Anatomy And Physiology Level II (Mix Questions From Mock Papers)

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 17207

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Anatomy And Physiology Level II (Mix Questions From Mock Papers)

Anatomy is a branch of biology that studies the structure and relationship between body parts. Physiology, on the other hand, is the study of the function of body parts and the body as a whole. How conversant are you when it comes to the two disciplines? Take our test to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following blood vessels carries blood towards the heart?
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Veins

    • C. 

      The Aorta

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 2. 
    Diastolic blood pressure is a measure of the force that blood exerts on the walls of the:
    • A. 

      Arteries whilst the heart contracts

    • B. 

      Arteries whilst the heart relaxes

    • C. 

      Veins whilst the heart relaxes

    • D. 

      Veins whilst the heart contracts

  • 3. 
    During exhalation the diaphragm:
    • A. 

      Contracts and moves down

    • B. 

      Contracts and moves up

    • C. 

      Relaxes and moves up

    • D. 

      Relaxes and moves down

  • 4. 
    Which of the following gases diffuses into the alveoli from the capillaries to be exhaled?
    • A. 

      Carbon Dioxide

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbon Monoxide

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 5. 
    What is the name of the air sacs that are located at the end of the bronchioles in the lungs?
    • A. 

      Bronchi

    • B. 

      Trachea

    • C. 

      Cilia

    • D. 

      Alveoli

  • 6. 
    Which of the following description is describing an irregular bone?
    • A. 

      Curved to help absorb stress from the body

    • B. 

      Have complex shapes

    • C. 

      Almost equal in width and length, cube shape

    • D. 

      Thin, give protection to internal organs, provide sites for muscle attachment

  • 7. 
    Which joint action is taking place when the palm turns upwards?
    • A. 

      Pronation

    • B. 

      Supination

    • C. 

      Abduction

    • D. 

      Adduction

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is a component of muscle structure?
    • A. 

      Synovial Membrane

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      The epiphysis

    • D. 

      Sarcomere

  • 9. 
    Which one of these is a type of voluntary muscle?
    • A. 

      Gastrointestinal

    • B. 

      Heart Muscle

    • C. 

      Biceps

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 10. 
    According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), hypertension is considered severe if:
    • A. 

      Systolic blood pressure is 160 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure is 100 mmHg or higher

    • B. 

      Systolic blood pressure is 140 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure is 90 mmHg or higher

    • C. 

      Systolic blood pressure is 150 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure is 110 mmHg or higher

    • D. 

      Systolic blood pressure is 180 mmHg or higher or diastolic blood pressure is 110 mmHg or higher

  • 11. 
    Where are the lungs located in relation to the diaphragm?
    • A. 

      In front

    • B. 

      Behind

    • C. 

      Above

    • D. 

      Below

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      12

    • B. 

      16

    • C. 

      18

    • D. 

      21

  • 13. 
    What type of bone is the coccyx?
    • A. 

      Irregular

    • B. 

      Sesamoid

    • C. 

      Flat

    • D. 

      Short

  • 14. 
    Which of the following describes the passage of air through the respiratory tract?
    • A. 

      Trachea, bronchioles, bronchi, pharynx, larynx, alveoli

    • B. 

      Bronchioles, bronchi, trachea, pharynx, larynx, alveoli

    • C. 

      Larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli

    • D. 

      Pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli

  • 15. 
    Which one is a sesamoid bone?
    • A. 

      Patella

    • B. 

      Femur

    • C. 

      Ribs

    • D. 

      Carpals

  • 16. 
    Which part of a long bone is the diaphysis?
    • A. 

      The central canal

    • B. 

      The shaft

    • C. 

      The end

    • D. 

      The outer membrane

  • 17. 
    Which region of the spine has the least potential movement?
    • A. 

      Thoracic

    • B. 

      Lumbar

    • C. 

      Sacral

    • D. 

      Cervical

  • 18. 
    Circumduction is available at which of the following synovial joints?
    • A. 

      Shoulder

    • B. 

      Knee

    • C. 

      Spine

    • D. 

      Elbow

  • 19. 
    Which of the following joints permits dorsi flexion and plantar flexion to occur?
    • A. 

      Shoulder

    • B. 

      Hip

    • C. 

      Ankle

    • D. 

      Spine

  • 20. 
    Which type of muscle tissue is found in the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Cardiac

    • C. 

      Skeletal

    • D. 

      Striated

  • 21. 
    Which of the following affects the strength of a muscle contraction?
    • A. 

      The amount of fat stored in the muscle

    • B. 

      The number of motor units recruited

    • C. 

