4N051 Set B Vol 3

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A specialist who can guide a provider in prescribing drugs is best defined as

    • A.

      Pharmacist

    • B.

      Clinical provider

    • C.

      Clinical pharmacist

    • D.

      Pharmaceutical technician

    Correct Answer
    C. Clinical pharmacist
    Explanation
    A clinical pharmacist is the best definition for a specialist who can guide a provider in prescribing drugs. This is because a clinical pharmacist has advanced knowledge and expertise in medication therapy management and can work closely with healthcare providers to ensure safe and effective use of medications. They can provide guidance on drug interactions, dosages, and potential side effects, helping to optimize patient outcomes. A pharmacist, on the other hand, may not have the same level of clinical training and may not be as involved in direct patient care. A pharmaceutical technician is responsible for assisting pharmacists in dispensing medications but does not have the same level of expertise in guiding providers in drug prescribing.

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  • 2. 

    Out of the several names given each medication, which of these drug names is given by the manufacturer?

    • A.

      Trade name

    • B.

      Offical name

    • C.

      Generic name

    • D.

      Chemical name

    Correct Answer
    A. Trade name
    Explanation
    The trade name of a medication is the name given by the manufacturer. This name is used for marketing and branding purposes. It is usually a catchy and easy-to-remember name that helps in promoting the medication in the market. The trade name is different from the official name, generic name, and chemical name of the drug. The official name is the name approved by regulatory authorities, the generic name is the non-proprietary name of the drug, and the chemical name describes the chemical composition of the drug.

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  • 3. 

    Which statement is true regarding the role of a medical service technician in medication administration?

    • A.

      Technicians are not trained to prepare medications for administration

    • B.

      A nurse or physician must directly observe technicians when they are administering medication

    • C.

      Technicians are permitted to administer medications under the supervision of a nurse or physician

    • D.

      Nurses can always allow technicians to decide on their own to administer a medication if the decision is in the patient's best interest

    Correct Answer
    C. Technicians are permitted to administer medications under the supervision of a nurse or physician
  • 4. 

    Which statement is not considered one of the patients' legal and ethical rights?

    • A.

      Be informed of a drug's name

    • B.

      Be informed of a drug's purpose

    • C.

      Choose the method of administration

    • D.

      Receive clearly labeled medication containers

    Correct Answer
    C. Choose the method of administration
    Explanation
    The statement "choose the method of administration" is not considered one of the patients' legal and ethical rights. While patients have the right to be informed of a drug's name, purpose, and receive clearly labeled medication containers, they do not have the right to choose the method of administration. This decision is typically made by healthcare professionals based on medical guidelines, safety considerations, and the patient's specific condition.

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  • 5. 

    Which one of these is not included in the "five rights" of medication administration?

    • A.

      Right time

    • B.

      Right dose

    • C.

      Right route

    • D.

      Right documentation

    Correct Answer
    D. Right documentation
    Explanation
    The "five rights" of medication administration include the right time, right dose, right route, and right patient. Right documentation is not included in the "five rights" because it is not directly related to the administration of medication itself. However, it is still an important aspect of medication administration as it involves recording and documenting the details of the medication given, which is crucial for maintaining accurate medical records and ensuring patient safety.

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  • 6. 

    What type of medication order states that a medication is to be administered immediately and only once?

    • A.

      Stat

    • B.

      Single

    • C.

      Standing

    • D.

      As needed (PRN)

    Correct Answer
    A. Stat
    Explanation
    A "stat" medication order indicates that a medication needs to be administered immediately and only once. This type of order is commonly used in emergency situations or when a medication is needed urgently. It ensures that the medication is given without delay to address the immediate medical need of the patient.

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  • 7. 

    A provider can initiate a drug order in how many ways?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    A provider can initiate a drug order in two ways. This suggests that there are two possible methods or channels through which a provider can place a drug order. Without further information, it is not possible to determine what these two ways are specifically, but it implies that there are multiple options available to providers when it comes to initiating a drug order.

