Medical Terminology Chapter 12: Urinary System Questions

17 Questions

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Medical Terminology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What organ produces urine and helps regulate and control body fluids?
    • A. 

      Urinary bladder

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      Ureters

  • 2. 
    What organ transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder?
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Ureters

    • D. 

      Urethra

  • 3. 
    What organ serves as a reservoir for urine?
    • A. 

      Ureter

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      Urinary bladder

  • 4. 
    Which organ serves as a passageway for urine to the outside of the body; and in the male conveys both urine and semen? 
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Ureter

    • D. 

      Urethra

  • 5. 
    The extraction of certain wastes from the blood stream, conversion of these materials to urine, and transport of urine from from the kidney via the ureters to the bladder for elimination is the function of what system?
    • A. 

      Urinary

    • B. 

      Digestion

    • C. 

      Muscular

    • D. 

      Skeletal

  • 6. 
    What is the "notch" that allows the renal artery and vein, nerves and lymphatic vessels to enter and leave the kidney called?
    • A. 

      Cortex

    • B. 

      Nephron

    • C. 

      Hilum

    • D. 

      Medulla

  • 7. 
    The sac like collecting portion of the kidney is called?
    • A. 

      Trigone

    • B. 

      Urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis

    • D. 

      Apex

  • 8. 
    The inner portion of the kidney is called the?
    • A. 

      Nephron

    • B. 

      Hilum

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Medulla

  • 9. 
    The outer layer of the kidney is called the?
    • A. 

      Henle

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Hilum

    • D. 

      Cortex

  • 10. 
    The structural and functional unit of the kidney are called?
    • A. 

      Ureter

    • B. 

      Nephrons

    • C. 

      Apex

    • D. 

      Trigone

  • 11. 
    Each nephron consists of_______________ ____________ and a _____________?
    • A. 

      Renal cortex and medulla

    • B. 

      Renal corpuscal and tubule

    • C. 

      Renal capsule and cortex

    • D. 

      Renal vein and ureter

  • 12. 
    The malpighian corpuscle consists of _______________ and ______________ _______________? 
    • A. 

      Cortex and distal tuble

    • B. 

      Glomerulus and Bowmans capsule

    • C. 

      Hilum and collecting tuble

    • D. 

      Medulla and renal artery

  • 13. 
    Urine is formed by the process of _____________ and ________________ in the nephron?
    • A. 

      Collection, filtration

    • B. 

      Filtration, reabsorption

    • C. 

      Flow, discharge

  • 14. 
    An average of_________________ to ____________________ mL of urine is voided daily
    • A. 

      2000,2500

    • B. 

      25, 165

    • C. 

      500, 1500

    • D. 

      1000, 1500

  • 15. 
    Narrow muscular tubes that transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder are called?
    • A. 

      Hilum

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Ureters

    • D. 

      Bladder

  • 16. 
    A muscular membranous sac that serves as a reservoir for urine is called?
    • A. 

      Urethra

    • B. 

      Ureter

    • C. 

      Kidney

    • D. 

      Bladder

  • 17. 
    The external urinary opening is called?
    • A. 

      Urinary meatus

    • B. 

      Neck

    • C. 

      Prostate

    • D. 

      Uterus