Nursing Quiz: Acid-base Balance Test!

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 28281

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Nursing Quiz: Acid-Base Balance Test! The acid-base balance is a mechanism used by our body to keep its fluids close to neutral pH so that the body can function smoothly. This nursing quiz will test your ability of acid-base balance, so take it and learn a little more about acidosis and alkalosis in the human body.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the normal range of carbon dioxide (CO2) in arterial blood?
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed

  • 3. 
    What is the normal range of pH in the body?
    • A. 

      35-45

    • B. 

      22-26

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      Not listed

  • 4. 
    If HCO3- caused the acidosis or the alkalosis, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None

  • 5. 
    If the CO2 and the HCO3- caused the imbalance, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None

  • 6. 
    If the CO2 caused the acidosis or alkalosis, it is what?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Combined

    • D. 

      None

  • 7. 
    When there is an abnormal pH and change in one blood parameter. It is:
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected

  • 8. 
    When all 3 values--- pH, HCO3-, CO2 are abnormal. It is:
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected

  • 9. 
    When pH is normal, both HCO3 and CO2 are abnormal. It is:
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Corrected

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Fully compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Uncompensated

  • 12. 
    PH 7.46, CO2 32mmHg, HCO3- 23mEq/L
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Partially compensated

    • B. 

      Combined, Uncompensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Uncompensated

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Uncompensated

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, Uncompensated

    • B. 

      Combined, Partially compensated

    • C. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Partially compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Partially compensated

  • 14. 
    PH 7.31, CO2 44 mmHg, HCO3 20 mEq/L
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, Fully compensated

    • B. 

      Metabolic acidosis, Uncompensated

    • C. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, partially compensated

    • D. 

      Respiratory acidosis, Uncompensated

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, partially compensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory acidosis, uncompensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis, fully compensated

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis, partially compensated

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Metabolic alkalosis, partially compensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory acidosis, uncompensated

    • C. 

      Combined, partially compensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis, uncompensated

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Have him breathe into a paper bag

    • B. 

      Give him O2

    • C. 

      Check his temperature

    • D. 

      Ask him if he is alright