Reconstruction After Civil War: Quiz!

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Reconstruction After Civil War: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rebuilding.

    • A.

      Secret ballot

    • B.

      Reconstruction

    • C.

      Segregation

    Correct Answer
    B. Reconstruction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Reconstruction." Reconstruction refers to the period after the American Civil War when the United States government attempted to rebuild the Southern states and address the social, political, and economic issues that arose as a result of the war. This process involved implementing new laws and policies to promote equality and protect the rights of freed slaves. Secret ballot and segregation are not directly related to the process of rebuilding the country after the war.

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  • 2. 

    Laws limiting the rights of formerly enslaved people in the South.

    • A.

      Segregation

    • B.

      Secret Ballot

    • C.

      Black Codes

    Correct Answer
    C. Black Codes
    Explanation
    Black Codes were laws implemented in the South after the Civil War to restrict the rights and freedoms of formerly enslaved people. These laws aimed to maintain white supremacy and control the newly freed African Americans. Black Codes imposed harsh restrictions on the labor, movement, and civil rights of African Americans, effectively creating a system of racial segregation. These laws enforced racial discrimination and perpetuated the inequality and oppression of African Americans in the post-war South.

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  • 3. 

    Not guilty.

    • A.

      Freedom

    • B.

      Aquit

    • C.

      Segregation

    Correct Answer
    B. Aquit
    Explanation
    The word "aquit" is the correct answer because it means to declare someone not guilty in a court of law. This aligns with the phrase "Not guilty" provided in the question. The other options, "freedom" and "segregation," do not directly relate to the concept of being declared not guilty. Therefore, "aquit" is the most appropriate answer.

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  • 4. 

    Men, women, and children who had been enslaved.

    • A.

      Segregation

    • B.

      Black codes

    • C.

      Freedmen

    Correct Answer
    C. Freedmen
    Explanation
    The term "freedmen" refers to men, women, and children who were previously enslaved but had been granted freedom. After the abolition of slavery, these individuals faced various challenges and discrimination, including the implementation of segregation and black codes. The term "freedmen" specifically highlights the group of formerly enslaved individuals who were seeking to establish their rights and freedoms in society.

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  • 5. 

    A system of working the land in which the worker was paid by letting them keep a share of the crops they harvested.

    • A.

      Sharecropping

    • B.

      Black codes

    • C.

      Acquit

    Correct Answer
    A. Sharecropping
    Explanation
    Sharecropping was a system of working the land where the worker would receive payment by being allowed to keep a portion of the crops they harvested. This arrangement was common in the post-Civil War era, particularly in the southern United States. Sharecropping allowed landowners to maintain control over their land while providing laborers, often former slaves, with a means of supporting themselves. However, sharecroppers often faced exploitative conditions and were trapped in cycles of debt, making it difficult for them to improve their economic situation.

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  • 6. 

    A voting method that does not allow to know how a person has voted.

    • A.

      Freedman

    • B.

      Black code

    • C.

      Secret ballot

    Correct Answer
    C. Secret ballot
    Explanation
    The correct answer is secret ballot. This voting method ensures that the identity of the voter and their choice remains confidential. It allows individuals to cast their vote without fear of intimidation or coercion, promoting a fair and democratic electoral process. By keeping the votes anonymous, it protects the privacy and freedom of voters, encouraging them to express their true preferences without any external influence. The secret ballot is a fundamental principle in modern democracies, ensuring the integrity and legitimacy of elections.

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  • 7. 

    The practice of keeping people in separate groups based on their race or culture.

    • A.

      Black code

    • B.

      Segregation

    • C.

      Freedmen

    Correct Answer
    B. Segregation
    Explanation
    Segregation refers to the practice of separating individuals into distinct groups based on their race or culture. This practice was prevalent in various societies, particularly during periods of racial discrimination and inequality. It often involved the establishment of separate facilities, such as schools, public transportation, and housing, for different racial or cultural groups. Segregation aimed to maintain social, economic, and political dominance of one group over another, perpetuating inequality and limiting opportunities for marginalized communities. The term "segregation" accurately describes the practice of keeping people in separate groups based on their race or culture.

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  • 8. 

    Which president started to make plans for the rebuilding or Reconstruction of America?

    • A.

      Hiram R. Revels

    • B.

