Anatomy And Physiology Quiz: The Urinary System!

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 10842

SettingsSettingsSettings
Anatomy And Physiology Quiz: The Urinary System! - Quiz

Welcome to this anatomy and physiology quiz on the urinary system! The urinary system is charged with the production of urine, which helps in excreting waste thanks to the kidney. It is quite normal for people to live on one kidney if they choose to donate it or one fails. Did you know that all the blood in our body is filtered through the kidney more than a hundred times a day? Take this quiz and learn more about the kidney.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      F

    • E. 

      G

  • 2. 
    Where is the parenchyma?
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      M

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      F

  • 3. 
    Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      J

    • C. 

      K

    • D. 

      L

    • E. 

      H

  • 4. 
    This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
    • A. 

      E

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      G

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      L

  • 5. 
    Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
    • A. 

      H

    • B. 

      I

    • C. 

      J

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      L

  • 6. 
    What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
    • A. 

      A and B

    • B. 

      C and D

    • C. 

      E and F

    • D. 

      K and L

    • E. 

      N and O

  • 7. 
    Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
    • A. 

      D

    • B. 

      E

    • C. 

      J

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      L

  • 8. 
    Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      D

    • C. 

      J

    • D. 

      K

    • E. 

      L

  • 9. 
    Where is the papillary duct?
    • A. 

      C

    • B. 

      F

    • C. 

      H

    • D. 

      N

    • E. 

      O

  • 10. 
    Which is not a major function of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Regulation of blood ionic composition

    • B. 

      Regulation of blood cell size

    • C. 

      Regulation of blood volume

    • D. 

      Reulation of blood pressure

  • 11. 
    The formation of a new glucose molecule is termed as _____. 
    • A. 

      Glycolysis

    • B. 

      Gluconeogenesis

    • C. 

      Glucosamine

    • D. 

      Glucagon

    • E. 

      Glycine

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Urea

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Insulin

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

    • E. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 13. 
    Name the smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
    • A. 

      Adipose capsule

    • B. 

      Renal capsule

    • C. 

      Renal hilus

    • D. 

      Renal cortex

    • E. 

      Renal medulla

  • 14. 
    What do we call the portion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids?
    • A. 

      Renal columns

    • B. 

      Renal medulla

    • C. 

      Renal pelvis

    • D. 

      Calyces

  • 15. 
    Pick the option that states the correct order of the blood flow. 
    • A. 

      Renal artery - segmental artery - interlobular artery - peitubular capillaries - afferent arterioles

    • B. 

      Interlobular areteries - arcuate arteries - glomerular capillaries - arcuate veins

    • C. 

      Arcuate veins - arcuate arteries - glomerular capillaries - renal vein

    • D. 

      Interlobar veins - afferent arterioles - efferent arterioles - glomerular capillaries

    • E. 

      Renal vein - segmental arteries - interlobar arteries - efferent arterioles

  • 16. 
    Which of these is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule - PCT - loop of Henle - DCT - collecting duct

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle - glomerular capsule - PCT - DCT - collecting duct

    • C. 

      Ascending limb of the loop - PCT - DCT - collecting duct

    • D. 

      Collecting duct - DCT - PCT - loop of Henle - glomerular capsule

    • E. 

      PCT - glomerular capsule - DCT - collecting duct - loop of Henle

  • 17. 
    Name the structure of the nephron that reabsorbs the most substances. 
    • A. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Glomerular capsule

    • C. 

      Loop of Henle

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

  • 18. 
    The structure of the nephron that filters blood is termed as __________. 
    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Ascending limb

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

    • E. 

      Renal corpuscle

  • 19. 
    Which of the following term refers to the entry of substances into the body from the filtrate? 
    • A. 

      Reabsorption

    • B. 

      Filtration

    • C. 

      Secretion

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 20. 
    Name the layer of filtration membrane that is composed of collagen fibers and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
    • A. 

      Glomerular endothelial cells

    • B. 

      Basal lamina

    • C. 

      Pedicels

    • D. 

      Filtration slites

    • E. 

      Slit membrane

  • 21. 
    Which of these terms is associated with the process that takes place when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane and then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid? 
    • A. 

      Paracellular reabsorption

    • B. 

      Transcellular reabsorption

    • C. 

      Apical reapsorption

    • D. 

      Active transport

  • 22. 
    Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule, it is called _____. 
    • A. 

      Na+ loop fluid

    • B. 

       K+ concentration

    • C. 

       tubular fluid

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    The proximal convoluted tubules reabsorb how much percentage of filtered water?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      40%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      65%

    • E. 

      90%

  • 24. 
    Urea recycling can cause a build-up of urea in ________. 
    • A. 

      Renal capsule

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Ascending tubule

    • D. 

      Renal medulla

    • E. 

      Renal pelvis

  • 25. 
    Complete the sentence- Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ______ of blood _______.
    • A. 

      Increase, potassium

    • B. 

      Decrease, volume

    • C. 

      Decrease, pH

    • D. 

      Increase, sodium

×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.