Clinical Urinary System Quiz

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Urinary System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Increased excretion of urine

    • A.

      Diuresis

    • B.

      Enuresis

    • C.

      Polyuria

    • D.

      Dysuria

    • E.

      Oliguria

    Correct Answer
    A. Diuresis
    Explanation
    Diuresis refers to an increased excretion of urine, which is the correct answer. It is a condition characterized by the production of large amounts of urine. This can be caused by various factors such as increased fluid intake, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. Diuresis helps to remove excess fluid and waste products from the body, maintaining fluid balance. It is different from enuresis, which is involuntary urination, polyuria, which is excessive urination, dysuria, which is painful urination, and oliguria, which is decreased urine production.

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  • 2. 

    Scanty urination

    • A.

      Diuresis

    • B.

      Enuresis

    • C.

      Polyuria

    • D.

      Dysuria

    • E.

      Oliguria

    Correct Answer
    E. Oliguria
    Explanation
    Oliguria is the correct answer because it refers to a condition characterized by scanty or reduced urine output. It is often associated with kidney dysfunction or dehydration. This term is used to describe a decrease in urine production, typically less than 400 milliliters per day, which can be a sign of underlying health issues. Diuresis, enuresis, polyuria, and dysuria are all unrelated terms that do not describe scanty urination.

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  • 3. 

    Painful urination

    • A.

      Diuresis

    • B.

      Enuresis

    • C.

      Polyuria

    • D.

      Dysuria

    • E.

      Oliguria

    Correct Answer
    D. Dysuria
    Explanation
    Dysuria refers to painful or difficult urination. It is characterized by a burning or stinging sensation during urination. This can be caused by various factors such as urinary tract infections, bladder stones, or inflammation of the urethra. Diuresis refers to increased urine production, enuresis is involuntary urination, polyuria is excessive urination, and oliguria is decreased urine production. However, only dysuria specifically relates to the symptom of painful urination.

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  • 4. 

    Excessive urination

    • A.

      Diuresis

    • B.

      Polyuria

    • C.

      Dysuria

    • D.

      Oliguria

    • E.

      Enuresis

    Correct Answer
    B. Polyuria
    Explanation
    Polyuria is the correct answer because it refers to excessive urination. It is a condition characterized by the production of abnormally large volumes of urine, typically more than 2.5 liters per day. This can be caused by various factors such as diabetes, kidney disease, or excessive fluid intake. Polyuria is different from other options listed as diuresis refers to increased urine production, dysuria refers to painful urination, oliguria refers to decreased urine production, and enuresis refers to involuntary urination, especially during sleep.

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  • 5. 

    Involuntary discharge of urine

    • A.

      Diuresis

    • B.

      Enuresis

    • C.

      Polyuria

    • D.

      Dysuria

    • E.

      Oliguria

    Correct Answer
    B. Enuresis
    Explanation
    Enuresis refers to the involuntary discharge of urine, usually during sleep, in a child who is old enough to have bladder control. This condition is commonly known as bedwetting and can occur due to various factors such as developmental delays, hormonal imbalances, or psychological issues. Enuresis is different from diuresis, polyuria, dysuria, and oliguria, which are all related to abnormal urine production or urination patterns.

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  • 6. 

    Complete suppresion of urine formation by kidneys

    • A.

      Reflux

    • B.

      Hydroureter

    • C.

      Micturation

    • D.

      Uremia

    • E.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    E. Anuria
    Explanation
    Anuria refers to the complete suppression of urine formation by the kidneys. It is a condition where the kidneys are unable to produce any urine. This can occur due to various reasons such as kidney failure, obstruction in the urinary tract, or severe dehydration. Anuria is a serious condition that can lead to the buildup of waste products and toxins in the body, resulting in uremia. Uremia is a condition where there is a high concentration of waste products in the blood due to the inability of the kidneys to filter them out.

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  • 7. 

    Ureter distended with urine that can't flow because the ureter is blocked

    • A.

      Reflux

    • B.

      Hydroureter

    • C.

      Micturation

    • D.

      Uremia

    • E.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydroureter
    Explanation
    Hydroureter refers to the condition where the ureter becomes distended with urine that is unable to flow due to a blockage. This can occur when there is an obstruction in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone or tumor, preventing the urine from passing through the ureter and into the bladder. The accumulation of urine causes the ureter to become stretched and enlarged, leading to hydroureter.

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  • 8. 

    Urine backs up in the ureters

    • A.

      Reflux

    • B.