      Andrew Johnson

    • C.

      Abe Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    C. Abe Lincoln
    Explanation
    Abe Lincoln started to make plans for the rebuilding or Reconstruction of America. After the Civil War, Lincoln recognized the need to address the issues of the Southern states and restore the Union. He introduced the Ten Percent Plan, which aimed to quickly readmit the Southern states into the Union by requiring only ten percent of voters to take an oath of loyalty. Unfortunately, Lincoln was assassinated before he could fully implement his Reconstruction plans, and they were later carried out by his successor, Andrew Johnson.

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  • 9. 

    After Lincoln's death, who became the president of the United States?

    • A.

      Vice President Lindon Johnson

    • B.

      Vice President Andrew Johnson

    • C.

      Vice President Andrew Jackson

    Correct Answer
    B. Vice President Andrew Johnson
    Explanation
    After Lincoln's death, Vice President Andrew Johnson became the president of the United States. This is because, according to the United States Constitution, the vice president assumes the presidency in the event of the president's death or inability to fulfill their duties. Therefore, with Lincoln's assassination, Johnson, as the vice president, automatically ascended to the position of president.

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  • 10. 

    What was Johnson's plan after the Civil War for Reconstuction?

    • A.

      Did not allow most Confederates to pledge loyalty to the United States and become full citizens again 2. didn't let the former Confederate states hold elections State governments went back to work 3. didn't former Confederate states could rejoin the Union after they abolished slavery 4. on December 1865, the 13 Amendment to the constitution was not ratified, ending slavery in America

    • B.

      Allowed most Confederates to pledge loyalty to the United States and become full citizens again 2. let the former Confederate states hold elections State governments went back to work 3. former Confederate states could rejoin the Union after they abolished slavery 4. on December 1865, the 13 Amendment to the constitution was ratified, ending slavery in America

    • C.

      Allowed most Confederates to pledge loyalty to the Confederacy 2.Let all African Americans vote and have high paying jobs 3. Let Native Americans hold public office 4. the 13 Amendment continued slavery

    Correct Answer
    B. Allowed most Confederates to pledge loyalty to the United States and become full citizens again 2. let the former Confederate states hold elections State governments went back to work 3. former Confederate states could rejoin the Union after they abolished slavery 4. on December 1865, the 13 Amendment to the constitution was ratified, ending slavery in America
    Explanation
    After the Civil War, Johnson's plan for Reconstruction allowed most Confederates to pledge loyalty to the United States and become full citizens again. It also allowed the former Confederate states to hold elections, which led to the state governments going back to work. Additionally, the plan stated that the former Confederate states could rejoin the Union after they abolished slavery, and in December 1865, the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, officially ending slavery in America.

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  • 11. 

    African Americans were treated for well-doing reconstruction.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because African Americans were not treated well during the Reconstruction period. Despite the abolition of slavery, they faced widespread discrimination, violence, and the implementation of racist policies such as Jim Crow laws. African Americans were denied equal rights and opportunities, and their political and economic power was severely limited. The Reconstruction era was marked by significant challenges and setbacks for African Americans as they fought for their rights and equality.

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  • 12. 

    African Americans could not ________________  or ________________ during Reconstruction.

    • A.

      Sing at church or speak in their church

    • B.

      Own certain properties or hold certain jobs

    • C.

      Get married or have children

    • D.

      Ride horses or sale goods

    Correct Answer
    B. Own certain properties or hold certain jobs
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, African Americans were often denied the right to own certain properties or hold certain jobs. This was a result of discriminatory laws and practices that aimed to limit the economic and social progress of African Americans. These restrictions further perpetuated racial inequality and hindered the ability of African Americans to build wealth and secure stable employment opportunities.

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  • 13. 

    Many of the members of Congress were angry because they felt that President Johnson had made it too easy for the Southern states to rejoin the Union.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many members of Congress were indeed angry because they believed that President Johnson had made it too easy for the Southern states to rejoin the Union. After the Civil War, President Johnson implemented a lenient policy towards the Southern states, allowing them to quickly reestablish their governments and regain representation in Congress. This angered many members of Congress who believed that the Southern states should face more severe consequences for their role in the war and for their treatment of African Americans. Therefore, the statement "Many of the members of Congress were angry because they felt that President Johnson had made it too easy for the Southern states to rejoin the Union" is true.

