Organelles And Cell Transport

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| By MeghanDunigan
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MeghanDunigan
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 21,116
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Cell Organelle Quizzes & Trivia

TIMED! You have 10 minutes to complete 15 questions.
This review quiz covers the basic functions of organelles we will encounter in our body system studies. This quiz also includes the concepts of cell transport and the forces responsible for the movement of molecules.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which organelle is responsible for maintaining homeostasis?

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is responsible for maintaining homeostasis because it controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It regulates the exchange of nutrients, waste products, and ions, ensuring that the cell's internal environment remains stable. Additionally, the cell membrane plays a crucial role in maintaining the cell's shape and integrity. It acts as a barrier, protecting the cell from harmful substances and preventing the loss of essential molecules. Overall, the cell membrane plays a vital role in maintaining the internal balance of the cell, making it the organelle responsible for homeostasis.

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  • 2. 

    Which best describes the function of microvilli?

    • A.

      Absorption of molecules

    • B.

      Break down of extracellular material

    • C.

      Movement of certain cell types

    • D.

      Packaging of materials for release out of the cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorption of molecules
    Explanation
    Microvilli are small, finger-like projections found on the surface of certain cells, particularly in the lining of the small intestine. Their main function is to increase the surface area of the cell, allowing for more efficient absorption of molecules from the surrounding environment. This is achieved through the presence of transport proteins on the microvilli membrane that facilitate the movement of nutrients and other molecules into the cell. Therefore, the correct answer is "absorption of molecules."

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  • 3. 

    Ribosomes are responsible for the creation of proteins.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are responsible for the creation of proteins because they are the cellular structures where protein synthesis occurs. Ribosomes read the genetic information from messenger RNA (mRNA) and use it to assemble amino acids into a protein chain. This process is known as translation. Therefore, it is correct to say that ribosomes are responsible for the creation of proteins.

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  • 4. 

    Cilia are responsible for the movement of sperm cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Cilia are small hair-like structures found on the surface of certain cells. While cilia do play a role in the movement of some cells, they are not responsible for the movement of sperm cells. Sperm cells have a tail-like structure called a flagellum, which is responsible for their movement. Therefore, the statement that cilia are responsible for the movement of sperm cells is false.

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  • 5. 

    Pancreatic cells require massive amounts of _________________ due to its need to package and release many digestive enzymes.

    • A.

      Ribosomes

    • B.

      Lysosomes

    • C.

      Golgi apparati

    • D.

      Nuclei

    Correct Answer
    C. Golgi apparati
    Explanation
    Pancreatic cells require massive amounts of golgi apparati due to its need to package and release many digestive enzymes. The Golgi apparatus is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins into vesicles for transport. In the case of pancreatic cells, it plays a crucial role in packaging and releasing digestive enzymes into the intestines for proper digestion. Without a sufficient amount of Golgi apparatus, the cells would not be able to efficiently process and release these enzymes, leading to digestive problems.

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  • 6. 

    Which is not a factor for a molecule to be able to move freely, without energy, through the cell membrane?

    • A.

      Size of the molecule

    • B.

      Charge of the molecule

    • C.

      Steepness of gradient

    • D.

      Protein receptors

    Correct Answer
    D. Protein receptors
    Explanation
    Protein receptors are not a factor for a molecule to be able to move freely, without energy, through the cell membrane. Molecules can freely pass through the cell membrane via simple diffusion if they are small enough in size, have no charge, and if there is a steep gradient present. Protein receptors, on the other hand, are involved in facilitated diffusion or active transport, which require energy and specific binding interactions with the molecule.

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  • 7. 

    Molecules that reach _________________________ means they are no longer moving.

    • A.

      Polarity

    • B.

      Equilibrium

    • C.

      Maximum

    • D.

      Both a and b

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Equilibrium
    Explanation
    When molecules reach equilibrium, it means that they have reached a state of balance where there is no net movement or change. At equilibrium, the rate of molecules moving in one direction is equal to the rate of molecules moving in the opposite direction. Therefore, molecules at equilibrium are no longer moving as they have reached a stable state.

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  • 8. 

