AP Human Geography Exam 2

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AP Human Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The earliest surviving map came from

    • A.

      Corsica

    • B.

      Sicily

    • C.

      Miletus

    • D.

      Alexandria

    • E.

      Shanghai

    Correct Answer
    C. Miletus
    Explanation
    The earliest surviving map is believed to have come from Miletus. Miletus was an ancient Greek city located in what is now modern-day Turkey. It was a major center of trade and cultural exchange in the ancient world, and it is known to have been a hub for cartography and geographic knowledge. The map from Miletus is significant because it provides valuable insights into the ancient understanding of geography and navigation.

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  • 2. 

    The revival of geography and mapmaking occurred during the

    • A.

      Age of industrialization

    • B.

      Age of the renaissance

    • C.

      Age of enlightment

    • D.

      Age of reason

    • E.

      Age of exploration

    Correct Answer
    E. Age of exploration
    Explanation
    During the age of exploration, there was a renewed interest in geography and mapmaking. This was because explorers were venturing into new territories and discovering new lands, which required accurate maps to navigate and document their findings. The exploration of new trade routes and the colonization of new territories also increased the demand for accurate geographical knowledge. As a result, explorers and cartographers began to produce more detailed and accurate maps, leading to the revival of geography and mapmaking during this period.

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  • 3. 

    The type of distortion that can occur on a map of the world is/are:

    • A.

      Shapes appear more elongated than they really are

    • B.

      Distance between two points may become more increased or decreased

    • C.

      The relative size of areas might be altered

    • D.

      Direction from one place to another can be distorted

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Distortion on a map of the world can occur in various ways. Shapes can appear more elongated than they really are, meaning that the proportions of landmasses may be distorted. The distance between two points on the map may also be increased or decreased, leading to inaccuracies in measuring distances. Additionally, the relative size of areas can be altered, meaning that some regions may appear larger or smaller than they actually are. Finally, the direction from one place to another can be distorted, which can affect navigation and orientation. Therefore, all of the above options are correct in describing the types of distortion that can occur on a map of the world.

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  • 4. 

    Much of the land in the United States was divided by

    • A.

      The Land Ordinance of 1785

    • B.

      The Homestead Act of 1862

    • C.

      The Louisiana Purchase 1803

    • D.

      Westward Expansion 1849

    • E.

      The Gadsden Purchase 1854

    Correct Answer
    A. The Land Ordinance of 1785
    Explanation
    The Land Ordinance of 1785 played a significant role in dividing much of the land in the United States. This ordinance established a systematic method for surveying and selling the public lands in the newly formed territories. It divided the land into townships, which were further divided into sections. This allowed for the orderly distribution and settlement of the land, promoting westward expansion and providing a framework for future land policies. The Homestead Act of 1862, the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, Westward Expansion of 1849, and the Gadsden Purchase of 1854 were also important events in US history, but they did not specifically address the division of land as the Land Ordinance did.

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  • 5. 

    The four ways geographers use to identify a location on Earth are

    • A.

      Place name, site, situation, toponym, grid coordinates

    • B.

      Toponym, relative location, grid coordinates, place names

    • C.

      Place name, site, situation, grid coordinates

    • D.

      Grid coordinates, postal address, site and situation

    • E.

      Postal address, grid coordinates, place name, site

    Correct Answer
    C. Place name, site, situation, grid coordinates
    Explanation
    Geographers use place name to identify a location on Earth as it refers to the specific name given to a place. Site is another way, which refers to the physical characteristics of a location such as its climate, topography, and vegetation. Situation is also used, which refers to the location of a place relative to its surrounding features. Lastly, grid coordinates are used, which provide a precise location using latitude and longitude coordinates on a grid system.

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  • 6. 

    The NFL Network is an example of

    • A.

      A formal region

    • B.

      A functional region

    • C.

      A vernacular region

    • D.

      A perceived region

    • E.

      A standard region

    Correct Answer
    B. A functional region
    Explanation
    A functional region refers to an area that is defined by a specific function or purpose it serves. The NFL Network can be considered a functional region because it is a television network that is dedicated to broadcasting National Football League (NFL) content. It serves the function of providing viewers with access to live games, analysis, and other related programming. The network's coverage extends beyond a specific geographic location and is accessible to viewers across the country. Therefore, the NFL Network can be classified as a functional region.

