and interests were protected in the political process.

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  • 10. 

    By 1775, most governors of American colonies were

    • A.

      Appointed by the king

    • B.

      Appointed by the British Parliament

    • C.

      Elected by the vote of colonial legislatures

    • D.

      Elected by popular vote

    • E.

      Appointed by colonial proprietors

    Correct Answer
    A. Appointed by the king
    Explanation
    In 1775, the American colonies were still under British rule, so it is likely that most governors of these colonies would have been appointed by the king. The king held ultimate authority over the colonies and had the power to appoint governors to represent his interests and enforce his policies. This system of appointment by the king allowed for direct control and influence over the colonies by the British government.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following was not considered to be a naval store?

    • A.

      Glass

    • B.

      Turpentine

    • C.

      Tar

    • D.

      Pitch

    • E.

      Rosin

    Correct Answer
    A. Glass
    Explanation
    Glass was not considered to be a naval store because it is not derived from trees or used in naval construction or maintenance. Naval stores typically refer to products derived from pine trees, such as turpentine, tar, pitch, and rosin, which were used in the construction and maintenance of ships. Glass, on the other hand, is made from silica and is used for various purposes such as windows, containers, and decorative items, but it is not directly related to naval activities.

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  • 12. 

    Bacon's Rebellion was supported mainly by

    • A.

      Young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land

    • B.

      People from Jamestown only

    • C.

      The local Indians

    • D.

      Those protesting the increased importation of African slaves

    • E.

      The planter class of Virginia

    Correct Answer
    A. Young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land
    Explanation
    Bacon's Rebellion was a rebellion that occurred in Virginia in 1676. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a young planter who was frustrated by his inability to acquire land. The rebellion was mainly supported by other young men who shared the same frustration. They were angry at the government's policies that favored the wealthy planters and restricted their access to land. The rebellion was a response to socio-economic grievances rather than specific racial or ethnic concerns, making the answer "young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land" the most appropriate choice.

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  • 13. 

    For those Africans who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" can best be described as

    • A.

      The trip from the interior of Africa to the coast

    • B.

      The gruesome ocean voyage to America

    • C.

      The journey from American parts to their new homes

    • D.

      The easiest part of their journey to America

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The trip from the interior of Africa to the coast
    B. The gruesome ocean voyage to America
    Explanation
    The "middle passage" refers to the gruesome ocean voyage endured by Africans who were sold into slavery. It involved the transportation of enslaved individuals from the interior of Africa to the coast, where they were then taken on ships to America. This journey was marked by horrific conditions, including overcrowding, disease, and brutality, resulting in the deaths of many enslaved Africans. Therefore, the correct answer is the trip from the interior of Africa to the coast, the gruesome ocean voyage to America.

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  • 14. 

    Compared with indentured servants, African American slaves were

    • A.

      A more manageable labor force

    • B.

      More likely to rebel

    • C.

      Less experience to buy but more expensive to keep

    • D.

      Cheaper to buy and own

    • E.

      Less reliable workers

    Correct Answer
    A. A more manageable labor force
    Explanation
    Compared with indentured servants, African American slaves were a more manageable labor force. This is because slaves were considered property and were subject to strict control and harsh punishments, which discouraged rebellion and ensured their compliance. Indentured servants, on the other hand, were contracted workers with more rights and freedoms, making them potentially more difficult to control. Slaves were seen as a long-term investment, requiring less effort to maintain and manage compared to indentured servants.

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  • 15. 

    While slavery might have begun in America for economic reasons,

    • A.

      It soon became clear by 1700 that profits were down

    • B.

      Profit soon played a very small role

    • C.

      Europe profited most from the institution

    • D.

      Racial discrimination also powerfully molded the American slave system

    • E.

