8th Grade Cell Processes

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8th Grade Cell Processes - Quiz

A cell is the tiniest functional unit of an organism. Cells undergo numerous processes to ensure that a living thing remains living. Do you think you can identify all the processes a cell undergoes on a daily basis? If yes, take up the quiz below and share your results with us.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Difffusion

    • C.

      Active transprot

    • D.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    B. Difffusion
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. This process occurs naturally and does not require the input of energy. It is driven by the random motion of particles and is a fundamental process for various biological and physical phenomena. Osmosis, on the other hand, specifically refers to the diffusion of water molecules across a semipermeable membrane, while active transport requires energy to move particles against their concentration gradient. Passive transport, like diffusion, does not require energy but encompasses various mechanisms such as facilitated diffusion and simple diffusion.

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  • 2. 

    The diffusion of water across the cell membrane.

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Active transport

    • D.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Osmosis
    Explanation
    Osmosis is the correct answer because it refers to the diffusion of water across a cell membrane. Osmosis occurs when water molecules move from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration, in order to equalize the concentration on both sides of the membrane. This process is passive and does not require energy expenditure by the cell.

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  • 3. 

    The diffusion of particles through proteins in the cell membrane from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration without the use of energy

    • A.

      Active transport

    • B.

      Passive transport

    • C.

      Osmosis

    • D.

      Diffusion

    Correct Answer
    B. Passive transport
    Explanation
    Passive transport refers to the movement of particles through proteins in the cell membrane from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration without the use of energy. This process occurs spontaneously and does not require any additional energy input from the cell. Unlike active transport, which requires energy, passive transport, including diffusion and osmosis, relies on the concentration gradient to drive the movement of particles. Therefore, the correct answer is passive transport.

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  • 4. 

    The movement of particles through proteins in the cell membrane against the direction of difussion.

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Diffusion

    • C.

      Active transport

    • D.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    C. Active transport
    Explanation
    Active transport is the process in which particles move through proteins in the cell membrane against the direction of diffusion. It requires the use of energy, usually in the form of ATP, to transport molecules or ions across the membrane. This process is essential for maintaining concentration gradients and transporting substances that are needed in higher concentrations inside the cell. Unlike passive transport, which relies on the concentration gradient, active transport allows particles to move against the concentration gradient, ensuring the proper functioning of the cell.

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  • 5. 

    Active transport requires energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Active transport is a process in which molecules or ions move across a cell membrane against their concentration gradient, from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration. This movement requires energy to be expended by the cell. Therefore, the statement that active transport requires energy is correct.

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  • 6. 

    The process in which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses it in a vesicle to bring it into the cell.

    • A.

      Passive transport

    • B.

      Active transport

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Exocytosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Endocytosis
    Explanation
    Endocytosis is the correct answer because it involves the process in which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses it in a vesicle to bring it into the cell. This process is active and requires energy expenditure by the cell. It is different from passive transport, which does not require energy, and exocytosis, which involves the release of materials from the cell.

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  • 7. 

    The process in which used to remove large particles from a cell; a vesicle containing the particles fuses with the cell

    • A.

      Exocytosis

    • B.

      Endocytosis

    • C.

      Active transport

    • D.

      Passive transport

    Correct Answer
    A. Exocytosis
    Explanation
    Exocytosis is the correct answer because it is the process by which large particles are removed from a cell. In exocytosis, a vesicle containing the particles fuses with the cell membrane and releases its contents outside the cell. This process is used to eliminate waste products or to secrete substances such as hormones or enzymes. It is an active process that requires energy and is opposite to endocytosis, which is the process of bringing substances into the cell.

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  • 8. 

    The process by which plants capture sunlight and convert it to glucose.

    • A.

      Endocytosis

    • B.

      Exocytosis

    • C.

      Cellular respiration

    • D.

      Photosynthesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it is the process by which plants capture sunlight and convert it into glucose. During photosynthesis, plants use chlorophyll in their cells to absorb sunlight and convert it into chemical energy in the form of glucose. This process is essential for plants to produce their own food and release oxygen into the atmosphere. Endocytosis and exocytosis are cellular processes involved in the transportation of materials within and outside of cells, respectively. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells break down glucose to release energy.

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  • 9. 

    The process of producing ATP from oxygen and glucose; releases CO2 as a waste product.

    • A.

      Cellular respiration

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Endocytosis

    • D.

      Exocytosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Cellular respiration
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the correct answer because it is the process by which cells convert oxygen and glucose into ATP, which is the energy currency of the cell. During this process, carbon dioxide (CO2) is produced as a waste product and released. Photosynthesis, on the other hand, is the process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen. Endocytosis and exocytosis are cellular processes involved in the movement of substances into and out of the cell, respectively, and are not directly related to the production of ATP and release of CO2.

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  • 10. 

    Photosynthesis releases carbon dioxide.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen and glucose using sunlight. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that photosynthesis releases carbon dioxide. Instead, photosynthesis actually reduces the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by absorbing it and converting it into oxygen.

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  • 11. 

    Cellular respiration releases CO2.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is a metabolic process that occurs in cells to release energy from glucose. During this process, glucose is broken down in the presence of oxygen to produce carbon dioxide (CO2) as a byproduct. Therefore, it is correct to say that cellular respiration releases CO2.

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  • 12. 

    C6H12O12 is sugar

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement, "C6H12O12 is sugar," is incorrect. The correct chemical formula for sugar is C6H12O6, not C6H12O12. Therefore, the answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    What is the correct formula for glucose?

    Correct Answer
    C6H12O6
    Explanation
    The correct formula for glucose is C6H12O6. This formula represents the molecular structure of glucose, which consists of 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms, and 6 oxygen atoms. Glucose is a simple sugar and is an essential source of energy for living organisms. Its formula accurately reflects the composition of the molecule and is widely recognized in the scientific community.

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  • 14. 

    What is the correct formula for oxygen that we breathe?

    Correct Answer
    O2
    Explanation
    The correct formula for oxygen that we breathe is O2. Oxygen exists as a diatomic molecule, meaning it naturally occurs as two oxygen atoms bonded together. This molecular form of oxygen, known as dioxygen or molecular oxygen, is the most common and stable form of oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere. It is essential for respiration and is the primary component of the air we breathe.

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  • 15. 

    What is the correct formula for carbon dioxide?

    Correct Answer
    CO2
    Explanation
    The correct formula for carbon dioxide is CO2.

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  • 16. 

    What is the correct formula for water?

    Correct Answer
    H2O
    Explanation
    The correct formula for water is H2O. This formula represents the chemical composition of water, which consists of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom. The subscript "2" indicates that there are two hydrogen atoms present in the molecule, while the "O" represents the single oxygen atom. This formula is widely recognized and accepted in the scientific community to represent water.

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  • 17. 

    CO2 + H2O + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + O2 is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given chemical equation represents the process of photosynthesis, where carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O), in the presence of sunlight, are converted into glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen (O2). This equation accurately describes the overall reaction that occurs during photosynthesis, making the statement "True."

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  • 18. 

    Complete the equation for cellular respiration:_____________ + O2 -------> CO2 + H2O + ATP energy

    Correct Answer
    C6H12O6
    Explanation
    The equation for cellular respiration is typically represented as C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP energy. This equation shows the process by which glucose (C6H12O6) is broken down in the presence of oxygen (O2) to produce carbon dioxide (CO2), water (H2O), and ATP energy. Glucose is an important fuel molecule that provides the necessary energy for cellular activities through the process of cellular respiration.

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  • 19. 

    Cellular respiration takes place is what kind of cell and and what part of the cell?

    • A.

      Plant cell; mitochondria

    • B.

      Animal cell; mitochondria

    • C.

      Plant cell; chloroplast

    • D.

      Animal cell; chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal cell; mitochondria
    Explanation
    Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into energy, carbon dioxide, and water. It occurs in the mitochondria, which are organelles found in both plant and animal cells. However, the correct answer is animal cell; mitochondria because while both plant and animal cells have mitochondria, animals rely primarily on cellular respiration for energy production, whereas plants also perform photosynthesis in chloroplasts for energy. Therefore, cellular respiration takes place in animal cells, specifically in the mitochondria.

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  • 20. 

    Organelles that package cellular materials and transport them within the cell or out of the cell.  cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    golgi body
    Explanation
    The Golgi body is responsible for packaging cellular materials and transporting them within the cell or out of the cell. It receives proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum, modifies them, and then packages them into vesicles for transport. These vesicles can either be transported to other parts of the cell or released outside of the cell. Therefore, the Golgi body fits the description of an organelle that packages cellular materials and transports them within or out of the cell.

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  • 21. 