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  • 7. 

    The cultural traits most often looked at in identifying a culture's location and global distribution are:

    • A.

      Language, religion and ethnicity

    • B.

      Language, religion and GNP

    • C.

      Language, ethnicity and literacy rate

    • D.

      Language, ethnicity and GNP

    • E.

      Religion, ethnicity and literacy rate

    Correct Answer
    A. Language, religion and ethnicity
    Explanation
    The cultural traits most often looked at in identifying a culture's location and global distribution are language, religion, and ethnicity. These three factors play a significant role in shaping the identity and practices of a particular culture. Language is a crucial aspect as it helps in communication and understanding within a community. Religion influences the beliefs, values, and rituals followed by a culture, while ethnicity refers to the shared characteristics and heritage of a group of people. By examining these traits, researchers can gain insights into the cultural diversity and distribution across different regions of the world.

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  • 8. 

    In terms of geographic scale, globalization means:

    • A.

      The scale of the world is more isolated

    • B.

      The scale of the world is shrinking

    • C.

      The scale of the world is increasing

    • D.

      The scale of the world is status quo

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The scale of the world is shrinking
    Explanation
    Globalization refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of countries and people across the globe. It involves the exchange of goods, services, information, and ideas on a global scale. When it is stated that "the scale of the world is shrinking," it means that the world is becoming smaller in terms of distance and barriers. This implies that advancements in technology and transportation have made it easier for people, goods, and information to travel across borders, leading to a reduction in the perceived size of the world and an increase in global integration.

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  • 9. 

    In studying the Elk population in rocky Mountain National Park, geographers would be most interested in what type of density?

    • A.

      Agricultural

    • B.

      Physiological

    • C.

      Arithmetic

    • D.

      Concentration

    • E.

      Clustered

    Correct Answer
    C. Arithmetic
    Explanation
    Geographers would be most interested in arithmetic density when studying the Elk population in Rocky Mountain National Park. Arithmetic density refers to the number of individuals per unit area. By calculating the arithmetic density, geographers can understand the distribution and concentration of the Elk population in the park. This information is valuable for assessing the overall health and sustainability of the population, as well as for making management decisions to ensure the long-term conservation of the species.

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  • 10. 

    The geometric arrangement of objects in space is known as

    • A.

      Pattern

    • B.

      Concentration

    • C.

      Density

    • D.

      Sustainability

    • E.

      Dispersement

    Correct Answer
    A. Pattern
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pattern". In the context of the question, the term "geometric arrangement of objects in space" refers to the way objects are organized or positioned in a specific order or design. This organization or design is commonly referred to as a pattern. The other options, such as concentration, density, sustainability, and dispersement, do not specifically refer to the arrangement or design of objects in space.

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  • 11. 

    The spread of the Trojan virus among millions of computers around the world is a great example of what type of diffusion?

    • A.

      Contagious

    • B.

      Expansion

    • C.

      Relocation

    • D.

      Hierarchical

    • E.

      Stimulus

    Correct Answer
    A. Contagious
    Explanation
    The spread of the Trojan virus among millions of computers around the world is a great example of contagious diffusion. Contagious diffusion refers to the rapid and widespread diffusion of a phenomenon or idea through direct contact or proximity. In the case of the Trojan virus, it spreads from one infected computer to another through direct contact or connection, quickly infecting millions of computers globally. This type of diffusion is similar to the spread of a contagious disease, where the infection spreads from person to person through direct contact.

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  • 12. 

    Global patterns that are affected by population issues are concentrated in _______ and _________ where 2/3rds of the world's population lives.

    • A.

      Europe and Asia

    • B.

      Northwest Europe and South Asia

    • C.

      Southeast Asia and India

    • D.

      China and India

    • E.

      Europe and China

    Correct Answer
    A. Europe and Asia
    Explanation
    Global patterns that are affected by population issues are concentrated in Europe and Asia, where 2/3rds of the world's population lives. These two regions have the highest population density and are home to major economic and political powers. The concentration of population in Europe and Asia has significant implications for various global issues such as resource distribution, environmental impact, migration, and economic development. Understanding the dynamics of population in these regions is crucial for analyzing and addressing global challenges.

