AP Human Geography: Urban Patterns

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AP Human Geography: Urban Patterns - Quiz

Cities and Urban Land Use is a unit of the AP Human Geography exam. This quiz will test your knowledge of that topic, as well as Chapter 13 of Rubenstein's Human Geography textbook.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Chicago's CBD (Central Business District) is known as...

    • A.

      The Skyline

    • B.

      Business Central

    • C.

      Wall Street

    • D.

      The Loop

    • E.

      Favela

    Correct Answer
    D. The Loop
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Loop. The Loop is the nickname for Chicago's central business district, named after the elevated train tracks that form a loop around the area. It is home to many of the city's financial and commercial institutions, as well as iconic landmarks such as Millennium Park and the Art Institute of Chicago. The term "The Loop" is widely recognized and used by locals and visitors alike to refer to this bustling downtown area.

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  • 2. 

    What is one major difference between suburban areas in the US and Europe?

    • A.

      US suburban areas are on the outskirts of cities, European suburban areas form independently of cities.

    • B.

      Us suburban areas do not typically have access to public transport, European suburban areas enjoy access to buses and subways.

    • C.

      US suburban areas enjoy relatively low crime rates and good schools, European suburban areas have more crime and poorer schools than in the cities.

    • D.

      US suburban areas are clusted in segregated developments, European suburban areas are dispersed along the beltway.

    • E.

      There is no difference between the two.

    Correct Answer
    C. US suburban areas enjoy relatively low crime rates and good schools, European suburban areas have more crime and poorer schools than in the cities.
    Explanation
    US suburban areas enjoy relatively low crime rates and good schools, while European suburban areas have more crime and poorer schools compared to the cities. This suggests that there is a major difference in the safety and educational quality between suburban areas in the US and Europe.

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  • 3. 

    Before colonization, cities were centered around what primary structure?

    • A.

      A religious core

    • B.

      The CBD

    • C.

      The dwelling of the ruler

    • D.

      Government buildings

    • E.

      The tallest building, such as a ziggarut

    Correct Answer
    A. A religious core
    Explanation
    In many ancient civilizations, cities were built around a religious core. This central structure, such as a temple or shrine, held great significance and served as a focal point for religious and cultural activities. It was often the heart of the community, attracting people for worship, rituals, and social gatherings. The presence of a religious core also symbolized the power and authority of the ruling class, as they were closely associated with the religious practices of the city. Therefore, it can be inferred that before colonization, cities were primarily centered around a religious core.

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  • 4. 

    What is a squatter settlement?

    • A.

      Suburban areas in LDCs

    • B.

      The peripheral zone in the Latin American city model

    • C.

      Slums in inner cities such as Chicago

    • D.

      Housing for poor migrants that contains very few services

    • E.

      Another name for an edge city

    Correct Answer
    D. Housing for poor migrants that contains very few services
    Explanation
    A squatter settlement refers to housing for poor migrants that contains very few services. These settlements are typically established by individuals or families who occupy land illegally or without proper authorization. The residents of squatter settlements often lack access to basic amenities such as clean water, sanitation facilities, and electricity. These settlements are characterized by makeshift or informal housing structures, and the residents often face issues of poverty, overcrowding, and inadequate infrastructure.

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  • 5. 

    When they conquered cities in the New World, European conquerers preserved established pre-colonial city patterns.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because European conquerors did not preserve established pre-colonial city patterns when they conquered cities in the New World. Instead, they often imposed their own architectural styles and urban planning principles, resulting in the creation of new cities that reflected European influences. This can be seen in the layout and design of many cities in the Americas, which often followed European models rather than preserving indigenous city patterns.

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  • 6. 

    Colonial cities were characterized by which of the following?

    • A.

      Wider streets and a lower population density

    • B.

      Narrow streets and slum areas

    • C.

      A grid-like pattern centering around a religious temple

    • D.

      Sections set off for Christians, Jews, and foreigners

    • E.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    A. Wider streets and a lower population density
    Explanation
    Colonial cities were characterized by wider streets and a lower population density. This can be attributed to the fact that these cities were often planned and built by European colonizers who had more space available compared to the crowded and narrow streets of European cities. The lower population density can be explained by the fact that these cities were often established as administrative centers or trading posts rather than densely populated urban areas. Additionally, the wider streets were designed to accommodate carriages and other forms of transportation used by the colonizers.

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  • 7. 

    A census tract is a part of an urbanized area that contains about 5,000 residents.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A census tract is a small, relatively permanent statistical subdivision of a county or equivalent entity that is updated by local participants prior to each decennial census as part of the Census Bureau's Participant Statistical Areas Program. The population size of a census tract can vary widely and is not fixed at about 5,000 residents.

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  • 8. 

    In the concetric zone model, which of the following is most likely to locate in the outermost ring?

    • A.

      Industries and factories

    • B.

      Squatter settlements

    • C.

      Public housing

    • D.

      Agricultural establishments

    • E.

      Wealthy suburban homeowners

    Correct Answer
    E. Wealthy suburban homeowners
    Explanation
    In the concentric zone model, the outermost ring is typically characterized by wealthier suburban homeowners. This is because as cities grow and expand, people with higher incomes tend to move away from the city center to seek larger homes, more space, and better amenities. The outer ring is often considered more desirable due to its proximity to nature, lower crime rates, and better schools. Therefore, it is most likely that wealthy suburban homeowners would choose to locate in the outermost ring of the concentric zone model.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not true about urbanization?

