A Challenging Biology Test On Cells

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 14638

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A Challenging Biology Test On Cells

A cell is the basic fundamental unit of all biological organisms. This challenging biology test on cells is designed to test your knowledge on this topic to the extremes. Good Luck with this quiz! I challenge you to score more than 60% on this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 2. 
    The control center or brain of the cell is the:
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Cell membrane

    • D. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Chloroplast

    • D. 

      Centrioles

  • 4. 
    What has the Rough ER attached to it?
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Chromosomes

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Cell wall

    • C. 

      Nuclear envelope

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 6. 
    The main function of the cell wall is to:
    • A. 

      Support and protect the cell

    • B. 

      Store DNA

    • C. 

      Help the cell move

    • D. 

      Direct the activities of the cell

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is the function of the cytoskeleton?
    • A. 

      Helps a cell keep its shape

    • B. 

      Contains DNA

    • C. 

      Surrounds the cell

    • D. 

      Helps make proteins

  • 8. 
    Prokaryotes lack:
    • A. 

      DNA or the genetic material

    • B. 

      A cell membrane

    • C. 

      A nucleus

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Smooth ER

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 10. 
    Diffusion is the movement of particles from:
    • A. 

      An area of equilibrium to an area of high concentration

    • B. 

      An area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

    • C. 

      An area of low concentration to an area of high concentration

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    A Eukaryotic cell contains:
    • A. 

      Only ribosomes

    • B. 

      Membrane bound organelles

    • C. 

      DNA floating in cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Just cytoplasm

  • 12. 
    Diffusion of water is:
    • A. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • B. 

      Active transport

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Exocytosis

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Lysosome

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is a saclike structure that stores water?
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is the "powerhouse" of the cell that breaks down food into energy that the cell needs?
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Vacuole

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Chloroplast

  • 16. 
    Who discovered "cells" and named them?
    • A. 

      Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

    • B. 

      Robert Hooke

    • C. 

      Lynn Margulis

    • D. 

      Rudolph

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Genetic material

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Vacuoles

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is the site for protein synthesis?
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Lysosomes

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      All living things are made of cells

    • B. 

      Cells come from existing cells

    • C. 

      Cells are the basic units of structure and function in all living things

    • D. 

      All cells contain the same organelles

  • 20. 
    Who proposed that some cell organelles were once a type of bacteria that were free-living?
    • A. 

      Schwann

    • B. 

      Leeuwenhoek

    • C. 

      Schleiden

    • D. 

      Margulis

  • 21. 
    What is the small dark structure in the nucleus that produces ribosomes?
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Smooth ER

    • D. 

      Chromatin

  • 22. 
    This is the jelly-like substance found in all cells:
    • A. 

      Centrioles

    • B. 

      Cytoskeleton

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 23. 
    These are the folds found inside the mitochondria that give more surface area for energy-releasing processes to take place:
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Crista

    • D. 

      Cytoskeleton

  • 24. 
    This is a sac-like structure that contains digestive enzymes. It may digest waste materials or even dead cells.
    • A. 

      ER

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 25. 
    This is a series of sac-like tunnels that have ribosomes attached. The main function of this or organelle is to make and process proteins.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Rough ER

    • C. 

      Smooth ER

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus