Aphg Chapter 5 Quiz

26 Questions

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AP Human Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Rubenstein AP edition Chapter 5: Language Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The two most important languages in South America are
    • A. 

      Dutch and English.

    • B. 

      English and Spanish.

    • C. 

      French and Spanish.

    • D. 

      Portuguese and Spanish.

    • E. 

      Creole and Portuguese

  • 2. 
    Russian is part of what language branch?
    • A. 

      Balto-Slavic

    • B. 

      Germanic

    • C. 

      Indo-Iranian

    • D. 

      Romance

    • E. 

      Altaic

  • 3. 
    According to Colin Renfrew's research, Indo-European languages diffused across Europe
    • A. 

      Entirely by sea.

    • B. 

      By way of the Kurgan homeland.

    • C. 

      With the conquests of warriors on horseback.

    • D. 

      With the diffusion of agriculture.

    • E. 

      Following the traders on the silk road.

  • 4. 
    English is part of which language branch?
    • A. 

      Germanic

    • B. 

      Northern

    • C. 

      Western

    • D. 

      Indo-European

    • E. 

      Austronesian

  • 5. 
    A lingua franca is
    • A. 

      A lingua franca is

    • B. 

      A language understood by people who have different native languages.

    • C. 

      An extinct language that has been revived.

    • D. 

      An official language in a region of the world different from where the language originated.

    • E. 

      A language used by French colonial administrations.

  • 6. 
    Analyzing the maps and diagrams in this chapter, we can see that the branch of Indo-European that includes Ukrainian is
    • A. 

      European.

    • B. 

      Balto-Slavic.

    • C. 

      Indo-Iranian

    • D. 

      Romance.

    • E. 

      Germanic.

  • 7. 
    According to the maps and diagrams in this chapter, the branch of Indo-European that includes Haitian Creole is
    • A. 

      European.

    • B. 

      Romance

    • C. 

      Indo-Iranian.

    • D. 

      Balto-Slavic.

    • E. 

      Germanic.

  • 8. 
    According to the diagrams in this chapter, Turkmen is part of what language branch?
    • A. 

      Altaic

    • B. 

      Germanic

    • C. 

      Indo-Iranian

    • D. 

      Romance

    • E. 

      Balto-Slavic

  • 9. 
    An isogloss is
    • A. 

      A form of a language spoken in a local area.

    • B. 

      A collection of unique words

    • C. 

      A boundary between language regions.

    • D. 

      A blending of two language families

    • E. 

      A line that separates literary traditions.

  • 10. 
    The most important language family in Sub-Saharan Africa is
    • A. 

      Khoisan.

    • B. 

      Niger-Congo.

    • C. 

      Nilo-Saharan.

    • D. 

      Afro-Asiatic.

    • E. 

      Altaic.

  • 11. 
    British and American English differ in all but which of the following?
    • A. 

      Alphabet

    • B. 

      Pronunciation

    • C. 

      Spelling

    • D. 

      Vocabulary

    • E. 

      Prevalent dialects

  • 12. 
    A form of a language spoken in a local area is a
    • A. 

      Dialect.

    • B. 

      Branch.

    • C. 

      Family.

    • D. 

      Group

    • E. 

      Root.

  • 13. 
    A creolized language is
    • A. 

      Extinct.

    • B. 

      A mix of indigenous and colonial languages.

    • C. 

      An isolated language family.

    • D. 

      A possible prehistoric superfamily.

    • E. 

      A revived formerly extinct language.

    • F. 

      A revived formerly extinct language.

  • 14. 
    The Icelandic language has changed less than any other Germanic language because of
    • A. 

      Iceland's close contact with other people and activities.

    • B. 

      Migration by German tribes.

    • C. 

      Iceland's relative isolation from other places.

    • D. 

      The extinction of the East Germanic group.

    • E. 

      Continuous exchange with Norway and Sweden.