      Hydroureter

    • C.

      Micturation

    • D.

      Uremia

    • E.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    A. Reflux
    Explanation
    Reflux refers to the backward flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters. This can occur due to a malfunctioning of the valves that normally prevent urine from flowing back up. When urine backs up in the ureters, it can lead to various complications such as hydroureter (dilation of the ureter), micturition (the act of urination) problems, and even uremia (build-up of toxins in the blood). Anuria, on the other hand, refers to the absence of urine production.

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  • 9. 

    Urination

    • A.

      Reflux

    • B.

      Hydroureter

    • C.

      Micturation

    • D.

      Uremia

    • E.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    C. Micturation
    Explanation
    Micturation refers to the process of urination, which is the act of expelling urine from the bladder through the urethra. The other terms listed in the question are related to urinary system disorders or functions. Reflux is the backward flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters. Hydroureter is the dilation or enlargement of the ureter due to a blockage or obstruction. Uremia is a condition where there is an excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the blood. Anuria is the absence of urine production. Therefore, micturation is the most appropriate term that describes the act of urination.

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  • 10. 

    Excessive urea and waste products in the blood stream

    • A.

      Reflux

    • B.

      Hydroureter

    • C.

      Micturation

    • D.

      Uremia

    • E.

      Anuria

    Correct Answer
    D. Uremia
    Explanation
    Uremia refers to the condition where there is an excessive amount of urea and waste products in the bloodstream. This occurs when the kidneys are unable to effectively filter and remove waste products from the body. As a result, these waste products accumulate in the blood, leading to various symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, loss of appetite, and changes in mental status. Uremia can be caused by kidney disease, kidney failure, or other conditions that impair kidney function. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying cause and managing symptoms through dialysis or kidney transplant.

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  • 11. 

    Downward displacement of kidney, prolapse

    • A.

      Nephropyosis

    • B.

      Nephroptosis

    • C.

      Nephrectasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Nephroptosis
    Explanation
    Nephroptosis refers to the downward displacement or prolapse of the kidney. This condition occurs when the kidney drops from its normal position and descends into the pelvis when a person stands up. It may cause symptoms such as flank pain, urinary problems, and sometimes blood in the urine. Nephroptosis can be diagnosed through imaging tests and may require treatment depending on the severity of symptoms.

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  • 12. 

    Supporation (discharge) of kidney

    • A.

      Nephropyosis

    • B.

      Nephroptosis

    • C.

      Nephrectasis

    Correct Answer
    A. Nephropyosis
    Explanation
    Nephropyosis refers to the presence of pus in the kidney. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection, such as a urinary tract infection, that spreads to the kidney. Symptoms of nephropyosis include fever, chills, flank pain, and frequent urination. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear the infection and drainage of the pus from the kidney.

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  • 13. 

    Distension of kidney, enlargement or stretching of kidney

    • A.

      Nephropyosis

    • B.

      Nephroptosis

    • C.

      Nephrectasis

    Correct Answer
    C. Nephrectasis
    Explanation
    Nephrectasis refers to the distension or enlargement of the kidney. This condition occurs when there is stretching or dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces, which are the structures that collect urine in the kidney. Nephrectasis can be caused by various factors such as urinary tract obstruction, kidney stones, or congenital abnormalities. It can lead to symptoms like flank pain, urinary tract infections, and impaired kidney function. Treatment options for nephrectasis depend on the underlying cause and may include medications, surgery, or other interventions to relieve the obstruction and reduce the distension of the kidney.

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  • 14. 

    Name of a collection of tiny capillaries that forms in the shape of a small ball.

    • A.

      Arterioles

    • B.

      Glomerulus

    • C.

      Nephron

    Correct Answer
    B. Glomerulus
    Explanation
    The glomerulus is a small ball-like structure formed by a collection of tiny capillaries. It is a part of the nephron, which is the functional unit of the kidney. The glomerulus plays a crucial role in the filtration of blood, as it allows waste products and excess fluids to be removed from the bloodstream and eventually excreted as urine. Its spherical shape and network of capillaries make it an efficient site for filtration within the kidney.

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  • 15. 

    A hollow, muscular sac, is a temporary reservoir for urine.

    • A.

      Urethra

    • B.

      Kidney

    • C.

      Urinary Bladder

    Correct Answer
    C. Urinary Bladder
    Explanation
    The urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular sac that serves as a temporary reservoir for urine. It is located in the pelvis and is responsible for storing urine until it is ready to be eliminated from the body through the urethra. The bladder expands as it fills with urine and contracts to release the urine during urination.