    • A.

      Urbanization is the process by which cities grow.

    • B.

      The percentage of urban population has recently exceeded the percentage of rural population for the first time in human history.

    • C.

      Higher numbers of people moving into cities indicate a high level of development.

    • D.

      Urban settlements typically have a wide variety of cultural and ethnic influences.

    • E.

      8 of the 10 most populated cities in the world are in LDCs.

    Correct Answer
    C. Higher numbers of people moving into cities indicate a high level of development.
    Explanation
    Higher numbers of people moving into cities do not necessarily indicate a high level of development. Urbanization can occur due to various factors such as rural-urban migration, natural population growth, or government policies. In some cases, people may move to cities seeking better economic opportunities, but this does not necessarily mean that the city or country as a whole is highly developed. Development is a multifaceted concept that encompasses various aspects including economic, social, and environmental factors. Therefore, it is not true to say that higher numbers of people moving into cities indicate a high level of development.

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  • 10. 

    What was Louis Wirth's contribution to the study of urban patterns?

    • A.

      Wirth designed the concetric zone model.

    • B.

      Wirth designed the Latin American city model.

    • C.

      Wirth studied and created patterns for suburban areas.

    • D.

      Wirth created three ways to identify an urban area.

    • E.

      Wirth was the mayor of Los Angeles, and he created new systems of public transport.

    Correct Answer
    D. Wirth created three ways to identify an urban area.
    Explanation
    Louis Wirth's contribution to the study of urban patterns was that he created three ways to identify an urban area. This implies that Wirth developed methods or criteria that can be used to determine whether an area can be classified as urban or not. However, the given options do not provide any information about Wirth designing the concentric zone model, the Latin American city model, studying and creating patterns for suburban areas, or being the mayor of Los Angeles and creating new systems of public transport.

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  • 11. 

    Where is Megalopolis?

    • A.

      Boston to Washington DC.

    • B.

      Tokyo.

    • C.

      Chicago to New York City.

    • D.

      Greece.

    • E.

      The Boswah Corridor.

    Correct Answer
    A. Boston to Washington DC.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Boston to Washington DC. Megalopolis refers to a region with a high population density and urbanization. The stretch from Boston to Washington DC is commonly referred to as the Northeast Megalopolis or BosWash corridor. It is a highly urbanized area that includes major cities like New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. This region is known for its economic significance, cultural diversity, and political influence, making it a fitting answer for the location of Megalopolis.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following regions are included in an MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area)? You may select more than one answer if needed.

    • A.

      The suburban areas surrounding city that is the center of an MSA.

    • B.

      Surrounding counties that send a lot of workers to the MSA.

    • C.

      Any national parks or public land areas adjacent to the MSA.

    • D.

      The MSAs to the north and south of it.

    • E.

      The county in which the MSA is located.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The suburban areas surrounding city that is the center of an MSA.
    B. Surrounding counties that send a lot of workers to the MSA.
    E. The county in which the MSA is located.
    Explanation
    An MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) includes the suburban areas surrounding the city that is the center of the MSA, as well as the surrounding counties that send a lot of workers to the MSA. Additionally, the county in which the MSA is located is also included. However, national parks or public land areas adjacent to the MSA and the MSAs to the north and south of it are not necessarily included in an MSA.

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  • 13. 

    A city is a/an...

    • A.

      Center of services.

    • B.

      Urban settlement that is self-governing.

    • C.

      CBD and surrounding suburbs.

    • D.

      Center of an MSA.

    • E.

      Geographic area with a high density of people.

    Correct Answer
    B. Urban settlement that is self-governing.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Urban settlement that is self-governing." This option refers to a city as a self-governing entity that has its own local government and administration. It implies that cities have the ability to make decisions and enact laws that are specific to their local needs and interests. This distinguishes cities from other types of settlements and emphasizes their autonomy and authority in managing their own affairs.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is NOT a benefit of living in the suburbs?

    • A.

      Less crime and drug use.

    • B.

      Better schools for families with children.

    • C.

      Parking space and a yard.

    • D.

      Stores, workplaces, and services within walking distance.

    • E.

      The opportunity to own your own home.

    Correct Answer
    D. Stores, workplaces, and services within walking distance.
    Explanation
    Living in the suburbs typically offers benefits such as less crime and drug use, better schools for families with children, parking space and a yard, and the opportunity to own your own home. However, one of the options mentioned, stores, workplaces, and services within walking distance, is not typically associated with living in the suburbs. Suburbs are known for their residential nature and often require driving or public transportation to access stores, workplaces, and services.

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  • 15. 

    What are greenbelts?

    • A.

      Parks created in the inner city to decrease pollution.

    • B.

      Rings of open space surrounding European cities like London to combat sprawl.

    • C.

      The loop around the edge of Harris' peripheral model.

    • D.

      Corridors of agricultural land within suburban areas.

    • E.

      Eco-friendly subway lines in central cities.

    Correct Answer
    B. Rings of open space surrounding European cities like London to combat sprawl.
    Explanation
    Greenbelts are rings of open space that surround European cities like London in order to combat urban sprawl. These green areas are designed to prevent the uncontrolled expansion of cities into surrounding rural areas. By creating a buffer zone of open space, greenbelts help to protect the natural environment, preserve agricultural land, and maintain the distinct identity and character of the city. Greenbelts also provide recreational opportunities for residents and contribute to the overall quality of life in the urban area.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 30, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Littlemissgiggle
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