Medical Terminology: Chapter 12 The Urinary System Combining Forms

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Medical Terminology: Chapter 12 The Urinary System Combining Forms - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Albumin/o

    • A.

      Kidney

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Bladder

    • D.

      Stone

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    The term "albumin/o" refers to albumin, which is a type of protein found in the blood. It is produced by the liver and helps maintain the balance of fluids in the body. The other options, kidney, bladder, and stone, are not directly related to the term "albumin/o." Therefore, the correct answer is protein.

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  • 2. 

    Bacter/i

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Germs

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Night

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    The given answer "bacteria" is the correct option because the word "bacter/i" is a root word that refers to bacteria. The other options such as bladder, germs, and night do not relate to the given root word. Therefore, "bacteria" is the most suitable answer.

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  • 3. 

    Calc/i

    • A.

      Passage

    • B.

      Hardening

    • C.

      Keystone

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    D. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is related to the term "calc/i". The term "calc/i" is likely a root word or a prefix/suffix related to calcium. The other words in the list, such as passage, hardening, and keystone, do not have any obvious connection to "calc/i". Therefore, calcium is the most logical choice as the correct answer.

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  • 4. 

    Col/o

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Stone

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Colon

    Correct Answer
    D. Colon
    Explanation
    The term "col/o" is a combining form that refers to the colon, which is a part of the digestive system. The other options, such as blood, stone, and skin, do not have any relation to the term "col/o." Therefore, the correct answer is colon.

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  • 5. 

    Corpor/e

    • A.

      Urine

    • B.

      Sound

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Bladder

    Correct Answer
    C. Body
  • 6. 

    Cutan/e

    • A.

      Renal pelvis

    • B.

      Bladder

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Perineum

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin
    Explanation
    The term "cutan/e" refers to the skin. Among the options provided, the skin is the only anatomical structure that matches this term. The renal pelvis is a part of the kidney, the bladder is an organ in the urinary system, and the perineum is the area between the anus and the genitals. Therefore, the correct answer is skin.

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  • 7. 

    Cyst/o

    • A.

      Stone

    • B.

      Small bag

    • C.

      Bladder

    • D.

      Pus

    Correct Answer
    C. Bladder
    Explanation
    The term "cyst/o" refers to the bladder. It is derived from the Greek word "kystis," which means bladder. Therefore, the correct answer is bladder.

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  • 8. 

    Excret/o

    • A.

      Urine

    • B.

      Blood

    • C.

      Sifted out

    • D.

      To urinate

    Correct Answer
    C. Sifted out
    Explanation
    The term "excret/o" refers to the process of elimination or removal of waste products from the body. In this context, it specifically relates to the elimination of urine. When urine is formed, it is "sifted out" or filtered from the blood by the kidneys. This filtered waste product is then excreted from the body through the process of urination. Therefore, the term "sifted out" accurately describes the process of urine formation and elimination.

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  • 9. 

    Glomerul/o

    • A.

      Sifted out

    • B.

      Glomerulus, little ball

    • C.

      Keytone

    • D.

      Passage

    Correct Answer
    B. Glomerulus, little ball
    Explanation
    The term "glomerul/o" refers to the glomerulus, which is a small ball-like structure in the kidney. This term is derived from the Latin word "glomerulus," meaning "little ball." The glomerulus plays a crucial role in the filtration of blood in the kidney, as it sifts out waste products and excess fluids. Therefore, the correct answer is "glomerulus, little ball."

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  • 10. 

    Glycos/o

    • A.

      Sugar sweet

    • B.

      Hardening

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    A. Sugar sweet
    Explanation
    The term "glycos/o" refers to sugar or sweet. This is derived from the Greek word "glykys" which means sweet. It is used in medical terminology to indicate a relationship or involvement with sugar or sweetness.

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  • 11. 

    Hem/o or hemat/o

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      Pus

    • C.

      Sweet

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood
    Explanation
    The term "hem/o" or "hemat/o" is a combining form that refers to blood. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate conditions or processes related to blood. In this context, "hem/o" or "hemat/o" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the given word "blood" in the question. The other options, such as "skin," "pus," and "sweet," do not have any connection to the term "hem/o" or "hemat/o." Therefore, "blood" is the most appropriate answer.

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  • 12. 

    Keton/o

    • A.

      Urine

    • B.

      Passage

    • C.

      Kidney

    • D.

      Keytone

    Correct Answer
    D. Keytone
    Explanation
    The term "keton/o" refers to ketones, which are organic compounds produced by the liver during the breakdown of fats. These ketones can be detected in various bodily fluids, including urine. Therefore, the correct spelling for the term is "ketone" and not "keytone."

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  • 13. 

    Lith/o

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Urine

    • C.

      Stone

    • D.

      Body

    Correct Answer
    C. Stone
    Explanation
    The term "lith/o" refers to stone, while "pus" refers to urine. When combined, "lith/o" and "pus" create the word "lithopus," which can be defined as a stone in the urine. Therefore, the answer "stone" accurately represents the meaning of "lith/o" and "pus" when combined.

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  • 14. 

    Meat/o

    • A.

      Renal pelvis

    • B.

      Passage

    • C.

      Hardening

    • D.

      Ureter

    Correct Answer
    B. Passage
    Explanation
    The word "passage" is the correct answer because it is the only term that relates to the given words. "Meat/o" is not a recognized medical term, "renal pelvis" refers to a specific part of the kidney, "hardening" does not match with any of the other words, and "ureter" is a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder. "Passage" is the only word that can be associated with the concept of a pathway or a route, which can be applicable to the other terms mentioned.