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  • 8. 

    Drug administration is controlled primarily by

    • A.

      State amendments

    • B.

      Facility mandate

    • C.

      Federal law

    • D.

      State law

    Correct Answer
    C. Federal law
    Explanation
    Drug administration is primarily controlled by federal law because the federal government has the authority to regulate and enforce laws related to drug safety, efficacy, and distribution across the entire country. Federal laws, such as the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Controlled Substances Act, and the Drug Enforcement Administration regulations, establish standards for drug approval, manufacturing, labeling, and distribution. These laws ensure that drugs are safe, effective, and properly regulated to protect public health. State laws may also play a role in drug administration, but they must comply with and cannot override federal laws.

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  • 9. 

    What classification of drugs is not acceptable for medical use?

    • A.

      Schedule I

    • B.

      Schedule II

    • C.

      Schedule III

    • D.

      Schedule IV

    Correct Answer
    A. Schedule I
    Explanation
    Schedule I drugs are classified as drugs with a high potential for abuse and have no accepted medical use in treatment. These drugs are considered the most dangerous and prohibited for medical use due to their potential for addiction and severe physical and psychological effects. They are often associated with illegal substances such as heroin, LSD, and marijuana. The classification of drugs into different schedules helps regulate their availability and use, with schedule I drugs being the most strictly controlled.

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  • 10. 

    Narcotics, such as codeine, cocaine, and amphetamines, that have high potential for abuse but have acceptable medical uses are classified as

    • A.

      Schedule I

    • B.

      Schedule II

    • C.

      Schedule III

    • D.

      Schedule IV

    Correct Answer
    B. Schedule II
    Explanation
    Narcotics like codeine, cocaine, and amphetamines have acceptable medical uses but also a high potential for abuse. They are classified as schedule II drugs. This classification indicates that they have a high potential for abuse, may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence, but can still be prescribed by healthcare professionals in certain situations.

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  • 11. 

    What law requires a periodic inventory of all conrolled substances?

    • A.

      Drug regulatory act

    • B.

      Drug control regulation

    • C.

      Controlled substances act

    • D.

      Attorney general mandate of 1974

    Correct Answer
    C. Controlled substances act
    Explanation
    The Controlled Substances Act is a law that requires a periodic inventory of all controlled substances. This act was passed in order to regulate and control the manufacturing, distribution, and dispensing of drugs that have the potential for abuse or addiction. The periodic inventory ensures that these substances are properly accounted for and helps prevent diversion or illegal use of controlled substances.

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  • 12. 

    Penicillin administered to treat an infection is an example of what category of drugs?

    • A.

      Chemotherapeutic

    • B.

      Substitutive

    • C.

      Supportive

    • D.

      Curative

    Correct Answer
    D. Curative
    Explanation
    Penicillin is a type of antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics work by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria, thus helping to cure the infection. Therefore, penicillin administered to treat an infection falls under the category of curative drugs.

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  • 13. 

    The purpose of most drug therapy is to

    • A.

      Maintain a low level of the drug in the body

    • B.

      Maintain a constant level of the drug in the body

    • C.

      Cause the level of the drug in the body to increase rapidly

    • D.

      Cause the level of the drug in the body to decrease rapidly

    Correct Answer
    B. Maintain a constant level of the drug in the body
    Explanation
    The purpose of most drug therapy is to maintain a constant level of the drug in the body. This is important because it allows the drug to be effective in treating the condition it is prescribed for. A constant level of the drug ensures that it remains at a therapeutic concentration in the body, providing the desired therapeutic effects. Fluctuations in drug levels can lead to suboptimal treatment outcomes or potential side effects. Therefore, maintaining a constant level of the drug in the body is crucial for achieving the desired therapeutic benefits.

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  • 14. 

    Why are oral medications that are taken before meals generally faster acting?

    • A.

      Slower cirulation level

    • B.

      Higher body metabolism

    • C.

      Lower body metabolism

    • D.