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  • 13. 

    Southeast Asia's population are clustered

    • A.

      In Manilla

    • B.

      In Jakarta

    • C.

      On a series of islands

    • D.

      In urban areas

    • E.

      In suburban areas

    Correct Answer
    C. On a series of islands
    Explanation
    Southeast Asia's population is clustered on a series of islands. This is because Southeast Asia is made up of numerous archipelagos, such as the Philippines and Indonesia, which consist of thousands of islands. These islands are home to major cities and urban areas where a large portion of the population resides. The proximity to the coast and availability of resources from the sea also make the islands attractive for settlement and development. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that Southeast Asia's population is concentrated on a series of islands.

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  • 14. 

    Why are the lands located between the equator and 20 degrees North or South latitude inhospitable for humans to live in?

    • A.

      It is too cold there to live comfortably

    • B.

      The area is landlocked

    • C.

      There is a history of drought in the area

    • D.

      Temperatures average over 100 F

    • E.

      It receives too much precipitation

    Correct Answer
    E. It receives too much precipitation
    Explanation
    The lands located between the equator and 20 degrees North or South latitude are inhospitable for humans to live in because they receive too much precipitation. This excessive rainfall can lead to waterlogging, flooding, and high humidity, making it difficult for humans to thrive in such conditions. The constant presence of moisture can also create an environment conducive to the growth of diseases, pests, and harmful bacteria, further impacting the livability of the area.

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  • 15. 

    Which demographic measure most affects the doubling time of a country?

    • A.

      Natural increase rate

    • B.

      Total fertility rate

    • C.

      Infant mortality rate

    • D.

      Literacy rate

    • E.

      Life expectancy

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural increase rate
    Explanation
    The natural increase rate refers to the difference between the birth rate and the death rate in a country. A higher natural increase rate indicates a larger population growth, which in turn affects the doubling time of a country. Therefore, the natural increase rate is the demographic measure that most affects the doubling time of a country.

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  • 16. 

    Which revolution pushed countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America to move into stage 2 of the demographic transition model?

    • A.

      Medical Revolution

    • B.

      Agricultural Revolution

    • C.

      Industrial Revolution

    • D.

      Cultural Revolution

    • E.

      Organic Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. Medical Revolution
    Explanation
    The Medical Revolution is the correct answer because it refers to the advancements in medicine and healthcare that occurred during the 20th century. These advancements led to a decrease in mortality rates and an increase in life expectancy in many countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. As a result, these countries transitioned from stage 1 to stage 2 of the demographic transition model, characterized by high birth rates and declining death rates. The Medical Revolution played a significant role in improving healthcare and population dynamics in these regions.

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  • 17. 

    Which economist predicted that population was growing more rapidly than food supply?

    • A.

      Garret Hardin

    • B.

      Ester Boserup

    • C.

      Thomas Malthus

    • D.

      Julian Simon

    • E.

      Paul Ehrlich

    Correct Answer
    C. Thomas Malthus
    Explanation
    Thomas Malthus predicted that population was growing more rapidly than food supply. Malthus argued that population growth would eventually outpace the ability to produce enough food to sustain the population, leading to famine, disease, and other forms of population control. He believed that this imbalance between population and resources was inevitable and could only be corrected through natural checks such as war, disease, and famine. Malthus' ideas have been influential in the field of economics and demography, although they have also been heavily criticized for their pessimistic outlook and failure to consider technological advancements.

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  • 18. 

    According to E. G. Ravenstein, what is the most common reason people migrate?

    • A.

      Cultural reasons

    • B.

      Economic reasons

    • C.

      Environmental reasons

    • D.

      Chain migration

    • E.

      Educational reasons

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic reasons
    Explanation
    According to E. G. Ravenstein, the most common reason people migrate is economic reasons. This means that individuals often move to different places in search of better job opportunities, higher wages, or improved living conditions. Economic factors such as poverty, unemployment, lack of resources, or economic instability in their current location can push people to migrate in order to seek better economic prospects elsewhere.

