Reconstruction And Progressive Era Amendments

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| By Nbeller
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 2,440
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Progressive Era Quizzes & Trivia

Preassessment to determine prior knowledge on Civil War and Reconstruction


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Civil War was a war fought between

    • A.

      US, Britain and France

    • B.

      The North and The South

    • C.

      US & Britain

    • D.

      US & Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. The North and The South
    Explanation
    The Civil War was a war fought between the North and the South. The conflict arose mainly due to differences over slavery and states' rights. The North, also known as the Union, consisted of the northern states that opposed slavery and sought to preserve the Union. The South, also known as the Confederacy, comprised the southern states that seceded from the Union and fought to maintain their independence and the institution of slavery. The war lasted from 1861 to 1865 and resulted in the Union's victory, the abolition of slavery, and the restoration of the United States as a unified nation.

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  • 2. 

    The differences between the two sides  centered around

    • A.

      Slavery

    • B.

      Different economic systems

    • C.

      Geographic differences

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because the question mentions three possible differences between the two sides: slavery, different economic systems, and geographic differences. By choosing "all of the above," it implies that all of these factors contributed to the differences between the two sides.

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  • 3. 

    The war ended in 1865, what issue became the biggest problem for the government

    • A.

      What to do about the former Confederate government

    • B.

      What to do with the newly freed slaves

    • C.

      How to punish the South

    • D.

      How to keep the South happy

    Correct Answer
    B. What to do with the newly freed slaves
    Explanation
    After the war ended in 1865, one of the biggest problems for the government was deciding what to do with the newly freed slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation had granted freedom to the slaves, but there was a lack of clear direction on how to integrate them into society. The government had to address issues such as their legal status, voting rights, education, and economic opportunities. This was a significant challenge as it required navigating the deeply rooted racism and resistance from some white Americans who were opposed to granting equal rights to African Americans.

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  • 4. 

    What was done to keep the African Americans segregated from the rest of the Southern population?

    • A.

      They were given certain neighborhoods they could live in

    • B.

      Southern legislatures passed Jim Crow Laws & the Supreme Court ruled in favor of segregation

    • C.

      They were denied the right to hold employment anywhere

    • D.

      Nothing, everyone welcomed them to the new Union and offered them immediate equality

    Correct Answer
    B. Southern legislatures passed Jim Crow Laws & the Supreme Court ruled in favor of segregation
    Explanation
    Southern legislatures passed Jim Crow Laws & the Supreme Court ruled in favor of segregation in order to keep African Americans segregated from the rest of the Southern population. These laws enforced racial segregation in public facilities such as schools, transportation, and public spaces. The Supreme Court's ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 upheld the constitutionality of "separate but equal" facilities, which further solidified the segregationist policies. These actions were part of a systemic effort to maintain racial hierarchy and deny African Americans equal rights and opportunities.

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  • 5. 

    What does incorporation of the 14th amendment refer to?

    • A.

      Applying federalism to state laws

    • B.

      State law influencing federal law and changing national policy

    • C.

      Including federal laws in state constitutions

    • D.

      Applying the protections in the Bill of Rights to citizens in every state

    Correct Answer
    D. Applying the protections in the Bill of Rights to citizens in every state
    Explanation
    The incorporation of the 14th amendment refers to the process of applying the protections in the Bill of Rights to citizens in every state. The 14th amendment was ratified after the Civil War and it guarantees equal protection under the law for all citizens. Through the process of incorporation, the Supreme Court has gradually applied the provisions of the Bill of Rights to the states, ensuring that individuals' rights are protected regardless of which state they reside in. This has been an important development in ensuring the consistency and universality of constitutional rights across the United States.

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  • 6. 

    The term Progressive Era refers to the variety of social, economic and political reforms of the early 1900s.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Progressive Era indeed refers to a period in the early 1900s when there were significant social, economic, and political reforms taking place. During this time, there were efforts to address issues such as poverty, corruption, women's suffrage, workers' rights, and environmental conservation. Progressive reformers sought to improve society through various measures, including regulation of big businesses, expanding democracy, and advocating for social justice. The Progressive Era marked a significant shift in American history and had a lasting impact on the country's political and social landscape.

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  • 7. 

    The 4 amendments that were passed during the Progressive Era were created to

    • A.

      Stop the nation's progress

    • B.

      Create better workers

    • C.

      Encourage family values

    • D.

      Help the nation correct various issues

    Correct Answer
    D. Help the nation correct various issues
    Explanation
    The 4 amendments passed during the Progressive Era were aimed at addressing and resolving various issues within the nation. These amendments were not intended to stop progress, create better workers, or encourage family values. Instead, they were implemented to bring about positive changes and correct societal problems.

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  • 8. 

    The 18th Amendment was passed to

    • A.

      Increase the government's revenue

    • B.

      Provide for direct election of Senators

    • C.

      Prohibit the production and sale of alcohol

    • D.

      Extend sufferage to women

    Correct Answer
    C. Prohibit the production and sale of alcohol
    Explanation
    The 18th Amendment was passed to prohibit the production and sale of alcohol. This was a response to the temperance movement that aimed to reduce alcohol consumption in the United States. Prohibition was seen as a way to improve society by eliminating the negative effects associated with alcohol, such as crime and social problems. However, the amendment was eventually repealed due to the rise of organized crime and the failure of prohibition to achieve its intended goals.

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  • 9. 

    The 19th Amendment was passed to

    • A.

      Increase the government's revenue

    • B.

      Provide direct election of Senators

    • C.

      Prohibit the production and sale of alcohol

    • D.

      Extend sufferage to women

    Correct Answer
    D. Extend sufferage to women
    Explanation
    The 19th Amendment was passed to extend suffrage to women. Suffrage refers to the right to vote in political elections. Prior to the passing of this amendment, women were not allowed to vote in the United States. The 19th Amendment granted women the right to participate in the democratic process and have a say in the selection of their representatives. This was an important step towards gender equality and ensuring that women had the same political rights as men.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 12, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Nbeller
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