      Lower digestive system content

    Correct Answer
    D. Lower digestive system content
    Explanation
    Oral medications that are taken before meals are generally faster acting because they have a lower digestive system content. When the stomach is empty, there is less food and other substances that need to be broken down and absorbed by the body. This allows the medication to be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed throughout the body, leading to faster onset of action. On the other hand, medications taken after meals may take longer to be absorbed as they have to compete with the digestion process and the presence of food in the stomach.

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  • 15. 

    Which statement is true refarding how ambient temperature can affect drug action?

    • A.

      Warmer temperatures increase circulation and causes rapid drug action

    • B.

      Warmer temperatures decrease circulation and cause slow drug action

    • C.

      Colder temperatures cause blood vessels to dilate cause slow drug action

    • D.

      Colder temperatures cause blood vessels to constrict cause rapid drug action

    Correct Answer
    A. Warmer temperatures increase circulation and causes rapid drug action
    Explanation
    Warmer temperatures increase circulation because they cause blood vessels to dilate. This increased blood flow allows drugs to be delivered more quickly to their target sites, resulting in rapid drug action.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these is a common refernce source for drugs?

    • A.

      Internet search

    • B.

      Physician desk refernce

    • C.

      Nurse's pharmacy handbook

    • D.

      Technicians pharmacy handbook

    Correct Answer
    B. Physician desk refernce
    Explanation
    The Physician Desk Reference (PDR) is a commonly used reference source for drugs. It is a comprehensive guide that provides information on prescription drugs, including their indications, dosages, side effects, and interactions. It is widely used by healthcare professionals, including physicians, to ensure accurate prescribing and to stay updated on the latest drug information. The PDR is considered a reliable and authoritative source in the field of medicine.

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  • 17. 

    What publication contains a list of medications available from the MTF's pharmacy, recommended dispensing instructions, and administrative guidelines?

    • A.

      Nurse's drug reference

    • B.

      Local facility formulary

    • C.

      Physician desk reference

    • D.

      Technicians pharmacy handbook

    Correct Answer
    B. Local facility formulary
    Explanation
    A local facility formulary is a publication that contains a list of medications available from the MTF's pharmacy, recommended dispensing instructions, and administrative guidelines. This formulary is specific to the local facility and provides healthcare professionals with information about the medications that can be prescribed and dispensed at that particular facility. It helps ensure that healthcare providers are aware of the medications that are available and the proper guidelines for their use within the MTF.

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  • 18. 

    An oily liquid used on the skin describes a type of medication preparation called a

    • A.

      Spirit

    • B.

      Paste

    • C.

      Tincture

    • D.

      Liniment

    Correct Answer
    D. Liniment
    Explanation
    A liniment is a type of medication preparation that is an oily liquid used on the skin. It is commonly used to relieve pain and inflammation in muscles and joints. Liniments are typically applied topically by rubbing them onto the affected area. They often contain ingredients such as menthol, camphor, or capsaicin, which provide a cooling or warming sensation to help alleviate discomfort. Unlike other options listed, such as spirit, paste, or tincture, liniments are specifically designed for external use on the skin.

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  • 19. 

    What type of medication is used to prevent or correct irregular heart action?

    • A.

      Antiarrhythmics

    • B.

      Antiinfectives

    • C.

      Cathartics

    • D.

      Antacids

    Correct Answer
    A. Antiarrhythmics
    Explanation
    Antiarrhythmics are a type of medication that is used to prevent or correct irregular heart action. They work by regulating the electrical signals in the heart, helping to restore a normal heart rhythm. These medications are commonly prescribed for conditions such as atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and other types of arrhythmias. By controlling the irregular heartbeats, antiarrhythmics can help improve the overall functioning of the heart and reduce the risk of complications associated with abnormal heart rhythms.

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  • 20. 

    What type of medication has a cleansing action that produces watery evacuation of intestinal content?

    • A.

      Antiarrhythmics

    • B.

      Antiemetics

    • C.

      Cathartics

    • D.

