Biology Quiz: Cell Transport And Energy

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
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Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD, Biological Sciences
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Biology Quiz: Cell Transport And Energy - Quiz

Cell transport and energy are important topics in the biology subject. Are you good at this subject? Try this biology quiz and test your knowledge on this topic. The transport of materials across the cell membrane is known as cell transport; this can either be done through passive or active transport. One type of transport requires energy, while the other one does not. The quiz below is designed to help test how much you understand cellular transport and energy. Give it a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process in which the movement of materials across a membrane requires energy is ____.

    • A.

      Passive transport

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Active transport

    • D.

      Facilitated diffusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Active transport
    Explanation
    Active transport is the process in which the movement of materials across a membrane requires energy. Unlike passive transport, which relies on the natural movement of particles from an area of high concentration to low concentration, active transport uses energy to move particles against their concentration gradient, from an area of low concentration to high concentration. This process is essential for the uptake of nutrients, removal of waste, and maintenance of ion gradients in cells. Facilitated diffusion, diffusion, and passive transport do not require energy and are driven by concentration gradients.

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  • 2. 

    The process that moves any material from high concentrations to low concentrations is called ____.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Active transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Osmosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Diffusion
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the process that moves any material from high concentrations to low concentrations. It occurs due to the random movement of molecules or particles. In this process, substances move down their concentration gradient until equilibrium is reached. Diffusion is a passive process that does not require any energy input. Active transport, endocytosis, and osmosis are different processes that involve the movement of substances but they are not specifically related to the movement from high to low concentrations.

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  • 3. 

    The process in which liquids from the surrounding area are taken into the cell is called ____.

    • A.

      Phagocytosis

    • B.

      Pinocytosis

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Pinocytosis
    Explanation
    Pinocytosis is the process in which liquids from the surrounding area are taken into the cell. It involves the formation of small vesicles that engulf the extracellular fluid containing dissolved substances. This process is a form of endocytosis, where the cell membrane invaginates and forms a vesicle to bring the extracellular fluid into the cell. Unlike phagocytosis, which involves the engulfment of solid particles, pinocytosis specifically refers to the uptake of liquids. Exocytosis, on the other hand, is the process by which substances are released from the cell. Passive transport refers to the movement of substances across the cell membrane without the use of energy.

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  • 4. 

    The compound in which energy is released through the process of cellular respiration is called ____.

    • A.

      Sunlight

    • B.

      ATP

    • C.

      ADP

    • D.

      Metabolism

    Correct Answer
    B. ATP
    Explanation
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the correct answer because it is the compound in which energy is released through the process of cellular respiration. ATP is the main energy currency of the cell and is used to power various cellular processes. During cellular respiration, the energy stored in glucose molecules is converted into ATP through a series of metabolic reactions. This ATP can then be used by the cell to perform work and carry out essential functions.

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  • 5. 

    The energy pathway that uses energy to build up larger molecules from smaller ones is known as _____. 

    • A.

      ATP

    • B.

      ADP

    • C.

      Catabolic

    • D.

      Anabolic

    Correct Answer
    D. Anabolic
    Explanation
    Anabolic is the correct answer because it refers to the energy pathway that uses energy to build up larger molecules from smaller ones. This process requires energy input and is responsible for the synthesis of complex molecules such as proteins and carbohydrates.

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  • 6. 

    Energy can be defined as ____.

    • A.

      Formation of power

    • B.

      Chemical reactions

    • C.

      Ability to do work

    • D.

      Creation of heat

    Correct Answer
    C. Ability to do work
    Explanation
    Energy can be defined as the ability to do work. Work refers to the transfer of energy from one object to another, or the transformation of energy from one form to another. Energy allows objects to exert a force and cause a displacement, thereby performing work. This definition encompasses various forms of energy, including mechanical, electrical, thermal, and potential energy. It highlights the fundamental concept that energy enables the accomplishment of tasks or the production of a change in the physical state of a system.

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  • 7. 

    A solution that has a greater concentration than a cell, it would be a ____ solution.

    • A.

      Hypertonic

    • B.

      Hypotonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Heterogeneous

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertonic
    Explanation
    A solution that has a greater concentration than a cell is called a hypertonic solution. In a hypertonic solution, the concentration of solutes is higher outside the cell compared to the inside. As a result, water molecules tend to move out of the cell through osmosis, causing the cell to shrink or shrink.

