APUSH Quarterly (Test 2)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    After the revolution, the concept of 'republican motherhood" suggested that

    • A.

      A) women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic

    • B.

      B) voting would soon become a privelage granted to educated and/or married women

    • C.

      C) the first duty of mothers was to serve the needs of government

    • D.

      D) wives and mothers would be welcome in the emerging political parties

    • E.

      E) women's virtues had been the inspiration for the ideals of the Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. A) women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic
    Explanation
    After the revolution, the concept of 'republican motherhood' emerged, which suggested that women had the responsibility of raising their children, particularly their sons, to become virtuous citizens of the newly formed republic. This concept emphasized the important role of women in shaping the future of the nation by instilling values and civic virtues in their children. It highlighted the belief that mothers played a crucial role in ensuring the success and stability of the young republic by raising morally upright and responsible citizens.

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  • 2. 

    The significance of George Washington's response to the whiskey rebellion was that it demonstrated the government

    • A.

      A) hoped to enforece all federal laws by coercing the people into compliance

    • B.

      B) would listen to the voice of the people no matter how it was expressed

    • C.

      C) would not allow violence to prevent enforecement of federal laws

    • D.

      D) would practice restraint and allow the courts to settle dissent over laws

    • E.

      E) believed excise taxes were an unfair means to reduce the national debt

    Correct Answer
    C. C) would not allow violence to prevent enforecement of federal laws
    Explanation
    George Washington's response to the whiskey rebellion demonstrated that the government would not allow violence to prevent the enforcement of federal laws. This is evidenced by Washington's decision to mobilize a militia and personally lead them to suppress the rebellion. By taking decisive action against the rebels, Washington showed that the government would not tolerate acts of violence and would ensure that federal laws were upheld.

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  • 3. 

        The Stamp Act crisis was important in the coming of the AMerican revolution for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

    • A.

      A) the colonists demonstrated their willingness to use violence rather than legal means to frustrate British policy

    • B.

      B) the crisis coincided with a british decision to garrison regular troops in american cities

    • C.

      C) american patriots realized that british inflexibility made revoltions virtually inevitable

    • D.

      D) the british maintained that the colonies had no right to independence from parliamentary authority

    • E.

      E) patriot leaders claimed that the act denied them their British birthrights.

    Correct Answer
    C. C) american patriots realized that british inflexibility made revoltions virtually inevitable
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that the Stamp Act crisis was not important in the coming of the American revolution because American patriots realized that British inflexibility made revolutions virtually inevitable. This suggests that the American patriots were not influenced or motivated by the British inflexibility, which contradicts the other options that highlight the various reasons why the Stamp Act crisis was important in the coming of the American revolution.

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  • 4. 

      In the 1790s which of the following elements of Hamilton's financial plan created the greatest consitutional debate?

    • A.

      A) assumption of the states debts at par value

    • B.

      B) creating a national bank

    • C.

      C) levying a tax on whiskey

    • D.

      D) levying custom duties on imports

    • E.

      E) taxing the slave trade

    Correct Answer
    B. B) creating a national bank
    Explanation
    The creation of a national bank was the element of Hamilton's financial plan that created the greatest constitutional debate in the 1790s. This is because there was a disagreement among the founding fathers about whether the federal government had the authority to establish a national bank. Some argued that it was an implied power under the Necessary and Proper Clause, while others believed that it was not explicitly granted in the Constitution and therefore unconstitutional. This debate ultimately led to the landmark Supreme Court case, McCulloch v. Maryland, which upheld the constitutionality of a national bank.

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  • 5. 

      During the War for INdependence, the principal reason the american gov't sought diplomatice recognition fom foreign powers was to

    • A.

      A) rally all the states behind a common cause

    • B.

      B) convince the British of the justice of the american cause

    • C.

      C) make it easier to levy taxes on the citizens of the several states

    • D.

      D) facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing of money from other nations

    • E.

      E) Allow Von Steuben, Lafayette, and others to join the American army

    Correct Answer
    D. D) facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing of money from other nations
    Explanation
    During the War for Independence, the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers primarily to facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing of money from other nations. This recognition would provide the necessary support and resources for the American army to acquire weapons and financial aid from other countries, which would greatly contribute to their efforts in the war against the British.