      The range of movement at the working joint

    • D. 

      The amount of glycogen stored in the muscle

  • 22. 
    Regular aerobic exercise can improve motor fitness by:
    • A. 

      Enhancing the growth of new connections within the nervous system

    • B. 

      Reducing synchronous recruitment of motor units

    • C. 

      Improving the ability to store glycogen and fat as fuels for exercise

    • D. 

      Increasing the proportion of type II muscle fibres

  • 23. 
    Which  nervous  system  is  responsible  for  the  ‘fight  or  flight’  response  that  speeds  up  the heart rate?
    • A. 

      Central

    • B. 

      Sympathetic

    • C. 

      Motor

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic

  • 24. 
    Which of the following activities would use the ATP-PC system as its primary source of energy?
    • A. 

      50 metre sprint

    • B. 

      500 metre row

    • C. 

      Marathon

    • D. 

      5 mile jog

  • 25. 
    In the process of ossification what does bone develop from:
    • A. 

      Bone Marrow

    • B. 

      Synovial fluid

    • C. 

      Ligaments

    • D. 

      Cartilage

  • 26. 
    The risk of growth plate injuries is a special consideration when working with:
    • A. 

      Disabled people

    • B. 

      Ante/post natal women

    • C. 

      Older adults (aged 50 plus)

    • D. 

      Children agred (14-16)

  • 27. 
    What is adenosine triphosphate (ATP)?
    • A. 

      An energy-producing/storing molecule yielded during the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins

    • B. 

      An energy system used for endurance-based training

    • C. 

      An acid that supports the break-down of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the stomach

    • D. 

      The precursor to lactic acid production and DOMS (delayed onset of muscle soreness)

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is part of the pelvic floor?
    • A. 

      Levator ani

    • B. 

      Gracilis

    • C. 

      Uterus

    • D. 

      Bladder

  • 29. 
    What will happen to slow twitch muscle fibres as a result of long term endurance training?
    • A. 

      They will use less oxygen

    • B. 

      They will develop more mitochondria

    • C. 

      They will fatigue more quickly

    • D. 

      Metabolic activity will decrease

  • 30. 
    Energy produced from the phosphocreatine energy system will last approximately?
    • A. 

      15 seconds

    • B. 

      30 seconds

    • C. 

      60 seconds

    • D. 

      90 seconds

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is the antagonist during a calf raise?
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • B. 

      The hamstrings

    • C. 

      The quadriceps

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius

  • 32. 
    Which of the following is an anterior skeletal muscle/muscle group?
    • A. 

      Trapezius

    • B. 

      Rhomboid

    • C. 

      Illiopsoas

    • D. 

      Triceps

  • 33. 
    What is the name given to a unit of myofibrils repeated within skeletal muscle?
    • A. 

      Sacromere

    • B. 

      Actin

    • C. 

      Myosin head

    • D. 

      Muscle fibre

  • 34. 
    Which of the following muscles is contracting eccentrically during the lowering phase of a lateral raise?
    • A. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • B. 

      Erector spinae

    • C. 

      Triceps

    • D. 

      Medial deltiods

  • 35. 
    The role of motor neurons is to transmit nerve impulses:
    • A. 

      To the brain to stimulate information processing

    • B. 

      From the senses to the central nervous system

    • C. 

      To muscles to bring about movement

    • D. 

      From pain receptors to muscles

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is a neuromuscular adaptation to high-intensity short duration exercise?
    • A. 

      Increase in type I muscle fibres and improved resistance to fatigue

    • B. 

      Frequency of nerve impulses to motor units increases

    • C. 

      Improved protein storage and availability as a fuel for exercise

    • D. 

      Reduced synchronous recruitment of motor units

  • 37. 
    The role of motor neurons is to transmit nerve impulses
    • A. 

      To the brain to stimulate information processing

    • B. 

      From the senses to the central nervous system

    • C. 

      To muscles to bring about movement

    • D. 

      From pain receptors to muscles

  • 38. 
    Which bones meet to form a pivot joint?
    • A. 

      Femur and tibia

    • B. 

      Radius and ulna

    • C. 

      Clavicle and humerus

    • D. 

      Pelvis and hip

  • 39. 
    What effect does regular weight-bearing exercise have on joints?
    • A. 

      Increased ligament strength

    • B. 

      Increased mitochondria density

    • C. 

      Increased joint friction

    • D. 

      Increased joint volume

  • 40. 
    What is the function of actin and myosin filaments?
    • A. 

      Muscle fibre breakdown

    • B. 

      Energy production

    • C. 

      Muscle Contraction

    • D. 

      Regeneration of ATP