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  • 19. 

    An intervening obstacle to migration would be

    • A.

      The Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      The Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      The Rocky Mountains

    • D.

      The need for a passport

    • E.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the Above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the Above" because all the options listed - the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Rocky Mountains, and the need for a passport - can act as obstacles to migration. The vastness of the oceans can make it difficult for people to physically cross them, while the presence of the Rocky Mountains can create geographical barriers. Additionally, the need for a passport can be a bureaucratic obstacle that restricts people's ability to migrate. Therefore, all of these factors can impede migration.

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  • 20. 

    According to Wilbur Zelinsky's migration transition, internal migration occurs more often in countries at what stage of the demographic transition model?

    • A.

      Stage 1

    • B.

      Stage 2

    • C.

      Stage 3

    • D.

      Stage 4

    • E.

      Both Stage 3 and Stage 4 countries

    Correct Answer
    E. Both Stage 3 and Stage 4 countries
    Explanation
    According to Wilbur Zelinsky's migration transition, internal migration occurs more often in countries at both Stage 3 and Stage 4 of the demographic transition model. This is because in Stage 3, countries experience a decline in birth rates and a shift towards urbanization and industrialization, which leads to increased internal migration as people move from rural to urban areas in search of better job opportunities and improved living conditions. In Stage 4, countries have low birth rates and high levels of urbanization, which further contribute to internal migration as people continue to move within the country in search of economic opportunities and better quality of life.

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  • 21. 

    Which regions have the largest percentage of net-out migration?

    • A.

      Asia, Oceania, Africa

    • B.

      Asia, Latin America, North America

    • C.

      Africa, Western Europe, Asia

    • D.

      Africa, Latin America, Asia

    • E.

      Oceania, Eastern Europe, Latin America

    Correct Answer
    D. Africa, Latin America, Asia
    Explanation
    The regions of Africa, Latin America, and Asia have the largest percentage of net-out migration. This means that these regions have a higher number of people leaving the region compared to the number of people entering. This could be due to various factors such as economic opportunities, political instability, or social reasons.

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  • 22. 

    Most immigrants to the United States during the 1880's came from

    • A.

      Ukraine and Romania

    • B.

      Austria and Czechoslovakia

    • C.

      Ireland and Germany

    • D.

      Vietnam and Laos

    • E.

      Sweden and Norway

    Correct Answer
    E. Sweden and Norway
    Explanation
    During the 1880s, the majority of immigrants to the United States came from Sweden and Norway. This can be attributed to several factors, including economic opportunities and political instability in their home countries. Many Swedes and Norwegians sought better living conditions and job prospects in America, particularly in industries such as mining, logging, and agriculture. The promise of land ownership and religious freedom also attracted immigrants from these Scandinavian countries.

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  • 23. 

    Amish folk culture currently diffuses through which means?

    • A.

      International diffusion

    • B.

      Interregional diffusion

    • C.

      Hierarchical diffusion

    • D.

      Contagious diffusion

    • E.

      Stimulus diffusion

    Correct Answer
    B. Interregional diffusion
    Explanation
    Interregional diffusion refers to the spread of cultural traits or ideas from one region to another. In the case of Amish folk culture, it is likely that it is diffusing through interregional diffusion as the Amish community is known for migrating and establishing settlements in different regions. This allows their culture to spread and influence the local populations in those regions.

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  • 24. 

    Why have bostans been present in Istanbul, Turkey for hundreds of years?

    • A.

      They provide immigrants a place to live.

    • B.

      They provide Turkey with a cultural experience.

    • C.

      They provide small plots of land where a variety of vegetables can grow.

    • D.

      They provide child care opportunities for immigrant's children.

    • E.

      They provide micro lending opportunities to transnational corporations.

    Correct Answer
    C. They provide small plots of land where a variety of vegetables can grow.
    Explanation
    Bostans have been present in Istanbul, Turkey for hundreds of years because they provide small plots of land where a variety of vegetables can grow. This allows individuals to cultivate their own food and contribute to the local food supply. Bostans have been an important aspect of Istanbul's agricultural tradition, ensuring the availability of fresh produce and contributing to the city's self-sustainability.