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  • 6. 

    President washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to

    • A.

      A) spanish expansion in the southeast

    • B.

      B) dutch economic activity in the mid atlantic states

    • C.

      C) canadian alliances with northern american indians

    • D.

      D) French diplomatice overtures to invoke te Franco-American alliance

    • E.

      E) enlgish boycotts of selected american manufactures

    Correct Answer
    D. D) French diplomatice overtures to invoke te Franco-American alliance
    Explanation
    President Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American alliance. This alliance was established during the American Revolutionary War and obligated the United States to provide military support to France in the event of a conflict. However, Washington believed that the United States should remain neutral in the ongoing war between France and Britain, as he feared it could drag the young nation into a destructive conflict. Therefore, he issued the proclamation to assert the United States' neutrality and avoid entangling alliances.

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  • 7. 

      The argument between Great britain and its american colonies during the 1760s and 1770s over virtual representation concerned

    • A.

      A) patterns of legislative apportionment in the colonial assemblies

    • B.

      B) parliaments ability to reflect colonial interests

    • C.

      C) the lack of colonial participation in negotiating the treaty of paris

    • D.

      D) the increasing use of juryless admiralty courts in the colonies

    • E.

      E) the representation of "free men of color" in colonial assemblies

    Correct Answer
    B. B) parliaments ability to reflect colonial interests
    Explanation
    The argument between Great Britain and its American colonies during the 1760s and 1770s over virtual representation concerned the ability of the parliament to accurately represent and reflect the interests of the colonies. The colonists believed that since they did not have direct representation in the British Parliament, their interests were not being adequately considered. This led to growing tensions and ultimately played a significant role in the American Revolution.

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  • 8. 

          The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to

    • A.

      A) establish religious freedom as a fundamental right

    • B.

      B) work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries

    • C.

      C) introduce the practice of slavery into the new world

    • D.

      D) establish a standing army

    • E.

      E) make favorable territorial settlements with the french

    Correct Answer
    B. B) work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries
    Explanation
    The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries. Salutary neglect refers to the British government's hands-off approach to governing the colonies, allowing them to develop their own economies and trade relationships. This policy allowed the colonies to engage in trade with other countries and establish their own economic networks, which helped them acquire goods that were not readily available within the colonies.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following most accurately describes the attitude of the founding fathers toward political parties?

    • A.

      A) parties are vehicles of ambition and selfish interest that threaten the existence of republican government

    • B.

      B) parties are engines of democracy that provide citizens with a voice in government

    • C.

      C) parties are necessary evils in any republic

    • D.

      D) in a large republic, parties are the best means of creating effective coalitions of interest groups

    • E.

      E) a two-party system is essential to a stable republic

    Correct Answer
    A. A) parties are vehicles of ambition and selfish interest that threaten the existence of republican government
    Explanation
    The founding fathers believed that political parties were vehicles of ambition and selfish interest that could potentially harm the republican government. They saw parties as a threat to the stability and integrity of the government, as they believed that party loyalty could lead to the prioritization of personal interests over the common good. This perspective suggests that the founding fathers were skeptical of the role of political parties in a democratic system.

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  • 10. 

      The Declaration of Independence did all of the following except

    • A.

      A) appeal to the philosophy of natural rights

    • B.

      B) call for the abolition of the slave trade

    • C.

      C) appeal to the sympathies of the English people

    • D.

      D) criticize the provisions of the Quebec Act of 1774

    • E.

      E) accuse George 3 of tyranny

    Correct Answer
    B. B) call for the abolition of the slave trade
    Explanation
    The Declaration of Independence did not call for the abolition of the slave trade. This is evident from the fact that the document does not mention slavery or the slave trade explicitly. The Declaration primarily focused on asserting the natural rights of individuals and declaring independence from British rule. While it criticized the actions of King George III and appealed to the sympathies of the English people, it did not address the issue of slavery.

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  • 11. 

      Which of the following was true of the Continental COngress in its drafting of the Articles of Confederation?

    • A.

      A) it was cautious about giving the new government powers it had just denied Parliament.

