Central business district.
Central commerce zone.
Urbanized downtown area.
Metropolitan statistical area.
Services for office workers.
A need for rapid transportation.
A need for large amounts of horizontal space.
They hope to lower real estate prices and tax revenues in their downtown areas.
Of their low ranges and thresholds.
They hope to stimulate more business for downtown restaurants, bars, and hotels.
They have a need for the kind of rapid transportation that is only available in the CBD.
The CBD offers large amounts of horizontal space.
High-cost influence peddling.
Interstate highway systems.
Television and radio broadcasts.
Competition for limited space.
High threshold and range.
Less intensive land use.
The lack of skyscrapers.
The lack of residential space.
Less intensive land use.
The construction of skyscrapers.
A high threshold and range.
The reuse of existing buildings.
Retail and office activities.
Extensive residential areas.
Large numbers of skyscrapers.
Structures inherited from medieval times.
Ancient Roman structures.
Legal offices and parking lots
Skyscrapers, suburbs, agricultural land, parking lots, and restaurants
Suburbs, agricultural land, parking lots, and transportation hubs
Warehouses, industry, and poorer-quality housing
A corridor from downtown to the edge of the city.
An outer ring surrounding the city.
Nodes near universities and parks.
Renovated inner-city neighborhoods.
Hotels and warehouses.
Residences and highways.
Retail and wholesale shops.
Universities and colleges.
Hospitals and clinics.
The changing location of retail and office activities in North American cities.
The development of squatter settlements in developing countries.
The distribution of different types of people in an urban area.
Which of the three models of urban structure is the most accurate in the United States.
Regions ideal for social services.
Involves four linked CBDs.
Includes nodes such as a port, a university, airport, and a park.
Includes a nucleus in the CBD which is connected to a nucleus in the suburbs.
Links a seaport, an airport, and a railway station.
Disregards the use of nodes.
The elimination of the gap traditionally found in the center.
An increase in the extremes between the inner and outer areas.
An increase in the number of people living in the center.
A reduction in the differences in densities found within an urban area.
An increase in the differences in densities found within an urban area.
Central business district
Metropolitan statistical area
Regional government federation
Families Y and Z are likely to live in the same sector of the city.
Families X and Z are likely to live in the same sector of the city.
Families X and Y are likely to live in the same sector of the city.
Families X, Y, and Z are likely to live in the same sector of the city.
None of these families are likely to live in the same sector of the city.
The zone in transition.
Barriadas, favelas bidonvilles, bastees, or kampongs.
Young city and old city zones.
Public housing, barmiadelas, fonelongas, or kuhpinongs.
The zone in transition, suburbs, or public zone.
Suburbs, barmiadelas, fonelongas, or kuhpinongs.
Neighborhoods built around central, smaller plazas with parish churches and older quarters with narrow, winding streets and cramped residences.
Gridiron street plans centered on a church and plaza, walls around houses, and wider streets than are in the centers of most European cities.
Winding street plans centered on a church and plaza, garden lawns around houses, and wider streets than the centers of most European cities.
Gridiron street plans centered on a church and plaza, walls around houses, and narrower, more winding streets than are in the centers of most European cities.
A gridiron street plan, a cathedral, and at least 20 parish churches for each city.
Change in density within an urban area from the periphery to the center.
Development of new housing sites not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
Land maintained as open space surrounding an urban area.
Period in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
Increasing population density in rings two and three of the concentric zone model.
Low-income people and minorities are unable to live in some areas because of the high cost of the housing, the unfriendliness (or discrimination) of established residents, and fears that property values would decline if minorities were allowed to buy property there.
Low-income people and minorities are able to live in some areas because of the low cost of the housing, the friendliness of established residents, and the myth that property values would decline if minorities were allowed to buy property there.
Legal devices, such as requiring several small houses to sit on a large lot of land amid several different apartments, prevented low-income families from living in many suburbs.
Low-income people and minorities are unable to live in some areas because of the high cost of the private schools there, the unfriendliness of African American and Hispanic minorities there, and the fear that property values would not change if other minorities were allowed to buy property there.
They encouraged the buying and selling of too many automobiles.
Lower opportunity for home ownership
Private land surrounding the house
Row houses and apartments
Closer proximity to cultural institutions
Access to main highways.
Adequate space to build vertical structures.
Availability of large tracts of high-priced land.
Good rail connections.
Access to cheap labor