Anatomy And Physiology Test 2

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Anatomy And Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called
    • A. 

      Necrosis

    • B. 

      Apoptosis

    • C. 

      Gangrene

    • D. 

      Regeneration

    • E. 

      Fibrosis

  • 2. 
    Macrophanges ________ in the healing of a skin wound.
    • A. 

      Release histamine to increase blood flow to the area

    • B. 

      Produce and secrete collagenous fibers

    • C. 

      Phagocytize and digest tissue debris

    • D. 

      Stimulate epithelial cells to multiply

    • E. 

      Make capillaries more permeable allowing white blood cells to migrate into the area

  • 3. 
    After six months of lifting weights at the gym you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size.  This increase in size is due to _______ of muscle cells.
    • A. 

      Hyperplasia

    • B. 

      Neoplasia

    • C. 

      Hypertrophy

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Atrophy

  • 4. 
    ___________glands (such as tear glands) have vesicles that release their secretion by exocytosis, whereas____________ glands (sucha s oil-producing glands) secrete a mixture of disintegraed cells nad their products. 
    • A. 

      Endocrine; exocrine

    • B. 

      Mucous; serous

    • C. 

      Cytogenic; apocrine

    • D. 

      Mucous; cutaneous

    • E. 

      Merocrine; holocrine

  • 5. 
    _________glands secrete mucin, which combines with water to form a thick and sticky product, whereas ________ glands produce a relatively watery fluid.
    • A. 

      Mucous; serous

    • B. 

      Merocrine; holocrine

    • C. 

      Apocrine; mixed

    • D. 

      Endocrine; exocrine

    • E. 

      Serous; mucous

  • 6. 
    __________ Secrete  _______________ into _________________.
    • A. 

      Goblet cells; mucus; the blood

    • B. 

      Endocrine glands; hormones; ducts

    • C. 

      Exocrine glands; hormones; ducts

    • D. 

      Endocrine glands; hormones; the blood

    • E. 

      Exocrine glands; mucus; the blood

  • 7. 
    Skeletal muscle is described as
    • A. 

      Striated and voluntary

    • B. 

      Striated and involutary

    • C. 

      Nonstriated and voluntary

    • D. 

      Nonstriated and involuntary

    • E. 

      Fibrous and contracting

  • 8. 
    Astronauts in zero gravity are able to move food through their digestive tracts because
    • A. 

      Smooth muscle produces waves of contractions the propel material through the digestive tract.

    • B. 

      Skeletal muscle puts pressure on the digestive tract

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle maintains a high pressure that moves material through the digestive tract

    • D. 

      Striated muscle creates a pressure gradient that forces material from on eend of the digestive tract to the other

    • E. 

      Skeletal muscle sphincters contract and allow materials to move through digestive tract.

  • 9. 
    Nervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and
    • A. 

      Fibroblasts

    • B. 

      Chondrocytes

    • C. 

      Neuroglia

    • D. 

      Myocytes

    • E. 

      Osteocytes

  • 10. 
    ________ tissues respond quickly to outside stimuli by means of changes in membrane potential, thus they are called ___________ tissues.
    • A. 

      Muscular and nervous; excitable

    • B. 

      Connective and muscluar; responsive

    • C. 

      Adipose and areolar; complex

    • D. 

      Epithelial and connective; irritable

    • E. 

      Nervous and connective; excitable

  • 11. 
    ___________ exhibits a lot of apparently empty space, and is found in many serous membranes.
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Areolar tissue

    • C. 

      Osseous tissue

    • D. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue

    • E. 

      Adipose tissue

  • 12. 
    _____________ is found in the heart, and one of its functions is to _____________.
    • A. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue; allow for heart contraction and relaxation

    • B. 

      Adipose tissue; store energy for the heart

    • C. 

      Reticular tissue; provide support to the heart

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal epithelium; line the heart chambers

    • E. 

      Blood; transport nutrients to the tissues

  • 13. 
    Collagenous fibers are very abundant in
    • A. 

      Blood and hyaline cartilage

    • B. 

      Blood and adipose tissue, and osseous tissue

    • C. 

      Ligamets, bones and the most superficial portion of the skin

    • D. 

      Tendons, ligaments and the deeper portion of the skin

    • E. 

      Areolar tissue, tongue and bones

  • 14. 
    Marfan syndrome is a hereditary defect in elastin fibers.  People with this syndrome have
    • A. 

      Hyperextensible joints

    • B. 

      A small cranium

    • C. 

      Elastic bones

    • D. 

      Stronger bones

    • E. 

      Viscous blood

  • 15. 
    ___________ secrete the rubbery matrix of cartilage, whereas _______________ produce the fibers and ground substance that form the matrix of fibrous connective tissue.
    • A. 

      Chondroblasts; plasma cells

    • B. 

      Mast cells; fibroblasts

    • C. 

      Osteocytes; chondroblasts

    • D. 

      Chondroblasts; fibroblasts

    • E. 

      Adipocytes; plasma cells

  • 16. 
    New triglycerides are constantly synthesized and stored and others are hydrolyzed and released in to circulation mostly from cells in
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Fibrous connective tissue

    • C. 

      Adipose tissue

    • D. 

      Reticular tissue

    • E. 

      Transitional tissue

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