    • B.

      B) it gave congress the exlusive right to issue currency

    • C.

      C) it gave the national court system the power to review both national and state law

    • D.

      D) it gave congress control of interstate commerce

    • E.

      E) it rejected the arguements of men like Sam adams and Richard henry lee who feared strong governments

    Correct Answer
    A. A) it was cautious about giving the new government powers it had just denied Parliament.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A) it was cautious about giving the new government powers it had just denied Parliament. This means that the Continental Congress, while drafting the Articles of Confederation, was hesitant to grant the new government powers that it had previously denied to the British Parliament. This suggests that the Continental Congress was wary of creating a strong central government and instead favored a more decentralized system of governance.

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  • 12. 

      By the time of the American revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican governmen, sovereignty was located in

    • A.

      A) the people

    • B.

      B) parliament

    • C.

      C) state gov'ts

    • D.

      D) factions

    • E.

      E) a centralized government

    Correct Answer
    A. A) the people
    Explanation
    By the time of the American revolution, most patriots had come to believe that sovereignty in republican government was located in the people. This belief stemmed from the idea of popular sovereignty, which holds that the power and authority of the government is derived from the consent of the governed. The patriots believed that the ultimate source of authority and decision-making should rest with the people, rather than with a monarch or a centralized government. This belief in the sovereignty of the people was a fundamental principle of the American revolution and influenced the creation of the United States as a democratic republic.

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  • 13. 

        The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to

    • A.

      A) test the new process of amendment described in the consitution

    • B.

      B) protect rights not specified in the consitution

    • C.

      C) strengthen the power of the federal government

    • D.

      D) restore to the states the powers they had enjoyed under the Articles of Confederaton

    • E.

      E) clarify the federal relationship among the states

    Correct Answer
    B. B) protect rights not specified in the consitution
    Explanation
    The Bill of Rights was drafted to protect rights that were not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. The framers of the Constitution wanted to ensure that the government did not infringe upon the fundamental rights of the people, so they added the Bill of Rights as a safeguard. These rights include freedom of speech, religion, and the right to a fair trial, among others. By including these rights in the Constitution, the framers aimed to protect individual liberties and limit the power of the government.

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  • 14. 

      Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to

    • A.

      A) western farmers

    • B.

      B) war veterans

    • C.

      C) southern planters

    • D.

      D) eastern merchants

    • E.

      E) state bankers

    Correct Answer
    D. D) eastern merchants
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to eastern merchants because it aimed to establish a strong central government and promote industrialization and trade. Hamilton's policies included the creation of a national bank, tariffs to protect domestic industries, and the assumption of state debts, all of which would benefit the merchants in the eastern cities who were involved in trade and commerce. By promoting a strong economy and stable financial system, Hamilton's program would have provided favorable conditions for the growth and success of eastern merchants.

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  • 15. 

        The industrial justification for revolutionary action contained in the Declaration of Independence was derived most directly from the work of

    • A.

      A) Rousseau

    • B.

      B) Locke

    • C.

      C) Montisquieu

    • D.

      D) Hobbes

    • E.

      E) Voltaire

    Correct Answer
    B. B) Locke
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B) Locke. The industrial justification for revolutionary action in the Declaration of Independence was derived from the work of John Locke. Locke's ideas on natural rights, government by consent, and the right to rebel against an unjust ruler greatly influenced the American colonists in their fight for independence from British rule. Locke's philosophy emphasized the importance of individual liberty and the idea that governments should protect the rights of the people. These ideas were reflected in the Declaration of Independence, which asserted the colonists' right to break away from British rule and form their own government based on the principles of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

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  • 16. 

    France decided to aid the North American colonies in their war for independence primarily because France

    • A.

      A) was working to establish democratic rule in European countries

    • B.

      B) saw the war as an oppurtunity to end the international slave trade

    • C.

      C) wanted to weaken the British empire

    • D.

      D) was allied with Spain, which had already joined the colonists' cause

    • E.