      Antacids

    Correct Answer
    C. Cathartics
    Explanation
    Cathartics are a type of medication that have a cleansing action on the intestines, leading to watery evacuation of intestinal content. They are commonly used to relieve constipation or prepare the bowel for certain medical procedures. Antiarrhythmics are medications used to treat irregular heart rhythms, antiemetics are used to prevent or treat nausea and vomiting, and antacids are used to neutralize stomach acid.

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  • 21. 

    Which of these elements is not required on a medication order?

    • A.

      Patient's age

    • B.

      Patient's name

    • C.

      Specific time

    • D.

      Provider's signature

    Correct Answer
    A. Patient's age
    Explanation
    The patient's age is not required on a medication order because the dosage and administration instructions are typically based on the patient's weight, medical condition, and other factors, rather than their age. The patient's name is necessary to ensure the medication is prescribed for the correct individual. The specific time is important to indicate when the medication should be taken. The provider's signature is essential to authenticate the prescription and ensure accountability.

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  • 22. 

    Before administering any medicaiton, you are responsible for all of the following except

    • A.

      For ensuring A1C Jones is available for work the next day

    • B.

      Performing all steps in the modified six medication rights

    • C.

      Being knowledgeable of the side effects of the medicaiton

    • D.

      Verifying any possible interactions against current medications

    Correct Answer
    A. For ensuring A1C Jones is available for work the next day
    Explanation
    As a healthcare professional responsible for administering medication, your primary concern is the safety and well-being of the patient. Ensuring that A1C Jones is available for work the next day is not directly related to medication administration. The other options, such as performing all steps in the modified six medication rights, being knowledgeable of side effects, and verifying possible interactions, are essential steps to ensure the safe and effective administration of medication.

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  • 23. 

    How many pounds are equal to 65 kg?

    • A.

      130

    • B.

      143

    • C.

      152

    • D.

      170

    Correct Answer
    B. 143
    Explanation
    To convert kilograms to pounds, we need to multiply the weight in kilograms by 2.2046. In this case, 65 kg multiplied by 2.2046 equals approximately 143 pounds. Therefore, the correct answer is 143.

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  • 24. 

    Dr. Young has ordered Mrs.Green to receive 5mg/kg of Ancef twice a day. Mrs. Green weights 65 kg. The medication Ancef is supplied in vials 50mg/mL. How many milligrams of medication will be given twice a day?

    • A.

      250

    • B.

      325

    • C.

      350

    • D.

      600

    Correct Answer
    B. 325
    Explanation
    Mrs. Green weighs 65 kg and needs to receive 5mg/kg of Ancef twice a day. Therefore, she needs to receive 65 kg * 5 mg/kg = 325 mg of Ancef twice a day.

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  • 25. 

    Dr. Young has ordered Mrs.Green to receive 5mg/kg of Ancef twice a day. Mrs. Green weights 65 kg. The medication Ancef is supplied in vials 50mg/mL. How many mL's of the Ancef will be given for each does?

    • A.

      5.0

    • B.

      0.6

    • C.

      6.5

    • D.

      65

    Correct Answer
    C. 6.5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 6.5. To calculate the mL of Ancef for each dose, we need to first calculate the total mg required for each dose. Mrs. Green weighs 65 kg, so the total mg required for each dose is 5mg/kg x 65kg = 325mg. The medication Ancef is supplied in vials of 50mg/mL, so we divide the total mg required by the mg/mL concentration to get the mL required: 325mg / 50mg/mL = 6.5mL. Therefore, 6.5 mL of Ancef will be given for each dose.

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  • 26. 

    LtCol McNamara ordered a single dose Phenergan 12.5 mg, to be administered intramuscular to A1C Jones for nausea and vomiting. The Phenergan is supplied in 50mg/2mL pre-filled syringes. How many mL's would you administer?

    • A.

      0.25

    • B.

      0.50

    • C.

      2.5

    • D.

