The Ultimate Biology Test: Cell Biology Quiz

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The Ultimate Biology Test: Cell Biology Quiz - Quiz

Are you studying biology? How well do you know about the cells and tissues? Take this cell biology quiz and test your knowledge about the same. A cell is the basic fundamental unit of all biological organisms. This challenging biology test on cells is designed to test your knowledge on this topic to the extremes.
Prepare to delve into topics such as cell anatomy, organelles, cellular transport, metabolism, and cell division. Challenge yourself with questions covering essential concepts like cell membrane structure, DNA replication, protein synthesis, and cellular respiration.
Through this quiz, you'll have the opportunity to enhance Read moreyour knowledge of fundamental biological principles and deepen your appreciation for the complexity of living organisms at the cellular level. Are you ready to embark on a journey into the microscopic world of cells? Good Luck with this quiz! We Challenge you to score the highest marks by answering most questions on this quiz!


Cell Biology Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    All cells contain which of the following?

    • A.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Plasma membrane

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Plasma membrane
    Explanation
    All cells contain the plasma membrane, which is a selectively permeable barrier that surrounds the cell and separates its internal environment from the external environment. The plasma membrane controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell, allowing nutrients to enter and waste products to exit. It also plays a role in cell signaling and communication. The other options listed, such as endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, and mitochondria, are not present in all cells and have specific functions within certain cell types.

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  • 2. 

    The control center or brain of the cell is the:

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Mitochondrion

    • C.

      Cell membrane

    • D.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is considered the control center or brain of the cell because it contains the cell's genetic material, DNA. DNA carries the instructions for the cell's activities, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction. The nucleus also regulates the cell's functions by controlling the synthesis of proteins and other molecules. Additionally, the nucleus plays a crucial role in cell division, as it directs the replication and distribution of DNA during mitosis and meiosis. Therefore, the nucleus is essential for maintaining the cell's overall structure and function.

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  • 3. 

    Select the item that is not present in plant cells:

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Chloroplast

    • D.

      Centrioles

    Correct Answer
    D. Centrioles
    Explanation
    Centrioles are not present in plant cells. Centrioles are small, cylindrical structures that are typically found in animal cells and are involved in cell division. They play a crucial role in organizing the microtubules during cell division, but they are absent in plant cells. Plant cells have a rigid cell wall, a nucleus that contains genetic material, and chloroplasts that are responsible for photosynthesis.

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  • 4. 

    What is attached to the ER to make it rough?

    • A.

      Nucleolus

    • B.

      Golgi apparatus

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Chromosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    The Rough ER, or rough endoplasmic reticulum, is a network of membranes in the cell that is studded with ribosomes. These ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis. Therefore, the correct answer is ribosomes, as they are attached to the Rough ER.

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  • 5. 

    The thin, flexible barrier around a cell is called the:

    • A.

      Plasma membrane

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Nuclear envelope

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Plasma membrane
    Explanation
    The thin, flexible barrier around a cell is called the plasma membrane. This membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer that separates the interior of the cell from its external environment. It regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell, allowing for selective permeability. The plasma membrane also plays a crucial role in maintaining the cell's shape and providing support. Unlike the cell wall, which is rigid and found only in plant cells, the plasma membrane is flexible and present in all types of cells. The nuclear envelope, on the other hand, surrounds the nucleus, while the cytoplasm refers to the fluid-filled region inside the cell.

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  • 6. 

    The main function of the cell wall is to:

    • A.

      Support and protect the cell

    • B.

      Store DNA

    • C.

      Help the cell move

    • D.

      Direct the activities of the cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Support and protect the cell
    Explanation
    The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells and some prokaryotic cells. Its main function is to provide support and protection to the cell, as it helps maintain the shape of the cell and prevents it from bursting under osmotic pressure. The cell wall also acts as a barrier against external factors, such as pathogens and physical damage, thus protecting the cell from harm.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is the function of the cytoskeleton?

    • A.

      Helps a cell keep its shape

    • B.

      Contains DNA

    • C.

      Surrounds the cell

    • D.

      Helps make proteins

    Correct Answer
    A. Helps a cell keep its shape
    Explanation
    The cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments inside a cell that provides structural support and helps maintain the cell's shape. It also plays a role in cell movement, cell division, and the transport of organelles within the cell. Therefore, the function of the cytoskeleton is to help a cell keep its shape.

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  • 8. 