      E) had long been the primary trading partner of the north american colonies

    Correct Answer
    C. C) wanted to weaken the British empire
    Explanation
    France decided to aid the North American colonies in their war for independence primarily because they wanted to weaken the British empire. By supporting the colonists, France saw an opportunity to undermine their long-time rival and gain an advantage in the balance of power. This assistance was a strategic move to weaken the British empire and potentially expand French influence in the region.

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  • 17. 

      All of the following contributed to discontent among the soldiers in the Continental Army EXCEPT

    • A.

      A) most soldiers were draftees

    • B.

      B) the soldiers feared for the welfare of families back home

    • C.

      C) the army had inadequate arms and ammunition

    • D.

      D) the army paid soldiers in decpreciated paper money

    • E.

      E) the army was inadequately fed and clothed

    Correct Answer
    A. A) most soldiers were draftees
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A) most soldiers were draftees. This answer is incorrect because the fact that most soldiers were draftees would actually contribute to discontent among the soldiers. Being drafted into the army against their will would likely lead to resentment and dissatisfaction among the soldiers. The other options, B) the soldiers feared for the welfare of families back home, C) the army had inadequate arms and ammunition, D) the army paid soldiers in depreciated paper money, and E) the army was inadequately fed and clothed, all provide valid reasons for discontent among the soldiers.

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  • 18. 

      The KY and VA resolutions took the position that

    • A.

      A) only the US Supreme Court had the power to restrict freedom of speech and press

    • B.

      B) the authority of state gov'ts ncluded the power to decide whether or not an act of congress was constitutional

    • C.

      C) only fiscal measures initiated by state legislatures could be acted on by COngress

    • D.

      D) congress was responsible for maintaining the vitality of a loyal opposition political party

    • E.

      E) the "supremacy clause" of the constitution applied only to foreign affairs

    Correct Answer
    B. B) the authority of state gov'ts ncluded the power to decide whether or not an act of congress was constitutional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B) the authority of state gov'ts included the power to decide whether or not an act of congress was constitutional. The KY and VA resolutions were responses to the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were seen as unconstitutional by many. These resolutions asserted that states had the right to determine the constitutionality of federal laws and could nullify them if they were deemed unconstitutional. This position reflected a belief in states' rights and the idea that the federal government should be limited in its powers.

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  • 19. 

      Which of teh following most appropriately characterizes the violence exhibited in such episodes as Bacon's rebellion, the Boston Tea Party, Shay's and the Whiskey rebellion?

    • A.

      A) most violence occured in urban areas.

    • B.

      B) most violence produced no deaths

    • C.

      C) the level of violence subsided after the american revolution

    • D.

      D) violence was directed at "outsiders" or representatives of distant authority

    • E.

      E) most violences occured because of the intervention of foreign powers in american internal affairs

    Correct Answer
    D. D) violence was directed at "outsiders" or representatives of distant authority
    Explanation
    The violence exhibited in episodes such as Bacon's rebellion, the Boston Tea Party, Shay's rebellion, and the Whiskey rebellion was directed at "outsiders" or representatives of distant authority. This means that the violence was targeted towards individuals who were seen as being outside of or representing a distant authority figure. This could include British officials during the American Revolution or government representatives during other rebellions. The violence was not primarily focused on urban areas, did not necessarily result in deaths, did not subside after the American Revolution, and was not caused by the intervention of foreign powers.

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  • 20. 

        The Federalist papers challenged the conven tional political wisdom of the 18th century when they asserted that

    • A.

      A) a republican form of gov. could succeed only in small countries

    • B.

      B) limitations on the popular will led to tyranny

    • C.

      C) a weak central gov. was the only guarantee of individual rights

    • D.

      D) a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights

    • E.

      E) political parties were crucial to the success of the new gov.

    Correct Answer
    D. D) a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights
    Explanation
    The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the 18th century by asserting that a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights. This went against the prevailing belief that only small countries could successfully implement a republican form of government. The Federalist papers argued that in a large republic, there would be a greater diversity of interests and factions, which would prevent any one group from dominating and infringing upon the rights of others. Therefore, a large republic was seen as the best safeguard against tyranny and the protection of individual rights.

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  • 21. 

        As a result of the defeat at Yorktown, the British gov. realized that

    • A.

      A) they could maintain the colonies only through a commonwealth system

    • B.

