A&p Of The Urinary System

73 Questions | Total Attempts: 1108

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A&p Of The Urinary System - Quiz

The urinary system contains kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The principal purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body. It also controls blood volume and blood pressure, regulates electrolytes and metabolites, and controls blood pH. If you need to comprehend more regarding the urinary system, try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Convex portion (renal hilum) of the kidney is __________ the _____________, artery, and veins exit the _______________.
    • A. 

      Proximal to; rib; ureter

    • B. 

      The point at which; renal pelvis; perenchyma

    • C. 

      The point at which;urine; ureter

    • D. 

      The point at which; renal pelvis; outer cortex

  • 2. 
    The kidney is situated approximately at a 90-angle from the spine adjacent to what levels of the spinal column?
    • A. 

      L1 or L2 to C4

    • B. 

      T8 to L1 or L2

    • C. 

      T12 to L2 or L3

    • D. 

      T12 to C1 or C2

  • 3. 
    What are projected portions between the papillae and fornices called?
    • A. 

      Columns of Berlin

    • B. 

      Columns of Burton

    • C. 

      Columns of Bromen

    • D. 

      Columns of Bertin

  • 4. 
    (calices) Tips are indented by the projecting pyramids.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Excretory functions consist of the ________________.
    • A. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Glomerular filtration

    • C. 

      Ureteropelvic Junction

    • D. 

      Renal corpuscle

  • 6. 
    Where does the Glomerulus lay?
    • A. 

      Bladder

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Bowman's capsule

    • D. 

      Nephron

  • 7. 
    What are three basic processes of urine production?
    • A. 

      Glomerular filtration; Tubular reabsorption; tubular secretion

    • B. 

      Proximal convolution, Glomular filtration, tubular secretion

    • C. 

      Tubular reabsorption, Proximal convolution; tubular secretion

    • D. 

      Proximal convolution; Secretary filtration, tubular secretion

  • 8. 
    During glomerulus, reabsorption  occurs for most fluids, such as ______________.More than one answer
    • A. 

      Sodium,

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Water

  • 9. 
    If sodium concentration is too ________, the bottom of the loop of Henle will selectively reabsorb water causing urine concentration.
    • A. 

      High

    • B. 

      Low

  • 10. 
    Distal convoluted tubule:As fluid flows along the ____________ and through the collecting duct, the tubule and duct cells secrete other materials such as waste, drugs, and ________ into the fluid.
    • A. 

      Fallopian tubules; sodium

    • B. 

      Renal tubule; sodium

    • C. 

      Fallopian tubules; excess ions

    • D. 

      Renal tubule; excess ions

  • 11. 
    What consists of the collecting tubule which empties its contents through the tip of a pyramid into the minor calyx?
    • A. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Excretory function

    • C. 

      Secretory function

    • D. 

      Arterial supply

  • 12. 
    What is arterial supply?
    • A. 

      Paired with the arteries, but any of them will drain the entire kidney if the others are tied off.

    • B. 

      One renal artery, a branch of the aorta, enters the hilum of the kidney between the pelvis, and the renal vein.

    • C. 

      Maintain the internal homeostatic environment of the body by the regulation of the hydrogen ion.

    • D. 

      Regulates electrolyte concentrations, controls blood volume, and regulates blood pressure.

  • 13. 
    Arterial supply divides into anterior and posterior branches.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What is venous supply?
    • A. 

      Paired with the arteries, but any of them will drain the entire kidney if the others are tied off.

    • B. 

      One renal artery, a branch of the aorta, enters the hilum of the kidney between the pelvis, and the renal vein.

    • C. 

      Maintain the internal homeostatic environment of the body by the regulation of the hydrogen ion.

    • D. 

      Regulates electrolyte concentrations, controls blood volume, and regulates blood pressure.

  • 15. 
    The kidney provides long term regulation of acid-based balance by selective _________ or __________ of hydrogen ions.
    • A. 

      Use, disuse

    • B. 

      Excretion, secretion

    • C. 

      Excretion, reabsorption

    • D. 

      Use, excretion

  • 16. 
    Narrow muscular tubes that originate at the lower portion of the renal pelvis, and terminate in the bladder wall
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Ureters

  • 17. 
    What drains urine from the kidney into the ureter?
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Bladder

    • C. 

      Ureter

    • D. 

      Urethra

  • 18. 
    The ureters are ______ to _________ long and follow a smooth S curve.
    • A. 

      24-30 inches

    • B. 

      10-20 inches

    • C. 

      24-30 cm

    • D. 

      10-20 cm

  • 19. 
    Which ureter is slightly longer than the other?
    • A. 

      Left

    • B. 

      Right

  • 20. 
    Choose the three areas of narrowing in the ureters
    • A. 

      Ureteroplevic junction

    • B. 

      Ureteroisotopic junction

    • C. 

      Ureteroiliac junction

    • D. 

      Ureteroventrical junction

    • E. 

      Ureterovesical junction

  • 21. 
    What is the size and shape of the bladder dependant on?
    • A. 

      Gender, fullness

    • B. 

      Gender, age

    • C. 

      Fullness, age

    • D. 

      Fullness, race

  • 22. 
    Forms a portion of the urethra
    • A. 

      Apex

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Superior right and left inferolateral surfaces

    • D. 

      Bladder neck

  • 23. 
    Triangular in shape, and defined by the borders of the trigone
    • A. 

      Apex

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Superior right and left inferolateral surfaces

    • D. 

      Bladder neck

  • 24. 
    Oriented toward the abdominal wall
    • A. 

      Apex

    • B. 

      Base

    • C. 

      Superior right and left inferolateral surfaces

    • D. 

      Bladder neck

  • 25. 
    What is the capacity of the adult bladder?
    • A. 

      300-400 ml

    • B. 

      400-500 ml

    • C. 

      500-600 ml

    • D. 

      600-700 ml

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