      5.0

    Correct Answer
    B. 0.50
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0.50 because the Phenergan is supplied in 50mg/2mL pre-filled syringes. To administer a single dose of 12.5 mg, we need to calculate the corresponding volume. Using the ratio of 50mg/2mL, we can set up a proportion: 50mg/2mL = 12.5mg/x mL. Cross-multiplying and solving for x, we find that x = (12.5mg * 2mL) / 50mg = 0.50 mL. Therefore, you would administer 0.50 mL of Phenergan.

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  • 27. 

    Which one of these statements is true regarding subcutaneous injections?

    • A.

      There is no possibility of local irritation

    • B.

      Only small amounts of a drug may be administered

    • C.

      They are usually less expensive than oral medicaitons

    • D.

      Drug action is faster than intramuscular (IM) injections

    Correct Answer
    B. Only small amounts of a drug may be administered
    Explanation
    Subcutaneous injections involve administering small amounts of a drug. This is because the medication is injected into the layer of tissue just beneath the skin, which has a limited capacity to absorb and hold the drug. Unlike intramuscular injections, subcutaneous injections are not intended for large volumes of medication. Therefore, the statement "only small amounts of a drug may be administered" is true regarding subcutaneous injections.

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  • 28. 

    The method of parenteral medication administration that involves injecting a drug into a muscle is

    • A.

      Intravenous (IV) push

    • B.

      Intramuscular (IM)

    • C.

      Subcutaneous (sc)

    • D.

      IV drip

    Correct Answer
    B. Intramuscular (IM)
    Explanation
    The method of parenteral medication administration that involves injecting a drug into a muscle is intramuscular (IM). This method is commonly used for medications that need to be absorbed slowly or that cannot be given orally. The drug is injected into a muscle, typically the thigh or buttocks, where it is absorbed into the bloodstream. This route allows for faster absorption compared to subcutaneous injection, but slower absorption compared to intravenous injection. Intramuscular injections are often used for vaccines, antibiotics, and certain pain medications.

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  • 29. 

    Where are sub-cutaneous injections commonly administered?

    • A.

      Ventral surface of the forearm

    • B.

      Lateral hip area

    • C.

      Posterior hand

    • D.

      Upper arms

    Correct Answer
    D. Upper arms
    Explanation
    Sub-cutaneous injections are commonly administered in the upper arms. This area is often chosen because it has a good amount of subcutaneous fat, which allows for proper absorption of the medication. Additionally, the upper arms are easily accessible for self-administration and are a common site for healthcare professionals to administer injections.

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  • 30. 

    What method of administration delivers medication directly into a patient's digestive system?

    • A.

      Oral

    • B.

      Buccal

    • C.

      Inhalation

    • D.

      Sublingual

    Correct Answer
    A. Oral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is oral. This method of administration involves delivering medication through the mouth and into the digestive system. It is the most common and convenient way to administer medications, as it can be easily swallowed and absorbed into the bloodstream.

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  • 31. 

    To prevent contamination and accidental spills, liquid medications being administered to inpatients are usually poured at what location?

    • A.

      In the pharmacy

    • B.

      At a work station

    • C.

      At the nurses' station

    • D.

      At the patient's bedside

    Correct Answer
    D. At the patient's bedside
    Explanation
    Liquid medications are usually poured at the patient's bedside to prevent contamination and accidental spills. This ensures that the medication is administered directly to the patient without any risk of contamination during transfer. Pouring the medication at the patient's bedside also allows for proper monitoring and immediate administration if any adjustments or changes are required. It provides convenience and efficiency in delivering the medication to the patient while minimizing the chances of errors or mishaps.

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  • 32. 

    Which one of theses statements is a disadvantage of inhalation medication?

    • A.

      Unconscious patients cannot be treated

    • B.

      Positive-pressure devices are sometimes used

    • C.

      Monitoring the precise amount of drug administration is difficult

    • D.