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  • 16. 

    A depression on the medial border of the kidney.  Blood vessels and nerves pass through this.

    • A.

      Hilum

    • B.

      Trigone

    • C.

      Meatus

    Correct Answer
    A. Hilum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hilum. The hilum is a depression on the medial border of the kidney where blood vessels and nerves enter and exit. It serves as the point of entry for the renal artery, renal vein, and ureter.

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  • 17. 

    Tube for injecting or removing fluids.

    • A.

      Catheter

    • B.

      Creatinine

    • C.

      Filtration

    Correct Answer
    A. Catheter
    Explanation
    A catheter is a tube that is used for injecting or removing fluids from the body. It is commonly used in medical procedures to deliver medications, drain fluids, or monitor certain bodily functions. Catheters can be inserted into various parts of the body, such as the bladder, blood vessels, or the gastrointestinal tract, depending on the specific medical need. They are typically made of flexible materials and come in different sizes and types to suit different purposes.

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  • 18. 

    Cyst/o

    • A.

      Urinary Bladder

    • B.

      Kidney

    • C.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    A. Urinary Bladder
    Explanation
    The term "cyst/o" refers to the urinary bladder. The urinary bladder is a hollow organ located in the pelvis that stores urine before it is eliminated from the body. This term is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions or procedures related to the urinary bladder. Therefore, the correct answer is "Urinary Bladder."

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  • 19. 

    Pyel/o

    • A.

      Tongue

    • B.

      Uteres

    • C.

      Renal Pelvis

    Correct Answer
    C. Renal Pelvis
    Explanation
    The term "pyel/o" refers to the renal pelvis, which is the funnel-shaped structure in the kidney that collects urine before it flows into the ureter. The other options, tongue and uteres, are not related to the term "pyel/o" and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 20. 

    Vesic/o

    • A.

      Uninary Bladder

    • B.

      Stone

    • C.

      Ketone

    Correct Answer
    A. Uninary Bladder
    Explanation
    The term "vesic/o" is a combining form that refers to the urinary bladder. It is used in medical terminology to describe conditions or procedures related to the urinary bladder. Therefore, the correct answer is "Urinary Bladder" as it accurately represents the meaning of the term "vesic/o".

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  • 21. 

    Glomerulonephritis

    • A.

      Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney

    • B.

      Renal Calculi

    • C.

      Renal Failure

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
    Explanation
    Glomerulonephritis refers to the inflammation of the glomeruli, which are tiny filters within the kidney responsible for filtering waste products from the blood. This inflammation can be caused by various factors such as infections, autoimmune diseases, or certain medications. It can lead to symptoms like blood in the urine, proteinuria, and decreased urine output. If left untreated, glomerulonephritis can progress and cause renal failure, where the kidneys are unable to effectively filter waste and maintain fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.

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  • 22. 

    Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the renal tubules.

    • A.

      Interstitial Nephritis

    • B.

      Ketone Bodies

    • C.

      Bilirubin

    Correct Answer
    A. Interstitial Nephritis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Interstitial Nephritis. Interstitial nephritis refers to inflammation of the connective tissue that surrounds and supports the renal tubules in the kidneys. This condition can be caused by various factors, including infections, autoimmune disorders, medications, and toxins. It is characterized by symptoms such as fever, flank pain, blood in the urine, and decreased kidney function. Treatment involves identifying and addressing the underlying cause, as well as managing symptoms and preventing further damage to the kidneys.

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  • 23. 

    Pyelonephritis

    • A.

      Inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma

    • B.

      Inability to urinate

    • C.

      Tumor of the urinary bladder

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
    Explanation
    Pyelonephritis refers to the inflammation of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma. This condition typically occurs due to a bacterial infection that spreads from the lower urinary tract to the kidneys. Symptoms of pyelonephritis may include fever, back pain, frequent urination, and pain or burning during urination. If left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as kidney damage or sepsis. Therefore, prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to manage pyelonephritis effectively.

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  • 24. 

    High blood pressure caused by an abnormal condition, such as glomerulonephritis

    • A.

      Diabetes

    • B.

      Chronic Kidney Disease

    • C.