      Race was rarely an issue in relations between blacks and whites

    Correct Answer
    D. Racial discrimination also powerfully molded the American slave system
    Explanation
    Racial discrimination played a significant role in shaping the American slave system. This is evident from the statement that "race was rarely an issue in relations between blacks and whites." This suggests that racial discrimination was deeply ingrained in the system, as there was a clear distinction between blacks and whites. Additionally, it is mentioned that Europe profited the most from the institution, indicating that racial discrimination was a driving force behind the exploitation of African slaves. Therefore, racial discrimination had a powerful influence on the development and functioning of the American slave system.

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  • 16. 

    The riches created by the growing slave population in the American South

    • A.

      Helped to narrow the gap between rich and poor

    • B.

      Created a serious problem with inflation

    • C.

      Were not distributed evenly among whites

    • D.

      Enabled poor white to escape tenant farming

    • E.

      Were distributed evenly among whites

    Correct Answer
    C. Were not distributed evenly among whites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were not distributed evenly among whites". This means that the wealth created by the growing slave population in the American South was not shared equally among white people. This suggests that there was a significant wealth disparity among white individuals, with some benefiting more from the slave economy than others.

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  • 17. 

    For their labor in the colonies indentured servants received all of the following except

    • A.

      At times a small parcel of land

    • B.

      A headright

    • C.

      Passage to America

    • D.

      A few barrels of corn

    • E.

      A suit of clothes

    Correct Answer
    A. At times a small parcel of land
    Explanation
    Indentured servants in the colonies received various benefits in exchange for their labor, including a headright (a grant of land), passage to America, a few barrels of corn, and a suit of clothes. However, they did not always receive a small parcel of land. This means that while they were promised certain rewards for their work, land ownership was not always guaranteed for indentured servants.

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  • 18. 

    On the eve of the American Revolution, social and economic mobility decreased, partly because

    • A.

      Some merchants made huge profits as military suppliers

    • B.

      Of the religious impact of the Puritans

    • C.

      Fewer yeoman farmers were arriving from Europe

    • D.

      Of the increase in the slave trade

    • E.

      Of peacetime economic developments

    Correct Answer
    A. Some merchants made huge profits as military suppliers
    Explanation
    During the American Revolution, some merchants were able to make significant profits by supplying the military with goods and resources. This led to a concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a few individuals, resulting in decreased social and economic mobility for the majority of the population. As these merchants accumulated wealth, it became increasingly difficult for others to rise in social status or improve their economic situation. This contributed to a decline in social and economic mobility during this period.

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  • 19. 

    Most of the inhabitants of the colonial American South were

    • A.

      Native Americans

    • B.

      Landless farm laborers

    • C.

      Black slaves

    • D.

      Landowning small farmers

    • E.

      Large merchant planters

    Correct Answer
    D. Landowning small farmers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is landowning small farmers. This is because during the colonial period in the American South, the majority of the inhabitants were small farmers who owned their own land. These farmers were primarily engaged in agricultural activities and were responsible for cultivating crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo. They played a significant role in the economic and social development of the region, as they formed the backbone of the colonial Southern society.

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  • 20. 

    Transportation in colonial America was

    • A.

      Safter by road than by any other means

    • B.

      Fast only on the waterways

    • C.

      So poor that no mail service was established until the 1800s

    • D.

      Slow by any of the means available

    • E.

      Surprisingly fast for the time

    Correct Answer
    D. Slow by any of the means available
    Explanation
    Transportation in colonial America was slow by any of the means available. This means that no matter what mode of transportation was used, it was generally slow. Whether it was by road, waterways, or any other means, the speed of transportation was not efficient during this time period.

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  • 21. 

    When the British Parliament passed the Molasses Act in 1733, it intended the act to

    • A.

      Require Americans to sell their molasses to British merchants

    • B.

      Stimulate the colonies' "triangle trade" with Africa and the West Indies

    • C.

      Inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies

    • D.

      Increase the colonists' standard of living and protect the livelihood of colonial merchants

    • E.