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  • 14. 

    Many of the members of Congress wanted to ___________

    • A.

      Not let let the Southern states to rejoin the Union.

    • B.

      Make it easier for the Southern states to rejoin the Union.

    • C.

      Make it harder for the Southern states to rejoin the Union.

    • D.

      Have a party in honor of the Southern states rejoining the Union.

    Correct Answer
    C. Make it harder for the Southern states to rejoin the Union.
    Explanation
    Many of the members of Congress wanted to make it harder for the Southern states to rejoin the Union. This suggests that there were concerns or opposition towards allowing the Southern states to easily rejoin the Union after the Civil War. The decision to make it harder could be attributed to various factors such as the desire to ensure accountability for the actions of the Southern states during the war, protect the rights of newly freed slaves, or prevent the resurgence of Confederate sentiments.

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  • 15. 

    Why did many members of Congress want to punish the Southern States?

    • A.

      For spending too much money on the war

    • B.

      For their part in the Civil War

    • C.

      For having too much property

    • D.

      For not having enough slaves

    Correct Answer
    B. For their part in the Civil War
    Explanation
    Many members of Congress wanted to punish the Southern States for their part in the Civil War. The Civil War was a devastating conflict that resulted in the loss of many lives and caused significant damage to the country. The Southern States, also known as the Confederacy, had seceded from the Union and fought against the Northern States. As a result, there was a desire among many members of Congress to hold the Southern States accountable for their actions and ensure that they faced consequences for their role in the war.

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  • 16. 

    During Reconstruction Congress put Southern states under____________________

    • A.

      Military rule

    • B.

      City rule

    • C.

      State rule

    • D.

      Governor rule

    Correct Answer
    A. Military rule
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress implemented military rule in the Southern states. This decision was made in order to enforce the policies and reforms of Reconstruction, protect the rights of newly freed African Americans, and ensure a smooth transition back into the Union. Military rule allowed the federal government to have direct control over the Southern states and their governments, ensuring compliance with Reconstruction measures and preventing any resistance or backlash from former Confederate officials and sympathizers. This period of military rule aimed to bring about social, political, and economic changes in the South and promote equality and justice for all citizens.

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  • 17. 

    Who acted as governors and who kept order?

    • A.

      Merchants and doctors

    • B.

      Preachers and policemen

    • C.

      Union Army officers and soldiers

    • D.

      Teachers and their students

    Correct Answer
    C. Union Army officers and soldiers
    Explanation
    During times of conflict or war, it is common for military personnel to act as governors and maintain order in the regions they occupy. In this case, the answer suggests that Union Army officers and soldiers took on the role of governors and were responsible for keeping order. This is plausible as the Union Army played a significant role in the American Civil War, and it was not uncommon for military personnel to take on administrative and law enforcement duties in the areas they controlled.

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  • 18. 

    What did each Southern state have to do before they rejoined the union?

    • A.

      1.have no constitution 2. give African Americans the right to vote if they were women 3. approve the 16th Amendment 4. approve the 17th Amendment

    • B.

      1.use there old constitution 2. give African Americans the right to vote 3. approve the 12th Amendment 4. approve the 11th Amendment

    • C.

      1.write a new constitution 2. give African Americans the right to vote 3. approve the 14th Amendment 4. approve the 15th Amendment

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.write a new constitution 2. give African Americans the right to vote 3. approve the 14th Amendment 4. approve the 15th Amendment
    Explanation
    Each Southern state had to write a new constitution, give African Americans the right to vote, and approve the 14th and 15th Amendments before they could rejoin the union.

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  • 19. 

    What did the 14th Amendment do?

    • A.

      It says that all people born in the United States, and all who become citizens, are citizens of the nation and their state.

    • B.

      It says that all people not born in the United States, and all who become citizens, are citizens of the nation and their state.

    • C.

      It says that all people born in the United States, and all who don't become citizens, are citizens of the nation and their state.

    • D.

      It says that all people born in the United States, and all who become citizens, are citizens of the nation and their world.

    Correct Answer
    A. It says that all people born in the United States, and all who become citizens, are citizens of the nation and their state.
    Explanation
    The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution establishes that anyone born in the United States is automatically a citizen of both the nation and their state. Additionally, it states that anyone who becomes a citizen through naturalization is also a citizen of the nation and their state. This amendment was passed to ensure equal protection under the law for all citizens, regardless of their birth or immigration status.