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  • 25. 

    Fred Kniffen considered the house to be a reflection of

    • A.

      Cultural heritage

    • B.

      Current fashion

    • C.

      Functional needs

    • D.

      Environmental impact

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Fred Kniffen believed that a house is not just a physical structure, but also a representation of cultural heritage. He believed that a house should reflect the current fashion trends, meeting the functional needs of its occupants, and also consider the environmental impact. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all these factors were important to Kniffen when considering a house.

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  • 26. 

    The east wall of a house is considered most sacred in

    • A.

      Java

    • B.

      Fiji

    • C.

      Laos

    • D.

      Madagascar

    • E.

      China

    Correct Answer
    B. Fiji
    Explanation
    In Fiji, the east wall of a house is considered most sacred. This belief is rooted in the traditional Fijian culture and their connection to nature and the elements. The east is associated with the rising sun, symbolizing new beginnings, prosperity, and spiritual enlightenment. By considering the east wall as sacred, Fijians honor and respect the energy and power that comes from this direction. This cultural practice reflects the importance of maintaining a harmonious relationship with the environment and the spiritual beliefs of the Fijian people.

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  • 27. 

    By using a thorough geographic analysis of human geography, we can ascertain that this region of the United States would have a relatively low rate of alcohol consumption

    • A.

      Northeast

    • B.

      North

    • C.

      South

    • D.

      Southeast

    • E.

      Northwest

    Correct Answer
    D. Southeast
    Explanation
    Based on a thorough geographic analysis of human geography, it can be determined that the southeast region of the United States would have a relatively low rate of alcohol consumption. This could be due to various factors such as cultural norms, religious beliefs, and historical trends in the region. Additionally, the southeast region is known for having a higher prevalence of conservative values and a stronger influence of the Bible Belt, which may contribute to lower alcohol consumption rates compared to other regions.

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  • 28. 

    The universal clothing symbol which has become a status symbol worldwide is/are

    • A.

      The poncho

    • B.

      Blue jeans

    • C.

      The dashiki

    • D.

      The Mao jacket

    • E.

      The Aleut parka

    Correct Answer
    B. Blue jeans
    Explanation
    Blue jeans have become a status symbol worldwide because they are associated with a sense of style, comfort, and durability. They are versatile and can be dressed up or down for various occasions. Additionally, blue jeans have a rich cultural history and have been popularized by celebrities and fashion icons, further contributing to their status symbol status.

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  • 29. 

    Two billion people live in a country where ________ is the official language.

    • A.

      Mandarin

    • B.

      French

    • C.

      Spanish

    • D.

      Swahili

    • E.

      English

    Correct Answer
    E. English
    Explanation
    English is the correct answer because it is the most widely spoken official language in the world. It is the official language of many countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and India, among others. With a population of around 7.9 billion people in the world, approximately one in four people speak English to some level of proficiency. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that a significant number of the two billion people mentioned in the question live in a country where English is the official language.

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  • 30. 

    Why are geographers particularly interested in studying the differences in dialects?

    • A.

      They reflect distinctive features of the environments in which groups live

    • B.

      They are a reflection on how globalization works on folk cultures

    • C.

      They show how folk cultures affect popular culture

    • D.

      They predict what type of products can successfully be marketed in an area

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. They reflect distinctive features of the environments in which groups live
    Explanation
    Geographers are particularly interested in studying the differences in dialects because they reflect distinctive features of the environments in which groups live. Dialects can vary based on factors such as geography, climate, and cultural influences. By studying these differences, geographers can gain insights into how the environment shapes language and culture, and how different groups adapt and interact with their surroundings. This information can be valuable in understanding the relationship between people and their environment, as well as in identifying patterns and trends in human geography.

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  • 31. 

    _______ is determined by collecting data directly from people, particularly natives of rural areas.

    • A.

      Contour lines

    • B.

      Isoglosses

    • C.

      Topographic lines

    • D.

      GIS layering

    • E.