  • 15. 
    The large number of individual languages documented in Africa has resulted primarily from
    • A. 

      Thousands of years of isolation between cultural groups.

    • B. 

      Repeated invasions by outsiders.

    • C. 

      Introduction of many different languages by the colonial powers.

    • D. 

      Frequent migration by the different tribal groups.

    • E. 

      Colonial administration of native lands.

  • 16. 
    ________ is to Canada as ________ is to the United States.
    • A. 

      French; Spanish

    • B. 

      English; French

    • C. 

      French; English

    • D. 

      Conflict over ethnicity; conflict over language

    • E. 

      Alaska; Greenland

  • 17. 
    All of the following describe the English language except
    • A. 

      It is a lingua franca.

    • B. 

      Its recent growth is due to expansion diffusion.

    • C. 

      It is an Indo-European language.

    • D. 

      It has diffused along with economic globalization.

    • E. 

      It is an isogloss.

  • 18. 
    English has achieved unprecedented acceptance globally due to
    • A. 

      The refusal to use English in colonial and imperial expansion.

    • B. 

      The diffusion of command economies across much of the world.

    • C. 

      Its role as the common language of a global economy and culture.

    • D. 

      The rise of folk culture and the decline of popular culture.

    • E. 

      The diffusion of religion from LDCs to MDCs.

  • 19. 
    In the 1700s, 1800s, and afterward, English diffusion has been strongly related to colonialism and imperialism in many parts of the world because
    • A. 

      Conquered populations refused to use English while colonial and imperial expansion was underway.

    • B. 

      As imperial Russia and China expanded they used English as a lingua franca in Asia.

    • C. 

      Conquered peoples wishing to participate in the new government and the increasingly global economy felt pressured to learn English.

    • D. 

      People in conquered countries knew that in the distant future, English would become the main language associated with exports of popular culture, such as Disney cartoons and Hollywood movies.

    • E. 

      Religious missionaries from every European country used English-language translations of the Bible.

  • 20. 
    The main difference between languages in the same family, branch, or group is how
    • A. 

      Recently in time the languages were once the same.

    • B. 

      Closely the speakers of each language live to one other.

    • C. 

      They correspond to the diffusion of free markets across much of the world.

    • D. 

      Similar the cultures of the speakers of each language are.

    • E. 

      They all emerged at the same point in history, according to the Bible.

  • 21. 
    English is a good example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Language family.

    • B. 

      Globalizing language

    • C. 

      Language group.

    • D. 

      Lingua franca.

    • E. 

      Isolated language.

  • 22. 
    Franglais is
    • A. 

      The lingua franca of France.

    • B. 

      A dialect of French.

    • C. 

      The standard language of French.

    • D. 

      The use of English in the French language.

    • E. 

      A language used by French colonial administrations.

  • 23. 
    The two largest language families in the world are
    • A. 

      Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic.

    • B. 

      Sino-Tibetan and Indo-European.

    • C. 

      Afro-Asiatic and Sino-Tibetan.

    • D. 

      Balto-Slavic and Sino-Tibetan.

    • E. 

      Altaic and Nilo-Saharan.

  • 24. 
    Both the Angles and the Normans contributed to the development of the English language, because they
    • A. 

      Spoke ancient English languages.

    • B. 

      Invaded England.

    • C. 

      Spoke languages derived from Latin.

    • D. 

      Diffused English around the world.

    • E. 

      Agreed to divide Ireland from England.

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a Romance language?
    • A. 

      Bulgarian

    • B. 

      Hindi

    • C. 

      Danish

    • D. 

      Swedish

    • E. 

      French

  • 26. 
    The language Ladino is; 
    • A. 

      A mixture of Spanish, Greek, Turkish, and Hebrew

    • B. 

      A Germanic language

    • C. 

      A language branch of Sino-Tibetan

    • D. 

      Vulgar Latin.

    • E. 

      Spoken primarily in the Yucatan Peninsula