Anatomy And Physiology II: Urinary System

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 1603

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Anatomy And Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The main function of the Kidney include all except
    • A. 

      Regulate oxygen supply to tissues

    • B. 

      Filtering blood

    • C. 

      Regulating water, electrolytes and acids/bases

    • D. 

      Dispose of nitrogenous wastes

  • 2. 
    The hormones associated with red blood cell production is
    • A. 

      RAA

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Erythropoietin

    • D. 

      Aldosterona

  • 3. 
    The Hilus is 
    • A. 

      The apex of a renal pyramid

    • B. 

      The adipose tissue of the kidney

    • C. 

      The renal column

    • D. 

      A cleft where vesseles, ureters, and nerves enter and leave

  • 4. 
    The space between renal pyramids is
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Renal column

    • C. 

      Renal papilla

    • D. 

      Renal medulla

  • 5. 
    Urine enters the nephron at the
    • A. 

      Renal crest

    • B. 

      Renal hilus

    • C. 

      Renal pyramid

    • D. 

      Renal papilla

  • 6. 
    If a drop of blood is entering the kidney, in what order would the blood be filtered through the following parts of the kidney: 1) Peritubular Capillaries 2) Glomerulus 3)Afferent arteriole 4) Efferent arteriole
    • A. 

      1234

    • B. 

      3241

    • C. 

      4321

    • D. 

      2341

  • 7. 
    Which of the following structures makes up the renal corpuscle?
    • A. 

      Glomerulus and bowman's capsule

    • B. 

      Bowman's capsule and proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Proximal and distal convoluted tubule

    • D. 

      Loop of henle

  • 8. 
    The main function of the loop of henle is
    • A. 

      Adjusts pH

    • B. 

      Active transport of glucose and salts back into plasma

    • C. 

      Water reabsorption

    • D. 

      Active transport of protein back into plasma

  • 9. 
    How does the collecting duct concentrate urine?
    • A. 

      Adding water

    • B. 

      Adjusting pH

    • C. 

      Slowing down filtrate flow rate

    • D. 

      Removing water

  • 10. 
    At which end of the glomerulus does the proximal convoluted tubule join the bowman's capsule?
    • A. 

      Vascular pole

    • B. 

      Afferent duct

    • C. 

      Urinary pole

    • D. 

      Efferent duct

  • 11. 
    Fenestrations in capillaries are large enough to allow proteins to pass through
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    All of the following structures are found in the renal cortex except
    • A. 

      Glomerulus

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of henle

    • D. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

  • 13. 
    Macula densa cells have chemoreceptors which secrete which hormone if solute concentration falls?
    • A. 

      Angiotensen I

    • B. 

      Renin

    • C. 

      ADH

    • D. 

      Aldosterone

  • 14. 
    What is the name of the capillary bed that runs parallel to the loop of henle to reabsorb water
    • A. 

      Juxtaglomerular apparatus

    • B. 

      Macula densa

    • C. 

      Vasa recta

    • D. 

      Jg cells

  • 15. 
    Which of the following animals have a right heart shaped kidney and a left triangle shaped kidney?
    • A. 

      Equine

    • B. 

      Bovine

    • C. 

      Canine

    • D. 

      Porcine

  • 16. 
    In a unipyramidal kidney, the renal papilla is called?
    • A. 

      Renal pelvis

    • B. 

      Renal column

    • C. 

      Renal

    • D. 

      Renal crest

  • 17. 
    Which of the following structures have cuboidal epithelium with long microvilli?
    • A. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Loop of henle

    • C. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

  • 18. 
    What is the name of the muscle that lines the walls of the bladder?
    • A. 

      Cremaster

    • B. 

      Detrouser

    • C. 

      Dartos

    • D. 

      Internal Abdominal Oblique

  • 19. 
    Perirenal fat has the following functions except ?
    • A. 

      Cushioning of kidney

    • B. 

      Stabilization of kidney

    • C. 

      Inhibits movement of kidney

    • D. 

      Energy source of kidney

  • 20. 
    How does glycotoxicity cause renal failure?
    • A. 

      Blocks fenestrations in glomerulus

    • B. 

      Is absorbed by loop of henle

    • C. 

      Excreted back into blood by collecting duct

  • 21. 
    Which of the following structures have simple cuboidal epithelium?
    • A. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Loop of henle

    • C. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

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