      Color coding

    Correct Answer
    B. Isoglosses
    Explanation
    Isoglosses are lines on a map that represent the boundaries of different linguistic features, such as dialects or accents. To determine isoglosses, data needs to be collected directly from people, especially those who live in rural areas where linguistic variations are more likely to occur. This data collection process involves surveying individuals and recording their speech patterns, vocabulary, and pronunciation. By analyzing this data, linguists can identify the boundaries where different linguistic features are used, and draw isoglosses on a map to represent these boundaries. Therefore, isoglosses are determined by collecting data directly from people, particularly natives of rural areas.

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  • 32. 

    Estonia, Finland and Hungary speak the ________ language family, making them the only European countries not to speak Indo-European.

    • A.

      Altaic

    • B.

      Germanic

    • C.

      Romance

    • D.

      Uralic

    • E.

      Hamitic

    Correct Answer
    D. Uralic
    Explanation
    Estonia, Finland, and Hungary speak the Uralic language family. This language family includes languages such as Estonian, Finnish, and Hungarian. These three countries are unique in Europe as they do not belong to the Indo-European language family, which is spoken by the majority of European countries.

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  • 33. 

    The extinction of the Gothic language was a result of

    • A.

      Chain migration

    • B.

      Relocation diffusion

    • C.

      Political dominance and conversion

    • D.

      Contagious diffusion

    • E.

      Popular culture revival

    Correct Answer
    C. Political dominance and conversion
    Explanation
    The extinction of the Gothic language can be attributed to political dominance and conversion. This means that a dominant political power exerted control over the Gothic-speaking population and enforced the adoption of a different language, leading to the decline and eventual disappearance of Gothic. Political dominance and conversion often result in the suppression of minority languages and the assimilation of minority populations into the dominant culture and language.

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  • 34. 

    The official languages of the United Nations include all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Russian

    • B.

      Spanish

    • C.

      Urdu

    • D.

      English

    • E.

      Arabic

    Correct Answer
    C. Urdu
    Explanation
    The official languages of the United Nations are English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Chinese. Urdu is not one of the official languages of the United Nations.

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  • 35. 

    An ethnic religion would see to

    • A.

      Appeal to one group of people

    • B.

      Be located in one place

    • C.

      Include people from other religions

    • D.

      Include only one cultural group

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    An ethnic religion is a religion that is closely tied to a specific ethnic or cultural group. It appeals to one group of people because it is rooted in their shared cultural and historical experiences. It is typically located in one place because it is closely tied to the geographic location of the ethnic group. While it may include people from other religions who convert to it, its core followers are usually from the same cultural group. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all the options are characteristics of an ethnic religion.

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  • 36. 

    The three major branches of Christianity include

    • A.

      Roman Catholic, Coptic Church, Eastern Orthodox

    • B.

      Roman Catholic, Armenian, Protestant

    • C.

      Roman Catholic, Protestant, Latter Day Saints

    • D.

      Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox

    • E.

      Roman Catholic, Protestant, Maronite

    Correct Answer
    D. Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox. These three branches of Christianity are the largest and most influential. Roman Catholicism is the largest branch, with its headquarters in Vatican City and the Pope as its leader. Protestantism emerged during the Reformation and includes various denominations such as Lutheranism, Anglicanism, and Calvinism. Eastern Orthodoxy is based in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, with the Patriarch of Constantinople as its spiritual leader. These three branches have distinct beliefs, practices, and organizational structures, but all share a common foundation in the teachings of Jesus Christ.

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  • 37. 

    Approximately 50% of the world's Muslims live in what four countries OUTSIDE of the Middle East?

    • A.

      Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Malaysia

    • B.

      Indonesia, Pakistan, Sudan and Malaysia

    • C.

      Indonesia, Sudan, Malaysia and India

    • D.

      Indonesia, Malaysia, India and Pakistan

    • E.

      Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India

    Correct Answer
    E. Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India
    Explanation
    Approximately 50% of the world's Muslims live in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India. These countries have large Muslim populations outside of the Middle East.

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  • 38. 

    Tantrayanists Buddhist are found in

    • A.

      China, Japan and Korea

    • B.

      Tibet and Mongolia

    • C.

      Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar

    • D.

      Sri Lanka and Thailand

    • E.