    Active transport does not require ATP for molecules to move across the cell membrane.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Active transport is a process that requires ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for molecules to move across the cell membrane. ATP is the main energy currency of the cell, and it provides the necessary energy for active transport to occur. In active transport, molecules are moved against their concentration gradient, from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration. This requires the expenditure of energy, which is provided by ATP. Therefore, the statement that active transport does not require ATP for molecules to move across the cell membrane is false.

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  • 9. 

    Check ALL of the following that apply to lysosomes: HINT: There are 3

    • A.

      Break down dead cellular material

    • B.

      Package up proteins for release

    • C.

      Aid in fighting off bacteria and viruses

    • D.

      Found only in sex cells

    • E.

      Release protein

    • F.

      Release enzymes

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Break down dead cellular material
    C. Aid in fighting off bacteria and viruses
    F. Release enzymes
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are responsible for breaking down dead cellular material, aiding in fighting off bacteria and viruses, and releasing enzymes. They are not found only in sex cells and do not package up proteins for release or release proteins themselves.

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  • 10. 

    What body system highly relies on protein receptors to help molecules make their way into target cells?

    • A.

      Muscular system

    • B.

      Endocrine system

    • C.

      Nervous system

    • D.

      Skeletal system

    Correct Answer
    B. Endocrine system
    Explanation
    The endocrine system highly relies on protein receptors to help molecules make their way into target cells. The endocrine system is responsible for producing and releasing hormones into the bloodstream, which then bind to specific protein receptors on target cells. This binding allows the hormones to enter the cells and initiate various physiological responses. Without these protein receptors, the hormones would not be able to effectively communicate with and regulate the target cells, disrupting the functioning of the endocrine system.

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  • 11. 

    Cotransport in the movement of two molecules across the cell membrane at the same time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cotransport refers to the simultaneous movement of two molecules across the cell membrane. This process involves the use of a carrier protein that transports one molecule against its concentration gradient, while simultaneously transporting another molecule along its concentration gradient. Therefore, the statement "Cotransport is the movement of two molecules across the cell membrane at the same time" is true.

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  • 12. 

    The cytoskeleton helps maintain the _________________ of the cell.

    • A.

      Strength

    • B.

      Metabolism

    • C.

      Structure

    • D.

      Both a and b

    • E.

      Both a and c

    Correct Answer
    E. Both a and c
    Explanation
    The cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments that provides structural support to the cell. It helps maintain the strength of the cell by providing a framework that allows the cell to maintain its shape and resist external forces. Additionally, the cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in cell metabolism by facilitating the movement of organelles and vesicles within the cell, allowing for efficient cellular processes. Therefore, the correct answer is both a and c, as the cytoskeleton helps maintain both the strength and structure of the cell.

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  • 13. 

    Mitochondria can be expected to be low in number within muscle cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell and are responsible for producing energy. Muscle cells require a large amount of energy to function properly, therefore, they have a high number of mitochondria to meet their energy demands. Hence, the statement that mitochondria can be expected to be low in number within muscle cells is false.

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  • 14. 

    Molecules that do not require energy go through _________________ transport, and molecules move from areas of ______ concentration to _______ concentration.

    • A.

      Active; high ; low

    • B.

      Active; low ; high

    • C.

      Passive; low ; high

    • D.

      Passive; high ; low

    Correct Answer
    D. Passive; high ; low
    Explanation
    Passive transport is the movement of molecules across a cell membrane without the use of energy. In this type of transport, molecules move from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration, which is known as the concentration gradient. Therefore, the correct answer is "passive; high ; low."

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following correctly displays the levels of organization with the human body from smallest to largest?

    • A.

      Cell, organelle, tissue, organ, organs system, organism

    • B.

      Organelle, tissue, cell, organ, organ system, organism

    • C.

      Organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organsim

    • D.

      Cell, tissue, organelle, organ, organ system, organism

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organsim
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism." This answer correctly arranges the levels of organization in the human body from smallest to largest. It starts with the organelle, which is a cellular structure that performs a specific function. The next level is the cell, which is the basic unit of life. Tissues are then formed by a group of cells working together to perform a specific function. Organs are made up of different types of tissues working together. Organ systems are composed of multiple organs that work together to perform a specific function. Finally, the highest level is the organism, which is a complete living being.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 03, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    MeghanDunigan
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