    Prokaryotes lack:

    • A.

      DNA or the genetic material

    • B.

      A cell membrane

    • C.

      A nucleus

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. A nucleus
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes lack a nucleus. Prokaryotic cells are characterized by the absence of a defined nucleus, which means that their genetic material is not enclosed within a membrane-bound nucleus. Instead, the DNA in prokaryotes is present in the cytoplasm, free-floating and not organized into chromosomes. This is in contrast to eukaryotic cells, which have a distinct nucleus that houses the genetic material. The absence of a nucleus in prokaryotes allows for a more streamlined and efficient structure, enabling these organisms to carry out essential functions in a simpler and more straightforward manner.

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  • 9. 

    Pick out the organelle that can not be found in animals cells. 

    • A.

      Smooth ER

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are the organelles responsible for photosynthesis in plant cells. They contain chlorophyll, which captures sunlight and converts it into energy. Since animals do not undergo photosynthesis, they do not require chloroplasts and therefore do not have them. This is why chloroplasts cannot be found in animal cells.

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  • 10. 

    Diffusion is the movement of particles from:

    • A.

      An area of equilibrium to an area of high concentration.

    • B.

      An area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

    • C.

      An area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. An area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the process by which particles move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. This occurs because particles tend to move randomly and will naturally spread out to areas where their concentration is lower. Therefore, the correct answer is an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

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  • 11. 

    A Eukaryotic cell contains:

    • A.

      Only ribosomes

    • B.

      Membrane bound organelles

    • C.

      DNA floating in the cytoplasm

    • D.

      Just cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    B. Membrane bound organelles
    Explanation
    A eukaryotic cell contains membrane-bound organelles. This means that the cell has specialized compartments within its cytoplasm that are surrounded by membranes. These organelles, such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus, perform specific functions necessary for the cell's survival and functioning. The presence of membrane-bound organelles is a characteristic feature of eukaryotic cells, distinguishing them from prokaryotic cells, which lack these structures.

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  • 12. 

    Diffusion of water is:

    • A.

      Facilitated diffusion

    • B.

      Active transport

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Exocytosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Osmosis
    Explanation
    Osmosis is the correct answer because it is the process by which water molecules move from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration through a selectively permeable membrane. This movement of water occurs passively, without the need for energy expenditure, making it different from active transport and exocytosis. Facilitated diffusion, on the other hand, refers to the passive movement of molecules across a membrane with the help of transport proteins, but it does not specifically pertain to water molecules.

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  • 13. 

    Which organelle is the "packing center" for the cell?

    • A.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Lysosome

    • D.

      Golgi apparatus

    Correct Answer
    D. Golgi apparatus
    Explanation
    The Golgi apparatus is known as the "packing center" for the cell because it is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins and lipids into vesicles for transport to their final destinations within the cell or for secretion outside the cell. It receives newly synthesized proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum and processes them by adding specific modifications, such as carbohydrates, to form functional molecules. The Golgi apparatus then packages these molecules into vesicles, which can either be transported to other parts of the cell or released outside the cell.

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  • 14. 

    _______  is a saclike structure that stores water. 

    • A.

      Golgi apparatus

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. Vacuole
    Explanation
    A vacuole is a saclike structure that stores water. It is found in plant and fungal cells and helps maintain cell turgor pressure, store nutrients, and regulate ion concentrations. Vacuoles also play a role in waste disposal and can contain pigments that give color to flowers and fruits. They are essential for maintaining cell structure and function. The Golgi apparatus is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins. The nucleus contains genetic material and controls cell activities. The endoplasmic reticulum is involved in protein synthesis and lipid metabolism.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is the "powerhouse" of the cell that breaks down food into energy that the cell needs?

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Vacuole

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are known as the "powerhouse" of the cell because they are responsible for breaking down food molecules and converting them into energy in the form of ATP. This process, called cellular respiration, occurs in the mitochondria's inner membrane. The energy produced by mitochondria is essential for the cell to carry out its various functions and activities.

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  • 16. 

    Who discovered "cells" and named them?

    • A.

      Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

    • B.

      Robert Hooke

    • C.

      Lynn Margulis

    • D.