      Respiratory distress is not relieved through the use of an inhalation

    Correct Answer
    C. Monitoring the precise amount of drug administration is difficult
    Explanation
    The statement "monitoring the precise amount of drug administration is difficult" is a disadvantage of inhalation medication. This is because inhalation medication is delivered in aerosol form, making it challenging to accurately measure the exact amount of medication being administered. Unlike other forms of medication that can be measured in specific doses, inhalation medication relies on the patient's ability to inhale the aerosol effectively. This can lead to variations in the amount of medication received, potentially affecting the effectiveness of the treatment.

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  • 33. 

    Which statement is proper procedure for administering inhalations into the respiratory tract of a patient?

    • A.

      Document an increase in pulse or blood pressure and notify the nurse

    • B.

      Instruct patient to inhale normally when activating the nebulizer

    • C.

      Assess patient's vital signs before, during, and after therapy

    • D.

      Check patient's vitals every 15 minutes after therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Assess patient's vital signs before, during, and after therapy
    Explanation
    Assessing the patient's vital signs before, during, and after therapy is the proper procedure for administering inhalations into the respiratory tract of a patient. This is important to monitor the patient's response to the therapy and ensure their safety. By assessing vital signs, such as pulse and blood pressure, any potential adverse reactions or complications can be identified promptly. This allows for timely intervention and appropriate notification to the healthcare team if necessary. Monitoring vital signs also helps in evaluating the effectiveness of the therapy and making any necessary adjustments.

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  • 34. 

    Into what body cavity are otic medications administered?

    • A.

      External auditory canal

    • B.

      Internal auditory canal

    • C.

      Lower conjunctival sac

    • D.

      Upper conjunctival sac

    Correct Answer
    A. External auditory canal
    Explanation
    Otic medications are administered into the external auditory canal. The external auditory canal is the passage that leads from the outside of the ear to the middle ear. This is where the medication needs to be applied in order to reach the affected area and provide the intended therapeutic effect. The internal auditory canal, lower conjunctival sac, and upper conjunctival sac are not appropriate sites for administering otic medications.

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  • 35. 

    To administer ear drops in a patient under 3 years of age, you gently pull the earlobe

    • A.

      Down to straighten the canal

    • B.

      Outward to expose the canal

    • C.

      Inward to confine the canal

    • D.

      Up to shorten the canal

    Correct Answer
    A. Down to straighten the canal
    Explanation
    To administer ear drops in a patient under 3 years of age, gently pulling the earlobe down helps to straighten the canal. This allows for easier access to the ear canal and ensures that the drops are properly administered. By straightening the canal, the drops can reach the affected area more effectively, increasing the chances of the medication being absorbed and providing the desired therapeutic effect.

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  • 36. 

    When administering a vaginal douche, how high above the patient's vagina do you hang the bag?

    • A.

      4 to 8 inches

    • B.

      6 to 10 inches

    • C.

      12 to 18 inches

    • D.

      24 to 36 inches

    Correct Answer
    C. 12 to 18 inches
    Explanation
    When administering a vaginal douche, the bag should be hung 12 to 18 inches above the patient's vagina. This height allows for a gentle flow of the solution into the vagina without causing discomfort or excessive pressure. Hanging the bag too low may result in a weak flow, while hanging it too high may cause a forceful and uncomfortable flow. Therefore, the optimal height range of 12 to 18 inches ensures the appropriate administration of the douche.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following medications' primary action is pain relief?

    • A.

      Endorphins,hypnotics, and sedatives

    • B.

      Analgesics,sedatives, and hypnotics

    • C.

      Placebos,tricyclics, and analgesics

    • D.

      Stimulant, sedatives, and placebo

    Correct Answer
    B. Analgesics,sedatives, and hypnotics
    Explanation
    The primary action of analgesics is pain relief, as they are specifically designed to reduce or eliminate pain. Sedatives and hypnotics, on the other hand, primarily work to induce sleep or relaxation. Therefore, the combination of analgesics, sedatives, and hypnotics can be used to provide pain relief while also promoting sleep and relaxation.

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  • 38. 

