Notes Review - AP Unit 1 - Intro And Organ Systems

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 100

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Notes Review - AP Unit 1 - Intro And Organ Systems

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which choice is the best example of physiology?
    • A. 

      The heart has 4 chambers.

    • B. 

      Goblet cells secrete mucus.

    • C. 

      Many people do not have a palmaris longus muscle.

    • D. 

      The brain is divided into two hemispheres.

  • 2. 
    Janis is studying the gluteus maximus muscle, learning where it is located and which bones it is attached to.  Janis is studying
    • A. 

      Gross anatomy

    • B. 

      Microscopic anatomy

  • 3. 
    State the 2 tenets of the concept of complementarity of structure and function.  (List the two sentences in your notes.)
  • 4. 
    Which choices are part of the integumentary system?  Check ALL that apply.  
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Hair

    • C. 

      Nasal membranes

    • D. 

      Nails

  • 5. 
    Which choices is NOT a function of the integumentary system?
    • A. 

      Waterproofing

    • B. 

      Synthesize vitamin D

    • C. 

      Protection

    • D. 

      Acts as levers

    • E. 

      Collects information (sensing)

  • 6. 
    Which choices are part of the skeletal system?  Check ALL that apply.
    • A. 

      The skull (multiple bones)

    • B. 

      Elastic cartilage of the ear

    • C. 

      Knee joint

    • D. 

      Carotid artery

  • 7. 
    Which choices ARE functions of the skeletal system?  Select ALL that apply.
    • A. 

      Protection

    • B. 

      Support

    • C. 

      Acting as levers for movement

    • D. 

      Hematopoiesis

    • E. 

      Storage of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus

    • F. 

      Contracting for movement - bones shorten as your body moves

  • 8. 
    Select the 3 types of muscle tissue.
    • A. 

      Intestinal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Skeletal

    • D. 

      Cardiac

  • 9. 
    Select ALL the functions of the muscular system.
    • A. 

      Generate heat.

    • B. 

      Move the skeletal system and hence the whole body.

    • C. 

      Move fluids around the body.

    • D. 

      Stabilize joints.

    • E. 

      Generate heat (helps maintain homeostasis of body temperature)

  • 10. 
    The nervous system is divided into two main parts.  Select these 2 parts.
    • A. 

      Central nervous system

    • B. 

      Peripheral nervous system

    • C. 

      Accessory nervous system

    • D. 

      Ancillary nervous system

  • 11. 
    The nervous system is a fast-acting control system, whereas the endocrine system is a slow-acting control system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The nervous system produces hormones, which act as chemical messengers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Select ALL of the choices that are part of the endocrine system.
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Pineal gland

    • D. 

      Ovaries

    • E. 

      Pituitary gland

    • F. 

      Thyroid

  • 14. 
    The purpose of the reproduction system is to reproduce (produce offspring).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The purpose of the cardiovascular system is transport.  Oxygen, nutrients, hormones, wastes, and many other substances may be transported by this system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The spleen is part of the cardiovascular system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    What are the functions of the lymphatic system?  Check ALL that apply.
    • A. 

      Clean blood

    • B. 

      Return fluid to blood

    • C. 

      Participate in the body's immune response

    • D. 

      Transport hormones

  • 18. 
    The respiratory system is responsible for transporting gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide in and out of the body.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Select ALL the choices that are part of the respiratory system.
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Larynx

    • C. 

      Pharynx

    • D. 

      Bronchi

    • E. 

      Lungs

    • F. 

      Trachea

  • 20. 
    Which is NOT a function of the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Break down food

    • B. 

      Eliminate indigestible waste

    • C. 

      Deliver nutrients to blood

    • D. 

      Transport nutrients throughout the body

  • 21. 
    Select ALL of the choices that make up the digestive system.
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Small intestines

    • D. 

      Stomach

    • E. 

      Trachea

    • F. 

      Bladder

  • 22. 
    Select ALL of the functions of the urinary system.  
    • A. 

      Maintains water and electrolyte (salts, etc.) balance

    • B. 

      Adds red blood cells to blood

    • C. 

      Maintains the pH of blood

    • D. 

      Removes wastes from blood

  • 23. 
    Which choice is NOT part of the urinary system?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Ureter

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Urethra

    • E. 

      Bladder

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