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  • 20. 

    The 14 Amendment did not apply to _____________________.

    • A.

      Native Americans

    • B.

      African Americans

    Correct Answer
    A. Native Americans
    Explanation
    The 14th Amendment did not apply to Native Americans because they were not considered citizens of the United States at the time. The amendment granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States," but Native Americans were not included in this definition. It was not until the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 that Native Americans were granted U.S. citizenship, finally extending the protections of the 14th Amendment to them.

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  • 21. 

    What did the 15th  Amendment to the Constitution say?

    • A.

      It says that all citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 2009.

    • B.

      It says that some citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 1970.

    • C.

      It says that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 1870.

    • D.

      It says that all white citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 2009.

    Correct Answer
    C. It says that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 1870.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the 15th Amendment to the Constitution says that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." This amendment was ratified in 1870.

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  • 22. 

    What parts of the  Congress's Reconstruction plan did President Johnson try to stop?

    • A.

      One law said that the President could not remove people from office without the African American's approval.

    • B.

      One law said that the President could not remove people from office without the voters approval.

    • C.

      One law said that the President could remove people from office without the Senate's approval.

    • D.

      One law said that the President could not remove people from office without the Senate's approval.

    Correct Answer
    D. One law said that the President could not remove people from office without the Senate's approval.
    Explanation
    President Johnson tried to stop the law that stated the President could not remove people from office without the Senate's approval.

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  • 23. 

    Congress passed laws to _______________________.

    • A.

      Limit the President's powers.

    • B.

      Give the President more powers.

    • C.

      Limit their own powers.

    • D.

      Give move power to the people.

    Correct Answer
    A. Limit the President's powers.
    Explanation
    The Congress passed laws to limit the President's powers. This is because the separation of powers is a fundamental principle of the US government, and Congress acts as a check on the President's authority. By passing laws that restrict the President's powers, Congress ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing any one branch from becoming too powerful. This helps to maintain the democratic principles of the US government and protect against potential abuses of power by the executive branch.

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  • 24. 

    Even though President Johnson had limited powers, he still fired

    • A.

      His Inspector General, Joseph C. Corbin.

    • B.

      His Head of State, Hiram R. Revel.

    • C.

      His Vice President, John Adams.

    • D.

      His Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton.

    Correct Answer
    D. His Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton.
    Explanation
    President Johnson had the power to fire his Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, despite having limited powers. This decision was significant because it led to a constitutional crisis known as the Tenure of Office Act. The act stated that the president could not remove certain officeholders without Senate approval, but Johnson believed the act was unconstitutional and fired Stanton anyway. This ultimately led to his impeachment by the House of Representatives.

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  • 25. 

    What happened to President Johnson because of firing his Secretary of War?

    • A.

      He was re-elected, had a party, and had a female Vice President

    • B.

      He was impeached, but there were not enough votes to remove him from office, and found not guilty

    • C.

      He was not impeached, because there were enough votes to keep him in office, and found guilty

    Correct Answer
    B. He was impeached, but there were not enough votes to remove him from office, and found not guilty
    Explanation
    President Johnson was impeached for firing his Secretary of War. However, there were not enough votes to remove him from office, and he was ultimately found not guilty. This means that while he faced the impeachment process, he was able to retain his position as President because the necessary votes to remove him were not obtained. Additionally, he was found not guilty, indicating that he was not held legally responsible for his actions in firing the Secretary of War.

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  • 26. 

    Who was voted as President in 1869, after Johnson and did he support Congress's plan for Reconstruction?

    • A.

      Clinton, No

    • B.

      Johnson, Yes

    • C.

      Abe Lincoln, No

    • D.

      Ulysses Grant, yes

    Correct Answer
    D. Ulysses Grant, yes
    Explanation
    Ulysses Grant was voted as President in 1869 after Johnson. He supported Congress's plan for Reconstruction.

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  • 27. 

    What happened after the Southern states agreed to Congress's plan for Reconstruction?

    • A.

      African Americans could not vote

    • B.

      African American had to go back to Africa

    • C.

      African Americans had the right to vote

    • D.