      Secondary Hypertension

    Correct Answer
    C. Secondary Hypertension
    Explanation
    Secondary hypertension refers to high blood pressure that is caused by an underlying medical condition or medication. In this case, the abnormal condition of glomerulonephritis is causing the high blood pressure. Glomerulonephritis is a kidney disease that affects the filtering units of the kidneys, leading to inflammation and damage. This damage can disrupt the normal regulation of blood pressure, resulting in hypertension. Therefore, secondary hypertension is the correct answer because it accurately describes the relationship between the abnormal condition and the high blood pressure.

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  • 25. 

    What factors put a person at a higher risk for kidney disease?

    • A.

      Family history of kidney disease

    • B.

      High blood pressure

    • C.

      Diabetes

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D) All of the above.

    High blood pressure and diabetes are comorbidities for chronic kidney disease. A family history of kidney disease may be evidence of a genetic predisposition to personal kidney disease.

    Did you know...
    PROMISE Program – Providing Resources and Opportunities to Maximize Independence through Service Endeavors. Through financial assistance for transportation, medications, nutritional supplements, medical ID tags, amongst other things and the education of patients, health professionals, and the public, Kidney Foundation of Northwest Ohio is committed to empowering patients to manage kidney disease.

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  • 26. 

    How many liters of blood do the kidneys filter daily?

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      50

    • C.

      200

    • D.

      2

    Correct Answer
    C. 200
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C) 200.

    The kidneys filter two liters of waste and water from the 200 liters of blood they filter each day.

    Did you know...
    In many cases Kidney Foundation of Northwest Ohio is the last option for hope.

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  • 27. 

    How many kidneys does a human being typically have?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B) Two.

    Most people are born with two kidneys, however, we only actually need one to survive.

    Did you know...
    The mission of Kidney Foundation of Northwest Ohio is Empowering Patients with Kidney Disease.

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  • 28. 

    Where are the kidneys located?

    • A.

      Near the armpits but in front of the heart

    • B.

      In the back, behind the lungs

    • C.

      In the front, above the stomach

    • D.

      In the back, just below the rib cage

    Correct Answer
    D. In the back, just below the rib cage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D) In the back, just below the rib cage.

    The kidneys are located on either side of the spine and are actually partially covered by the rib cage for added protection.

    Did you know...
    From emotional support programs to financial support, Kidney Foundation of Northwest Ohio is here to help.

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  • 29. 

    How big are the kidneys?

    • A.

      About the size of your fist

    • B.

      About the size of a football

    • C.

      About the size of a kidney bean

    • D.

      About the size of your ears

    Correct Answer
    A. About the size of your fist
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A) About the size of your fist.

    The kidneys are beaned shaped but not quite bean sized. Despite their small size compared to some of the other organs, the kidneys preform a complex and vital function to keep the rest of the body in balance and running well.

    Did you know...
    Through a compassionate and caring team of staff and volunteers, Kidney Foundation of Northwest Ohio works to be the trusted ally in this region’s daily fight with kidney disease.

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  • 30. 

    Elevation of urea and nitrogenous waste products in blood is called

    • A.

      Poly urea

    • B.

      Uremia

    • C.

      Lipourea

    • D.

      Hyperurea

    Correct Answer
    B. Uremia
    Explanation
    Uremia is the correct answer because it refers to the elevation of urea and nitrogenous waste products in the blood. Urea is a waste product that is normally filtered out by the kidneys, but when the kidneys are not functioning properly, urea and other waste products can build up in the blood. This condition is known as uremia and can lead to various symptoms and complications.

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  • 31. 

    Acute pyelonephritis is caused by which of the following organisms

    • A.

      E. coli

    • B.

      Klebsella

    • C.

      Prions

    • D.

      Stephaloccocus

    Correct Answer
    A. E. coli
    Explanation
    Acute pyelonephritis is typically caused by a bacterial infection, and the most common organism responsible for this condition is Escherichia coli (E. coli). E. coli is a type of bacteria that normally resides in the intestines but can cause infections when it enters the urinary tract. It is a common cause of urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, due to its ability to adhere to and invade the urinary tract tissues. Klebsiella, Prions, and Stephaloccocus are not typically associated with acute pyelonephritis.

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  • 32. 

    Chronic pyelonepritis is more common in men 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chronic pyelonephritis is more common in men because they have a longer urethra, which makes it easier for bacteria to travel up to the kidneys. Additionally, men may have other factors that increase their risk, such as an enlarged prostate or urinary tract obstructions. This higher prevalence in men is due to anatomical and physiological differences between genders.

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  • 33. 