      Satisfy colonial demands for earning foreign exchange money

    Correct Answer
    C. Inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies
    Explanation
    The Molasses Act of 1733 was passed by the British Parliament with the intention to inhibit colonial trade with the French West Indies. This act imposed a high tax on molasses imported from the French West Indies, making it difficult for American colonists to trade with the French colonies. The British government aimed to protect its own sugar industry in the British West Indies by discouraging the American colonies from trading with their French counterparts. This act was one of the many measures implemented by the British to control and regulate colonial trade in order to benefit their own economic interests.

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  • 22. 

    The Salem witchcraft trials were

    • A.

      Accusations made by the daughters of business owners

    • B.

      Caused by ergot in the Puritans' bread

    • C.

      Unique to the English colonies

    • D.

      A result of Roger Williams's activities

    • E.

      The result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving Massachusetts

    Correct Answer
    E. The result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving Massachusetts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving Massachusetts." This is because the Salem witchcraft trials were a response to the tensions and conflicts that existed in the society of Massachusetts at that time. The colony was going through rapid changes and there were disagreements over religious practices and social norms. These unsettled conditions created an environment where accusations of witchcraft were made, leading to the trials.

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  • 23. 

    The population of the Chesapeake colonies throughout the first half of the seventeenth century was notable for its

    • A.

      Large percentage of middle aged men

    • B.

      Scarcity of women

    • C.

      Low death rate

    • D.

      Fast growth rate

    • E.

      Stable family life

    Correct Answer
    B. Scarcity of women
    Explanation
    The correct answer is scarcity of women. The population of the Chesapeake colonies during the first half of the seventeenth century was characterized by a significant shortage of women. This was primarily due to the fact that the colonies attracted a large number of male immigrants who were primarily seeking economic opportunities. The scarcity of women had significant social implications as it led to a disproportionate gender ratio and affected the formation of stable family units in the colonies.

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  • 24. 

    By the early eighteenth century, religion in colonial America was

    • A.

      Stronger than at any previous time

    • B.

      Moving away from clerical intellectualism

    • C.

      Less fervid than when the colonies were established

    • D.

      Becoming less tolerant

    • E.

      Holding steadfastly to the belief that spiritual conversion was essential for church membership

    Correct Answer
    C. Less fervid than when the colonies were established
    Explanation
    In the early eighteenth century, religion in colonial America was less fervid than when the colonies were established. This can be inferred from the phrase "less fervid" which means less intense or passionate. It suggests that the religious fervor and enthusiasm that characterized the early establishment of the colonies had diminished by the early eighteenth century. The other options do not align with this explanation.

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  • 25. 

    The New England family can best be described as

    • A.

      Similar to the family in the Chesapeake colonies

    • B.

      Not very close-knit

    • C.

      Relatively small in size due to the frequency of deaths from childbirth

    • D.

      A limiting factor in the growth of the region's population

    • E.

      A very stable institution

    Correct Answer
    E. A very stable institution
    Explanation
    The New England family can be described as a very stable institution. This is because families in New England were typically close-knit, with strong bonds and a sense of community. They were also relatively small in size due to the high mortality rate from childbirth, which prevented families from growing too large. Despite this, the stability of the family unit remained strong, and it played a crucial role in the social fabric of the region.

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  • 26. 

    As the seventeenth century wore on, regional differences continued to crystalize, most notably

    • A.

      Loyalty to England

    • B.

      The use of indentured servants

    • C.

      The breaking of the Atlanta economy

    • D.

      The importance of slave labor in the south

    • E.

      The continuing rigidity of Puritanism

    Correct Answer
    D. The importance of slave labor in the south
    Explanation
    During the seventeenth century, regional differences in the American colonies became more distinct. One of the most significant differences was the importance of slave labor in the southern colonies. The southern colonies heavily relied on the labor of enslaved Africans to work on plantations, especially in the cultivation of cash crops like tobacco and later on, cotton. This reliance on slave labor shaped the economy, social structure, and culture of the southern colonies, setting them apart from other regions that did not have the same dependence on slavery.

