Ss8h6c Civil War Reconstruction

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Ss8h6c Civil War Reconstruction - Quiz

This practice quiz will assess your knowledge of the Georgia Performance Standard SS8H6c (Civil War Reconstruction)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What did the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution do that brought about many changes in Georgia's society and economic structure after the Civil War?

    • A.

      It abolished slavery

    • B.

      It provided citizenship to African Americans

    • C.

      It gave freedmen the right to vote

    Correct Answer
    A. It abolished slavery
    Explanation
    The 13th Amendment to the US Constitution abolished slavery, which had a significant impact on Georgia's society and economic structure after the Civil War. With the abolition of slavery, the labor system in Georgia underwent a drastic transformation as former slaves were no longer considered property and were granted freedom. This led to the reorganization of the labor force and the emergence of new economic systems. Additionally, the abolition of slavery also had social implications, as it marked a significant step towards equality and freedom for African Americans in Georgia.

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  • 2. 

    What was the purpose of the 14th Amendment?

    • A.

      To abolish slavery

    • B.

      To provide citizenship to African Americans

    • C.

      To guarantee voting rights for African Americans

    Correct Answer
    B. To provide citizenship to African Americans
    Explanation
    The purpose of the 14th Amendment was to provide citizenship to African Americans. This amendment, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves. It aimed to ensure equal protection under the law for all citizens, regardless of race or ethnicity. While the 14th Amendment did not specifically address voting rights, it laid the foundation for subsequent civil rights legislation that would eventually guarantee voting rights for African Americans.

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  • 3. 

    The 15th Amendment in the US Constitution

    • A.

      Abolished slavery

    • B.

      Provided citizenship to African Americans

    • C.

      Gave African American males the right to vote

    Correct Answer
    C. Gave African American males the right to vote
    Explanation
    The 15th Amendment in the US Constitution gave African American males the right to vote. This amendment was ratified in 1870 and it prohibited the denial of the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. It aimed to ensure that African American men, who had previously been excluded from voting due to discriminatory practices, could exercise their right to participate in the democratic process. This amendment was a significant step towards achieving greater equality and civil rights for African Americans in the United States.

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  • 4. 

    What was the name of the US government agency created after the Civil War to help former slaves receive food, clothing, an education, and job opportunities?

    • A.

      Freedmen's Bureau

    • B.

      Federal Bureau of Investigation

    • C.

      Internal Revenue Service

    Correct Answer
    A. Freedmen's Bureau
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Freedmen's Bureau. The Freedmen's Bureau was established by the US government after the Civil War to assist former slaves in various ways such as providing them with food, clothing, education, and job opportunities. It aimed to help them transition from slavery to freedom and to ensure their basic needs were met. The agency played a significant role in supporting newly freed African Americans during the Reconstruction era.

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  • 5. 

    When slavery was abolished southern plantation owners needed workers to continue to work on the cotton and tobacco plantations.  Former slaves and poor whites also needed jobs to support themselves after the Civil War.  The economic system that replaced the institution of slavery was known as

    • A.

      Commercial farming

    • B.

      Sharecropping and tenant farming

    • C.

      Subsistence farming

    Correct Answer
    B. Sharecropping and tenant farming
    Explanation
    After slavery was abolished, southern plantation owners still needed workers to maintain their cotton and tobacco plantations. At the same time, former slaves and poor whites were in need of employment to sustain themselves after the Civil War. Sharecropping and tenant farming emerged as the economic system that replaced slavery. Under this system, landowners would allow individuals to work on their land in exchange for a share of the crops or a portion of the profits. This arrangement provided some income for the workers, but it often resulted in debt and continued economic dependence.

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  • 6. 

    Sharecropping is an agriculture concept in which a landowner hires workers to plant and harvest a certain crop and agrees to pay the workers a percentage of the harvested crop (example - 50%) instead of an hourly or weekly wage ($$$).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sharecropping is indeed an agricultural concept where a landowner hires workers to cultivate and gather a specific crop. Instead of paying them a fixed wage, the landowner agrees to give the workers a percentage of the harvested crop as their payment. This arrangement allows the landowner to minimize their labor costs while providing the workers with a share of the crop's value.

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  • 7. 

    Tenant farming involves a sharecropper renting a home (usually an old slave cabin) from a wealthy land owner in exchange for their labor on the farm / plantation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Tenant farming is a system where a sharecropper, typically someone with limited resources, rents a home from a wealthy landowner. In return for the rental agreement, the tenant farmer provides their labor on the landowner's farm or plantation. This arrangement allows the landowner to benefit from the labor of the tenant farmer while providing them with a place to live. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately reflects the nature of tenant farming.

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  • 8. 

    I - Civil War Reconstruction   A. ___________________________1- former slaves had very limited job opportunities and became farm laborers2- freed blacks were often taken advantage of through unfair job contracts3- economic system very similar to slavery4- a cycle of poverty continued as blacks could not pay off their debt to wealthy whites5- black codes were created to limit the freedoms of former slavesAn appropriate title for the outline notes above would be

    • A.

      Slavery during the Antebellum Period

    • B.

      Causes of the Civil War

    • C.

      Effects of Sharecropping and Tenant Farming

    Correct Answer
    C. Effects of Sharecropping and Tenant Farming
    Explanation
    The outline notes provided in the question describe the effects of sharecropping and tenant farming after the Civil War. The points mentioned, such as former slaves having limited job opportunities, being taken advantage of through unfair job contracts, and being unable to pay off their debts, all highlight the negative consequences of sharecropping and tenant farming. This system perpetuated a cycle of poverty and restricted the freedoms of former slaves, as evidenced by the creation of black codes. Therefore, the most appropriate title for the outline notes would be "Effects of Sharecropping and Tenant Farming."

