Cell Processes Vocabulary Quiz! Trivia

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Questions: 15 | Attempts: 114

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Cell Quizzes & Trivia

Cell processes vocabulary quiz trivia. The cells are the building blocks for all living things. This means that cells carry out a number of processes during their lifespan. One of the processes is the movement of substances in and out of a cell which can either be through active or passive transportation. This quiz will help review some of the words surrounding cells.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This occurs when molecules of one substance are spread evenly throughout another substance.

    Explanation
    Equilibrium refers to a state where the molecules of one substance are evenly distributed or spread throughout another substance. In this state, there is a balance between the forward and backward reactions, resulting in a stable concentration of the molecules. This can occur in various systems, such as chemical reactions, physical processes, or even in biological systems. Equilibrium is a dynamic state where the rates of the forward and backward reactions are equal, leading to a constant concentration of the substances involved.

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  • 2. 

    A type of passive transport that occurs when water diffuses through a cell membrane.

    Explanation
    Osmosis is a type of passive transport that occurs when water molecules move through a cell membrane from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration. This process is driven by the concentration gradient and does not require energy input from the cell. By allowing water to move across the membrane, osmosis helps maintain the balance of water and solutes inside and outside of the cell, ensuring proper cellular function.

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  • 3. 

    Energy requiring process in which transport protein binds with particles and move them through a cell membrane.

    Explanation
    Active transport is the energy-requiring process in which a transport protein binds with particles and moves them through a cell membrane. Unlike passive transport, which relies on the concentration gradient to move particles, active transport requires the input of energy to move particles against the concentration gradient. This process is essential for the cell to maintain the proper balance of ions and molecules inside and outside the cell. It allows the cell to selectively transport specific substances, such as ions or large molecules, across the membrane, even when the concentration of those substances is higher on one side of the membrane than the other.

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  • 4. 

    The process by which vesicles release their contents outside the cell.

    Explanation
    Exocytosis is the process by which vesicles release their contents outside the cell. It is a vital cellular mechanism for transporting molecules, such as proteins and neurotransmitters, from the interior of the cell to the extracellular space. During exocytosis, the vesicle membrane fuses with the plasma membrane, allowing the contents to be released into the extracellular environment. This process is crucial for various physiological functions, including the secretion of hormones, neurotransmission, and the maintenance of cell membrane integrity.

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  • 5. 

    The process by which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane.

    Explanation
    Endocytosis is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding it with the cell membrane. This process involves the formation of a vesicle that encloses the substance and brings it into the cell. Endocytosis is an essential mechanism for the uptake of nutrients, hormones, and other molecules into cells, allowing them to maintain homeostasis and carry out various functions.

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  • 6. 

    The total of all chemical reactions in an organism.

    Explanation
    Metabolism refers to the total of all chemical reactions that occur within an organism. It involves processes such as breaking down food for energy, converting nutrients into building blocks for cells, and eliminating waste products. Metabolism is essential for maintaining life and carrying out various physiological functions in organisms.

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  • 7. 

    The process by which plants and many other producers use light energy to produce a simple sugar from carbon dioxide and water and give off oxygen.

    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the biological process through which plants and other producers convert light energy into chemical energy in the form of simple sugars. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells, where carbon dioxide and water are combined to produce glucose and oxygen. The energy from sunlight is captured by chlorophyll, a pigment found in the chloroplasts, and is used to power the chemical reactions of photosynthesis. As a result, oxygen is released into the atmosphere as a byproduct, which is essential for the survival of many organisms.

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  • 8. 

    The process by which producers and consumers released stored energy from food molecules.

    Explanation
    Respiration is the correct answer because it is the biological process through which organisms, both producers (plants) and consumers (animals), release stored energy from food molecules. During respiration, food molecules are broken down, and the energy stored in them is converted into a usable form called ATP. This process occurs in the cells of all living organisms and is essential for their survival and functioning.

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  • 9. 

    A combination of substances in which the individual substances do not change or combine chemically but instead retain their own individual properties.

    Explanation
    A mixture is a combination of substances where the individual substances do not undergo any chemical changes or reactions. Instead, they maintain their own individual properties. In other words, the substances in a mixture remain separate and do not form new compounds. This allows each substance to retain its unique characteristics and properties within the mixture.

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  • 10. 

    Compounds that always contain hydrogen and carbon.

    Explanation
    Organic compounds are defined as compounds that always contain hydrogen and carbon. They are the basis of life and are found in all living organisms. These compounds are characterized by their ability to form covalent bonds and have a wide variety of structures and properties. Organic compounds include a range of substances such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. They play a crucial role in biological processes and are also important in various industrial applications.

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  • 11. 

    A type of protein that regulates nearly all chemical reactions in a cell.

    Explanation
    Enzymes are proteins that act as catalysts in biological reactions, meaning they regulate and speed up chemical reactions in cells. They do this by lowering the activation energy required for a reaction to occur, allowing it to happen more efficiently. Enzymes are involved in almost all metabolic processes in the cell, including digestion, energy production, and DNA replication. They are highly specific, meaning each enzyme catalyzes a particular reaction. Overall, enzymes play a crucial role in maintaining the balance and functionality of a cell's chemical reactions.

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  • 12. 

    A compound made from elements other than carbon and whose can atoms can only be made by one structure.

    Explanation
    An inorganic compound refers to a compound that does not contain carbon atoms and can only be formed by one structure. This means that the compound is composed of elements other than carbon and has a specific arrangement of atoms that cannot be altered. Inorganic compounds include minerals, salts, metals, and nonmetals. These compounds play important roles in various chemical reactions and are widely used in industries such as agriculture, medicine, and manufacturing.

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  • 13. 

    The process by which oxygen lacking cells and some one-celled organisms released small amounts of energy from glucose molecules and produce wastes such as alcohol, carbon dioxide, and lactic acid.

    Explanation
    Fermentation is the process in which oxygen-lacking cells and some one-celled organisms break down glucose molecules to release small amounts of energy. This process produces wastes such as alcohol, carbon dioxide, and lactic acid.

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  • 14. 

    Movement of substances through a cell membrane without the use of cellular energy.

    Explanation
    Passive transport refers to the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the need for cellular energy. This process occurs due to the natural concentration gradient, with substances moving from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. Passive transport includes diffusion, where small molecules can freely move across the membrane, and osmosis, which is the movement of water molecules across a selectively permeable membrane. Overall, passive transport allows for the efficient and spontaneous movement of substances in and out of cells, maintaining the balance of molecules and ions.

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  • 15. 

    A type of passive transport in cells in which molecules move from areas higher concentration to areas of lower concentration.

    Explanation
    Diffusion is a type of passive transport in cells where molecules move from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration. This process occurs due to the random movement of molecules, causing them to spread out and reach equilibrium. Diffusion is essential for various biological processes, such as the exchange of gases in the lungs and the movement of nutrients and waste products across cell membranes. It does not require the input of energy and is driven solely by the concentration gradient.

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