      Rudolph

    Correct Answer
    B. Robert Hooke
    Explanation
    Robert Hooke is credited with discovering "cells" and naming them. In 1665, he published his observations of cork under a microscope and described the small compartments he saw as "cells" due to their resemblance to the cells of a monastery. This discovery laid the foundation for the cell theory, which states that cells are the basic unit of life. Hooke's work was a significant contribution to the field of biology and has had a lasting impact on our understanding of living organisms.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not found in all cells?

    • A.

      Genetic material

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Vacuoles

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Vacuoles
    Explanation
    Vacuoles are not found in all cells. While genetic material, cell membrane, and cytoplasm are present in all cells, vacuoles are not a universal feature. Vacuoles are membrane-bound sacs found in plant cells and some animal cells, but not in all types of cells. They function in various processes such as storage of nutrients, waste disposal, and maintaining cell turgidity. However, their presence or absence can vary depending on the cell type and organism.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is the site for protein synthesis?

    • A.

      Cell membrane

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Lysosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are the site for protein synthesis in a cell. They are small organelles found in the cytoplasm and on the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes are responsible for translating the genetic information stored in mRNA into proteins. They do this by linking amino acids together in the correct order according to the instructions provided by the mRNA. Therefore, ribosomes play a crucial role in the production of proteins, which are essential for various cellular functions and processes.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not part of the cell theory?

    • A.

      All living things are made of cells.

    • B.

      Cells come from existing cells.

    • C.

      Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all living things.

    • D.

      All cells contain the same organelles.

    Correct Answer
    D. All cells contain the same organelles.
    Explanation
    The cell theory states that all living things are made of cells, cells come from existing cells, and cells are the basic units of structure and function in all living things. However, it does not state that all cells contain the same organelles. Organelles are specialized structures within cells that perform specific functions, and the types and number of organelles can vary between different types of cells. Therefore, the statement that all cells contain the same organelles is not part of the cell theory.

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  • 20. 

    Who proposed that some cell organelles were once a type of bacteria that were free-living?

    • A.

      Schwann

    • B.

      Leeuwenhoek

    • C.

      Schleiden

    • D.

      Margulis

    Correct Answer
    D. Margulis
    Explanation
    Margulis proposed the endosymbiotic theory, which suggests that some cell organelles, such as mitochondria and chloroplasts, were once free-living bacteria that were engulfed by other cells and formed a symbiotic relationship. This theory explains the similarities between these organelles and bacteria, such as their own DNA and ability to reproduce independently.

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  • 21. 

    What is the small dark structure in the nucleus that produces ribosomes?

    • A.

      Rough ER

    • B.

      Nucleolus

    • C.

      Smooth ER

    • D.

      Chromatin

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleolus
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is the small dark structure in the nucleus that produces ribosomes. It is responsible for the assembly of ribosomal subunits, which are essential for protein synthesis. The nucleolus contains specialized regions where ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is transcribed and processed, along with proteins that combine with rRNA to form ribosomes. These ribosomes are then exported to the cytoplasm, where they participate in protein synthesis.

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  • 22. 

    This is the jelly-like substance found in all cells:

    • A.

      Centrioles

    • B.

      Cytoskeleton

    • C.

      Chromosomes

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    D. Cytoplasm
    Explanation
    Cytoplasm is the jelly-like substance found in all cells. It is a semi-fluid substance that fills the cell and is enclosed by the cell membrane. It contains various organelles, such as the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum, as well as other components necessary for cellular processes. The cytoplasm provides support and shape to the cell, and it is where many metabolic reactions occur. It also serves as a medium for the movement of molecules and organelles within the cell.

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  • 23. 

    These are the folds found inside the mitochondria that give more surface area for energy-releasing processes to take place:

    • A.

      Chromosomes

    • B.

      Cilia

    • C.

      Cristae

    • D.

      Cytoskeleton

    Correct Answer
    C. Cristae
    Explanation
    The folds found inside the mitochondria are called cristae. These cristae provide more surface area for energy-releasing processes to take place. This increased surface area allows for more efficient production of ATP, the main energy currency of the cell. The other options mentioned, such as chromosomes, cilia, and cytoskeleton, are not related to the folds inside the mitochondria.

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  • 24. 

    Name a sac-like structure that contains digestive enzymes. It may digest waste materials or even dead cells.

    • A.

      ER

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    B. Lysosome
    Explanation
    A lysosome is a sac-like structure that contains digestive enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for breaking down waste materials and even dead cells. Lysosomes play a crucial role in the process of cellular digestion and waste removal. They are able to break down various substances, including proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates, through the action of their enzymes. This allows the cell to recycle nutrients and eliminate waste products effectively. Overall, lysosomes are essential for maintaining the cell's overall health and functionality.