      B) spain must be counted on to help subdue the american rebels

    • C.

      C) domestic political pressures neccessitated an end to the fighting and the beginning of peace negotiations

    • D.

      D) the colonies wee lost and that all british troops must come home

    • E.

      E) the war in american could continue, but on a more limited basis

    Correct Answer
    C. C) domestic political pressures neccessitated an end to the fighting and the beginning of peace negotiations
    Explanation
    The defeat at Yorktown was a significant blow to the British government during the American Revolutionary War. It made them realize that domestic political pressures were increasing and that it was necessary to end the fighting and begin peace negotiations. This suggests that the British government acknowledged the challenges they were facing and recognized the need to find a resolution to the conflict.

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  • 22. 

        Which of the following had the greatest impact on the instituition of slavery in the US in the first quarter of the 19th cent.

    • A.

      A) demands of southern textile manufacturers for cotton

    • B.

      B) intro of crop rotation and fertilizers

    • C.

      C) use of more stringent techniques for slave control

    • D.

      D) invention of the cotton gin

    • E.

      E) the 3/5 compromise

    Correct Answer
    D. D) invention of the cotton gin
    Explanation
    The invention of the cotton gin had the greatest impact on the institution of slavery in the US in the first quarter of the 19th century. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793, revolutionized the cotton industry by greatly increasing the efficiency of separating cotton fibers from their seeds. This led to a massive increase in cotton production, which in turn increased the demand for slave labor to cultivate and harvest the cotton crops. The cotton gin therefore played a significant role in the expansion and perpetuation of slavery in the US during this time period.

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  • 23. 

        By the time of the Rev., the Amercian colonists had generally come to believe that creation of a republic would solve the problems of monachical rule because a republic would establish

    • A.

      A) a highly centralized gov. led by a social elite

    • B.

      B) a strong chief executive

    • C.

      C) a small, limited, gov. responsible to the people

    • D.

      D) unlimited male suffrage

    • E.

      E) a society in which there were no differences of rank and status

    Correct Answer
    C. C) a small, limited, gov. responsible to the people
    Explanation
    The American colonists believed that creating a republic with a small and limited government that was accountable to the people would solve the problems of monarchical rule. They believed that by having a government that was responsible to the people, it would prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a social elite or a strong chief executive. This would ensure that the government would be more responsive to the needs and interests of the people, and prevent the abuses of power that they had experienced under monarchical rule.

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  • 24. 

    The NW ordinances did which of the following?

    • A.

      A) provided for the annexation of the ORegon territory.

    • B.

      B) established reservations for native americans

    • C.

      C) granted settlers a free homestead of 160 acres.

    • D.

      D) established the terms for settlement and admission of new states

    • E.

      E) banned slavery north of the 36 30 line.

    Correct Answer
    D. D) established the terms for settlement and admission of new states
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D) established the terms for settlement and admission of new states. The Northwest Ordinances were a series of laws passed by the U.S. Congress in the late 18th century that outlined the process for settling and admitting new states to the Union. These ordinances established a system for surveying and dividing land, set requirements for the formation of new territories and states, and prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory. They played a crucial role in the westward expansion of the United States and the eventual admission of new states into the Union.

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  • 25. 

      WHich of the following was a widely held belief among the founding fathers of the US?

    • A.

      A) direct democracy is superior to representative governments

    • B.

      B) widespread ownership of property is bulwark of republican gov.

    • C.

      C) political paties are an inevitable outgrowth of republican gov.

    • D.

      D) universal male suffrage is essential to free gov.

    • E.

      E) the separation of legislative, executive, and judicial functions leads to gov. chaos

    Correct Answer
    B. B) widespread ownership of property is bulwark of republican gov.
    Explanation
    The founding fathers of the US believed that widespread ownership of property is a bulwark of republican government. They believed that when citizens have a stake in the ownership of property, they are more likely to be invested in the success and stability of the government. This belief was influenced by the ideas of John Locke, who argued that property rights were essential for individual liberty and the protection of natural rights. The founding fathers saw property ownership as a way to prevent the concentration of power and promote the economic independence of citizens, which they believed was crucial for a functioning republican government.

