Review For Final - Abnormal Psychology

249 Questions | Total Attempts: 87

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Abnormal Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

All of the available quiz questions from the interactive site companion, chapters 11-14


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following correctly identifies the relationships among psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and criminality?
    • A. 

      Not all criminals are psychopaths, but all criminals have antisocial personality disorder.

    • B. 

      All psychopaths meet criteria for antisocial personality disorder, but they are not necessarily criminals.

    • C. 

      Psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and criminality are distinct and do not occur in the same individuals.

    • D. 

      People with antisocial personality disorder may be psychopaths and/or criminals.

  • 2. 
    The comments "people are out to get me" and "I don't trust anyone" are most characteristic of a person with
    • A. 

      Paranoid Personality Disorder

    • B. 

      Schizoid Personality Disorder

    • C. 

      Borderline Personality Disorder

    • D. 

      Antisocial Personality Disorder

  • 3. 
    What is the most important advantage of using categorical models of personality disorders?
    • A. 

      Such models simply and conveniently classify individuals into personality disorder or non-personality disorder categories

    • B. 

      Such models are more flexible because they allow both categorical and dimensional descriptions of a person

    • C. 

      Such models provide more information about each person

    • D. 

      Such models acknowledge that personality disorders are extreme versions of normal personality.

  • 4. 
    People with Avoidant personality disorder report childhood experiences including:
    • A. 

      Excessive attention and affection from parents

    • B. 

      Rejection and conflict with others

    • C. 

      Parental reinforcement of conformity

    • D. 

      Being taught to be careful about making mistakes

  • 5. 
    The anxious and fearful personality disorders are placed under
    • A. 

      Cluster A

    • B. 

      Cluster B

    • C. 

      Cluster C

    • D. 

      Cluster D

  • 6. 
    The problems experienced by people with avoidant personality disorder closely resemble those of people with what Axis I disorder?
    • A. 

      Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Social Phobia

    • D. 

      Major Depressive Disorder

  • 7. 
    What seems to cause the interpersonal problems experienced by people with obsessive-compulsive disorder?
    • A. 

      Fear of rejection

    • B. 

      Lack of empathy

    • C. 

      General rigidity

    • D. 

      Mistrust of others

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of personality disorders?
    • A. 

      Personality disorder symptoms cause significant impairment or distress

    • B. 

      DSM-IV-TR lists 10 personality disorders

    • C. 

      Personality disorder symptoms are exhibited only in stressful situations

    • D. 

      They are categorized in Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR

  • 9. 
    One reason that researchers are unsure about the onset of personality disorders is
    • A. 

      That it is so responsive to medications, it is difficult to clearly identify problematic behaviors and symptoms

    • B. 

      That it begins in infancy when there is little conscious memory of trauma

    • C. 

      That it is often confused with other disorders

    • D. 

      That it is difficult to study over time since individuals with personality disorders usually don't seek help until the disorder is well ingrained.

  • 10. 
    Which statement best summarizes the relationship between abuse during childhood and the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Individuals with borderline personality disorder are likely to abuse their children

    • B. 

      Having borderline personality disorder puts one at risk for being abused

    • C. 

      There is a correlation between abuse and borderline personality disorder

    • D. 

      Abuse causes borderline personality disorder

  • 11. 
    What is the typical focus of treatment for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Decreasing hypersensitivity to evaluation and increasing empathy

    • B. 

      Increasing mood regulation and decreasing self-mutilation

    • C. 

      Decreasing criminal activity and increasing law-abiding behaviors

    • D. 

      Increasing independence and decreasing dependence on others

  • 12. 
    Therapy for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder may target the fear that underlies the need for orderliness.  What is that fear?
    • A. 

      Fear that what one does will be inadequate

    • B. 

      Fear of being unable to take care of oneself

    • C. 

      Fear that others will deceive one

    • D. 

      Fear of coming into contact with germs

  • 13. 
    Schizoid personality disorder shares each of the following characteristics with the other Cluster A personality disorders EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Ideas of reference

    • B. 

      Constricted affect

    • C. 

      Difficulty relating to others

    • D. 

      Social isolation

  • 14. 
    Which proposed personality disorder may be a subtype of narcissistic personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Depressive personality disorder

    • B. 

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • C. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • D. 

      Negativistic personality disorder

  • 15. 
    Marybeth is highly self-critical and is judgmental towards others. Which of the new personality disorders might fit with these characteristics?
    • A. 

      Passive-aggressive

    • B. 

      Negativistic

    • C. 

      Depressive

    • D. 

      Sadistic

  • 16. 
    A person with narcissistic personality disorder is most likely to also have
    • A. 

      Histrionic personality disorder

    • B. 

      Antisocial personality disorder

    • C. 

      Paranoid personality disorder

    • D. 

      Schizotypal personality disorder

  • 17. 
    Harry, a 15-year-old, has racked up 10 speeding tickets, regularly shoplifts, and enjoys drinking on weekends with his friends. Which hypothesis of arousal might explain Harry's risk-taking behaviors?
    • A. 

      Underarousal

    • B. 

      Dopaminergic

    • C. 

      Fearfulness

    • D. 

      Psychopathic

  • 18. 
    Dependent personality disorder seems to develop in individuals who
    • A. 

      Are taught by parent to be careful about making mistakes

    • B. 

      Are rejected by parents who do not provide enough affection

    • C. 

      Do not bond with a caregiver due to early death or rejection

    • D. 

      Have parents who reinforce conformity and neatness

  • 19. 
    One study has shown that an effective treatment for individuals with schizotypal personality disorder included all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Antipsychotic medications

    • B. 

      Shock therapy

    • C. 

      Community treatment

    • D. 

      Social skills training

  • 20. 
    Which of the following has NOT been examined as a possible cause for schizotypal personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Abuse during childhood

    • B. 

      Damage to the left hemisphere of the brain

    • C. 

      Prenatal exposure to influenza

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia genotype

  • 21. 
    Manuel believes that radio announcers are telling him to call the president to warn about an impending invasion from Mars. This experience is called
    • A. 

      Hallucinations

    • B. 

      Ideas of reference

    • C. 

      Superstitiousness

    • D. 

      Magical thinking

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the personality dimensions in the five-factor model?
    • A. 

      Conscientiousness

    • B. 

      Agreeableness

    • C. 

      Neuroticism

    • D. 

      Hyperactivity

  • 23. 
    Some authors have argued that personality disorders are biased against females. What information supports this argument?
    • A. 

      One study found that psychologists incorrectly diagnosed more men as having histrionic personality disorder

    • B. 

      Many women with one personality disorder also meet criteria for another personality disorder

    • C. 

      More women are diagnosed with histrionic and dependent personality disorders, but the actual prevalence is equal in males and females

    • D. 

      Several personality disorders represent extreme versions of stereotypically masculine traits

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Lack of remorse after having hurt, mistreated or stolen from another

    • B. 

      Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead

    • C. 

      Reckless disregard for the safety of self and others

    • D. 

      Style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail

  • 25. 
    Why are people with paranoid personality disorder difficult to treat?
    • A. 

      They frequently seek treatment, but insist upon therapists with excellent credentials

    • B. 

      They are untrustworthy, do not pay their bills and frequently do not show up

    • C. 

      They have difficulty developing a trusting relationship with therapists

    • D. 

      They need social skills training before they can engage in therapy

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