    Women are more at risk to develop Urinary Tract Infections.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Structure of the Female Urinary Tract. In general, the higher risk in women is mostly due to the shortness of the female urethra, which is 1.5 inches compared to 8 inches in men. Bacteria from fecal matter at the anal opening can be easily transferred to the opening of the urethra.

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  • 34. 

    Involuntary loss of urine during activities such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, or lifting

    • A.

      Stress Incontinence

    • B.

      Urge Incontinence

    • C.

      Overflow Incontinence

    Correct Answer
    A. Stress Incontinence
    Explanation
    Stress Incontinence
    • Involuntary loss of urine during activities such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, or lifting
    • Activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure > increase bladder pressure and cause urinary leakage, usually due to weak pelvic floor muscles and poor support of the vesicoureteral sphincter

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  • 35. 

    Inflammation of the kidney that affects the tubules, interstitium, and renal pelvis.

    • A.

      Pyelonephritis

    • B.

      Glomerulonephritis

    • C.

      Hydronephrosis

    • D.

      Cystitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Pyelonephritis
    Explanation
    Glomerulonephritis
    • Inflammation of glomerular structures

    Hydronephrosis
    • Urine-filled dilation of the renal pelvis and calicies which causes atrophy of the kidney due to impaired urine outflow

    Cystitis
    • Majority of UTI’s are bladder infections (cystitis) and affect women

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  • 36. 

    Overactive Bladder

    • A.

      Stress Incontinence

    • B.

      Urge Incontinence

    • C.

      Overflow Incontinence

    Correct Answer
    B. Urge Incontinence
    Explanation
    Urge Incontinence
    • Overactive Bladder
    • Clinical syndrome that includes urgency, frequency, dysuria, and nocturia
    • May occur without incontinence
    • Characterized by hyperactive bladder contractions caused by:
    – Neurogenic disorders
    – Myogenic disorders

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  • 37. 

    Results from obstruction of urine flow.

    • A.

      Prerenal Failure

    • B.

      Postrenal Failure

    • C.

      Intrinsic Renal Failure

    Correct Answer
    B. Postrenal Failure
    Explanation
    Postrenal Failure
    Results from obstruction of urine flow
    Obstruction occurs:
    – Ureter
    – Bladder
    – Urethra
    Treatment includes removing cause of obstruction

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  • 38. 

    Which are the most common kidney stones?

    • A.

      Calcium stones

    • B.

      Magnesium ammonium phosphate stones

    • C.

      Uric acid stones

    • D.

      Cystine stones

    Correct Answer
    A. Calcium stones
    Explanation
    Calcium stones
    – Most common
    – Account for 70-80% of all stones
    – Formed from calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, or both
    – Usually associated with increased levels of calcium in the blood and urine

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  • 39. 

    Acute Pyelonephritis contributing factors include:

    • A.

      Catheterization

    • B.

      Pregnancy

    • C.

      Reflux

    • D.

      Neurogenic bladder

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    Pyelonephritis usually results from a UTI in the lower urinary tract, but can be caused from an organism in the bloodstream

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  • 40. 

    Urine-filled dilation of the renal pelvis and calicies which causes atrophy of the kidney due to impaired urine outflow

    • A.

      Stasis of urine

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Hydronephrosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydronephrosis
    Explanation
    •If not treated, the kidney will eventually be destroyed
    • With hydronephrosis, the patient will have pain,difficulty voiding

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  • 41. 

    Which is the most common bacteria that causes UTI’s?

    • A.

      E. Coli

    • B.

      Neisseria sp

    • C.

      Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • D.

      Corynebacteria

    Correct Answer
    A. E. Coli
    Explanation
    E. Coli is the most common bacteria that causes UTIs. It is a type of bacteria that normally lives in the intestines and is usually harmless. However, when it enters the urinary tract, it can cause an infection. E. Coli is responsible for around 80-90% of UTIs, particularly in women. It can enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply in the bladder, causing symptoms such as frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Proper hygiene practices and avoiding behaviors that can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract can help prevent E. Coli UTIs.

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  • 42. 

    Where is blood filtered?

    • A.

      Glomerulus

    • B.

      Tubular Components

    • C.

      Convoluted tubules of the nephron

    • D.

      Renal pyramids

    Correct Answer
    A. Glomerulus
    Explanation
    The glomerulus is a network of small blood vessels located in the kidney. It is responsible for filtering blood and removing waste products, excess water, and electrolytes. The glomerulus is part of the nephron, which is the functional unit of the kidney. The tubular components and convoluted tubules of the nephron are involved in reabsorbing useful substances back into the bloodstream and further processing the filtrate. The renal pyramids are structures in the kidney that contain the collecting ducts, which carry urine to the renal pelvis. However, the primary site of blood filtration occurs in the glomerulus.