      China and Tibet

    Correct Answer
    B. Tibet and Mongolia
    Explanation
    Tantrayanists Buddhist are found in Tibet and Mongolia. This is because Tantrayana, also known as Vajrayana, is a form of Buddhism that originated in India and later spread to Tibet and Mongolia. It is characterized by its emphasis on esoteric rituals, meditation practices, and the use of mantras and mandalas. Tibet and Mongolia have a strong presence of Tantrayanist Buddhist practitioners, who follow the teachings and practices of this particular branch of Buddhism.

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  • 39. 

    The majority of Sikhs are located in the ________ region of India.

    • A.

      Punjab

    • B.

      Bangalore

    • C.

      Delhi

    • D.

      Ganges

    • E.

      Bengali

    Correct Answer
    A. Punjab
    Explanation
    The majority of Sikhs are located in the Punjab region of India. Punjab is considered the cultural and spiritual homeland of Sikhism, as it is where the religion originated in the 15th century. The state of Punjab has a significant Sikh population, with Sikhs comprising the majority of the population. The Sikh faith is deeply rooted in Punjab's history, culture, and traditions, which is why the majority of Sikhs are located in this region.

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  • 40. 

    Daoism (Taoism) is an ethnic religion based on the teachings of

    • A.

      Buddha

    • B.

      Confucius

    • C.

      Meiji

    • D.

      Shakti

    • E.

      Lao Zi

    Correct Answer
    E. Lao Zi
    Explanation
    Daoism, also known as Taoism, is an ethnic religion that is based on the teachings of Lao Zi. Lao Zi is considered to be the founder and the most important figure in Daoism. His teachings revolve around the concept of Dao, which means "the way" or "the path." Daoism emphasizes living in harmony with the natural world and finding balance in life. Lao Zi's teachings have had a significant influence on Chinese culture and spirituality.

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  • 41. 

    Jews and Christians trace their origins through Abraham's son

    • A.

      Aaron

    • B.

      Saul

    • C.

      Solomon

    • D.

      Ishmael

    • E.

      Isaac

    Correct Answer
    E. Isaac
    Explanation
    Jews and Christians trace their origins through Abraham's son Isaac. Isaac is considered the patriarch of the Israelites and is an important figure in both religions. In the Bible, God made a covenant with Abraham and promised him descendants as numerous as the stars, and this promise was fulfilled through Isaac. Isaac's son Jacob, also known as Israel, became the father of the twelve tribes of Israel. Therefore, Isaac is the correct answer as he is the ancestor through whom the lineage of Jews and Christians is traced.

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  • 42. 

    Roman Catholic and Mormon are examples of

    • A.

      Hierarchical religions

    • B.

      Ethnic religions

    • C.

      Animistic religions

    • D.

      Autonomous religions

    • E.

      Theocratic religions

    Correct Answer
    A. Hierarchical religions
    Explanation
    Roman Catholic and Mormon are examples of hierarchical religions because they have a clear hierarchical structure with a centralized authority. In both religions, there is a clear chain of command with leaders at different levels, such as priests, bishops, and the Pope in the case of Roman Catholicism, and apostles, bishops, and the President of the Church in the case of Mormonism. These leaders have authority over the religious practices, beliefs, and decisions of their respective communities. The hierarchical structure ensures a centralized control and organization within these religions.

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  • 43. 

    The single feature of a person's race that geographers are most concerned with is

    • A.

      Eye color

    • B.

      Hair color

    • C.

      Blood type

    • D.

      Skin color

    • E.

      Body type

    Correct Answer
    D. Skin color
    Explanation
    Geographers are most concerned with a person's skin color when studying race. Skin color is a visible and easily identifiable characteristic that can be used to categorize individuals into different racial groups. It is often used as a primary factor in determining and studying racial demographics, patterns, and distributions. Skin color has historically been used as a basis for discrimination, segregation, and inequality, making it an important aspect of race to geographers.

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  • 44. 

    Geographers are most concerned with what geographic concept when they are studying the clustering of ethnicities

    • A.

      Place

    • B.

      Region

    • C.

      Scale

    • D.

      Density

    • E.