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  • 27. 

    All of the following are reasons the thirteen Atlantic seaboard colonies south independence EXCEPT

    • A.

      The appearance of a recognizably American way of life

    • B.

      Distinctive political structures

    • C.

      Distinctive economic structures

    • D.

      Distinctive ethnic or racial structures

    • E.

      Distinctive social structures

    Correct Answer
    D. Distinctive ethnic or racial structures
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "distinctive ethnic or racial structures." The other options provided (appearance of a recognizably American way of life, distinctive political structures, distinctive economic structures, and distinctive social structures) are all valid reasons for the thirteen Atlantic seaboard colonies' independence. These colonies developed their own political systems, economic practices, and social norms, which contributed to their desire for independence. However, ethnic or racial structures did not play a significant role in their quest for independence.

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  • 28. 

    English officials tried to "establish" the Church of England in as many colonies as possible because

    • A.

      They were concerned about the eternal souls of the colonists

    • B.

      Such an action brought in more money to England

    • C.

      Such an action would restore enthusiasm for religion

    • D.

      The American colonists supported such a move

    • E.

      The church would act as a major prop for kingly authority

    Correct Answer
    E. The church would act as a major prop for kingly authority
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the church would act as a major prop for kingly authority. This means that establishing the Church of England in the colonies would help to reinforce and support the authority of the English monarchy. By having a strong presence of the Church of England in the colonies, the English officials could maintain control and influence over the colonists, ensuring their loyalty to the crown. The church would serve as a symbol of the king's authority and power, helping to strengthen his rule over the colonies.

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  • 29. 

    Seventeenth-century colonial tobacco growers usually responded to depressed prices for their crop by

    • A.

      Planting corn and wheat instead of tobacco

    • B.

      Releasing unneeded indentured servants early

    • C.

      Selling slaves to reduce productive labor

    • D.

      Selling land to reduce their volume of production

    • E.

      Growing more tobacco to increase their volume of production

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Planting corn and wheat instead of tobacco
    E. Growing more tobacco to increase their volume of production
    Explanation
    During the seventeenth century, colonial tobacco growers faced a problem of depressed prices for their crop. In response to this, some growers chose to plant corn and wheat instead of tobacco. This was likely done to diversify their agricultural production and reduce their reliance on tobacco, which was experiencing low prices. On the other hand, some growers opted to grow more tobacco to increase their volume of production. This strategy may have been employed in the hopes of increasing their overall revenue, despite the low prices, by producing a larger quantity of tobacco.

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  • 30. 

    As a result of poor soil, all of the following conditions prevailed in New England except that

    • A.

      Frugality became essential to economic survival

    • B.

      Diversification in agriculture and industry were encouraged

    • C.

      The area was less ethnically mixed than its southern neighbors

    • D.

      Hard work was required to make a living

    • E.

      Reliance on a single, staple crop became a necessity

    Correct Answer
    E. Reliance on a single, staple crop became a necessity
    Explanation
    Due to the poor soil in New England, it was not possible to rely on a single, staple crop for economic survival. Instead, diversification in agriculture and industry were encouraged to make a living. Frugality and hard work were essential for economic survival in this region. The area was also less ethnically mixed compared to its southern neighbors.

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  • 31. 

    Throughout the greater part of the seventeenth century, the Chesapeake colonies acquired most of the labor they need from

    • A.

      Captured Indians

    • B.

      African slaves

    • C.

      White servants

    • D.

      Prisoners of war

    • E.

      West Indian natives

    Correct Answer
    C. White servants
    Explanation
    During the seventeenth century, the Chesapeake colonies relied heavily on white servants for their labor needs. These white servants were typically indentured servants who agreed to work for a set number of years in exchange for passage to the colonies. Many of these servants were poor Englishmen who sought better opportunities in America. They provided a cheap and readily available labor force for the colonies, helping to support the tobacco-based economy. This reliance on white servants gradually shifted towards African slaves in the late seventeenth century, as the demand for labor continued to grow and the supply of indentured servants declined.