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  • 26. 

        Tbe constituional convention designed the electoral college to

    • A.

      A) strengthen the legislative branch agains the executive branch

    • B.

      B) strengthen the executive branch against the legislative branch

    • C.

      C) ensure the independence of the judiciary

    • D.

      D) protect the sovereignty of the states

    • E.

      E) insulate the presidence from the popular will

    Correct Answer
    E. E) insulate the presidence from the popular will
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E) insulate the presidency from the popular will. The Electoral College was created by the Constitutional Convention as a compromise between those who wanted the President to be elected by Congress and those who wanted the President to be elected by popular vote. The Founding Fathers were concerned about the potential for tyranny of the majority, so they designed the Electoral College to serve as a buffer between the people and the election of the President. This system allows for smaller states to have a greater influence in the election and prevents the President from being directly elected by the popular vote alone.

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  • 27. 

      When the British parliament passed the townshend acts, it

    • A.

      A) resumed the policy of internal tazation that it had inaugurated with the Stamp Act

    • B.

      B) exempted the NE colonies from the new taxes

    • C.

      C) levied new colonial import taxes on tea and other products

    • D.

      D) levied a new colonial import tax on tea only

    • E.

      E) closed the port of Boston

    Correct Answer
    C. C) levied new colonial import taxes on tea and other products
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C) levied new colonial import taxes on tea and other products. The Townshend Acts were a series of laws passed by the British parliament in 1767 that imposed new taxes on imported goods such as tea, glass, lead, paint, and paper. These taxes were seen as a way for the British government to assert its authority over the American colonies and raise revenue. The taxes led to widespread protests and boycotts by colonists, ultimately contributing to the growing tensions that would lead to the American Revolution.

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  • 28. 

      The main goals of the Albany Congress of 1754 were to promote colonial unity and

    • A.

      A) secure the allegiance of the IRoquois confederation

    • B.

      B) prepare for an expected attack by the iroquois confederation

    • C.

      C) protest new taxes levied by parliament

    • D.

      D) plan for an attack on spanish colonies

    • E.

      E) protest against the navigation acts

    Correct Answer
    A. A) secure the allegiance of the IRoquois confederation
    Explanation
    The Albany Congress of 1754 aimed to secure the allegiance of the Iroquois confederation. This suggests that the main goal of the congress was to establish a strong alliance with the Iroquois confederation, possibly to gain their support in future conflicts or negotiations with other colonial powers or Native American tribes. The congress likely sought to promote unity among the colonies as a means to strengthen their position and protect their interests in the region.

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  • 29. 

      Pinckney's treaty with spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it

    • A.

      A) allowed the US to use the port of New Orleans.

    • B.

      B) ceded FL. to the US.

    • C.

      C) invited americans to settle in TX

    • D.

      D) opened the Spanish Caribbbean ports to US trade

    • E.

      E) withdrew Spain's military forces from the Caribbean

    Correct Answer
    A. A) allowed the US to use the port of New Orleans.
    Explanation
    Pinckney's treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it allowed the US to use the port of New Orleans. This was significant because it granted American farmers and merchants access to the port, which was vital for the transportation of goods along the Mississippi River. It also ensured that the US had a secure trade route for western settlers and helped to alleviate tensions between the US and Spain over access to the port.

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  • 30. 

        France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new US nation in 1778 following

    • A.

      A) the defeat of the british generarl burgoyne at saratoga

    • B.

      B) american naval victories on the great lakes

    • C.

      C)the dispatch of an american peach mission to britain

    • D.

      D) an ultimatum by american diplomats

    • E.

      E) a personal plea by george washington

    Correct Answer
    A. A) the defeat of the british generarl burgoyne at saratoga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A) the defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga. This event was a turning point in the American Revolutionary War, as it convinced the French that the American colonies had a chance of winning against the British. The French saw this as an opportunity to weaken their long-time rival, Britain, and decided to form an alliance with the new US nation.

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  • 31. 

        In the US the Haitian rebellion of the 1790's prompted

    • A.

      A) the acquisition of Puerto Rico for colonization by emancipated slaves

    • B.

      B) a movement of free African Americans to Haiti.