      Space

    Correct Answer
    C. Scale
    Explanation
    Geographers are most concerned with the concept of scale when studying the clustering of ethnicities. Scale refers to the level of analysis or the size of the geographic area being studied. By considering different scales, geographers can examine how ethnicities are distributed and clustered within different regions or spaces. This allows them to understand the patterns and processes that contribute to the clustering of ethnicities, such as social, economic, and political factors. Therefore, scale is crucial in understanding the spatial distribution of ethnicities and their relationships with other geographic phenomena.

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  • 45. 

    A group who shares the cultural tradition of a particular hearth is

    • A.

      Race

    • B.

      Ethnicity

    • C.

      Nationality

    • D.

      Multinationalism

    • E.

      Self determination

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethnicity
    Explanation
    Ethnicity refers to a group of people who share common cultural traditions, such as language, customs, and beliefs, that originate from a specific geographic area or hearth. This term is used to describe a group's shared heritage and identity, which may be based on factors like ancestry, history, and cultural practices. Therefore, ethnicity is the most appropriate term to describe a group that shares the cultural tradition of a particular hearth.

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  • 46. 

    African Americans migrated from the South to northern cities during the ________ century.

    • A.

      18ᵗʰ

    • B.

      First half of the 20ᵗʰ

    • C.

      17ᵗʰ

    • D.

      Second half of the 20ᵗʰ

    • E.

      First decade of the 21ˢᵗ

    Correct Answer
    B. First half of the 20ᵗʰ
    Explanation
    During the first half of the 20th century, African Americans migrated from the South to northern cities. This period, known as the Great Migration, occurred between 1910 and 1970. African Americans were seeking better economic opportunities and to escape racial discrimination and violence in the Jim Crow South. The migration had a significant impact on the demographics and culture of northern cities, as well as on the civil rights movement.

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  • 47. 

    Identify with a group of people who share a legal attachment to a country is

    • A.

      Race

    • B.

      Ethnicity

    • C.

      Nationality

    • D.

      Multinationalism

    • E.

      Self determination

    Correct Answer
    C. Nationality
    Explanation
    Nationality refers to the legal attachment an individual has to a specific country. It represents the citizenship or legal membership of a person in a particular nation-state. It is a legal concept that determines a person's rights, privileges, and obligations within a specific country. Identifying with a group of people who share this legal attachment to a country is therefore referred to as nationality.

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  • 48. 

    In which U.S. state would you find the greatest clustering of Hispanic Americans?

    • A.

      Hawaii

    • B.

      Mississippi

    • C.

      Texas

    • D.

      Maryland

    • E.

      Alabama

    Correct Answer
    C. Texas
    Explanation
    Texas has the greatest clustering of Hispanic Americans because it shares a border with Mexico, which is the largest source of Hispanic immigrants to the United States. Additionally, Texas has a long history of Hispanic settlement and has a large Hispanic population in major cities such as Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. The state also has a rich Hispanic cultural heritage, with influences from Mexican, Tex-Mex, and other Latin American cultures.

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  • 49. 

    A very important centripetal force for a nation-state is

    • A.

      Ethnic cleansing

    • B.

      Racial profiling

    • C.

      Social classes

    • D.

      Nationalism

    • E.

      Indentured servitude

    Correct Answer
    D. Nationalism
    Explanation
    Nationalism is a very important centripetal force for a nation-state because it promotes a sense of unity, pride, and loyalty among its citizens. It emphasizes the shared values, culture, history, and identity of a nation, which helps to bind people together and create a strong sense of belonging. Nationalism can also foster a collective goal of working towards the betterment and success of the nation, leading to increased cooperation and social cohesion.

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  • 50. 

    An example of a multinational state is

    • A.

      Wales

    • B.

      Scotland

    • C.

      Denmark

    • D.

      England

    • E.

      The Soviet Union

    Correct Answer
    E. The Soviet Union
    Explanation
    The Soviet Union is an example of a multinational state because it consisted of multiple nations and ethnic groups living within its borders. It was composed of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics, each representing a different nationality. These republics had their own distinct languages, cultures, and identities, but were united under the centralized government of the Soviet Union. The multinational nature of the Soviet Union was a result of its policy of promoting socialism and unity among diverse nationalities.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 12, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Sgross753
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