    Opioids are contraindicated with

    • A.

      The treatment of extremity injuries

    • B.

      A phenergan combination

    • C.

      Head injury treatment

    • D.

      Caffeine use

    Correct Answer
    C. Head injury treatment
    Explanation
    Opioids are contraindicated with head injury treatment because they can mask the symptoms of a head injury, making it difficult to assess the severity of the injury and potentially delaying appropriate medical intervention. Opioids can also cause respiratory depression, which can be dangerous for individuals with head injuries. Therefore, it is important to avoid using opioids in the treatment of head injuries.

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  • 39. 

    Anti-inflammatory actions are associated with

    • A.

      Preventing the formation of prostaglandins

    • B.

      The recovery of alcohol abuse

    • C.

      Increased kidney functions

    • D.

      Curing joint dysfunctions

    Correct Answer
    A. Preventing the formation of prostaglandins
    Explanation
    Prostaglandins are hormone-like substances that contribute to the inflammatory response in the body. By preventing the formation of prostaglandins, anti-inflammatory actions can help reduce inflammation and associated symptoms such as pain, swelling, and redness. This can be beneficial in treating various conditions like arthritis, injuries, and certain autoimmune disorders.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following medications are used primarily for analgesic actions in the treatment of arthritis?

    • A.

      Acetaminophen

    • B.

      Salicylates

    • C.

      Potassium

    • D.

      Tramadol

    Correct Answer
    A. Acetaminophen
    Explanation
    Acetaminophen is used primarily for analgesic actions in the treatment of arthritis. It is a commonly used medication for pain relief and reducing fever. It works by inhibiting the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and inflammation. Acetaminophen is often recommended for arthritis patients because it has fewer side effects compared to other pain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Salicylates, although also used for pain relief, are primarily known for their anti-inflammatory properties and are not specifically mentioned as being used primarily for analgesic actions in arthritis treatment. Potassium is an electrolyte and not a medication used for analgesic actions. Tramadol is a strong pain medication, but it is not typically used as a first-line treatment for arthritis pain.

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  • 41. 

    Which statement is not true of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs?

    • A.

      Alleviate pain of arthritis

    • B.

      Raises prostaglandin levels

    • C.

      Used for long-term treatment

    • D.

      Increases risk of gastrointestinal problems

    Correct Answer
    B. Raises prostaglandin levels
    Explanation
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to alleviate pain in conditions like arthritis. However, the statement "raises prostaglandin levels" is not true. NSAIDs actually work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are responsible for inflammation and pain. By reducing prostaglandin levels, NSAIDs help in reducing pain and inflammation. Therefore, the correct answer is "raises prostaglandin levels" as it contradicts the mechanism of action of NSAIDs.

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  • 42. 

    Contraindications of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include all of the following except

    • A.

      When taken with dairy

    • B.

      For patients with asthma

    • C.

      For patients taking anticoagulants

    • D.

      When undergoing elective surgery

    Correct Answer
    A. When taken with dairy
    Explanation
    The contraindications of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) include patients with asthma, patients taking anticoagulants, and those undergoing elective surgery. However, taking NSAIDs with dairy products is not a contraindication. This means that there are no specific warnings or precautions against consuming dairy products while taking NSAIDs.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following central nervous system stimulants obtained over the counter, is frequently taken in prolonged high doses producing habituation and psychological dependence?

    • A.

      Dexadrine

    • B.

      Concerta

    • C.

      Caffeine

    • D.

      Ritalin

    Correct Answer
    C. Caffeine
    Explanation
    Caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant that is commonly obtained over the counter. It is often taken in prolonged high doses, leading to habituation and psychological dependence. Caffeine is found in various beverages and foods such as coffee, tea, energy drinks, and chocolate. Its stimulant effects can increase alertness, energy, and focus, but excessive and prolonged use can result in tolerance, addiction, and withdrawal symptoms when discontinued.

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  • 44. 

    All of the following are contraindications of ventral nervous system stimulants except

    • A.