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  • 32. 

    Urban development in the colonial south

    • A.

      Occurred without the development of a professional class

    • B.

      Led to the construction of an excellent highway system

    • C.

      Rivaled that of New England

    • D.

      Was slow to emerge

    • E.

      Kept pace with the growth of large plantations

    Correct Answer
    D. Was slow to emerge
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was slow to emerge". This is because the statement "Urban development in the colonial south occurred without the development of a professional class" suggests that there was a lack of skilled individuals who could lead and drive the development of urban areas. As a result, the process of urban development in the colonial south was slow and did not keep pace with the growth of large plantations or rival the excellent highway system of New England.

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  • 33. 

    Southern colonies generally allowed married women to retain separate title to their property because

    • A.

      Southern families were stable

    • B.

      Of a smaller number of men than women

    • C.

      Of religious beliefs

    • D.

      Southern men frequently died young

    • E.

      Of English tradition

    Correct Answer
    D. Southern men frequently died young
    Explanation
    Southern colonies generally allowed married women to retain separate title to their property because southern men frequently died young. This practice was a result of the high mortality rate among men in the southern colonies, which left many women as widows. To ensure that these women could maintain control over their property and provide for themselves and their families, the colonies allowed them to retain separate ownership. This was a practical solution to address the social and economic challenges faced by women in a society where men often died at a young age.

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  • 34. 

    Compared with most seventeenth-century Europeans, Americans lived in

    • A.

      A more rigid class system

    • B.

      More primitive circumstances

    • C.

      Relative poverty

    • D.

      Affluent abundance

    • E.

      Larger cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Affluent abundance
    Explanation
    During the seventeenth century, Americans enjoyed an affluent abundance compared to most Europeans. This means that Americans had a higher standard of living and access to more resources and wealth. They were not living in primitive circumstances or relative poverty like many Europeans. Additionally, Americans had larger cities, indicating a more developed and prosperous society.

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  • 35. 

    By the eighteenth century, the various colonial regions had distinct economic identities; the northern colonies relied on __________, the Chesapeake colonies relied on ___________, and the southern colonies relied on ________________.

    • A.

      Furs and skins, tobacco, and iron works

    • B.

      Cattle and grain, tobacco, fishing

    • C.

      Shipbuilding, iron works, cattle and grain

    • D.

      Cattle and grain, tobacco, rice and indigo

    • E.

      Rice and indigo, lumber and timber, tobacco

    Correct Answer
    D. Cattle and grain, tobacco, rice and indigo
    Explanation
    In the eighteenth century, the northern colonies relied on cattle and grain as their main economic activities. The Chesapeake colonies relied on tobacco, which was a major cash crop for them. On the other hand, the southern colonies relied on rice and indigo as their primary economic activities. This means that each colonial region had a distinct economic identity based on the specific industries they relied on for their prosperity.

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  • 36. 

    Most immigrants to the Chesapeake colonies in the seventeenth century came as

    • A.

      Urban artisans

    • B.

      Refugees from civil war in Europe

    • C.

      Indentured servants

    • D.

      Slaves from Africa

    • E.

      Yeomen farmers

    Correct Answer
    C. Indentured servants
    Explanation
    In the seventeenth century, many immigrants to the Chesapeake colonies came as indentured servants. Indentured servitude was a system where individuals would agree to work for a certain number of years in exchange for passage to the New World. This allowed them to escape poverty or seek better opportunities. The Chesapeake colonies, including Virginia and Maryland, relied heavily on the labor of indentured servants to work on tobacco plantations. These servants were typically young, unmarried men and women who hoped to gain their freedom and start a new life after completing their term of service.

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  • 37. 