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  • 9. 

    A secret organization created after the Civil War during the Reconstruction period that used racial violence and intimidation to limit the freedoms of non-whites, especially African Americans.

    • A.

      Freedmen's Bureau

    • B.

      Ku Klux Klan

    • C.

      Radial Republicans

    Correct Answer
    B. Ku Klux Klan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan was a secret organization formed after the Civil War, during the Reconstruction period. They used racial violence and intimidation tactics to limit the freedoms of non-whites, particularly African Americans. The Klan targeted and terrorized African Americans, aiming to maintain white supremacy and prevent them from exercising their rights and participating fully in society. Their actions included acts of violence, such as lynchings and bombings, as well as threats and intimidation. The Ku Klux Klan's activities were aimed at perpetuating racial discrimination and maintaining the social and political dominance of white Americans.

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  • 10. 

    African American legislator who was denied his seat in Georgia's General Assembly because the all-white conservative Democrat legislators claimed he had the right to vote, but not the right to hold office.

    • A.

      Henry McNeal Turner

    • B.

      Andrew Johnson

    • C.

      Alexander Stephens

    Correct Answer
    A. Henry McNeal Turner
    Explanation
    Henry McNeal Turner is the correct answer because he was an African American legislator who was denied his seat in Georgia's General Assembly. The all-white conservative Democrat legislators claimed that he had the right to vote, but not the right to hold office. This discrimination was a result of racial prejudice and systemic racism prevalent during that time period.

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  • 11. 

    Check the boxes that are associated with the presidential reconstruction plan.

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Radical Republicans

    • C.

      Andrew Johnson

    • D.

      13th Amendment

    • E.

      14th Amendment

    • F.

      15th Amendment

    • G.

      10% Plan

    • H.

      Designed to punish southern states and force them to prove capable of treating former slaves fairly

    • I.

      Designed to quickly readmit southern states into the Union

    • J.

      Divide the South into Military districts to protect the freedoms of freedmen

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Abraham Lincoln
    C. Andrew Johnson
    D. 13th Amendment
    G. 10% Plan
    I. Designed to quickly readmit southern states into the Union
    Explanation
    The presidential reconstruction plan, associated with Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, aimed to quickly readmit southern states into the Union. It included the 10% Plan, which required only 10% of a state's voters to pledge loyalty to the Union in order to form a new government. Additionally, the plan involved the adoption of the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery. The goal was to bring the southern states back into the Union as swiftly as possible, rather than punishing them or forcing them to prove their treatment of former slaves.

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  • 12. 

    Check the boxes that are associated with the congressional reconstruction plan.

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Radical Republicans

    • C.

      Andrew Johnson

    • D.

      13th Amendment

    • E.

      14th Amendment

    • F.

      15th Amendment

    • G.

      10% Plan

    • H.

      Designed to punish southern states and force them to prove capable of treating former slaves fairly

    • I.

      Designed to quickly readmit southern states into the Union

    • J.

      Divide the South into Military districts to protect the freedoms of freedmen

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Radical Republicans
    D. 13th Amendment
    E. 14th Amendment
    F. 15th Amendment
    H. Designed to punish southern states and force them to prove capable of treating former slaves fairly
    J. Divide the South into Military districts to protect the freedoms of freedmen
    Explanation
    The congressional reconstruction plan was associated with Radical Republicans, the 13th Amendment, the 14th Amendment, the 15th Amendment, and the division of the South into military districts to protect the freedoms of freedmen. This plan was not designed to punish southern states, but rather to ensure that they were capable of treating former slaves fairly. It aimed to quickly readmit southern states into the Union while also safeguarding the rights of freedmen through military intervention if necessary.

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  • 13. 

    What is the message of this political cartoon?   Type a short response or short essay. 

  • 14. 

    Pretend for a moment that electricity, computers, and the internet existed in the 1800s during the Civil War era.  Check the boxes of the individuals or groups that Henry McNeal Turner MOST LIKELY would have had as his "friends" on Facebook.

    • A.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B.

      Alexander Stephens

    • C.

      Radical Republicans

    • D.

      General William T. Sherman

    • E.

      General Robert E. Lee

    • F.

      Black legislators in Georgia's General Assembly

    • G.

      The Ku Klux Klan

    • H.

      An agent from the Freedmen's Bureau

    • I.

      A former slave

    • J.

      A planter who owned slaves

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Abraham Lincoln
    C. Radical Republicans
    D. General William T. Sherman
    F. Black legislators in Georgia's General Assembly
    H. An agent from the Freedmen's Bureau
    I. A former slave
    Explanation
    Henry McNeal Turner was an African American minister and politician who advocated for the rights of African Americans during the Civil War era. Based on his beliefs and goals, it is likely that he would have had Abraham Lincoln as a friend on Facebook, as Lincoln was the President who issued the Emancipation Proclamation and worked towards ending slavery. Turner would also have likely been friends with Radical Republicans, who were a political group that supported civil rights for African Americans. General William T. Sherman is another likely friend, as he led military campaigns that helped to free slaves. Black legislators in Georgia's General Assembly, an agent from the Freedmen's Bureau, and a former slave would also have been his friends, as they were all involved in advocating for African American rights and freedom.

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