Ultrasound - Review

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 912

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Ultrasound Quizzes & Trivia

Only one option is correct


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A vertical plane that bisects the body into right and left halves is the:
    • A. 

      Sagittal Plane

    • B. 

      Median Plane

    • C. 

      Coronal Plane

    • D. 

      Lateral Plane

  • 2. 
    The location that is toward the front of the body:
    • A. 

      Dorsal

    • B. 

      Coronal

    • C. 

      Anterior

    • D. 

      Cranial

  • 3. 
    Sonographic signs for cirrhosis of the liver include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Increased Echogenicity

    • B. 

      Decreased Echogenicity

    • C. 

      Diffusely inhomogenous echo

    • D. 

      Portal hypertension

  • 4. 
    The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is called:
    • A. 

      Ascites

    • B. 

      Pericardial effusion

    • C. 

      Pleural effusion

    • D. 

      Fluid retention

  • 5. 
    The inferior vena cava runs ___________________ through the retroperitoneal space and posterior to the liver
    • A. 

      Horizontally

    • B. 

      Vertically

    • C. 

      Transversely

    • D. 

      Obliquely

  • 6. 
    The right posterior subphrenic space lies between the right lobe of the liver, the right kidney, and the right colic flexure. This is called:
    • A. 

      Dougla's pouch

    • B. 

      Peritoneal recess

    • C. 

      Renal gutter

    • D. 

      Morison's pouch

  • 7. 
    All of the following structures are tributaries of the inferior vena cava except:
    • A. 

      Portal vein

    • B. 

      Right testicular vein

    • C. 

      Inferior phrenic vein

    • D. 

      Right adrenal vein

  • 8. 
    This vessel courses along the upper border of the head of the pancreas, behind the posterior layer of the peritoneal omental bursa, to the upper margin of the superior part of the duodenum:
    • A. 

      Left hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Right hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Common hepatic artery

    • D. 

      Left gastric artery

  • 9. 
    The course of the right renal artery is:
    • A. 

      Anterior to the inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Superior to the kidney

    • C. 

      Posterior to the inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Anterior to the portal vein

  • 10. 
    Hepatic veins course between the hepatic lobes and segments.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The liver is made up of 4 different lobes. The right lobe, left lobe, caudate lobe and...
    • A. 

      Quadrate Lobe

    • B. 

      Anterior Lobe

    • C. 

      Lateral Lobe

    • D. 

      Medial Lobe

  • 12. 
    A sonogram of the liver shows increased echogenicity with increased attenuation and decreased vascular borders. This most likely represents:
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Fatty liver

    • C. 

      Glycogen storage disease

    • D. 

      Chronic granulomatous disease

  • 13. 
    The normal location of the liver is:
    • A. 

      Occupies the left hypochondrium, epigastrium, and umbilical area

    • B. 

      Occupies the right hypochondrium, part of epigastrium and umbilical area

    • C. 

      Occupies the epigastrum, umbilical, and mid-hypochondrium area

    • D. 

      Occupies the upper abdominal cavity

  • 14. 
    The portal vein is formed by the junction of the:
    • A. 

      Superior mesenteric artery and IVC

    • B. 

      Splenic vein and splenic artery

    • C. 

      Superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein

    • D. 

      Hepatic vein and splenic vein

  • 15. 
    Which vascular structures are useful for the localization of the pancreas?
    • A. 

      Common bile duct, portal vein, splenic vein, aorta

    • B. 

      Superior mesenteric artery and vein, splenic vein, splenic artery, left renal vein, aorta, and IVC

    • C. 

      Right and left hepatic veins, splenic vein, aorta, portal vein

    • D. 

      Common bile duct, right renal vein, splenic vein, and portal vein

  • 16. 
    Which of the following structures are retroperitoneal?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Gallbladder

    • D. 

      Spleen

  • 17. 
    The echogenic area around the kidney includes all of the following execpt:
    • A. 

      Renal Capsule

    • B. 

      Perirenal Fat

    • C. 

      Retroperitoneal Fat

    • D. 

      Bowman's Capsule

  • 18. 
    What structure crosses posterior to the inferior vena cava at level of the right kidney?
    • A. 

      Ligament of the diaphragm

    • B. 

      Left renal vein

    • C. 

      Right renal artery

    • D. 

      Right adrenal gland

  • 19. 
    When the liver is shown superior to the diaphragm on a sagittal scan, this most position likely represents:
    • A. 

      Reverberation

    • B. 

      Acoustic speckle

    • C. 

      Mirror image

    • D. 

      Side lobes

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