Urinary System (Part 1) - For Quiz #3 On Wed. 9/22/10

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Urinary System (Part 1) - For Quiz #3 On Wed. 9/22/10

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The urinary system is also called the _____________ system.
  • 2. 
    The main function of the urinary system is to remove ___________  ___________ from our blood and ultimately to ____________ them.
  • 3. 
    These organs are bean shaped.
  • 4. 
    All work of the urinary system is done in the _____________.
  • 5. 
    The kidneys are located ___________ (superior or inferior) to the diaphragm in the ____________ (region of the body).
  • 6. 
    The ___________ (right or left?) kidney lies slightly lower than the other because of the ___________ (which organ?).
  • 7. 
    Choose the correct functions of the kidneys.
    • A. 

      Excretion of waste

    • B. 

      Fluid balance for homeostasis

    • C. 

      Acid/base balance

    • D. 

      BP regulation

    • E. 

      Regulate RBC production with erythropoietin

  • 8. 
    The __________ or ___________ of the kidney is where everything enters and exits the kidney.
  • 9. 
    The kidney receives blood from the __________  __________ and is drained by the ___________  ___________.
  • 10. 
    The __________ exits the kidney at the hilum and connects the kidney to the bladder.
  • 11. 
    The kidney is protected by a fibrous connective tissue capsule called the __________  ___________.
  • 12. 
    Surrounding the renal capsule of the kidney is a layer of adipose tissue called ____________  ____________.
  • 13. 
    An outer layer of fascia surrounds all the kidney layers and is continuous with the peritoneum called ___________  ___________.
  • 14. 
    Structure of kidney:The outer portion of the actual kidney is called the renal  __________.
  • 15. 
    Structure of kidney:The inner portion of the actual kidney is called the renal __________.
  • 16. 
    Structure of kidney:Triangular divisions of the medulla of the kidney are called renal ____________.
  • 17. 
    Structure of kidney:Extensions of cortical tissue that dip down into the medulla between the renal pyramids are called renal ____________.
  • 18. 
    Structure of kidney:The area of the kidney where the tips of the pyramids point down into a funnel-shaped basin that forms the upper end of the ureter is called the renal ___________.
  • 19. 
    Structure of kidney:The pyramids empty into a cup shaped structure in the renal pelvis called a __________, which collects the urine from the pyramid and empties it into the pelvis.
  • 20. 
    What structure(s) connects the kidneys to the bladder and are made up of muscle?
  • 21. 
    ___________  and ___________ allow urine to flow through the ureters to the bladder.
  • 22. 
    The ureters enter the bladder at a(n) _________ angle.  A full bladder closes the ureters off so there is no reflux.
  • 23. 
    The ___________ is an empty sac that fills with urine.
  • 24. 
    When empty, the bladder is lined with __________ (folds in the lining which allow for expansion).
  • 25. 
    A full bladder holds approx. how much urine?
    • A. 

      300 cc

    • B. 

      400 cc

    • C. 

      500 cc

    • D. 

      600 cc

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