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  • 8. 

    What does this image represent?

    • A.

      Passive transport

    • B.

      Active transport

    • C.

      Pinocytosis

    • D.

      Phagocytosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Active transport
    Explanation
    This image represents active transport because active transport is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient, requiring the use of energy. The image likely shows molecules being actively transported from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration, which requires the expenditure of energy by the cell.

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  • 9. 

    What process is shown in this picture? (The blue and purple blobs are transport proteins and the green pieces are solutes.)

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Facilitated diffusion

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Pinocytosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Facilitated diffusion
    Explanation
    The process shown in the picture is facilitated diffusion. This is indicated by the presence of transport proteins (blue and purple blobs) that aid in the movement of solutes (green pieces) across the cell membrane. Facilitated diffusion is a passive process that does not require energy and relies on the assistance of specific proteins to transport molecules across the membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these organisms has the largest surface area to volume ratio? 

    • A.

      Bacterium

    • B.

      Butterfly

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Elephant

    Correct Answer
    A. Bacterium
    Explanation
    Bacterium has the largest surface area to volume ratio among the given options. This is because bacteria are unicellular organisms with a high surface area relative to their volume. Their small size allows for a larger surface area compared to their internal volume, which is important for efficient nutrient exchange and waste removal. In contrast, the butterfly, elephant, and bacteria are multicellular organisms with larger volumes and relatively smaller surface areas.

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  • 11. 

    What happens to red blood cells if we place them in water?

    • A.

      They remain unchanged

    • B.

      They swell up and burst

    • C.

      They start shriveling as water is lost by osmosis

    • D.

      They get shrink 

    Correct Answer
    B. They swell up and burst
    Explanation
    When red blood cells are placed in water, they undergo a process called hemolysis. This occurs because water enters the cells through osmosis, causing them to swell up and eventually burst. The red blood cells have a higher concentration of solutes compared to the water, so water molecules move into the cells to equalize the concentration. As a result, the cells become swollen and eventually rupture, leading to the release of their contents.

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  • 12. 

    The purpose of cholesterol in the cell membrane is ____________. 

    • A.

      Maintain fluidity

    • B.

      Communicate with other cells

    • C.

      Help cells stick together

    • D.

      Make the bilayer hydrophobic

    Correct Answer
    A. Maintain fluidity
    Explanation
    Cholesterol plays a crucial role in maintaining the fluidity of the cell membrane. It helps regulate the movement of molecules across the membrane by preventing it from becoming too rigid or too fluid. By inserting itself between the phospholipids in the bilayer, cholesterol acts as a buffer, reducing membrane permeability to small molecules while still allowing for the necessary flexibility for cell function. This ensures that the cell membrane maintains its integrity and functionality, allowing for proper cellular processes to occur.

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  • 13. 

    Carbohydrates in the cell membrane contribute to __________. 

    • A.

      Structure

    • B.

      Protection

    • C.

      Cell to cell adhesion

    • D.

      None of the above 

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell to cell adhesion
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates in the cell membrane contribute to cell-to-cell adhesion. This means that they play a role in the binding of cells to each other, allowing for the formation of tissues and organs. Carbohydrates on the cell surface can interact with other molecules, such as proteins or other carbohydrates, on neighboring cells, facilitating cell adhesion and communication. This adhesion is important for various biological processes, including development, immune response, and tissue maintenance.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is involved in cell communication?

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Phospholipids

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    B. Proteins
    Explanation
    Proteins are involved in cell communication because they act as receptors on the cell surface, allowing cells to receive signals from other cells or the environment. These proteins can bind to specific molecules, such as hormones or neurotransmitters, and trigger a response inside the cell. They play a crucial role in transmitting information between cells and coordinating various cellular processes.

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  • 15. 

    What are the 2 types of cell transport? (Select the options) 

    • A.

      Active

    • B.

      Passive

    • C.

      Diffusion 

    • D.

      Infusion 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Active
    B. Passive
    Explanation
    The two types of cell transport are active and passive. Active transport requires the cell to expend energy in order to move molecules or ions across the cell membrane against their concentration gradient. Passive transport, on the other hand, does not require energy and occurs naturally, allowing molecules to move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. Diffusion is an example of passive transport, while infusion is not a type of cell transport.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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