      Alcoholism

    • B.

      Irritability

    • C.

      Drug dependency

    • D.

      Eating disorders

    Correct Answer
    B. Irritability
    Explanation
    Irritability is not a contraindication of ventral nervous system stimulants because it is a symptom or a condition that can be treated with these stimulants. Ventral nervous system stimulants are commonly used to treat conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, which can present with symptoms of irritability. Therefore, using these stimulants can actually help alleviate irritability rather than being contraindicated.

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  • 45. 

    Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) selectively block the reabsorption of which chemical neurotransmitter?

    • A.

      Norepinephrine

    • B.

      Adrenaline

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      Serotonin

    Correct Answer
    D. Serotonin
    Explanation
    SSRIs, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, work by blocking the reabsorption of serotonin, a chemical neurotransmitter in the brain. By preventing the reuptake of serotonin, SSRIs increase the levels of serotonin available in the brain, which can help improve mood and alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. This is why serotonin is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 46. 

    Side effects of tricyclics include all of the following except

    • A.

      Urinary retention

    • B.

      Pupil constriction

    • C.

      Cardiac arrhythmias

    • D.

      Postural hypotension

    Correct Answer
    B. Pupil constriction
    Explanation
    Tricyclic antidepressants are known to cause various side effects. Urinary retention, cardiac arrhythmias, and postural hypotension are all potential side effects of these medications. However, pupil constriction is not commonly associated with tricyclics. Therefore, the correct answer is pupil constriction.

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  • 47. 

    Antianxiety medications are prescribed for

    • A.

      Suicidal tendencies treatment

    • B.

      The treatment of withdrawals

    • C.

      Prolonged treatment

    • D.

      The treat of insomnia

    Correct Answer
    D. The treat of insomnia
    Explanation
    Antianxiety medications are prescribed for the treatment of insomnia because they help to reduce anxiety and promote relaxation, which can aid in falling asleep and staying asleep. Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both, and it can be caused by various factors including anxiety and stress. Antianxiety medications can help to alleviate these symptoms and improve sleep quality for individuals with insomnia.

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  • 48. 

    Antipsychotic medications are categorized as

    • A.

      Hypnotics

    • B.

      Major tranquilizers

    • C.

      Seizure medications

    • D.

      Antisynovial producers

    Correct Answer
    B. Major tranquilizers
    Explanation
    Antipsychotic medications are categorized as major tranquilizers because they are primarily used to treat severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. These medications work by blocking certain neurotransmitters in the brain, which helps to reduce hallucinations, delusions, and other symptoms associated with psychosis. The term "major tranquilizers" is often used to describe these medications because they have a calming effect on the individual, helping to alleviate symptoms of agitation and aggression.

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  • 49. 

    Which medication potentiates the effects of analgesics when combined with antipsychotics?

    • A.

      Phenergan

    • B.

      Tylenol

    • C.

      Haldol

    • D.

      Zoloft

    Correct Answer
    A. Phenergan
    Explanation
    Phenergan is the correct answer because it is a medication that belongs to the class of antihistamines, which have been found to potentiate the effects of analgesics when combined with antipsychotics. This means that when Phenergan is taken with antipsychotics, it can enhance the pain-relieving effects of analgesics, making them more effective in managing pain. Tylenol, Haldol, and Zoloft are not known to have this potentiating effect.

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  • 50. 

    The effects of cardiac glycosides is to

    • A.

      Slow vasodilation

    • B.

      Increase respirations

    • C.

      Lower blood pressure

    • D.

      Strengthen the heartbeat

    Correct Answer
    D. Strengthen the heartbeat
    Explanation
    Cardiac glycosides are a type of medication that are used to treat heart failure and certain heart rhythm disorders. They work by increasing the force of contraction of the heart muscle, which in turn strengthens the heartbeat. This increased force allows the heart to pump more blood with each beat, improving circulation and reducing symptoms of heart failure. Therefore, the correct answer is "strengthen the heartbeat."

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