    • C.

      C) the passage of a federal law increasing the severity of punishments for slave rebellions

    • D.

      D) an increased fear of slave revolts in the south

    • E.

      E) a military expedition of southern slave holders to restore french rule in Haiti.

    Correct Answer
    D. D) an increased fear of slave revolts in the south
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D) an increased fear of slave revolts in the south. The Haitian rebellion of the 1790s, which resulted in the successful overthrow of French colonial rule and the establishment of an independent Haiti, had a significant impact on the United States. The rebellion demonstrated the potential for enslaved people to successfully revolt against their oppressors, leading to increased fears among slaveholders in the southern states. This fear of slave revolts contributed to the tightening of control and restrictions on enslaved people, as well as the implementation of harsher punishments for any signs of rebellion or resistance.

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  • 32. 

      The alien and sedition acts are significant in the political and consitutional history of the US for all of the reasons except

    • A.

      A) the imposed curbs upon freedom of speech

    • B.

      B) they curtailed the liberties of foreigners

    • C.

      C) They hardened party lines between Republicans and Federalists

    • D.

      D) their passage provoked the first statement of the doctrine of state nullification of federal law.

    • E.

      E) They were the first acts declared unconstitutional by the Supreme court of the US

    Correct Answer
    E. E) They were the first acts declared unconstitutional by the Supreme court of the US
    Explanation
    The alien and sedition acts are significant in the political and constitutional history of the US because they imposed curbs upon freedom of speech, curtailed the liberties of foreigners, and hardened party lines between Republicans and Federalists. Additionally, their passage provoked the first statement of the doctrine of state nullification of federal law. However, they were not the first acts declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the US.

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  • 33. 

      "The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations, is in extending our commerical relations to have with them as little political connection as possible." This is a quote from

    • A.

      A) George Washington's Farewell Address

    • B.

      B) the Monroe Doctrine

    • C.

      C) James madison's essay #10

    • D.

      D) the Declaration of Indedpence

    • E.

      E) Thomas Jefferson's first inaugural address

    Correct Answer
    A. A) George Washington's Farewell Address
    Explanation
    The quote is referring to the importance of maintaining limited political connections with foreign nations while focusing on expanding commercial relations. This aligns with the principles outlined in George Washington's Farewell Address, where he emphasized the need for the United States to avoid permanent alliances and entanglements in foreign affairs.

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  • 34. 

      "Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are the proper objects for gov't to take under their care; but there is something absurd, in supposing a Cpontinent to be perpetually governed by an island." This quote is from

    • A.

      A) the declaration and resolves of the 1st continental congress

    • B.

      B) thomas paine's common sense

    • C.

      C) Thomas jeff's A summary of the view of rights of british america

    • D.

      D)the dec. of indp.

    • E.

      E) ben franklin's testimony before the house of commons

    Correct Answer
    B. B) thomas paine's common sense
    Explanation
    The quote is criticizing the idea of a continent being governed by an island, suggesting that small islands that cannot protect themselves are the ones that should be taken care of by the government. This aligns with the theme of Thomas Paine's "Common Sense," which argues for American independence from British rule and criticizes the idea of a distant island (Britain) governing a large continent (America). Therefore, the correct answer is B) Thomas Paine's "Common Sense."

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  • 35. 

        Each of the following men played important roles in the debates at the constituional convention except  

    • A.

      A) thomas jefferson

    • B.

      B) william paterson

    • C.

      C) alexander hamilton

    • D.

      D) james madison

    • E.

      E) roger sherman

    Correct Answer
    A. A) thomas jefferson
    Explanation
    Thomas Jefferson did not play a role in the debates at the Constitutional Convention because he was not present. He was serving as the United States Minister to France during that time and was not involved in the drafting and discussions of the Constitution.

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  • 36. 

    The "great compromise" in the constitutional convention solved the problem of

    • A.

      A) the seperation of power between the executive and legislative branches

    • B.

      B) the createion of the office of President of the US

    • C.

      C) the counting of slaves in determining the # of representatives in congress.

    • D.

      D) the separation of power between the congress and the supreme court

    • E.

      E) representation of larger and smaller states in Congress.