    Puritans refused to recognize a woman's separate property rights because

    • A.

      They worried that such rights would undercut the unity of married persons

    • B.

      There was so little land available

    • C.

      New England families were so rare

    • D.

      Of the short life span of New England women

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. They worried that such rights would undercut the unity of married persons
    Explanation
    The Puritans refused to recognize a woman's separate property rights because they believed that it would undermine the unity of married couples. They believed that by allowing women to have their own property, it would create division within the marriage and disrupt the traditional gender roles and hierarchy that they valued. They believed that the husband should be the head of the household and have control over all property and decisions, including those related to finances. This belief was rooted in their strict religious and social beliefs, which emphasized the importance of maintaining order and unity within the family unit.

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  • 38. 

    In contrast to Chesapeake colonies, those in New England

    • A.

      Followed the land use pattern established by the local Indians

    • B.

      Expanded westward in less orderly fashion

    • C.

      Had a more ethnically mixed population

    • D.

      Were more orientated toward the individual than toward community interests

    • E.

      Had a more diversified economy

    Correct Answer
    E. Had a more diversified economy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the New England colonies had a more diversified economy. This means that they had a wider range of industries and economic activities compared to the Chesapeake colonies. The New England colonies were known for their shipbuilding, fishing, trade, and manufacturing, while the Chesapeake colonies were primarily focused on tobacco farming. The diverse economy of the New England colonies allowed for a greater variety of economic opportunities and helped to contribute to their overall prosperity.

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  • 39. 

    The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was

    • A.

      27

    • B.

      16

    • C.

      20

    • D.

      30

    • E.

      25

    Correct Answer
    B. 16
    Explanation
    The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was 16. This means that if we were to add up the ages of all the colonists and divide it by the total number of colonists, the result would be 16. This suggests that the majority of the colonists were relatively young at the time.

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  • 40. 

    By the 1700's, what was the percentage of people living in rural areas of colonial America?

    • A.

      60%

    • B.

      40%

    • C.

      25%

    • D.

      90%

    • E.

      75%

    Correct Answer
    D. 90%
    Explanation
    In the 1700s, the majority of people in colonial America lived in rural areas, with only a small percentage residing in urban areas. This is supported by the fact that the answer choice of 90% is the highest percentage listed, indicating that the majority of people lived in rural areas.

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  • 41. 

    The leading industry in the American colonies was

    • A.

      Agriculture

    • B.

      Slave trading

    • C.

      Commerce

    • D.

      Manufacturing

    • E.

      Fishing

    Correct Answer
    A. Agriculture
    Explanation
    The leading industry in the American colonies was agriculture because the colonies relied heavily on farming for their economic survival. Agriculture was the primary source of income and provided food for the colonists. The colonies had fertile land, favorable climate, and an abundance of natural resources, making agriculture a profitable venture. Cash crops such as tobacco, rice, and indigo were cultivated and exported to Europe, contributing to the economic growth of the colonies. Additionally, agriculture played a crucial role in shaping the social structure and labor system of the colonies, with many colonists owning and relying on enslaved Africans for labor on their farms.

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  • 42. 

    The triangular trade of the colonial American shipping industry

    • A.

      Was not that profitable

    • B.

      Involved the trading of rum for African slaves

    • C.

      Involved America, France, and England

    • D.

      Saw the Spanish gaining the largest protfits

    • E.

      Relied on the Spanish fleet for protection

    Correct Answer
    B. Involved the trading of rum for African slaves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "involved the trading of rum for African slaves." The triangular trade of the colonial American shipping industry was a system of trade routes between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Rum was one of the goods produced in the American colonies and was traded for African slaves. The slaves were then transported to the Americas to work on plantations. This trade was profitable for the American colonies as it allowed them to acquire labor for their plantations, but it was not profitable for the slaves who were forcibly taken from their homes and subjected to a life of slavery.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 17, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 05, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kaylass
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