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  • 25. 

    This is a series of sac-like tunnels that have ribosomes attached. The main function of this or organelle is to make and process proteins.

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Rough ER

    • C.

      Smooth ER

    • D.

      Golgi apparatus

    Correct Answer
    B. Rough ER
    Explanation
    The correct answer is rough ER. The rough ER is a network of sac-like tunnels that have ribosomes attached to their surface. This organelle is involved in protein synthesis and processing. The ribosomes on the rough ER synthesize proteins, which are then modified and processed within the sac-like tunnels. Therefore, the rough ER plays a crucial role in the production and processing of proteins in the cell.

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  • 26. 

    This is considered to be the opposite of diffusion because it moves molecules from an area of low concentration to high concentration. The cell must use energy to make this happen.

    • A.

      Diffusion

    • B.

      Osmosis

    • C.

      Active transport

    • D.

      Facilitated diffusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Active transport
    Explanation
    Active transport is the process in which molecules are moved from an area of low concentration to high concentration, which is opposite to diffusion. Unlike diffusion and osmosis, active transport requires the cell to use energy in order to transport molecules against their concentration gradient. This process is essential for maintaining proper concentrations of molecules inside and outside the cell, and it allows the cell to accumulate substances that are needed for various cellular processes. Facilitated diffusion, on the other hand, is a passive process that does not require energy and involves the movement of molecules across a membrane with the help of transport proteins.

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  • 27. 

    What is the name of the active transport process where the plasma membrane forms a pouch to surround something and bring it into the cell:

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Endocytosis

    • C.

      Exocytosis

    • D.

      Facilitated diffusion

    Correct Answer
    B. Endocytosis
    Explanation
    Endocytosis is the correct answer because it is the active transport process where the plasma membrane forms a pouch to surround something and bring it into the cell. This process allows the cell to take in large molecules or particles that cannot pass through the plasma membrane on their own. It can occur through three different mechanisms: phagocytosis, pinocytosis, and receptor-mediated endocytosis. In phagocytosis, solid particles are engulfed, while in pinocytosis, liquids and solutes are taken in. Receptor-mediated endocytosis involves the binding of specific molecules to receptors on the plasma membrane before they are internalized.

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  • 28. 

    Name the active transport process where a vesicle inside the cell fuses with the plasma membrane to release contents to the outside of the cell:

    • A.

      Exocytosis

    • B.

      Pinocytosis

    • C.

      Phagocytosis

    • D.

      Endocytosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    Exocytosis is the active transport process where a vesicle inside the cell fuses with the plasma membrane to release its contents to the outside of the cell. This process is essential for the secretion of various molecules such as hormones, enzymes, and neurotransmitters. It allows the cell to communicate with its surroundings and regulate its internal environment.

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  • 29. 

    These organic compounds are found floating around in a sea of phospholipids. They sometimes form channels or pumps for moving substances in and out of the cell:

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Nucleic acids

    • D.

      Lipids

    Correct Answer
    B. Proteins
    Explanation
    Proteins are organic compounds that are found floating around in a sea of phospholipids. They have the ability to form channels or pumps, which are essential for transporting substances in and out of the cell. This is because proteins have a diverse range of functions and can act as transporters, allowing specific molecules to pass through the cell membrane. They play a crucial role in maintaining the cell's internal environment and regulating the movement of substances across the cell membrane.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is not supporting evidence of the endosymbiont theory?

    • A.

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA.

    • B.

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts are only found in eukaryotic cells.

    • C.

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts may reproduce.

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are only found in eukaryotic cells.
    Explanation
    The fact that mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA and can reproduce supports the endosymbiont theory, which proposes that these organelles were once free-living bacteria that were engulfed by larger cells. This theory suggests that mitochondria and chloroplasts became symbiotic organelles within eukaryotic cells. The statement that mitochondria and chloroplasts are only found in eukaryotic cells contradicts this theory, as it implies that these organelles are not independent entities that were acquired by cells through endosymbiosis.

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  • 31. 

    Which of the following is not true of the fluid mosaic model?

    • A.

      Proteins float among the phospholipids.

    • B.

      Carbohydrate chains may extend off of the plasma membrane.

    • C.

      Cholesterol damages the plasma membrane.

    • D.