      African American women could vote

    Correct Answer
    C. African Americans had the right to vote
    Explanation
    After the Southern states agreed to Congress's plan for Reconstruction, African Americans were granted the right to vote. This was a significant development in the history of civil rights as it aimed to address the inequality and discrimination faced by African Americans during the Reconstruction era. The right to vote allowed them to participate in the political process and have a voice in shaping the future of the country.

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  • 28. 

    What African Americans were elected to the Senate from Mississippi?

    • A.

      Hiram R. Revels and Blanche K. Bruce

    • B.

      Martin Luther King and James Monroe

    • C.

      James C. Cirbin and John Jackson

    • D.

      Booker T. Washington and John Jones

    Correct Answer
    A. Hiram R. Revels and Blanche K. Bruce
    Explanation
    Hiram R. Revels and Blanche K. Bruce were the African Americans elected to the Senate from Mississippi. They were both prominent figures in the civil rights movement and made significant contributions to the advancement of African Americans in politics. Revels was the first African American to serve in the Senate, and Bruce was the second. Their elections marked important milestones in the fight for racial equality and representation in American politics.

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  • 29. 

    How many African Americans served in Congress during Reconstruction?

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      20

    • D.

      18

    Correct Answer
    C. 20
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, which took place from 1865 to 1877, a total of 20 African Americans served in Congress. This period marked a significant shift in American politics, as it was the first time that African Americans were able to hold political office at the federal level. These individuals played a crucial role in advocating for civil rights and equality for African Americans during this transformative era in American history.

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  • 30. 

    What is the name of the African American who was elected as Suprintendent of public instruction in Arkansas and also set up the statrs first public school system?

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Hiram R. Revels

    • C.

      Blanch K. Bruce

    • D.

      Joseph C. Corbin

    Correct Answer
    D. Joseph C. Corbin
    Explanation
    Joseph C. Corbin is the correct answer because he was an African American who was elected as Superintendent of public instruction in Arkansas. He also set up the state's first public school system.

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  • 31. 

    African did not hold offices in the new state and local governments in the South.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because African Americans did hold offices in the new state and local governments in the South. During the Reconstruction era following the Civil War, African Americans were able to participate in politics and hold positions of power. This was a significant period of progress for civil rights, as African Americans were elected to positions such as mayors, state legislators, and even members of Congress. However, this progress was later reversed during the Jim Crow era, when discriminatory laws and practices were implemented to suppress African American political power.

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  • 32. 

    After the Civil War and during Reconstruction, it was difficult for ________________ to find work.

    • A.

      Indians or Native Americans

    • B.

      African Americans and White Southerners

    • C.

      Just African Americans

    • D.

      Just White Southerners

    Correct Answer
    B. African Americans and White Southerners
    Explanation
    During the period of Reconstruction after the Civil War, both African Americans and White Southerners faced challenges in finding work. African Americans, who had been enslaved before the war, struggled to secure employment due to widespread racism and discrimination. White Southerners, particularly those who had supported the Confederacy, also faced difficulties as the economy and infrastructure of the South were severely disrupted. The war had devastated the region, leading to a scarcity of jobs and resources for both groups.

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  • 33. 

    What was the job of the Freedmen's Bureau?

    • A.

      It helped all well to do white people in the South, but mainly worked with men, women, and children .

    • B.

      It helped free white people in the South-- men,women, and children

    • C.

      It helped all needy people in the South, but mainly worked with freedmen- men, women, and children who had been enslaved.

    Correct Answer
    C. It helped all needy people in the South, but mainly worked with freedmen- men, women, and children who had been enslaved.
    Explanation
    The job of the Freedmen's Bureau was to assist and support all needy individuals in the South, but its primary focus was on freedmen - men, women, and children who had previously been enslaved. The bureau provided aid in various forms such as education, healthcare, employment, and legal assistance to help them transition to freedom and establish a new life.

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  • 34. 

    What did the Freedmen's Bureau give to former enslaved people?

    • A.

      Jobs and housing

    • B.

      Food,supplies and helped some whites rebuild their farms

    • C.

      Tools and guns

    • D.

