Urinary System Quiz Questions And Answers

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 26102

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Urinary System Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Have you studied the chapter urinary system? To check your knowledge about the topic, take this urinary system quiz. The functioning of the urinary system involves selected organs, but the main one is the kidney. Test out what you know about the urinary system by taking this quiz. If you can't answer any of the questions, you can learn something new. Overall, it is a test and a learning experience for you. You can share the quiz with your friends or other medical professionals if you like it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________ arteries supply the kidneys with blood.
  • 2. 
    The bladder is lined with ______________ epithelium.
    • A. 

      Simple columnar

    • B. 

      Transitional

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal

    • E. 

      Pseudostratified columnar

  • 3. 
    The functional unit of the kidneys is the
    • A. 

      Neuron

    • B. 

      Neural glial cell

    • C. 

      Nephron

    • D. 

      Ureters

    • E. 

      Nephritis.

  • 4. 
    Filtration of the blood occurs at the ___________ an is collected by the ___________.
    • A. 

      Glomerulus; proximal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Glomerulus; glomerular capsule

    • C. 

      Glomerulus; nephron loop

    • D. 

      Glomerular capsule; glomerulus

    • E. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule; glomerulus

  • 5. 
    Most of the solutes and water that are filtered out of the blood are reabsorbed at the __________________ of the renal tube.
  • 6. 
    Along the descending limb of the nephron loop (loop of Henle) ______________ is reabsorbed, while along the ascending limb _________________ is reabsorbed.
    • A. 

      Water; urea

    • B. 

      Salt; water

    • C. 

      Salt; urea

    • D. 

      Water; salt

    • E. 

      Water; glucose

  • 7. 
    The distal convoluted tubule is only permeable to water if _______________ is present.
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Oxytocin

    • C. 

      Antidiuretic hormone

    • D. 

      Salt

    • E. 

      Human growth hormone

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is not normally filtered from the blood?
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Blood cells

    • E. 

      Urea

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is reabsorbed back into the blood via passive transport?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Hydrogen ions

    • D. 

      Calcium

    • E. 

      Water

  • 10. 
    Urine leaves the urinary bladder though the ____________________.
  • 11. 
    Urine is moved down the ureters by ____________________.
  • 12. 
    The reason why alcohol and caffeine are known to cause dehydration.  This is because these two drugs decrease the effectiveness of _____________________. 
  • 13. 
    What type of connective tissues surrounds and protects the kidneys?
  • 14. 
    How are the cells of the small intestine and proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)  similar?
    • A. 

      They are both composed of simple columnar epithelium.

    • B. 

      They are both composed of simple cuboidal epithelium.

    • C. 

      The cells of the small intestine and PCT contain microvilli.

    • D. 

      The cells of the small intestine and PCT contain secrete digestive enzymes.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is a function of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Regulates blood pressure.

    • B. 

      Filters waste from the blood.

    • C. 

      Regulates the pH of the body.

    • D. 

      Regulates the body's electrolyte concentration.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

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