      Phospholipids may move around.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cholesterol damages the plasma membrane.
    Explanation
    The fluid mosaic model describes the structure of the plasma membrane, stating that proteins are embedded within the phospholipid bilayer and can move freely. Carbohydrate chains can also extend off the membrane. However, the statement that cholesterol damages the plasma membrane is not true. Cholesterol helps to stabilize the membrane and regulate its fluidity. Therefore, it does not cause damage to the plasma membrane.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following describes a cell that has an equal amount of solute as its environment?

    • A.

      Hypotonic

    • B.

      Hypertonic

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Osmotic

    Correct Answer
    C. Isotonic
    Explanation
    An isotonic cell has an equal concentration of solute as its environment. This means that there is no net movement of water across the cell membrane, as the concentration of solute is balanced on both sides. The cell remains in a stable state, with no change in size or shape.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following is not found in all cells?

    • A.

      DNA

    • B.

      Plasma membrane

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      Lysosome

    Correct Answer
    D. Lysosome
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are not found in all cells. Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that contain enzymes responsible for breaking down waste materials and cellular debris. While lysosomes are present in most animal cells, they are not found in all cell types. For example, red blood cells do not contain lysosomes. Therefore, lysosomes are not a universal component of all cells.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following is the site of photosynthesis?

    • A.

      Smooth ER

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chloroplast because it is the organelle in plant cells where photosynthesis takes place. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose (sugar) and oxygen. Chloroplasts contain a pigment called chlorophyll, which absorbs sunlight and uses its energy to carry out the chemical reactions of photosynthesis. This process is essential for plants to produce food and release oxygen into the atmosphere.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following scientists discovered that all animals have cells?

    • A.

      Leeuwenhoek

    • B.

      Virchow

    • C.

      Schwann

    • D.

      Schleiden

    Correct Answer
    C. Schwann
    Explanation
    Schwann is the correct answer because he discovered that all animals have cells. Schwann, along with Matthias Schleiden, developed the cell theory, which states that all living organisms are composed of cells. This groundbreaking discovery revolutionized the field of biology and laid the foundation for our understanding of the structure and function of living organisms. Schwann's work specifically focused on animal cells, while Schleiden's work focused on plant cells. Together, their contributions to the cell theory have had a profound impact on our understanding of life on Earth.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following is instrumental in helping a cell maintain homeostasis?

    • A.

      Cytoskeleton

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Plasma membrane

    Correct Answer
    D. Plasma membrane
    Explanation
    The plasma membrane is instrumental in helping a cell maintain homeostasis because it acts as a selectively permeable barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the cell. It regulates the entry and exit of ions, nutrients, and waste products, maintaining the balance necessary for the cell's proper functioning. Additionally, the plasma membrane contains transport proteins that facilitate the movement of specific molecules across the membrane. Overall, the plasma membrane plays a crucial role in regulating the internal environment of the cell and ensuring its stability.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following contains instructions for making a protein?

    • A.

      Golgi apparatus

    • B.

      Rough ER

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus contains the instructions for making a protein in the form of DNA. DNA is transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA) in the nucleus, which then carries the instructions to the ribosomes for protein synthesis. The nucleus acts as the control center of the cell, housing the genetic material and regulating gene expression. The golgi apparatus and rough ER are involved in protein processing and modification, but they do not contain the instructions for making a protein.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following is located on the very most outside of a plant cell?

    • A.

      Centrioles

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Plasma membrane

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall is located on the very most outside of a plant cell. It is a rigid layer that provides support and protection to the cell. It is made up of cellulose and other complex carbohydrates. The cell wall helps maintain the shape of the cell and prevents it from bursting when water enters the cell. It also acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the cell.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is not found in an animal cell?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Cell wall

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall, unlike plant cells. Animal cells have a nucleus, mitochondria, and cytoplasm, which are all essential organelles for their functioning. The cell wall is a rigid structure found in plant cells that provides support and protection.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following was not visible under the microscopes when viewing cells?

    • A.

      Chloroplasts

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Cytoplasm

    • D.

      DNA strands

    Correct Answer
    D. DNA strands
    Explanation
    DNA strands were not visible under the microscopes when viewing cells. The other options, chloroplasts, nucleus, and cytoplasm, are all visible under microscopes and can be observed in cells. DNA strands are much smaller and require more advanced techniques, such as fluorescence microscopy or DNA staining, to be visualized.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
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