      Gold and diomonds

    Correct Answer
    B. Food,supplies and helped some whites rebuild their farms
    Explanation
    The Freedmen's Bureau provided former enslaved people with food and supplies to help them rebuild their lives after emancipation. Additionally, the Bureau also assisted some white individuals in rebuilding their farms, indicating its efforts towards reconstruction and supporting both newly freed African Americans and white individuals affected by the aftermath of the Civil War.

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  • 35. 

    Because manny freedmen were eager to learn to read and write the Freedmen's Bureau built more than 4,000 schools and hired thousands of teachers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Freedmen's Bureau recognized the importance of education for freedmen and therefore established over 4,000 schools and employed numerous teachers. This initiative aimed to meet the eagerness of freedmen to learn to read and write, providing them with educational opportunities and promoting their empowerment and integration into society.

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  • 36. 

    Because their were not enough jobs for former slaves many went back to work on

    • A.

      Fishing

    • B.

      Factories

    • C.

      Plantations

    • D.

      Hunting

    Correct Answer
    C. Plantations
    Explanation
    Many former slaves went back to work on plantations because there were not enough jobs available for them. Plantations were a common source of employment for African Americans during this time, as they provided labor-intensive work in agriculture. The lack of alternative job opportunities forced many former slaves to return to plantations, where they could find work and earn a living.

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  • 37. 

    Their was not much money in the south so, the landowners paid workers with ___________.

    • A.

      Land shares.

    • B.

      Pennies

    • C.

      A share of the crops they harvested.

    • D.

      Pie

    Correct Answer
    C. A share of the crops they harvested.
    Explanation
    During this time, the South had a limited amount of money, leading landowners to compensate workers with a portion of the crops they harvested instead. This was a common practice known as sharecropping, where workers would receive a share of the crops as payment for their labor. This arrangement allowed landowners to maintain their agricultural production despite the scarcity of money in the region.

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  • 38. 

    What did the farmer who let the people share crop give the sharecropper?

    • A.

      Horse, wagon, and windows

    • B.

      Fine house, new lawn,car, and tractor

    • C.

      Clothes, shoes, food, and gold

    • D.

      cabin, mules, tools, and seeds

    Correct Answer
    D. cabin, mules, tools, and seeds
    Explanation
    The farmer who let the people share crop gave the sharecropper a cabin to live in, mules to work the land, tools to cultivate the crops, and seeds to plant for the next harvest.

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  • 39. 

    What did the sharecroppers take at harvesttime? 

    • A.

      Took all of the crops to cover the cost of the worker's housing and supplies. What was left was the worker's share.

    • B.

      Took a share of the crops to cover the cost of the worker's housing and supplies. What was left was the worker's share.

    • C.

      Took most of the crops to cover the cost of the worker's housing and supplies. What was left was the worker's share.

    • D.

      Let the sharecropper keep all of the crops

    Correct Answer
    B. Took a share of the crops to cover the cost of the worker's housing and supplies. What was left was the worker's share.
    Explanation
    The sharecroppers took a share of the crops to cover the cost of their housing and supplies. This means that they did not get to keep all of the crops they harvested, but instead had to give a portion of it to cover their expenses. The remaining crops were considered the worker's share.

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  • 40. 

    Most people got ahead through sharecropping.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sharecropping was a system in which landowners allowed tenants to use their land in exchange for a share of the crops produced. This system often resulted in a cycle of debt and poverty for the sharecroppers, making it difficult for them to get ahead economically. Therefore, it is unlikely that most people got ahead through sharecropping.

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  • 41. 

    When crops failed only _____________________ suffered.

    • A.

      Landowners

    • B.

      Workers

    • C.

      Both landowners and workers

    • D.

      No one

    Correct Answer
    C. Both landowners and workers
    Explanation
    When crops failed, both landowners and workers suffered. The failure of crops would directly impact landowners as they would experience a loss in profits and potential financial hardship. Additionally, workers who rely on the success of the crops for employment would also suffer as they may lose their jobs or face reduced income. Therefore, both landowners and workers would be affected by the failure of crops.

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  • 42. 

    When harvests were good _________________________.

    • A.

      Most worker's shares were very small.

    • B.

      Most worker's shares were very large.

    • C.

      Most worker's did get anything.

    • D.

      Most worker's were very happy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Most worker's shares were very small.
    Explanation
    When harvests were good, it means that there was an abundance of crops. In such situations, the supply of crops would be high, resulting in a larger number of shares being distributed among the workers. However, since the question states that most workers' shares were very small, it suggests that even during good harvests, the distribution of shares was not equitable, and the workers received only a small portion of the harvest.