    Correct Answer
    E. E) representation of larger and smaller states in Congress.
    Explanation
    The "great compromise" in the constitutional convention solved the problem of representation of larger and smaller states in Congress. This compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, established a bicameral legislature with two separate chambers - the House of Representatives, where representation is based on population, and the Senate, where each state is represented equally. This compromise satisfied both larger states, who wanted representation based on population, and smaller states, who wanted equal representation for all states.

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  • 37. 

        In the Treaty of Paris 1783 the US obtained all of the following except

    • A.

      A) the acquistion of West florida

    • B.

      B) independence from Great Britain

    • C.

      C) the right to fish along the coast of Canada

    • D.

      D) the acquistion of the land between the Appalachian mountains and the Mississippi river

    • E.

      E) the right of navigation on the Mississippi river

    Correct Answer
    A. A) the acquistion of West florida
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Paris 1783 granted the US independence from Great Britain, the right to fish along the coast of Canada, the acquisition of the land between the Appalachian mountains and the Mississippi river, and the right of navigation on the Mississippi river. However, it did not include the acquisition of West Florida.

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  • 38. 

    After 1763, changes in the british imperial system threatened the interests of which of the following groups of american colonists? 1. land speculators with interests west of the app. 11. newspaper editors and lawyers. 111. farmers wishing to settle in the Ohhio valley. 1V. boston smugglers.  

    • A.

      A) 111 only.

    • B.

      B) 1V only.

    • C.

      C) 1 and 111 only.

    • D.

      D) 1, 111, and 1V, only.

    • E.

      E) 1, 11, 111, and 1V.

    Correct Answer
    E. E) 1, 11, 111, and 1V.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E) 1, 11, 111, and 1V. After 1763, changes in the British imperial system threatened the interests of various groups of American colonists. Land speculators with interests west of the Appalachian Mountains were affected because the Proclamation of 1763 prohibited settlement in that region. Newspaper editors and lawyers were threatened because of increased restrictions on freedom of the press and limitations on legal rights. Farmers wishing to settle in the Ohio Valley were impacted by British policies that favored Native American tribes in the region. Boston smugglers were also affected by increased enforcement of trade regulations and crackdowns on smuggling activities.

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  • 39. 

        In 1787-1789 which of the following groups was most likely to oppose ratification of the constitution?

    • A.

      A) farmers in isolated areas

    • B.

      B) export merchants

    • C.

      C) former officers in the continental army

    • D.

      D) southern planters

    • E.

      E) urban artisans

    Correct Answer
    A. A) farmers in isolated areas
    Explanation
    Farmers in isolated areas were most likely to oppose ratification of the constitution because they were concerned about the central government having too much power and potentially interfering with their way of life. They relied heavily on their own self-sufficiency and were wary of any government policies that could disrupt their independence. Additionally, they may have felt that the constitution did not adequately protect their rights and interests, leading them to oppose its ratification.

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  • 40. 

      The financial programs of Alexander Hamilton included all of the following except

    • A.

      A) funding of national debt

    • B.

      B) nullification of all private debts to the states

    • C.

      C) impostition of a tax on distilled liquor

    • D.

      D) establishment of the bank of US

    • E.

      E) assumption of all state debts

    Correct Answer
    B. B) nullification of all private debts to the states
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton's financial programs included funding the national debt, imposing a tax on distilled liquor, establishing the Bank of the United States, and assuming all state debts. However, nullification of all private debts to the states was not a part of his financial programs.

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  • 41. 

          "In the new code of laws which i suppose it will be necessary for you to make, i desire you would remember the ladies" This appeal quoted above was made by  

    • A.

      A) Judith Sargent Murray

    • B.

      B) Abigail Adams

    • C.

      C) philip frenau

    • D.

      D) Mercy Otis Warren

    • E.

      E) thomas paine

    Correct Answer
    B. B) Abigail Adams
    Explanation
    Abigail Adams made the appeal quoted above. In this statement, she is urging her husband, John Adams, who was involved in creating a new code of laws, to remember the rights and interests of women. This shows her advocacy for gender equality and her belief that women should have a voice in the formation of laws.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 12, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Jrwnz13
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