Block 15 Pediatric Pathology

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 459

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Block 15 Pediatric Pathology - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The primary cause of Potter sequence?
    • A. 

      Lung aplasia

    • B. 

      Renal agenesis

    • C. 

      Renal hypoplasia

    • D. 

      Oligohydramnios

    • E. 

      Anal atresia

    • F. 

      Esophageal atresia

  • 2. 
    An embryo is the most vulnerable for the influence of teratogens during weeks …
    • A. 

      1 - 2

    • B. 

      3 – 8

    • C. 

      9 – 20

    • D. 

      21 – 37

    • E. 

      38 – 40

  • 3. 
    Spina bifida occulta is …
    • A. 

      A defect in the vertebral arch only

    • B. 

      Growth of hair in the lumbar area

    • C. 

      A defect in vertebral arch and displacement of spinal cord without skin outpoaching

    • D. 

      A defect in vertabral arch with meningeal herniation

    • E. 

      A defect in vertebral arch with meningeal and spinal cord herniation

  • 4. 
    Which of the following congenital defects is the LEAST likely associated with maternal alcoholism?
    • A. 

      Atrial septal defect

    • B. 

      Cataract

    • C. 

      Growth retardation

    • D. 

      Mental retardation

    • E. 

      Microcephaly

    • F. 

      Narrow upper lip

    • G. 

      Short palpebral fissures

    • H. 

      Smooth filtrum

    • I. 

      Ventricular septal defect

  • 5. 
    A combination of microcephaly, hydrocephaly, cataract, chorioretinitis, and cardiac septal defect is characteristic for…
    • A. 

      Fetal alcohol syndrome

    • B. 

      Maternal smoking

    • C. 

      TORCH infection

    • D. 

      Retinoid embryopathy

    • E. 

      HOX-gene mutation

    • F. 

      SHH gene mutation

    • G. 

      Folate deficiency

  • 6. 
    A baby is born at 32 wks’ gestation and weighs 2500 gm. Terms applied to this baby?
    • A. 

      Prematuriry

    • B. 

      LBW

    • C. 

      VLBW

    • D. 

      LGA

    • E. 

      AGA

    • F. 

      A and D

    • G. 

      A and E

  • 7. 
    An Apgar score of 8 indicates…
    • A. 

      High risk of death within 28 days of life

    • B. 

      Persistent neurologic deficit in future

    • C. 

      Excellent chances to survive

    • D. 

      No chances for survival, an infant will ultimately die with 7 days after delivery

  • 8. 
    Factors favoring RDS development…
    • A. 

      Administration of corticosteroids

    • B. 

      Cesarean section

    • C. 

      Elevated level of thyroid hormones

    • D. 

      Intrauterine growth restriction

    • E. 

      Maternal diabetes

    • F. 

      Vaginal delivery

  • 9. 
    Place of hyaline membrane location in the neonate’s lungs with RDS?
    • A. 

      Alveolar sacs

    • B. 

      Alveolar ducts

    • C. 

      Respiratory bronchioli

    • D. 

      Terminal bronchioli

    • E. 

      Ordinary bronchioli

  • 10. 
    A baby prone to NEC?
    • A. 

      Mature with IUGR

    • B. 

      Mature with SGA

    • C. 

      Premature with AGA

    • D. 

      Premature with LBW

    • E. 

      Premature with SGA

    • F. 

      Premature with VLBW

  • 11. 
    Pathology depicted in Images A and B?
    • A. 

      A- control; B – adenocarcinoma

    • B. 

      A - adenocarcinoma; B – bacterial enterocolitis

    • C. 

      A – control; B – necrotizing enterocolitis

    • D. 

      A – necrotizing enterocolitis; B - control

  • 12. 
    Caput succedaneum…
    • A. 

      Does not cross the suture lines

    • B. 

      Is a hemorrhage into soft tissues

    • C. 

      Is a hemorrhage into skull bones

    • D. 

      Is a rupture of tentorium cerebelli

    • E. 

      Crosses the suture lines

  • 13. 
    The most severe pathology seen in neonates with hemolytic disease of the newborn?
    • A. 

      Hydrops fetalis

    • B. 

      Kernictersus

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Erythroblastic hyperplasia

  • 14. 
    Cataract in newborn is associated with …
    • A. 

      Phenylketonuria

    • B. 

      Galactosemia

    • C. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • D. 

      Rubella

    • E. 

      Hemolytic disease of the newborn

  • 15. 
    Which of the following postmortem findings are usually found in kids died of SIDS?
    • A. 

      Dislocation of cerebral vertebrae

    • B. 

      Laryngeal edema with lumen obstruction

    • C. 

      Overinflated lungs with thick mucous plugs within the bronchiolar lumen

    • D. 

      Subserosal petechiae

    • E. 

      Congenital heart disease with congestive heart failure

    • F. 

      Purulent meningitis with bilateral adrenal hemorrhages

  • 16. 
    Components of Sturge-Weber syndrome …
    • A. 

      Cavernous hemangiomas in visceral organs

    • B. 

      Leptomeningeal angiomas

    • C. 

      Renal cell carcinoma

    • D. 

      Port wine stain

    • E. 

      Capillary hemangioma on the neck

    • F. 

      Meningioma

  • 17. 
    The center of Homer-Wright rosettes is filled with …
    • A. 

      Axons and dendrites

    • B. 

      Blood capillary

    • C. 

      Lymphatic capillary

    • D. 

      Necrosis

    • E. 

      Nothing, surrounded by zonula adherence

    • F. 

      Palisades