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  • 43. 

    Blood flows into the the glomerular capillaries through the EFFERENT arteriole and flows out through the AFFERENT arteriole to the tubular capillaries 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Blood flows into the the glomerular capillaries through the AFFERENT arteriole and flows out through the EFFERENT arteriole to the tubular capillaries

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  • 44. 

    Which is not Outer cortex?

    • A.

      Glomeruli

    • B.

      Convoluted tubules of the nephron

    • C.

      Blood vessels

    • D.

      Renal pyramids

    Correct Answer
    D. Renal pyramids
    Explanation
    Inner medulla– Renal pyramids

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  • 45. 

    Elevation of urea and nitrogenous waste products in blood is called

    • A.

      Poly urea

    • B.

      Uremia

    • C.

      Lipourea

    • D.

      Hyperurea

    Correct Answer
    B. Uremia
    Explanation
    Uremia is the correct answer because it refers to the elevation of urea and nitrogenous waste products in the blood. This condition occurs when the kidneys are unable to effectively filter waste products from the blood, leading to a buildup of urea and other toxins. Uremia can cause symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, and changes in mental status. Treatment typically involves addressing the underlying kidney dysfunction and managing symptoms.

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  • 46. 

    Overactive Bladder

    • A.

      Stress Incontinence

    • B.

      Urge Incontinence

    • C.

      Overflow Incontinence

    Correct Answer
    B. Urge Incontinence
    Explanation
    Urge Incontinence
    • Overactive Bladder
    • Clinical syndrome that includes urgency, frequency, dysuria, and nocturia
    • May occur without incontinence
    • Characterized by hyperactive bladder contractions caused by:
    – Neurogenic disorders
    – Myogenic disorders

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  • 47. 

    Which structure of the urinary system stores urine until its secreted?

    • A.

      Kidneys

    • B.

      Bladder

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Urethra

    • E.

      Gallbladder

    Correct Answer
    B. Bladder
    Explanation
    The bladder is the structure in the urinary system that stores urine until it is secreted. It is a muscular organ located in the pelvis, and its main function is to collect and hold urine produced by the kidneys. When the bladder is full, it sends signals to the brain, triggering the urge to urinate. The muscles in the bladder wall then contract to expel the urine through the urethra. The kidneys, ureters, and urethra are also part of the urinary system, but they do not specifically store urine like the bladder does.

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  • 48. 

    Brings blood into each kidney.

    • A.

      Artery

    • B.

      Vein

    • C.

      Ureter

    • D.

      Nephron

    Correct Answer
    A. Artery
    Explanation
    The artery is responsible for bringing blood into each kidney. The kidneys are vital organs that filter waste products from the blood and regulate fluid balance in the body. The artery delivers oxygenated blood to the kidneys, which is necessary for their proper function. Without a sufficient blood supply, the kidneys would not be able to effectively filter waste and maintain the body's balance of fluids and electrolytes. Therefore, the artery plays a crucial role in ensuring the proper functioning of the kidneys.

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  • 49. 

    Can get into the bladder and urethra and cause painful infections.

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Kidney Stones

    • C.

      Kidney Disease

    • D.

      Cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria can enter the bladder and urethra, leading to painful infections. Bacteria are microscopic organisms that can multiply rapidly and cause various infections in the body. In the case of bladder and urethra infections, bacteria can enter through the urinary tract, often due to poor hygiene or improper wiping after using the bathroom. Once inside, bacteria can multiply and cause symptoms such as pain, burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, and cloudy or bloody urine. Prompt treatment with antibiotics is necessary to clear the infection and prevent complications.

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  • 50. 

    When salts and wastes collect inside the kidney it forms?

    • A.

      Kidney Disease

    • B.

      Urine

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Kidney Stones

    Correct Answer
    D. Kidney Stones
    Explanation
    When salts and wastes accumulate inside the kidney, they can form solid masses called kidney stones. These stones can vary in size and can cause severe pain and discomfort when they pass through the urinary tract. Kidney stones are usually made up of calcium, oxalate, or uric acid crystals and can be caused by various factors such as dehydration, certain medical conditions, or a diet high in certain substances. Treatment for kidney stones may include medications, lifestyle changes, or in some cases, surgical intervention.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 30, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Awest
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