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  • 43. 

    Most Civil War battles took place in the ______________.

    • A.

      West

    • B.

      East

    • C.

      South

    • D.

      North

    Correct Answer
    C. South
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, the majority of battles took place in the South. This is because the South seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America, leading to the war. The South wanted to protect its way of life, which heavily relied on slavery, and fought to maintain their independence. The North, on the other hand, fought to preserve the Union and eventually abolish slavery. As a result, the Southern states became the primary battleground for the conflict.

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  • 44. 

    During the Civil War many bridges, buildings, and railrods were destroyed in the South.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Civil War, the South experienced significant destruction, including the destruction of bridges, buildings, and railroads. This was a result of the intense fighting and military operations that took place in the region. The destruction of these infrastructure elements had a profound impact on the South's ability to transport goods and people, further contributing to the challenges faced by the Confederate states during the war. Therefore, the statement "During the Civil War many bridges, buildings, and railroads were destroyed in the South" is true.

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  • 45. 

    To rebuild in the South the state government had to

    • A.

      Close all of the banks.

    • B.

      Ask other coutries for money.

    • C.

      Have yard sales.

    • D.

      Raise taxes.

    Correct Answer
    D. Raise taxes.
    Explanation
    To rebuild the state government in the South, raising taxes was necessary. This would provide the government with the additional funds needed to invest in infrastructure, public services, and other initiatives aimed at rebuilding the region after the devastation of the Civil War. Raising taxes was a practical approach to generate revenue and support the reconstruction efforts, as it allowed the government to allocate resources effectively and address the pressing needs of the community.

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  • 46. 

    The taxes in Louisiana ___________________.

    • A.

      Stayed the same.

    • B.

      Almost doubled.

    • C.

      Increased a small amount.

    • D.

      Trippled.

    Correct Answer
    B. Almost doubled.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that the taxes in Louisiana almost doubled. This suggests that there was a significant increase in taxes in the state, but not quite a full doubling. This implies that the tax burden on individuals and businesses in Louisiana increased substantially, but not to the extent of tripling or doubling completely. The answer indicates that while there was a significant increase, it was not as drastic as tripling or doubling the taxes.

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  • 47. 

    Mississippi's taxes were __________________ higher than they had been.

    • A.

      20 times

    • B.

      5 times

    • C.

      14 times

    • D.

      9 times

    Correct Answer
    C. 14 times
    Explanation
    Mississippi's taxes were 14 times higher than they had been. This means that the tax amount increased by a factor of 14 compared to the previous amount.

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  • 48. 

    What did the Southerners blame the higher taxes on?

    • A.

      African American state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags.

    • B.

      White American state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags.

    • C.

      Native American state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags.

    • D.

      Women state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags.

    Correct Answer
    A. African American state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags.
    Explanation
    The Southerners blamed the higher taxes on African American state legislators and other state government leaders they called carpetbaggers and scalawags. This suggests that they believed these individuals were responsible for implementing policies that resulted in increased taxes.

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  • 49. 

    Who were the scalawages?

    • A.

      White Northerners who had been against the Confederacy.

    • B.

      Black Southerners who had been for the Confederacy.

    • C.

      White Southerners who had been against the Confederacy.

    • D.

      Black Westerners who had been against the Confederacy.

    Correct Answer
    C. White Southerners who had been against the Confederacy.
    Explanation
    The scalawags were white Southerners who had been against the Confederacy. This term was used during the Reconstruction era to describe Southern whites who supported the Republican Party and its policies. They were often seen as traitors by other white Southerners who had supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. The scalawags played a significant role in Southern politics during this time, advocating for policies such as equal rights for African Americans and economic development in the South.

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  • 50. 

    Many Southerners believed that their state governments were corrupt, or dishonest and hoped that Reconstruction would end the corruption.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many Southerners believed that their state governments were corrupt during Reconstruction. They saw the corruption as a result of the political and economic instability that followed the Civil War. They hoped that Reconstruction would bring an end to this corruption and establish a more honest and fair government. This belief was based on their desire for positive change and improvement in their state governments. Therefore, the statement is true.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 09, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Yates
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