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  • 15. 

    Micturit/o

    • A.

      Perineum

    • B.

      Bladder

    • C.

      Kidney

    • D.

      To urinate

    Correct Answer
    D. To urinate
    Explanation
    The term "micturit/o" refers to the act of urinating. It is derived from the Latin word "micturire" which means "to urinate". Therefore, the correct answer is "to urinate". The other options, perineum, bladder, and kidney, are not directly related to the act of urination.

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  • 16. 

    Nephr/o

    • A.

      Hardening

    • B.

      Sifted out

    • C.

      Keytone

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    D. Kidney
    Explanation
    The term "nephr/o" is a combining form that specifically refers to the kidney. It is derived from the Greek word "nephros" which means kidney. Therefore, in this context, "nephr/o" is the correct answer as it directly relates to the term "kidney".

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  • 17. 

    Noct/o

    • A.

      Night

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Urine

    Correct Answer
    A. Night
    Explanation
    The term "noct/o" refers to "night". This root is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate conditions or processes that occur during the night. For example, "nocturia" is the medical term for excessive urination at night. Therefore, the correct answer is "night".

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  • 18. 

    Perine/o

    • A.

      Perineum

    • B.

      Colon

    • C.

      Pus

    • D.

      Kidney

    Correct Answer
    A. Perineum
    Explanation
    The term "perine/o" is a combining form that refers to the perineum, which is the area between the anus and the genitals. The other options, such as colon, pus, and kidney, do not relate to the term "perine/o" and are therefore incorrect. The correct answer is perineum.

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  • 19. 

    Py/o

    • A.

      Colon

    • B.

      Pus

    • C.

      Urine

    • D.

      Keytone

    Correct Answer
    B. Pus
  • 20. 

    Pyel/o

    • A.

      Night

    • B.

      Little ball

    • C.

      Renal pelvis

    • D.

      Ureter

    Correct Answer
    C. Renal pelvis
    Explanation
    The term "pyel/o" refers to the renal pelvis, which is a part of the kidney. The renal pelvis is a funnel-shaped structure that collects urine from the kidney and transports it to the ureter. It is responsible for storing and draining urine from the kidney. Therefore, the correct answer is renal pelvis.

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  • 21. 

    Ren/o

    • A.

      Kidney

    • B.

      Pus

    • C.

      Sifted out

    • D.

      Little ball

    Correct Answer
    A. Kidney
    Explanation
    The term "ren/o" is a combining form that refers to the kidney. It is commonly used in medical terminology to describe various structures or conditions related to the kidney. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "kidney."

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  • 22. 

    Scler/o

    • A.

      Body

    • B.

      To urinate

    • C.

      Softening

    • D.

      Hardening

    Correct Answer
    D. Hardening
    Explanation
    The term "scler/o" refers to hardening. This medical term is derived from the Greek word "skleros," which means hard. Therefore, when "scler/o" is used as a prefix or suffix in medical terminology, it indicates a condition or process of hardening.

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  • 23. 

    Periton/e

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Sifted out

    • C.

      Perineum

    • D.

      Peritoneum

    Correct Answer
    D. Peritoneum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "peritoneum". The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the organs within it. It plays a crucial role in supporting and protecting the organs, as well as providing a smooth surface for them to move against. In the given options, "peritoneum" is the only term that is related to the abdominal cavity and is a correct anatomical term. The other terms mentioned, such as "periton/e", "blood", "sifted out", and "perineum", are either incorrect or unrelated to the given context.

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  • 24. 

    Son/o

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Kidney

    • C.

      Night

    • D.

      Sound

    Correct Answer
    D. Sound
  • 25. 

    Ur/o

    • A.

      Urine, urinate, urination

    • B.

      Glomerulus, little ball

    • C.

      Glucose, sugar

    • D.

      Keytone

    Correct Answer
    A. Urine, urinate, urination
    Explanation
    The given answer consists of words that are related to the topic of urine and the process of urination. "Urine" refers to the liquid waste product excreted by the kidneys, "urinate" is the act of expelling urine from the body, and "urination" is the process of producing and eliminating urine. These words are all connected to the urinary system and the elimination of waste from the body.

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  • 26. 

    Ureter/o

    • A.

      To urinate

    • B.

      Renal pelvis

    • C.

      Urethra

    • D.

      Ureter

    Correct Answer
    D. Ureter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ureter. The other options listed (to urinate, renal pelvis, and urethra) are not correct because they are not definitions or explanations of the term "ureter." The ureter is a tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.

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  • 27. 

    Urethr/o

    • A.

      Urinate

    • B.

      Urine

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    D. Urethra
    Explanation
    The term "urethr/o" refers to the urethra, which is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The other options, "urinate," "urine," and "ureter," are related to the urinary system, but they do not specifically refer to the urethra. Therefore, the correct answer is "urethra."

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  • 28. 

    Urin/o

    • A.

      Sifted out

    • B.

      Stone

    • C.

      Urine

    • D.

      Passage

    Correct Answer
    C. Urine
    Explanation
    The term "urine" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the given word "urin/o". "Urino/o" is a combining form that refers to urine or the urinary system. Therefore, "urine" is the most appropriate term that matches the given information.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 08, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Phliproc
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