    Group of similar cells that work together to do one job.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    tissue
    Explanation
    Tissue is a group of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function. In the context of the given options, all the other terms refer to individual cellular structures or components. Only tissue represents a collection of cells working together, making it the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    Structure, such as a heart, made up of different types of tissues that all work together.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    organ
    Explanation
    An organ is a structure made up of different types of tissues that work together. In this case, the heart is an example of an organ. It is composed of cardiac muscle tissue, connective tissue, and other types of tissues that enable it to pump blood throughout the body. Organs perform specific functions in the body and are essential for maintaining overall health and proper bodily functions.

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  • 23. 

    Protective outer covering of all cells that regulate the interactions between the cell and the environment.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is the protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the interactions between the cell and the environment. It acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the cell. The cell membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins, which give it flexibility and selective permeability. This allows the cell to maintain homeostasis by controlling the flow of nutrients, ions, and wastes. The cell membrane also plays a role in cell signaling and communication with other cells.

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  • 24. 

    Rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cells of plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds and protects the cells of plants, algae, fungi, and most bacteria. It provides support and shape to the cell, helping to maintain its structural integrity. The cell wall also acts as a barrier, preventing the entry of harmful substances and protecting the cell from mechanical damage. Unlike the cell membrane, which is flexible and selectively permeable, the cell wall is made up of strong fibers and provides a more rigid and protective layer.

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  • 25. 

    Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane that contains hereditary material and is the location of most of a cell's life processes.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    cytoplasm
    Explanation
    The cytoplasm is a gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane that contains the cell's hereditary material and is the location of most of its life processes. It is constantly moving and is responsible for various cellular functions such as metabolism, protein synthesis, and cell division. The cytoplasm also houses various organelles, including the ribosomes, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum, which carry out specific functions necessary for the cell's survival and growth.

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  • 26. 

    Green, chlorophyll-containing, plant cell organelle that uses lingh energy to produce sugar from carbon dioxide and water.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are green, chlorophyll-containing organelles found in plant cells. They are responsible for photosynthesis, a process in which light energy is used to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar. This process is crucial for plants to produce their own food and release oxygen as a byproduct. Chloroplasts have a double membrane and contain their own DNA, which is why they are considered semi-autonomous organelles within the cell.

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  • 27. 

    Cytoplasmic organelle that moves materials around in a cell and is made up of complex membranes; can be rough or smooth.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    endoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum is a cytoplasmic organelle that is responsible for moving materials around in a cell. It is made up of complex membranes and can exist in two forms: rough or smooth. The rough endoplasmic reticulum is studded with ribosomes, which are responsible for protein synthesis, while the smooth endoplasmic reticulum is involved in lipid synthesis and detoxification processes.

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  • 28. 

    Cell organelle that breaks down food and releases energy.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are cell organelles that are responsible for breaking down food molecules and releasing energy in the form of ATP through a process called cellular respiration. They are often referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell because they produce the majority of the cell's energy. Mitochondria have an outer membrane and an inner membrane, which allows them to carry out their functions efficiently. They are found in most eukaryotic cells, including plant and animal cells.

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  • 29. 

    Structure in the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that can act as a storage site, process energy, move materials, or manufactures substancescell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    organelle
    Explanation
    The given answer "organelle" is correct because organelles are specialized structures within a eukaryotic cell that perform specific functions. They can act as storage sites, process energy, move materials, or manufacture substances. Examples of organelles include the nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi body, endoplasmic reticulum, and chloroplasts. These organelles work together to ensure the proper functioning of the cell.

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  • 30. 

    Organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of proteins DNA.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of proteins DNA. It is often referred to as the "control center" of the cell because it regulates gene expression and coordinates cellular activities. The DNA within the nucleus contains the instructions for building and maintaining the cell, including the production of proteins. The nucleus also plays a role in cell division, as it is responsible for the replication and distribution of DNA during mitosis and meiosis.

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  • 31. 

    Small cytoplasmic structures on which cells make their own proteins.cell membrane   cell wall   golgi body   chloroplast   cytoplasm   tissue   ribosomes   organelle   organ   mitochondria   endoplasmic reticulum   nucleus

    Correct Answer
    ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are small cytoplasmic structures where cells synthesize proteins. They are responsible for translating messenger RNA (mRNA) into amino acid sequences, which then fold into functional proteins. Ribosomes can be found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and are composed of two subunits: a large subunit and a small subunit. They play a crucial role in protein synthesis and are considered the "protein factories" of the cell.

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  • Jul 22, 2023
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